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Mental health counselors and marriage and family therapists are typically required to have a master’s degree and a license to practice.Education
To become a mental health counselor or a marriage and family therapist, applicants typically need a master’s degree in psychology, clinical mental health counseling, marriage and family therapy, or a related mental health field. A bachelor’s degree in most fields is acceptable to enter a master’s program.
Counseling programs prepare students to recognize symptoms of mental and emotional disorders and to use effective counseling strategies. Marriage and family therapy programs teach students about how marriages, families, and relationships function and how these relationships can affect mental and emotional disorders.
Many employers prefer to hire counselors who have graduated from programs accredited by the Council for Accreditation of Counseling & Related Educational Programs.Training
Candidates gain hands-on experience through postdegree supervised clinical work, sometimes referred to as an internship or residency. In training, they learn to provide family therapy, group therapy, psychotherapy, and other therapeutic interventions, under the supervision of a licensed counselor.Licenses
All states require mental health counselors and marriage and family therapists to be licensed in the state in which they practice. Licensure requires a master’s degree and 2,000 to 4,000 hours of postdegree supervised clinical experience, sometimes referred to as an internship or residency. In addition, counselors and therapists must pass a state-recognized exam and complete annual continuing education classes.
Contact information for state boards regulating mental health counselors is available through the National Board for Certified Counselors.
Contact and licensing information for marriage and family therapists is available through the Association of Marital and Family Therapy Regulatory Boards.Important Qualities
Compassion. Counselors and therapists often work with people who are dealing with stressful and difficult situations, so they must be compassionate and empathize with their clients.
Interpersonal skills. Being able to work with different types of people is essential for counselors and therapists. They spend most of their time working directly with clients and other professionals and must be able to encourage good relationships.
Listening skills. Good listening skills are essential for mental health counselors and marriage and family therapists, both of whom need to give their full attention to their clients to understand their problems, values, and goals.
Organizational skills. Good organizational skills are especially important for counselors and therapists in private practice, who must keep track of payments and work with insurance companies.
Speaking skills. Mental health counselors and marriage and family therapists need to be able to communicate with clients effectively. They must express ideas and information in a way that clients can understand easily.
Hispanic or Latino16.7%
Black or African American0.6%
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Average Length of Employment
Chicago School of Professional Psychology9.7%
California State University - Los Angeles7.1%
University of Phoenix6.9%
California State University - Northridge6.5%
Ball State University6.0%
University of Southern California5.2%
Grand Canyon University4.8%
California State University - Fullerton4.5%
Arizona State University4.5%
San Jose State University4.1%
Florida International University4.1%
California State University - East Bay3.7%
San Francisco State University3.2%
Nova Southeastern University3.2%
Unfortunately we don’t have enough data for this section.
|Job Title||Company||Location||Start Date||Salary|
|Behavior Therapist||Autism Spectrum Instructional Resources, LLC||Austin, TX||Sep 11, 2015||$61,859 -
|Behavior Therapist Aid||LCE Associates, Inc.||Hialeah, FL||May 11, 2015||$60,694|
|Behavior Therapist||California Institute of Behavior Analysis, Inc.||CA||Mar 09, 2010||$52,175|
|Behavior Therapist||Aacres Wa LLC||Seattle, WA||Dec 15, 2016||$50,000|
|Behavior Therapist||KTL Behavioral Therapy & Consultation PLLC||Austin, TX||May 12, 2016||$47,479|
|Behavior Therapist||Funtastic Gymnastic Inc.||Wheeling, IL||Jun 26, 2016||$47,000|
|Behavior Therapist/Program Implementer||Butterfly Effects||Lighthouse Point, FL||Apr 25, 2011||$46,800|
|Behavior Therapist/Program Implementer||Butterfly Effects LLC||Lighthouse Point, FL||Sep 13, 2010||$45,914 -
|Behavior Management Therapist||Northeast Behavioral Associates, Inc.||Dartmouth, MA||Sep 17, 2014||$45,000|
|Behavior Management Therapist||Northeast Behavioral Associates, Inc.||Dartmouth, MA||Sep 05, 2014||$45,000|
|Behavior Management Therapist||Northeast Behavioral Associates, Inc.||Dartmouth, MA||Sep 27, 2013||$42,000|
|Behavior Management Therapist||Northeast Behavioral Associates Inc.||Quincy, MA||Sep 19, 2013||$40,000|
|Behavior Therapist||Special Education for Exceptional Kids, Inc.||San Gabriel, CA||Oct 17, 2011||$39,529|
|Applied Behavior Analysis Therapist||Confidence Connection||Needham, MA||Jan 09, 2016||$38,000|
|Applied Behavior Analysis Therapist||Confidence Connection||Needham, MA||Aug 29, 2016||$38,000|
|Behavior Therapist||KTL Behavioral Therapy & Consultation PLLC||Austin, TX||Sep 14, 2016||$35,479|
|Behavior Therapist||Center for Autism Spectrum Treatment, Inc.||Los Angeles, CA||Oct 01, 2013||$33,392|
|Behavior Therapist||Center for Autism Specrum Treatment, Inc.||Los Angeles, CA||Oct 01, 2013||$33,392|
|Behavior Therapist||Inclusive Education and Community Partnership||Oxnard, CA||Oct 01, 2012||$33,392|
|Behavior Therapist||Inizio Interventions Inc.||CA||Aug 25, 2014||$32,349|
|Behavior Therapist||Inizio Interventions Inc.||CA||Sep 20, 2014||$32,349|
|Behavior Therapist||Inizio Interventions Inc.||Hillsborough, CA||Oct 01, 2014||$32,349|
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