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Become An Auditor

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Working As An Auditor

  • Getting Information
  • Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards
  • Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates
  • Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge
  • Analyzing Data or Information
  • Deal with People

  • Mostly Sitting

  • $74,813

    Average Salary

What Does An Auditor Do

Accountants and auditors prepare and examine financial records. They ensure that financial records are accurate and that taxes are paid properly and on time. Accountants and auditors assess financial operations and work to help ensure that organizations run efficiently. 

Duties

Accountants and auditors typically do the following:

  • Examine financial statements to ensure that they are accurate and comply with laws and regulations
  • Compute taxes owed, prepare tax returns, and ensure that taxes are paid properly and on time
  • Inspect account books and accounting systems for efficiency and use of accepted accounting procedures
  • Organize and maintain financial records
  • Assess financial operations and make best-practices recommendations to management
  • Suggest ways to reduce costs, enhance revenues, and improve profits

In addition to examining and preparing financial documentation, accountants and auditors must explain their findings. This includes preparing written reports and meeting face-to-face with organization managers and individual clients.

Many accountants and auditors specialize, depending on the particular organization that they work for. Some work for organizations that specialize in assurance services (improving the quality or context of information for decisionmakers) or risk management (determining the probability of a misstatement on financial documentation). Other organizations specialize in specific industries, such as healthcare.

Some workers with a background in accounting and auditing teach in colleges and universities. For more information, see the profile on postsecondary teachers.

The following are examples of types of accountants and auditors:

Public accountants perform a broad range of accounting, auditing, tax, and consulting tasks. Their clients include corporations, governments, and individuals.

Public accountants work with financial documents that clients are required by law to disclose. These include tax forms and balance sheet statements that corporations must provide potential investors. For example, some public accountants concentrate on tax matters, advising corporations about the tax advantages of certain business decisions or preparing individual income tax returns.

Public accountants, many of whom are Certified Public Accountants (CPAs), generally have their own businesses or work for public accounting firms. Publicly traded companies are required to have CPAs sign documents they submit to the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC), including annual and quarterly reports.

Some public accountants specialize in forensic accounting, investigating financial crimes such as securities fraud and embezzlement, bankruptcies and contract disputes, and other complex and possibly criminal financial transactions. Forensic accountants combine their knowledge of accounting and finance with law and investigative techniques to determine if an activity is illegal. Many forensic accountants work closely with law enforcement personnel and lawyers during investigations and often appear as expert witnesses during trials.

Management accountants, also called cost, managerial, industrial, corporate, or private accountants, record and analyze the financial information of the organizations for which they work. The information that management accountants prepare is intended for internal use by business managers, not by the general public.

Management accountants often work on budgeting and performance evaluation. They also may help organizations plan the cost of doing business. Some may work with financial managers on asset management, which involves planning and selecting financial investments such as stocks, bonds, and real estate.

Government accountants maintain and examine the records of government agencies and audit private businesses and individuals whose activities are subject to government regulations or taxation. Accountants employed by federal, state, and local governments ensure that revenues are received and spent in accordance with laws and regulations.

Internal auditors check for mismanagement of an organization’s funds. They identify ways to improve the processes for finding and eliminating waste and fraud. The practice of internal auditing is not regulated, but The Institute of Internal Auditors (IIA) provides generally accepted standards.

External auditors perform similar duties as internal auditors, but are employed by an outside organization, rather than the one they are auditing. They review clients’ financial statements and inform investors and authorities that the statements have been correctly prepared and reported.

Information technology auditors are internal auditors who review controls for their organization’s computer systems, to ensure that the financial data comes from a reliable source.

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How To Become An Auditor

Most accountants and auditors need at least a bachelor’s degree in accounting or a related field. Certification within a specific field of accounting improves job prospects. For example, many accountants become Certified Public Accountants (CPAs).  

Education

Most accountant and auditor positions require at least a bachelor’s degree in accounting or a related field. Some employers prefer to hire applicants who have a master’s degree, either in accounting or in business administration with a concentration in accounting.

A few universities and colleges offer specialized programs, such as a bachelor’s degree in internal auditing. In some cases, those with associate’s degrees, as well as bookkeepers and accounting clerks who meet the education and experience requirements set by their employers, get junior accounting positions and advance to accountant positions by showing their accounting skills on the job.

