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Become An Account Analyst

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Working As An Account Analyst

  • Interacting With Computers
  • Processing Information
  • Getting Information
  • Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards
  • Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work
  • Mostly Sitting

  • Repetitive

  • $62,104

    Average Salary

What Does An Account Analyst Do

Accountants and auditors prepare and examine financial records. They ensure that financial records are accurate and that taxes are paid properly and on time. Accountants and auditors assess financial operations and work to help ensure that organizations run efficiently. 

Duties

Accountants and auditors typically do the following:

  • Examine financial statements to ensure that they are accurate and comply with laws and regulations
  • Compute taxes owed, prepare tax returns, and ensure that taxes are paid properly and on time
  • Inspect account books and accounting systems for efficiency and use of accepted accounting procedures
  • Organize and maintain financial records
  • Assess financial operations and make best-practices recommendations to management
  • Suggest ways to reduce costs, enhance revenues, and improve profits

In addition to examining and preparing financial documentation, accountants and auditors must explain their findings. This includes preparing written reports and meeting face-to-face with organization managers and individual clients.

Many accountants and auditors specialize, depending on the particular organization that they work for. Some work for organizations that specialize in assurance services (improving the quality or context of information for decisionmakers) or risk management (determining the probability of a misstatement on financial documentation). Other organizations specialize in specific industries, such as healthcare.

Some workers with a background in accounting and auditing teach in colleges and universities. For more information, see the profile on postsecondary teachers.

The following are examples of types of accountants and auditors:

Public accountants perform a broad range of accounting, auditing, tax, and consulting tasks. Their clients include corporations, governments, and individuals.

Public accountants work with financial documents that clients are required by law to disclose. These include tax forms and balance sheet statements that corporations must provide potential investors. For example, some public accountants concentrate on tax matters, advising corporations about the tax advantages of certain business decisions or preparing individual income tax returns.

Public accountants, many of whom are Certified Public Accountants (CPAs), generally have their own businesses or work for public accounting firms. Publicly traded companies are required to have CPAs sign documents they submit to the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC), including annual and quarterly reports.

Some public accountants specialize in forensic accounting, investigating financial crimes such as securities fraud and embezzlement, bankruptcies and contract disputes, and other complex and possibly criminal financial transactions. Forensic accountants combine their knowledge of accounting and finance with law and investigative techniques to determine if an activity is illegal. Many forensic accountants work closely with law enforcement personnel and lawyers during investigations and often appear as expert witnesses during trials.

Management accountants, also called cost, managerial, industrial, corporate, or private accountants, record and analyze the financial information of the organizations for which they work. The information that management accountants prepare is intended for internal use by business managers, not by the general public.

Management accountants often work on budgeting and performance evaluation. They also may help organizations plan the cost of doing business. Some may work with financial managers on asset management, which involves planning and selecting financial investments such as stocks, bonds, and real estate.

Government accountants maintain and examine the records of government agencies and audit private businesses and individuals whose activities are subject to government regulations or taxation. Accountants employed by federal, state, and local governments ensure that revenues are received and spent in accordance with laws and regulations.

Internal auditors check for mismanagement of an organization’s funds. They identify ways to improve the processes for finding and eliminating waste and fraud. The practice of internal auditing is not regulated, but The Institute of Internal Auditors (IIA) provides generally accepted standards.

External auditors perform similar duties as internal auditors, but are employed by an outside organization, rather than the one they are auditing. They review clients’ financial statements and inform investors and authorities that the statements have been correctly prepared and reported.

Information technology auditors are internal auditors who review controls for their organization’s computer systems, to ensure that the financial data comes from a reliable source.

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How To Become An Account Analyst

Most accountants and auditors need at least a bachelor’s degree in accounting or a related field. Certification within a specific field of accounting improves job prospects. For example, many accountants become Certified Public Accountants (CPAs).  

Education

Most accountant and auditor positions require at least a bachelor’s degree in accounting or a related field. Some employers prefer to hire applicants who have a master’s degree, either in accounting or in business administration with a concentration in accounting.

A few universities and colleges offer specialized programs, such as a bachelor’s degree in internal auditing. In some cases, those with associate’s degrees, as well as bookkeepers and accounting clerks who meet the education and experience requirements set by their employers, get junior accounting positions and advance to accountant positions by showing their accounting skills on the job.

