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Become A Builder

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Working As A Builder

  • Getting Information
  • Performing General Physical Activities
  • Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material
  • Handling and Moving Objects
  • Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work
  • Deal with People

  • Unpleasant/Hazardous Environment

  • Outdoors/walking/standing

  • Make Decisions

  • $43,305

    Average Salary

What Does A Builder Do

Carpenters construct and repair building frameworks and structures—such as stairways, doorframes, partitions, rafters, and bridge supports—made from wood and other materials. They also may install kitchen cabinets, siding, and drywall.

Duties

Carpenters typically do the following:

  • Follow blueprints and building plans to meet the needs of clients
  • Install structures and fixtures, such as windows and molding
  • Measure, cut, and shape wood, plastic, and other materials
  • Construct building frameworks, including walls, floors, and doorframes
  • Erect, level, and install building framework with the aid of rigging hardware and cranes
  • Inspect and replace damaged framework or other structures and fixtures
  • Instruct and direct laborers and other construction helpers

Carpenters are one of the most versatile construction occupations, with workers usually doing many different tasks. For example, some carpenters primarily insulate office buildings and others install drywall or kitchen cabinets in homes. Those who help construct tall buildings or bridges often install the wooden concrete forms for cement footings or pillars and are commonly referred to as rough carpenters. Other carpenters erect shoring and scaffolding for buildings.

Carpenters use many different hand and power tools to cut and shape wood, plastic, fiberglass, or drywall. They commonly use hand tools, including squares, levels, and chisels, as well as many power tools, such as sanders, circular saws, nail guns, and welding machines. Carpenters fasten materials together with nails, screws, staples, and adhesives, and do a final check of their work to ensure that it is completed according to specifications. They use a tape measure on nearly every project to make sure that the pieces being cut are the proper size, which reduces waste and saves time. Many employers require applicants to supply their own tools.

The following are examples of types of carpenters:

Residential carpenters typically specialize in single-family, townhome, and condominium building and remodeling. As part of a single job, they might build and set forms for footings, walls, and slabs, and frame and finish exterior walls, roofs, and decks. They also frame interior walls, build stairs, and install drywall, crown molding, doors, and cabinets. In addition, residential carpenters may tile floors and lay wood floors and carpet. Fully trained carpenters can easily switch from new homebuilding to remodeling.

Commercial carpenters typically build and remodel commercial office buildings, hospitals, hotels, schools, and shopping malls. Some specialize in working with light-gauge and load-bearing steel framing for interior partitions, exterior framing, and curtain wall construction. Others specialize in working with concrete forming systems and finishing interior and exterior walls, partitions, and ceilings. Most commercial carpenters perform many of the same tasks as residential carpenters.

Industrial carpenters typically work on civil engineering projects and in industrial settings, where they build scaffolding and create and set forms for pouring concrete. Some industrial carpenters build tunnel bracing or partitions in underground passageways and mines to control the circulation of air to worksites. Others build concrete forms for tunnels, bridges, dams, power plants, or sewers.

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How To Become A Builder

Although most carpenters learn their trade through an apprenticeship, some learn on the job, starting as a helper.

Education

A high school diploma or equivalent is required. High school courses in mathematics, mechanical drawing, and general vocational technical training are considered useful.

Training

Most carpenters learn their trade through a 3- or 4-year apprenticeship program. For each year of a typical program, apprentices must complete at least 144 hours of technical training and 2,000 hours of paid on-the-job training. In the technical training, apprentices learn carpentry basics, blueprint reading, mathematics, building code requirements, and safety and first-aid practices. They also may receive specialized training in creating and setting concrete forms, rigging, welding, scaffold building, working within confined workspaces, and fall protection. All carpenters must pass the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) 10- and 30-hour safety courses.

After finishing an apprenticeship, carpenters are considered to be journey workers and may perform tasks on their own.

Several groups, including unions and contractor associations, sponsor apprenticeship programs. Some apprenticeship programs have preferred entry for veterans. The basic qualifications for a person to enter an apprenticeship program are as follows:

  • Minimum age of 18
  • High school education or equivalent
  • Physically able to do the work
  • U.S. citizen or proof of legal residency
  • Pass substance abuse screening

Some contractors have their own carpenter training program, which may be an accredited apprenticeship program.

Although many workers enter apprenticeships directly, some carpenters start out as helpers.

Some workers can earn certificates before entering an apprenticeship. The National Association of Home Builders offers Pre-Apprenticeship Certificate Training (PACT) through the Home Builders Institute. PACT is available for several different groups, from youths to veterans, and covers information for eight construction trades, including painting.

Workers typically learn the proper use of hand and power tools on the job. They often start by working with more experienced carpenters and are given more complex tasks as they prove that they can handle simpler tasks, such as measuring and cutting wooden and metal studs.