Many colleges help students gain practical experience through summer or part-time internships with public accounting or business firms.

Licenses, Certifications, and Registrations

Every accountant filing a report with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) is required by law to be a Certified Public Accountant (CPA). Many other accountants choose to become a CPA to enhance their job prospects or to gain clients. Many employers will often pay the costs associated with the CPA exam.

CPAs are licensed by their state’s Board of Accountancy. Becoming a CPA requires passing a national exam and meeting other state requirements. Almost all states require CPA candidates to complete 150 semester hours of college coursework to be certified, which is 30 hours more than the usual 4-year bachelor’s degree. Many schools offer a 5-year combined bachelor’s and master’s degree to meet the 150-hour requirement, but a master’s degree is not required.

A few states allow a number of years of public accounting experience to substitute for a college degree.

All states use the four-part Uniform CPA Examination from the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants (AICPA). Candidates do not have to pass all four parts at once, but most states require that they pass all four parts within 18 months of passing their first part.

Almost all states require CPAs to take continuing education to keep their license.

Certification provides an advantage in the job market because it shows professional competence in a specialized field of accounting and auditing. Accountants and auditors seek certifications from a variety of professional societies. Some of the most common certifications are listed below:

The Institute of Management Accountants offers the Certified Management Accountant (CMA) to applicants who complete a bachelor’s degree. Applicants must have worked at least 2 years in management accounting, pass a two-part exam, agree to meet continuing education requirements, and comply with standards of professional conduct. The exam covers areas such as financial statement analysis, working-capital policy, capital structure, valuation issues, and risk management. 

The Institute of Internal Auditors (IIA) offers the Certified Internal Auditor (CIA) to graduates from accredited colleges and universities who have worked for 2 years as internal auditors and have passed a four-part exam. The IIA also offers the Certified in Control Self-Assessment (CCSA), Certified Government Auditing Professional (CGAP), Certified Financial Services Auditor (CFSA), and Certification in Risk Management Assurance (CRMA) to those who pass the exams and meet educational and experience requirements.

ISACA offers the Certified Information Systems Auditor (CISA) to candidates who pass an exam and have 5 years of experience auditing information systems. Information systems experience, financial or operational auditing experience, or related college credit hours can be substituted for up to 3 years of experience in information systems auditing, control, or security.

For accountants with a CPA, the AICPA offers the option to receive any or all of the Accredited in Business Valuation (ABV), Certified Information Technology Professional (CITP), or Personal Financial Specialist (PFS) certifications. The ABV requires a written exam, completion of at least six business valuation projects, and 75 hours of continuing education. The CITP requires 1,000 hours of business technology experience and 75 hours of continuing education. Candidates for the PFS also must complete a certain amount of work experience and continuing education, and pass a written exam.

Advancement

Some top executives and financial managers have a background in accounting, internal auditing, or finance.

Beginning public accountants often advance to positions with more responsibility in 1 or 2 years and to senior positions within another few years. Those who excel may become supervisors, managers, or partners; open their own public accounting firm; or transfer to executive positions in management accounting or internal auditing in private firms.

Management accountants often start as cost accountants, junior internal auditors, or trainees for other accounting positions. As they rise through the organization, they may advance to accounting manager, chief cost accountant, budget director, or manager of internal auditing. Some become controllers, treasurers, financial vice presidents, chief financial officers, or corporation presidents.

Public accountants, management accountants, and internal auditors can move from one aspect of accounting and auditing to another. Public accountants often move into management accounting or internal auditing. Management accountants may become internal auditors, and internal auditors may become management accountants. However, it is less common for management accountants or internal auditors to move into public accounting.

Important Qualities

Analytical skills. Accountants and auditors must be able to identify issues in documentation and suggest solutions. For example, public accountants use analytical skills in their work to minimize tax liability, and internal auditors use these skills to detect fraudulent use of funds.  

Communication skills. Accountants and auditors must be able to listen carefully to facts and concerns from clients, managers, and others. They must also be able to discuss the results of their work in both meetings and written reports.

Detail oriented. Accountants and auditors must pay attention to detail when compiling and examining documentation.