Many colleges help students gain practical experience through summer or part-time internships with public accounting or business firms.

Licenses, Certifications, and Registrations

Every accountant filing a report with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) is required by law to be a Certified Public Accountant (CPA). Many other accountants choose to become a CPA to enhance their job prospects or to gain clients. Many employers will often pay the costs associated with the CPA exam.

CPAs are licensed by their state’s Board of Accountancy. Becoming a CPA requires passing a national exam and meeting other state requirements. Almost all states require CPA candidates to complete 150 semester hours of college coursework to be certified, which is 30 hours more than the usual 4-year bachelor’s degree. Many schools offer a 5-year combined bachelor’s and master’s degree to meet the 150-hour requirement, but a master’s degree is not required.

A few states allow a number of years of public accounting experience to substitute for a college degree.

All states use the four-part Uniform CPA Examination from the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants (AICPA). Candidates do not have to pass all four parts at once, but most states require that they pass all four parts within 18 months of passing their first part.

Almost all states require CPAs to take continuing education to keep their license.

Certification provides an advantage in the job market because it shows professional competence in a specialized field of accounting and auditing. Accountants and auditors seek certifications from a variety of professional societies. Some of the most common certifications are listed below:

The Institute of Management Accountants offers the Certified Management Accountant (CMA) to applicants who complete a bachelor’s degree. Applicants must have worked at least 2 years in management accounting, pass a two-part exam, agree to meet continuing education requirements, and comply with standards of professional conduct. The exam covers areas such as financial statement analysis, working-capital policy, capital structure, valuation issues, and risk management. 

The Institute of Internal Auditors (IIA) offers the Certified Internal Auditor (CIA) to graduates from accredited colleges and universities who have worked for 2 years as internal auditors and have passed a four-part exam. The IIA also offers the Certified in Control Self-Assessment (CCSA), Certified Government Auditing Professional (CGAP), Certified Financial Services Auditor (CFSA), and Certification in Risk Management Assurance (CRMA) to those who pass the exams and meet educational and experience requirements.

ISACA offers the Certified Information Systems Auditor (CISA) to candidates who pass an exam and have 5 years of experience auditing information systems. Information systems experience, financial or operational auditing experience, or related college credit hours can be substituted for up to 3 years of experience in information systems auditing, control, or security.

For accountants with a CPA, the AICPA offers the option to receive any or all of the Accredited in Business Valuation (ABV), Certified Information Technology Professional (CITP), or Personal Financial Specialist (PFS) certifications. The ABV requires a written exam, completion of at least six business valuation projects, and 75 hours of continuing education. The CITP requires 1,000 hours of business technology experience and 75 hours of continuing education. Candidates for the PFS also must complete a certain amount of work experience and continuing education, and pass a written exam.

Advancement

Some top executives and financial managers have a background in accounting, internal auditing, or finance.

Beginning public accountants often advance to positions with more responsibility in 1 or 2 years and to senior positions within another few years. Those who excel may become supervisors, managers, or partners; open their own public accounting firm; or transfer to executive positions in management accounting or internal auditing in private firms.

Management accountants often start as cost accountants, junior internal auditors, or trainees for other accounting positions. As they rise through the organization, they may advance to accounting manager, chief cost accountant, budget director, or manager of internal auditing. Some become controllers, treasurers, financial vice presidents, chief financial officers, or corporation presidents.

Public accountants, management accountants, and internal auditors can move from one aspect of accounting and auditing to another. Public accountants often move into management accounting or internal auditing. Management accountants may become internal auditors, and internal auditors may become management accountants. However, it is less common for management accountants or internal auditors to move into public accounting.

Important Qualities

Analytical skills. Accountants and auditors must be able to identify issues in documentation and suggest solutions. For example, public accountants use analytical skills in their work to minimize tax liability, and internal auditors use these skills to detect fraudulent use of funds.  

Communication skills. Accountants and auditors must be able to listen carefully to facts and concerns from clients, managers, and others. They must also be able to discuss the results of their work in both meetings and written reports.

Detail oriented. Accountants and auditors must pay attention to detail when compiling and examining documentation.

Math skills. Accountants and auditors must be able to analyze, compare, and interpret facts and figures, although complex math skills are not necessary.

Organizational skills. Strong organizational skills are important for accountants and auditors who often work with a range of financial documents for a variety of clients.

