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Become An Auditor/Consultant

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Working As An Auditor/Consultant

  • Getting Information
  • Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards
  • Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates
  • Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge
  • Analyzing Data or Information
  • Deal with People

  • Mostly Sitting

  • $82,670

    Average Salary

What Does An Auditor/Consultant Do

Accountants and auditors prepare and examine financial records. They ensure that financial records are accurate and that taxes are paid properly and on time. Accountants and auditors assess financial operations and work to help ensure that organizations run efficiently. 


Accountants and auditors typically do the following:

  • Examine financial statements to ensure that they are accurate and comply with laws and regulations
  • Compute taxes owed, prepare tax returns, and ensure that taxes are paid properly and on time
  • Inspect account books and accounting systems for efficiency and use of accepted accounting procedures
  • Organize and maintain financial records
  • Assess financial operations and make best-practices recommendations to management
  • Suggest ways to reduce costs, enhance revenues, and improve profits

In addition to examining and preparing financial documentation, accountants and auditors must explain their findings. This includes preparing written reports and meeting face-to-face with organization managers and individual clients.

Many accountants and auditors specialize, depending on the particular organization that they work for. Some work for organizations that specialize in assurance services (improving the quality or context of information for decisionmakers) or risk management (determining the probability of a misstatement on financial documentation). Other organizations specialize in specific industries, such as healthcare.

Some workers with a background in accounting and auditing teach in colleges and universities. For more information, see the profile on postsecondary teachers.

The following are examples of types of accountants and auditors:

Public accountants perform a broad range of accounting, auditing, tax, and consulting tasks. Their clients include corporations, governments, and individuals.

Public accountants work with financial documents that clients are required by law to disclose. These include tax forms and balance sheet statements that corporations must provide potential investors. For example, some public accountants concentrate on tax matters, advising corporations about the tax advantages of certain business decisions or preparing individual income tax returns.

Public accountants, many of whom are Certified Public Accountants (CPAs), generally have their own businesses or work for public accounting firms. Publicly traded companies are required to have CPAs sign documents they submit to the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC), including annual and quarterly reports.

Some public accountants specialize in forensic accounting, investigating financial crimes such as securities fraud and embezzlement, bankruptcies and contract disputes, and other complex and possibly criminal financial transactions. Forensic accountants combine their knowledge of accounting and finance with law and investigative techniques to determine if an activity is illegal. Many forensic accountants work closely with law enforcement personnel and lawyers during investigations and often appear as expert witnesses during trials.

Management accountants, also called cost, managerial, industrial, corporate, or private accountants, record and analyze the financial information of the organizations for which they work. The information that management accountants prepare is intended for internal use by business managers, not by the general public.

Management accountants often work on budgeting and performance evaluation. They also may help organizations plan the cost of doing business. Some may work with financial managers on asset management, which involves planning and selecting financial investments such as stocks, bonds, and real estate.

Government accountants maintain and examine the records of government agencies and audit private businesses and individuals whose activities are subject to government regulations or taxation. Accountants employed by federal, state, and local governments ensure that revenues are received and spent in accordance with laws and regulations.

Internal auditors check for mismanagement of an organization’s funds. They identify ways to improve the processes for finding and eliminating waste and fraud. The practice of internal auditing is not regulated, but The Institute of Internal Auditors (IIA) provides generally accepted standards.

External auditors perform similar duties as internal auditors, but are employed by an outside organization, rather than the one they are auditing. They review clients’ financial statements and inform investors and authorities that the statements have been correctly prepared and reported.

Information technology auditors are internal auditors who review controls for their organization’s computer systems, to ensure that the financial data comes from a reliable source.

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How To Become An Auditor/Consultant

Most accountants and auditors need at least a bachelor’s degree in accounting or a related field. Certification within a specific field of accounting improves job prospects. For example, many accountants become Certified Public Accountants (CPAs).  


Most accountant and auditor positions require at least a bachelor’s degree in accounting or a related field. Some employers prefer to hire applicants who have a master’s degree, either in accounting or in business administration with a concentration in accounting.