Math skills. Accountants and auditors must be able to analyze, compare, and interpret facts and figures, although complex math skills are not necessary.

Organizational skills. Strong organizational skills are important for accountants and auditors who often work with a range of financial documents for a variety of clients.

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Auditor Jobs

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Auditor Career Paths

Auditor
Tax Preparer Staff Accountant Assistant Controller
Assistant Corporate Controller
9 Yearsyrs
Specialist Staff Accountant Assistant Controller
Assistant Director Of Finance
7 Yearsyrs
Senior Finance Analyst Treasury Manager
Assistant Treasurer
5 Yearsyrs
Accountant Accounting Manager Controller
Controller, Vice President
11 Yearsyrs
Accounting Manager Assistant Controller Controller
Controller/Business Manager
10 Yearsyrs
Finance Analyst Finance Manager Controller
Controller/Director Of Finance
11 Yearsyrs
Finance Analyst Senior Finance Analyst Controller
Controller/Office Manager
7 Yearsyrs
Analyst Finance Analyst Accounting Manager
Corporate Accounting Manager
9 Yearsyrs
Specialist Accountant Cost Accountant
Cost Accounting Manager
7 Yearsyrs
Senior Accountant Accounting Manager
Division Controller
9 Yearsyrs
Tax Preparer Accountant Assistant Controller
Divisional Controller
9 Yearsyrs
Controller Finance Consultant Senior Finance Analyst
Finance Leader
8 Yearsyrs
Accounting Manager Senior Finance Analyst
Finance Project Manager
8 Yearsyrs
Accountant Senior Accountant Controller
Finance Vice President
10 Yearsyrs
Senior Accountant Controller
Interim Controller
15 Yearsyrs
Internal Auditor Senior Internal Auditor
Internal Audit Manager
8 Yearsyrs
Internal Auditor Finance Analyst Accounting Manager
Manager/Finance Accounting
8 Yearsyrs
Senior Auditor Controller
Regional Controller
10 Yearsyrs
Operations Manager Bookkeeper Senior Accountant
Reporting Manager
8 Yearsyrs
Senior Auditor Senior Accountant Accounting Manager
Senior Accounting Manager
10 Yearsyrs
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Do you work as an Auditor?