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Account Analyst jobs

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Account Analyst Career Paths

Account Analyst
Senior Accountant Accounting Supervisor
Accounting Manager
7 Yearsyrs
Specialist Accountant Treasury Analyst
Cash Manager
5 Yearsyrs
Accounting Manager Accountant-Contractor Senior Accountant
Corporate Accounting Manager
8 Yearsyrs
Finance Analyst Controller
Corporate Controller
12 Yearsyrs
Operations Manager Branch Manager Credit Analyst
Credit And Collection Manager
7 Yearsyrs
Account Manager Business Manager Controller
Director Of Accounting & Finance
11 Yearsyrs
Office Manager Accountant Accounting Manager
Division Controller
9 Yearsyrs
Data Analyst Finance Analyst Assistant Controller
Divisional Controller
9 Yearsyrs
Business Analyst Senior Finance Analyst Controller
Finance Controller
9 Yearsyrs
Account Manager Business Analyst Senior Finance Analyst
Finance Planning Manager
8 Yearsyrs
Accounting Manager Assistant Controller Controller
Finance Vice President
9 Yearsyrs
Senior Finance Analyst Controller
Interim Controller
15 Yearsyrs
Controller Accounting Consultant Accounting Manager
Manager/Finance Accounting
8 Yearsyrs
Finance Analyst Finance Manager Sales Manager
Operations Manager
7 Yearsyrs
Senior Finance Analyst Accounting Manager
Plant Controller
10 Yearsyrs
Business Analyst Finance Manager Controller
Regional Controller
10 Yearsyrs
Office Manager Accounting Manager
Senior Accounting Manager
10 Yearsyrs
Project Manager Senior Manager Controller
Senior Director Of Finance
14 Yearsyrs
Senior Accountant Senior Finance Analyst Finance Manager
Senior Finance Manager
11 Yearsyrs
Controller Finance Consultant Senior Finance Analyst
Treasury Manager
9 Yearsyrs
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Average Length of Employment
Accountant 3.5 years
Account Leader 3.4 years
Account Auditor 3.0 years
Staff Accountant 3.0 years
Account Analyst 3.0 years
Control Analyst 2.9 years
Accounting Analyst 2.8 years
Finance Analyst 2.8 years
Account Associate 2.8 years
Revenue Accountant 2.7 years
Asset Analyst 2.7 years
Associate Analyst 2.5 years
Analyst 2.4 years
Top Employers Before
Accountant 10.5%
Internship 4.1%
Analyst 3.8%
Manager 2.3%
Top Employers After
Accountant 9.2%
Consultant 4.3%
Analyst 3.7%
Controller 2.9%

Account Analyst Demographics

Gender

Female

60.5%

Male

37.3%

Unknown

2.2%
Ethnicity

White

75.8%

Hispanic or Latino

11.4%

Asian

9.8%

Unknown

2.1%

Black or African American

0.9%
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Languages Spoken

Spanish

48.6%

French

9.4%

Mandarin

6.5%

Italian

4.9%

Portuguese

4.5%

Chinese

4.5%

Russian

3.3%

Cantonese

2.9%

German

2.9%

Japanese

2.9%

Hindi

1.2%

Greek

1.2%

Hebrew

1.2%

Arabic

1.2%

Swahili

0.8%

Vietnamese

0.8%

Korean

0.8%

Filipino

0.8%

Dakota

0.8%

Urdu

0.8%
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Account Analyst Education

Schools

University of Phoenix

27.5%

Southern New Hampshire University

7.0%

Strayer University

6.8%

Georgia State University

5.2%

University of Houston

5.2%

Northeastern University

4.7%

Ashford University

4.2%

Webster University

3.6%

University of Connecticut

3.6%

DePaul University

3.4%

Arizona State University

3.1%

University of Florida

3.1%

Hofstra University

3.1%

University of North Carolina at Greensboro

2.9%

Virginia Commonwealth University

2.9%

Villanova University

2.9%

Sacred Heart University

2.9%

Kaplan University

2.9%

University of Utah

2.6%

American InterContinental University

2.6%
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Majors

Business

34.0%

Accounting

24.0%

Finance

11.4%

Management

3.8%

Marketing

3.3%

Health Care Administration

2.8%

Psychology

2.6%

Economics

2.5%

Communication

2.2%

Political Science

1.7%

Liberal Arts

1.4%

Computer Information Systems

1.3%

Human Resources Management

1.3%

Computer Science

1.1%

Education

1.1%

Project Management

1.1%

Criminal Justice

1.1%

English

1.1%

Information Technology

1.1%

General Studies

1.0%
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Degrees

Bachelors

46.8%

Masters

22.1%

Other

16.5%

Associate

8.2%

Certificate

4.6%

Diploma

1.1%

Doctorate

0.6%

License

0.2%
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Part Time
Internship
Temporary