A few universities and colleges offer specialized programs, such as a bachelor’s degree in internal auditing. In some cases, those with associate’s degrees, as well as bookkeepers and accounting clerks who meet the education and experience requirements set by their employers, get junior accounting positions and advance to accountant positions by showing their accounting skills on the job.

Many colleges help students gain practical experience through summer or part-time internships with public accounting or business firms.

Licenses, Certifications, and Registrations

Every accountant filing a report with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) is required by law to be a Certified Public Accountant (CPA). Many other accountants choose to become a CPA to enhance their job prospects or to gain clients. Many employers will often pay the costs associated with the CPA exam.

CPAs are licensed by their state’s Board of Accountancy. Becoming a CPA requires passing a national exam and meeting other state requirements. Almost all states require CPA candidates to complete 150 semester hours of college coursework to be certified, which is 30 hours more than the usual 4-year bachelor’s degree. Many schools offer a 5-year combined bachelor’s and master’s degree to meet the 150-hour requirement, but a master’s degree is not required.

A few states allow a number of years of public accounting experience to substitute for a college degree.

All states use the four-part Uniform CPA Examination from the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants (AICPA). Candidates do not have to pass all four parts at once, but most states require that they pass all four parts within 18 months of passing their first part.

Almost all states require CPAs to take continuing education to keep their license.

Certification provides an advantage in the job market because it shows professional competence in a specialized field of accounting and auditing. Accountants and auditors seek certifications from a variety of professional societies. Some of the most common certifications are listed below:

The Institute of Management Accountants offers the Certified Management Accountant (CMA) to applicants who complete a bachelor’s degree. Applicants must have worked at least 2 years in management accounting, pass a two-part exam, agree to meet continuing education requirements, and comply with standards of professional conduct. The exam covers areas such as financial statement analysis, working-capital policy, capital structure, valuation issues, and risk management. 

The Institute of Internal Auditors (IIA) offers the Certified Internal Auditor (CIA) to graduates from accredited colleges and universities who have worked for 2 years as internal auditors and have passed a four-part exam. The IIA also offers the Certified in Control Self-Assessment (CCSA), Certified Government Auditing Professional (CGAP), Certified Financial Services Auditor (CFSA), and Certification in Risk Management Assurance (CRMA) to those who pass the exams and meet educational and experience requirements.

ISACA offers the Certified Information Systems Auditor (CISA) to candidates who pass an exam and have 5 years of experience auditing information systems. Information systems experience, financial or operational auditing experience, or related college credit hours can be substituted for up to 3 years of experience in information systems auditing, control, or security.

For accountants with a CPA, the AICPA offers the option to receive any or all of the Accredited in Business Valuation (ABV), Certified Information Technology Professional (CITP), or Personal Financial Specialist (PFS) certifications. The ABV requires a written exam, completion of at least six business valuation projects, and 75 hours of continuing education. The CITP requires 1,000 hours of business technology experience and 75 hours of continuing education. Candidates for the PFS also must complete a certain amount of work experience and continuing education, and pass a written exam.


Some top executives and financial managers have a background in accounting, internal auditing, or finance.

Beginning public accountants often advance to positions with more responsibility in 1 or 2 years and to senior positions within another few years. Those who excel may become supervisors, managers, or partners; open their own public accounting firm; or transfer to executive positions in management accounting or internal auditing in private firms.

Management accountants often start as cost accountants, junior internal auditors, or trainees for other accounting positions. As they rise through the organization, they may advance to accounting manager, chief cost accountant, budget director, or manager of internal auditing. Some become controllers, treasurers, financial vice presidents, chief financial officers, or corporation presidents.

Public accountants, management accountants, and internal auditors can move from one aspect of accounting and auditing to another. Public accountants often move into management accounting or internal auditing. Management accountants may become internal auditors, and internal auditors may become management accountants. However, it is less common for management accountants or internal auditors to move into public accounting.

Important Qualities

Analytical skills. Accountants and auditors must be able to identify issues in documentation and suggest solutions. For example, public accountants use analytical skills in their work to minimize tax liability, and internal auditors use these skills to detect fraudulent use of funds.  