A number of 2-year technical schools offer carpentry degrees that are affiliated with unions or contractor organizations. Credits earned as part of an apprenticeship program usually count toward an associate’s degree.

Advancement

Because they are involved in all phases of construction, carpenters usually have more opportunities than other construction workers to become first-line supervisors, independent contractors, or general construction supervisors.

Carpenters seeking advancement often take additional training provided by associations, unions, or employers. Communication in both English and Spanish also is helpful for relaying instructions to workers.

Important Qualities

Business skills. Self-employed carpenters must be able to bid on new jobs, track inventory, and plan work assignments. 

Detail oriented. Carpenters perform many tasks that are important in the overall building process. Making precise measurements, for example, may reduce gaps between windows and frames, limiting any leaks around the window.

Dexterity. Carpenters use many tools and need hand-eye coordination to avoid injury or damaging materials. Striking the head of a nail, for example, is crucial to not damaging wood or injuring oneself.

Math skills. Carpenters use basic math skills every day to calculate volume and measure materials to be cut.

Physical stamina. Carpenters need physical endurance. They frequently stand, climb, or bend for long periods.

Physical strength. Carpenters use tools and materials that are heavy. For example, plywood sheets can weigh 50 to 100 pounds.

Problem-solving skills. Because construction jobs vary, carpenters must adjust project plans accordingly. For example, if a prefabricated window arrives at the worksite slightly oversized, carpenters must shave framework to make the window fit.

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Builder Jobs

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Builder Career Paths

Builder
Maintenance Technician Engineer Project Engineer
Construction Manager
10 Yearsyrs
Warehouse Worker Technician Foreman
Construction Superintendent
9 Yearsyrs
Driver Technical Support Specialist Information Technology Project Manager
Contract Project Manager
10 Yearsyrs
Production Worker Maintenance Technician Engineer
Engineering Supervisor
7 Yearsyrs
Technician Engineer Project Engineer
Estimator Project Manager
9 Yearsyrs
Welder Maintenance Technician Maintenance Supervisor
Facilities Manager
7 Yearsyrs
Driver Delivery Driver Field Technician
Field Manager
5 Yearsyrs
Warehouse Worker Forklift Operator Carpenter
General Contractor
6 Yearsyrs
Material Handler Operator Foreman
General Superintendent
11 Yearsyrs
Heavy Equipment Operator General Foreman Construction Superintendent
Home Builder
5 Yearsyrs
Mechanic Material Handler Installer
Installation Manager
7 Yearsyrs
Material Handler Forklift Operator Carpenter
Lead Carpenter
5 Yearsyrs
Installer Foreman Estimator Project Manager
Owner/Project Manager
8 Yearsyrs
Project Manager Construction Manager Operations Manager
Plant Manager
12 Yearsyrs
Installer General Manager Operations Vice President
President Of Operations
9 Yearsyrs
Technician Foreman
Project Superintendent
10 Yearsyrs
Project Manager Program Manager
Senior Project Manager
12 Yearsyrs
Production Worker Shipping Clerk Shipping Supervisor
Shipping Manager
5 Yearsyrs
Maintenance Technician Maintenance Manager Operations Manager
Site Manager
7 Yearsyrs
Welder Correction Officer Forklift Operator
Warehouse Manager
5 Yearsyrs
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Do you work as a Builder?

Help others decide if this is a good career for them

Average Length of Employment
Fixture Builder 5.3 years
Tire Builder 4.6 years
Exhibit Builder 4.2 years
Bridge Builder 3.5 years
Boat Builder 3.1 years
Cabinet Builder 2.9 years
Stair Builder 2.9 years
Sign Builder 2.7 years
Deck Builder 2.7 years
Furniture Builder 2.6 years
Door Builder 2.4 years
Frame Builder 2.4 years
Set Builder 2.2 years
Builder 2.0 years
Scaffold Builder 1.8 years
Fence Builder 1.7 years
Truss Builder 1.5 years
Crate Builder 1.4 years
Pallet Builder 1.2 years
Top Employers Before
Cashier 12.1%
Cook 5.5%
Internship 4.5%
Manager 4.3%
Carpenter 4.2%
Supervisor 4.1%
Technician 4.1%
Owner 3.8%
Assembler 3.5%
Teller 3.4%
Welder 3.4%
Top Employers After
Technician 6.1%
Cashier 5.9%
Driver 5.6%
Owner 5.2%
Carpenter 4.5%
Welder 4.5%
Manager 4.0%
Internship 3.9%
Cook 3.7%
Supervisor 3.6%

Do you work as a Builder?