Real Account Analyst Salaries

Job Title Company Location Start Date Salary
Managed Account Lifecycle Analyst Man Investments USA Holdings Inc. New York, NY Sep 08, 2015 $150,000
Account Analyst Google Inc. New York, NY Jan 09, 2016 $144,123
Account Analyst Google, Inc. New York, NY May 04, 2016 $121,402
Accounts Analyst Urban American Management, LLC West New York, NJ Sep 15, 2013 $120,000
Technical Account Analyst Iris Software, Inc. Edison, NJ Apr 20, 2016 $116,709
Account Analyst Google Inc. New York, NY Nov 29, 2013 $116,000
Managed Account Lifecycle Analyst Man Investments USA Holdings Inc. New York, NY Apr 22, 2015 $115,000
Account Analyst Google Inc. New York, NY Oct 01, 2013 $114,360
Account Analyst Google Inc. New York, NY Apr 09, 2013 $114,360
Reinsurance Account Analyst Underwriter Hemispheric Reinsurance Group LLC Miami, FL Aug 28, 2015 $110,000
Management Account Analyst Kitara Media LLC Jersey City, NJ Sep 15, 2013 $110,000
Strategic Account Analyst Boost Media, Inc. San Francisco, CA Jul 09, 2015 $108,014
Strategic Account Analyst Boost Media, Inc. San Francisco, CA Feb 18, 2015 $108,014
Technical Account Analyst Iris Software, Inc. Edison, NJ Oct 13, 2015 $107,120
Accountant Analyst Fig LLC Irving, TX Dec 10, 2016 $64,064 -
$75,000
Accountant/Analyst RCG LLC Somerville, MA Aug 16, 2016 $62,500
Accountant-Analyst C&D CPA's Inc. Alhambra, CA Sep 04, 2015 $61,110
Accounts Analyst R2 Technologies LLC Farmington, MI Jan 09, 2016 $60,189
Mid-Market Account Analyst Twitter, Inc. San Francisco, CA Sep 06, 2013 $60,000
Accounts Analyst Soleil Capitale Corporation New York, NY Sep 17, 2014 $60,000
Accountant Analyst Ming International LLC Carson, CA Sep 10, 2014 $60,000
Accounts Analyst United Medical Bear, DE Sep 27, 2016 $50,500
Patient Accounts Analyst Charlotte Mecklenburg Hospital Authority Charlotte, NC Jan 30, 2013 $50,170 -
$62,000
Account Analyst Meredith Corporation Los Angeles, CA Sep 20, 2013 $50,000 -
$60,000
Accounts Analyst Moonstar Express LLC Belleville, MI Aug 22, 2016 $50,000
Internal Accountant/Analyst Silverthread Falls DFW LLC Arlington, TX Aug 21, 2014 $50,000
Account Analyst Sailthru, Inc. New York, NY Sep 10, 2015 $50,000

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Top Skills for An Account Analyst

MonthlyFinancialStatementsProceduresCustomerServiceComplianceGeneralLedgerAccountsExternalAuditorsMonthlyJournalEntriesAssetAccountReconciliationsPayrollIncomeFinancialReportsDataEntryCustomerAccountsCreditCardInsuranceCompaniesBankReconciliationsSpecialProjectsPurchaseOrdersMedicalRecords

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Top Account Analyst Skills

  1. Monthly Financial Statements
  2. Procedures
  3. Customer Service
You can check out examples of real life uses of top skills on resumes here:
  • Prepared weekly forecast reports and monthly financial statements.
  • Assist all levels of the support center with questions regarding escalated issues following company policies and procedures.
  • Provided over the phone customer service for troubleshooting and system configuration.
  • Worked with Revenue Cycle Financial Analyst to resolve month end, compliance issues and collection report discrepancies.
  • Compiled and analyzed data to reconcile numerous General Ledger accounts.

Top Account Analyst Employers