Auditor Demographics

Gender

Female

55.3%

Male

42.0%

Unknown

2.7%
Ethnicity

White

59.6%

Hispanic or Latino

16.1%

Black or African American

11.5%

Asian

9.0%

Unknown

3.9%
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Languages Spoken

Spanish

52.6%

French

8.2%

Mandarin

6.3%

Chinese

6.0%

German

3.6%

Arabic

3.2%

Portuguese

2.8%

Japanese

2.4%

Hindi

2.2%

Italian

2.2%

Russian

2.1%

Cantonese

1.5%

Carrier

1.2%

Urdu

0.9%

Vietnamese

0.8%

Gujarati

0.8%

Tagalog

0.8%

Polish

0.8%

Swedish

0.7%

Korean

0.7%
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Auditor Education

Schools

University of Phoenix

26.6%

Strayer University

7.1%

Kaplan University

5.4%

Liberty University

5.1%

Arizona State University

4.3%

Ashford University

4.2%

University of Houston

4.0%

University of Memphis

3.9%

Michigan State University

3.8%

University of South Florida

3.8%

Southern New Hampshire University

3.5%

Northern Illinois University

3.4%

DePaul University

3.3%

Temple University

3.2%

University of Utah

3.2%

Florida State University

3.2%

University of North Texas

3.1%

University of Texas at Dallas

3.0%

Pennsylvania State University

3.0%

University of Alabama

2.9%
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Majors

Accounting

29.4%

Business

29.2%

Finance

6.0%

Health Care Administration

4.2%

Criminal Justice

3.7%

Management

3.2%

Nursing

2.7%

Psychology

2.5%

General Studies

2.1%

Computer Science

2.0%

Computer Information Systems

1.8%

Education

1.8%

Marketing

1.7%

Medical Assisting Services

1.6%

Communication

1.4%

Political Science

1.4%

Human Resources Management

1.4%

English

1.3%

Law

1.3%

Economics

1.3%
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Degrees

Bachelors

38.8%

Other

22.9%

Masters

19.5%

Associate

10.5%

Certificate

4.8%

Diploma

1.6%

Doctorate

1.5%

License

0.4%
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Real Auditor Salaries

Job Title Company Location Start Date Salary
Quantitative Analytics Auditor (Mathematician) Wells Fargo Bank, N.A. San Francisco, CA Jan 05, 2015 $155,000
Auditor GC Consultants Inc. New York, NY Sep 28, 2016 $147,805
Auditor GC Consultants Inc. New York, NY Jul 19, 2016 $147,805
Quantitative Analytics Auditor (Mathematics) Wells Fargo Bank, N.A. Charlotte, NC Sep 02, 2015 $147,000
Auditor Societe Generale New York, NY Jul 12, 2015 $130,000
Auditor Google Inc. Sunnyvale, CA Aug 24, 2015 $125,000
Auditor Google Inc. Mountain View, CA Apr 08, 2016 $125,000
Auditor 4 EBAY Inc. San Jose, CA Jun 29, 2015 $123,000
Auditor 4 EBAY Inc. San Jose, CA Oct 14, 2016 $121,202
Auditor Siemens Corporation Houston, TX Jan 09, 2016 $120,298
Auditor Funaro & Co., PC New York, NY Mar 28, 2016 $117,437
Auditor Funaro & Co., PC New York, NY Jul 28, 2016 $117,437
Auditor Funaro & Co., PC New York, NY Sep 05, 2016 $117,437
Auditor Funaro & Co., PC New York, NY May 19, 2016 $117,437
Auditor P&K CPAS LLC Parsippany-Troy Hills, NJ Mar 06, 2015 $69,347
Auditor-Risk Advisory Services Assurance Consulting 3 LLC Bloomington, MN Aug 01, 2015 $68,307 -
$75,000
Auditor Weisermazars LLP Chicago, IL Jun 20, 2016 $68,000
Auditor (SOX Compliance) Univar Inc. Redmond, WA Jan 05, 2016 $67,200 -
$100,800
Auditor Xerox Business Services, LLC Quincy, MA Aug 22, 2016 $66,372
Auditor Armanino LLP San Francisco, CA Nov 19, 2015 $66,000
Auditor Jin Chen CPA, P.A. Tampa, FL Oct 21, 2015 $65,978
Auditor Western Union, LLC Englewood, CO Jan 09, 2016 $65,000
Auditor Denise A. Albanese Parsippany-Troy Hills, NJ Aug 25, 2015 $55,431
Auditor Anchin, Block & Anchin LLP New York, NY Sep 15, 2015 $55,380
Auditor Schulman Lobel Wolfson Zand Abruzzo Katzen & Blackman LLP New York, NY Sep 16, 2016 $55,370
Auditor Friedman LLP New York, NY Jan 11, 2015 $55,370
Auditor Constantin Associates LLP New York, NY Jan 09, 2016 $55,370
Auditor Constantin Associates LLP New York, NY Jan 04, 2016 $55,370
Auditor Friedman LLP New York, NY Oct 10, 2016 $55,370

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Top Skills for An Auditor

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  1. Audit
  2. Financial Statements
  3. Internal Control Procedures
You can check out examples of real life uses of top skills on resumes here:
  • Performed technical and administrative support on the communication of audits in accordance with standard insurance procedures.
  • Analyzed bank statements, general and subsidiary ledgers and other financial information for preparation of financial statements and tax returns.
  • Develop evaluations and improved department to ensuring compliance with internal control procedures, and regulations related to customer service and quality.
  • Process individual insurance applications *Power indexing *Fulfillment *Pull research reports for customer service *Process customer correspondence to correct/update subscriber information
  • Verified/Prepared payroll deductions and credit card donations for processing.

What is it like to work as an Auditor

3.0

Auditing

April 20, 2019 on Zippia

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Auditor.. Show More

What do you like the most about working as Auditor?

Because of the reviewing of companies financial records, and because I have to make decisions.. Show More

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Sometimes decision taking is difficult.. Show More

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Top Auditor Employers

Jobs From Top Auditor Employers

Auditor Videos

Career: Auditor

What It's Like to be in Public Accounting & How Much Money External Auditors Make

How to become Certified Internal Auditor (CIA)

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