Where do you want to work?
Medical scientists typically have a Ph.D., usually in biology or a related life science. Some medical scientists get a medical degree instead of a Ph.D., but prefer doing research to practicing as a physician.Education
Students planning careers as medical scientists typically pursue a bachelor’s degree in biology, chemistry, or a related field. Undergraduate students benefit from taking a broad range of classes, including life sciences, physical sciences, and math. Students also typically take courses that develop communication and writing skills, because they must learn to write grants effectively and publish research findings.
After students have completed their undergraduate studies, they typically enter Ph.D. programs. Dual-degree programs are available that pair a Ph.D. with a range of specialized medical degrees. A few degree programs that are commonly paired with Ph.D. studies are Medical Doctor (M.D.), Doctor of Dental Surgery (D.D.S.), Doctor of Dental Medicine (D.M.D.), and Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine (D.O.). Whereas Ph.D. studies focus on research methods, such as project design and data interpretation, students in dual-degree programs learn both the clinical skills needed to be a physician and the research skills needed to be a scientist.
Graduate programs emphasize both laboratory work and original research. These programs offer prospective medical scientists the opportunity to develop their experiments and, sometimes, to supervise undergraduates. Ph.D. programs culminate in a thesis that the candidate presents before a committee of professors. Students may specialize in a particular field, such as gerontology, neurology, or cancer.
Those who go to medical school spend most of the first 2 years in labs and classrooms, taking courses such as anatomy, biochemistry, physiology, pharmacology, psychology, microbiology, pathology, medical ethics, and medical law. They also learn how to record medical histories, examine patients, and diagnose illnesses. They may be required to participate in residency programs, meeting the same requirements that physicians and surgeons have to fulfill.
Medical scientists often continue their education with postdoctoral work. Postdoctoral work provides additional and more independent lab experience, including experience in specific processes and techniques such as gene splicing, which is transferable to other research projects.Licenses, Certifications, and Registrations
Medical scientists primarily conduct research and typically do not need licenses or certifications. However, those who administer drugs, gene therapy, or otherwise practice medicine on patients in clinical trials or a private practice need a license to practice as a physician.Important Qualities
Communication skills. Communication is critical, because medical scientists must be able to explain their conclusions. In addition, medical scientists write grant proposals, because grants often are required to fund their research.
Critical-thinking skills. Medical scientists must use their expertise to determine the best method for solving a specific research question.
Data-analysis skills. Medical scientists use statistical techniques, so that they can properly quantify and analyze health research questions.
Decisionmaking skills. Medical scientists must determine what research questions to ask, how best to investigate the questions, and what data will best answer the questions.
Observation skills. Medical scientists conduct experiments that require precise observation of samples and other health data. Any mistake could lead to inconclusive or misleading results.
Average Length of Employment
Top Careers Before Biological Scientist
Top Careers After Biological Scientist
Hispanic or Latino8.3%
Black or African American0.8%
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University of Florida31.4%
University of South Florida14.4%
Florida State University6.8%
Johns Hopkins University5.1%
Florida Institute of Technology-Melbourne3.4%
University of Central Florida3.4%
University of North Florida3.4%
Nova Southeastern University3.4%
University of Texas at Austin3.4%
Texas Tech University2.5%
University of West Florida2.5%
Florida Atlantic University2.5%
University of Montana2.5%
University of Southern Mississippi2.5%
Florida International University2.5%
University of Georgia2.5%
Eastern Michigan University1.7%
University of Memphis1.7%
University of Kentucky1.7%
Unfortunately we don’t have enough data for this section.
|Job Title||Company||Location||Start Date||Salary|
|Biological Scientist||Veterans Bio-Medical Research Institute, Inc.||East Orange, NJ||Jul 01, 2015||$143,147|
|Biological Scientist||Ch Biotech, LLC||Ontario, CA||Jan 01, 2016||$120,000|
|Scientists, Biology||LOXO Oncology, Inc.||South San Francisco, CA||Sep 08, 2016||$104,200 -
|Scientist, Biologics Discovery & Protein Sciences||Moderna Therapeutics, Inc.||Cambridge, MA||Jan 09, 2016||$101,920|
|Biologics Scientist II||Vertex Pharmaceuticals, Inc.||Boston, MA||Jan 25, 2016||$95,000 -
|Senior Biological Scientist||Ch Biotech, LLC||Ontario, CA||Feb 11, 2016||$93,000 -
|Molecular Biology Scientists (Technical Sales Account Managers)||DNA Twopointo, Inc.||Newark, CA||Dec 22, 2016||$92,000 -
|Biological Scientist||Essenlix Corporation||Monmouth Junction, NJ||Sep 09, 2016||$90,000|
|Scientist ILL, Molecular Biology||Life Technologies Corporation||South San Francisco, CA||Mar 16, 2016||$86,904 -
|Scientist I, Chemical Biology-GDC||Novartis Institutes for Biomedical Research, Inc.||Cambridge, MA||Aug 12, 2015||$86,000|
|Biological Scientist||Photon8, Inc.||Corpus Christi, TX||Jan 08, 2016||$85,000 -
|Scientist, In Vitro Biology||Xenobiotic Laboratories, Inc., A Div of WUXI||Plainsboro, NJ||Mar 14, 2016||$80,000 -
|Biological Scientist||Frontage Laboratories, Inc.||Exton, PA||Jan 09, 2016||$67,746|
|Biological Scientist||Essenlix Corporation||Monmouth Junction, NJ||Sep 09, 2016||$66,768|
|Biological Scientist||MacRogen Corp||Rockville, MD||Sep 15, 2016||$65,949|
|Scientist II, Molecular Biology||Life Technologies Corporation||Carlsbad, CA||Feb 09, 2016||$65,000 -
|Biological Scientist||MacRogen Corp||Rockville, MD||Sep 10, 2015||$64,488|
|Biological Scientist||ACGT, Inc.||Wheeling, IL||Jan 09, 2016||$64,000 -
|Scientist III, Molecular Biology||Life Technologies Corporation||Grand Island, NY||Aug 31, 2016||$63,600 -
|Biological Scientist||Lifebloom Corp||Brea, CA||Sep 17, 2015||$54,053|
|Biological Scientist||Nirmidas Biotech, Inc.||Palo Alto, CA||Sep 16, 2016||$53,000|
|Biological Scientist||Bio Synthesis Inc.||Lewisville, TX||Aug 25, 2015||$52,874|
|Biological Scientist||Bio Synthesis Inc.||Lewisville, TX||Sep 01, 2015||$52,874|
|Senior Biological Scientist||University of Florida||Gainesville, FL||Dec 02, 2015||$51,709|
|Biological Scientist||University of Florida||Gainesville, FL||Jul 21, 2015||$50,000|
|Biological Scientist||Barlow Bay Fish Co||WA||Jan 07, 2016||$50,000 -
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Why Am I A Biology Major? Med School & Future Career Goals
Careers after Biological Sciences - James
CAREERS IN BIOLOGY SCIENCE â€“ B.Sc,M.Sc,Science technician, Research,Job Opportunities,Salary Package