Communication skills. Accountants and auditors must be able to listen carefully to facts and concerns from clients, managers, and others. They must also be able to discuss the results of their work in both meetings and written reports.

Detail oriented. Accountants and auditors must pay attention to detail when compiling and examining documentation.

Math skills. Accountants and auditors must be able to analyze, compare, and interpret facts and figures, although complex math skills are not necessary.

Organizational skills. Strong organizational skills are important for accountants and auditors who often work with a range of financial documents for a variety of clients.

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Auditor/Consultant jobs


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Auditor/Consultant Career Paths

Finance Consultant Senior Finance Analyst Controller
Accounting Officer
7 Yearsyrs
Compliance Auditor Compliance Specialist Senior Associate
Audit Manager
5 Yearsyrs
Senior Finance Analyst Controller Chief Finance Officer
Chief Finance And Operating Officer
14 Yearsyrs
Accounting Manager Accountant-Contractor Senior Accountant
Corporate Accounting Manager
8 Yearsyrs
Senior Auditor Controller
Corporate Controller
12 Yearsyrs
Senior Consultant Senior Manager Controller
Director Of Accounting & Finance
11 Yearsyrs
Senior Internal Auditor Senior Finance Analyst Accounting Manager
Division Controller
9 Yearsyrs
Finance Controller Bookkeeper Assistant Controller
Divisional Controller
9 Yearsyrs
Senior Finance Analyst Finance Manager Controller
Finance Controller
9 Yearsyrs
Assistant Controller Finance Controller Senior Finance Analyst
Finance Leader
8 Yearsyrs
Accounting Manager Business Analyst Senior Finance Analyst
Finance Planning Manager
8 Yearsyrs
Senior Consultant Operations Director Finance Advisor
Finance Vice President
9 Yearsyrs
Internal Audit Manager Finance Manager Controller
Interim Controller
15 Yearsyrs
Compliance Auditor Senior Internal Auditor
Internal Audit Manager
8 Yearsyrs
Finance Analyst Accounting Manager
Plant Controller
10 Yearsyrs
Internal Audit Manager Senior Manager Controller
Regional Controller
10 Yearsyrs
Senior Internal Auditor Accounting Manager
Senior Accounting Manager
10 Yearsyrs
Assistant Controller Plant Controller Controller
Senior Director Of Finance
14 Yearsyrs
Senior Auditor Senior Accountant Finance Manager
Senior Finance Manager
11 Yearsyrs
Finance Analyst Assistant Vice President
Vice President And Manager
10 Yearsyrs
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Average Length of Employment
City Auditor 3.7 years
Senior Auditor 3.5 years
Auditor Supervisor 3.5 years
Lead Auditor 3.5 years
Field Auditor 3.3 years
Accounting Auditor 3.2 years
Internal Auditor 3.2 years
Account Auditor 3.0 years
Corporate Auditor 2.9 years
Compliance Auditor 2.9 years
Auditor-In-Charge 2.8 years
Finance Auditor 2.8 years
Audit Specialist 2.8 years
Consultant 2.4 years
Auditor 2.4 years
Contractor Auditor 2.2 years
Staff Auditor 2.1 years
Auditor/Consultant 2.0 years
Associate Auditor 1.8 years
Junior Auditor 1.6 years
Top Employers Before
Auditor 8.3%
Consultant 6.0%
Accountant 4.3%
Controller 4.0%
Manager 3.4%
Top Employers After
Consultant 13.1%
Controller 5.2%
Auditor 5.1%
Manager 3.9%
Accountant 2.8%

Auditor/Consultant Demographics










Hispanic or Latino






Black or African American

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Languages Spoken








































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Auditor/Consultant Education


University of Phoenix


DePaul University


Carnegie Mellon University


University of Houston


University of Maryland - University College


New York University


Temple University


Pennsylvania State University


University of South Carolina - Columbia


Florida State University


Northeastern University


Villanova University


George Washington University


Pace University - New York


Fordham University


James Madison University


The Academy


University of Iowa


Boston University


Drexel University

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Health Care Administration










Information Technology


Computer Information Systems


Environmental Science


Information Systems






Criminal Justice


Political Science


Public Health


Computer Science


Elementary Education

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Real Auditor/Consultant Salaries