Builder Demographics

Gender

Male

75.6%

Female

22.8%

Unknown

1.6%
Ethnicity

White

64.0%

Hispanic or Latino

13.8%

Black or African American

10.9%

Asian

7.9%

Unknown

3.4%
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Foreign Languages Spoken

Spanish

60.5%

French

7.8%

Mandarin

3.7%

Russian

2.9%

German

2.9%

Chinese

2.5%

Vietnamese

2.1%

Carrier

2.1%

Italian

2.1%

Arabic

2.1%

Portuguese

1.6%

Japanese

1.6%

Polish

1.6%

Hindi

1.2%

Dakota

1.2%

Swahili

0.8%

Somali

0.8%

Hmong

0.8%

Korean

0.8%

Bosnian

0.8%
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Builder Education

Schools

University of Phoenix

20.1%

Michigan State University

6.1%

Oregon State University

5.1%

Eastern Michigan University

4.8%

University of Houston

4.5%

Liberty University

4.5%

Wayne State University

4.5%

Texas A&M University

4.5%

Appalachian State University

4.2%

Universal Technical Institute

4.2%

Middle Tennessee State University

4.2%

Grand Rapids Community College

3.8%

The Academy

3.8%

State University of New York Buffalo

3.8%

Texas Tech University

3.8%

Pennsylvania State University

3.8%

Indiana State University

3.8%

Ashford University

3.5%

Arizona State University

3.5%

Kaplan University

3.5%
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Majors

Business

22.5%

Computer Science

6.9%

Criminal Justice

6.6%

General Studies

6.4%

Electrical Engineering

5.4%

Automotive Technology

4.9%

Psychology

4.8%

Communication

4.2%

Construction Management

3.9%

Graphic Design

3.9%

Accounting

3.7%

Electrical Engineering Technology

3.7%

Education

3.7%

Management

3.5%

Precision Metal Working

3.4%

Nursing

2.9%

Information Technology

2.4%

Mechanical Engineering

2.4%

Fine Arts

2.4%

Computer Information Systems

2.4%
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Degrees

Other

37.7%

Bachelors

30.8%

Associate

14.0%

Masters

8.0%

Certificate

6.2%

Diploma

2.2%

Doctorate

0.6%

License

0.5%
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Job type you want
Full Time
Part Time
Internship
Temporary

Real Builder Salaries

Job Title Company Location Start Date Salary
Planning System Builder Corning Incorporated Corning, NY Oct 01, 2010 $70,000
Senior Database Builder Premier Research International LLC Quincy, MA Oct 01, 2010 $67,275
Community Builder Camperoo, Inc. San Francisco, CA Sep 01, 2015 $56,000
Community Builder Camperoo, Inc. San Francisco, CA Sep 17, 2015 $56,000
Community Builder Camperoo, Inc. San Francisco, CA Sep 24, 2015 $56,000
Landscape Builder Premier Lawn & Landscape Services, Inc. New York, NY Mar 29, 2011 $51,674
Freestyle Terrain Builder Arizona Snowbowl Resort Limited Partnership Flagstaff, AZ Dec 01, 2014 $42,784
Brand Builder Glima, Inc. CA Dec 17, 2009 $38,000
Ultra-Clima Greenhouse Builder Wholesum Farms Arizona LLC Amado, AZ Apr 19, 2015 $32,682
Portable Building Builders Klauspenner Inc. Seminole, TX Jan 29, 2016 $29,765 -
$30,000
Portable Building Builders Klauspenner Inc. Seminole, TX Jan 02, 2016 $29,765 -
$30,000
Portable Building Builders Klauspenner Inc. Seminole, TX Aug 12, 2015 $29,765 -
$30,000
Portable Building Builders Klauspenner Inc. Seminole, TX Aug 10, 2015 $29,765 -
$30,000
Trailer Builder Arizona Trailer Manufacturing, Inc. Buckeye, AZ Jun 15, 2011 $24,522
Trailer Builder Arizona Trailer Manufacturing, Inc. Buckeye, AZ Dec 30, 2010 $24,522

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Top Skills for A Builder

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  1. Safety
  2. Customer Service
  3. Windows XP
You can check out examples of real life uses of top skills on resumes here:
  • Maintained company safety and housekeeping standards are maintained during work activities.
  • Developed customer service skills traveling to client locations and providing quality service and client satisfaction.
  • Lay out and connect electrical wiring between controls and equipment, according to wiring diagrams, using electrician's hand tools.
  • Provided customer service to clients and contractors as well as emailed status reports with installation information and troubleshooting procedures.
  • Experienced in all facets of residential construction including new construction, remodeling and renovations.

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Top 10 Best States for Builders

  1. Alaska
  2. Hawaii
  3. Massachusetts
  4. Washington
  5. Illinois
  6. New Jersey
  7. Wisconsin
  8. Nevada
  9. Indiana
  10. Rhode Island
  • (4 jobs)
  • (2 jobs)
  • (32 jobs)
  • (22 jobs)
  • (21 jobs)
  • (21 jobs)
  • (27 jobs)
  • (10 jobs)
  • (41 jobs)
  • (6 jobs)

Top Builder Employers

Jobs From Top Builder Employers

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