Job Title Company Location Start Date Salary
Consultant-Csat Program Audit M Squared/Collabrus Inc. San Francisco, CA Feb 15, 2010 $286,963
Audit Consultant Dell USA LP Round Rock, TX Sep 21, 2013 $107,120
Consultant-Audit/Legal Cheoy Lee Shipyards North America, Inc. Fort Lauderdale, FL Feb 14, 2011 $104,350
Consultant-Audit/Legal Cheoy Lee Shipyards North America, Inc. Fort Lauderdale, FL Feb 14, 2014 $104,350
Audit Consultant Dell Products LP Austin, TX Sep 06, 2014 $95,292
Management System Auditor/Consultant Mireaux Management Solutions Houston, TX Oct 04, 2016 $95,000
Consultant 1C-Systems Auditor Blue Cross and Blue Shield of Florida, Inc. Jacksonville, FL Dec 19, 2016 $94,785
Senior Audit Consultant II Union Bank, N.A. Los Angeles, CA Feb 01, 2013 $88,200 -
Lead Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Auditor/Consultant DET Norske Veritas (U.S.A.), Inc. Katy, TX Aug 30, 2012 $83,000 -
Audit Consultant Dell USA LP Round Rock, TX Sep 28, 2010 $78,900 -
Senior Audit Consultant Union Bank, N.A. Los Angeles, CA Aug 27, 2014 $75,600 -
Management System Auditor/Consultant Mireaux Management Solutions Houston, TX Oct 04, 2016 $75,000
Management System Auditor/Consultant Mireaux Management Solutions Houston, TX Apr 26, 2013 $75,000
Audit Consultant Nationwide Insurance Columbus, OH Mar 31, 2011 $72,280 -
Audit Consultant Cargill, Incorporated Wayzata, MN Aug 01, 2014 $68,307 -
Audit Consultant Texas Eastern Transmission, LP Houston, TX Sep 21, 2009 $63,000
Internal Audit Consultant United Healthcare Services, Inc. Minnetonka, MN Oct 31, 2011 $62,975 -
Experienced Consultant, Internal Audit & Financial Advisory Protiviti Inc. Dallas, TX Aug 10, 2015 $61,797 -
Internal Audit Experienced Consultant Protiviti Inc. Dallas, TX Jul 16, 2015 $61,152 -
Consultant, Internal Audit Protiviti Inc. New York, NY Jul 18, 2012 $57,000 -
Senior Audit Consultant Carnival Corporation Miami, FL Feb 01, 2012 $56,326 -
Accounting and Auditing Consultant A2Q2 Corporation Redwood City, CA Sep 01, 2013 $55,370
Accounting and Auditing Consultant A2Q2 Corporation Redwood City, CA Jul 16, 2012 $55,370
Accounting and Auditing Consultant A2Q2 Corporation Redwood City, CA Sep 01, 2014 $55,100 -
Accounting and Auditing Consultant A2Q2 Redwood City, CA Oct 20, 2014 $55,099
Audit Consultant Stockman Kast Ryan + Co LLP Woodland Park, CO Aug 28, 2015 $54,226
Audit Consultant Stockman Kast Ryan + Co LLP Woodland Park, CO Sep 09, 2015 $54,226
Audit Consultant Stockman Kast Ryan + Co LLP Colorado Springs, CO Sep 09, 2015 $54,226

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Top Skills for An Auditor/Consultant


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Top Auditor/Consultant Skills

  1. Internal Audit
  2. Financial Statements
  3. Ensure Compliance
You can check out examples of real life uses of top skills on resumes here:
  • Involved in the implementation of various audit technology programs that created efficiency within many Internal Audit engagements within the Southeastern region.
  • Designed and completed audits, compiled and reviewed financial statements including balance sheets, income statements and cash flow statements.
  • Strengthened over 100+ accountingComment66 policies to ensure compliance with federal financial reporting standards.
  • Conduct audit interviews and execute audit procedures.
  • Helped clients navigate the requirements of the SOX Act to improve their internal control environment and operational efficiency.

Top Auditor/Consultant Employers

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