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Become A Business & Finance Analyst

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Working As A Business & Finance Analyst

  • Analyzing Data or Information
  • Getting Information
  • Interacting With Computers
  • Processing Information
  • Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates
  • Deal with People

  • Mostly Sitting

  • Repetitive

  • $58,514

    Average Salary

What Does A Business & Finance Analyst Do

Financial analysts provide guidance to businesses and individuals making investment decisions. They assess the performance of stocks, bonds, and other types of investments.


Financial analysts typically do the following:

  • Recommend individual investments and collections of investments, which are known as portfolios
  • Evaluate current and historical financial data
  • Study economic and business trends
  • Examine a company’s financial statements to determine its value
  • Meet with company officials to gain better insight into the company’s prospects
  • Assess the strength of the management team
  • Prepare written reports

Financial analysts evaluate investment opportunities. They work in banks, pension funds, mutual funds, securities firms, insurance companies, and other businesses. Financial analysts are also called securities analysts and investment analysts.

Financial analysts can be divided into two categories: buy-side analysts and sell-side analysts.

  • Buy-side analysts develop investment strategies for companies that have a lot of money to invest. These companies, called institutional investors, include mutual funds, hedge funds, insurance companies, independent money managers, and nonprofit organizations with large endowments, such as some universities.
  • Sell-side analysts advise financial services sales agents who sell stocks, bonds, and other investments.

Some analysts work for the business media or other research houses, which are independent from the buy and sell side.

Financial analysts generally focus on trends affecting a specific industry, geographical region, or type of product. For example, an analyst may focus on a subject area such as the energy industry, a world region such as Eastern Europe, or the foreign exchange market. They must understand how new regulations, policies, and political and economic trends may affect investments.

Investing is becoming more global, and some financial analysts specialize in a particular country or region. Companies want those financial analysts to understand the language, culture, business environment, and political conditions in the country or region that they cover.

The following are examples of types of financial analysts:

Portfolio managers select the mix of products, industries, and regions for their company’s investment portfolio. These managers are responsible for the overall performance of the portfolio. They are also expected to explain investment decisions and strategies in meetings with stakeholders.

Fund managers work exclusively with hedge funds or mutual funds. Both fund and portfolio managers frequently make buy or sell decisions in reaction to quickly changing market conditions.

Ratings analysts evaluate the ability of companies or governments to pay their debts, including bonds. On the basis of their evaluation, a management team rates the risk of a company or government not being able to repay its bonds.

Risk analysts evaluate the risk in investment decisions and determine how to manage unpredictability and limit potential losses. This job is carried out by making investment decisions such as selecting dissimilar stocks or having a combination of stocks, bonds, and mutual funds in a portfolio.

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How To Become A Business & Finance Analyst

Financial analysts typically must have a bachelor’s degree, but a master’s degree is often required for advanced positions.


Most positions require a bachelor’s degree. A number of fields of study provide appropriate preparation, including accounting, economics, finance, statistics, and mathematics. For advanced positions, employers often require a master’s degree in business administration (MBA) or a master’s degree in finance. Knowledge of options pricing, bond valuation, and risk management are important.

Licenses, Certifications, and Registrations

The Financial Industry Regulatory Authority (FINRA) is the main licensing organization for the securities industry. It requires licenses for many financial analyst positions. Most of the licenses require sponsorship by an employer, so companies do not expect individuals to have these licenses before starting a job.

Certification is often recommended by employers and can improve the chances for advancement. An example is the Chartered Financial Analyst (CFA) certification from the CFA Institute. Financial analysts can become CFA certified if they have a bachelor’s degree, 4 years of qualified work experience, and pass three exams. Financial analysts can also become certified in their field of specialty.


Financial analysts typically start by specializing in a specific investment field. As they gain experience, they can become portfolio managers, who select the mix of investments for a company’s portfolio. They can also become fund managers, who manage large investment portfolios for individual investors. A master’s degree in finance or business administration can improve an analyst’s chances of advancing to one of these positions.

Important Qualities

Analytical skills. Financial analysts must process a range of information in finding profitable investments.

Communication skills. Financial analysts must explain their recommendations to clients in clear language that clients can easily understand.

Computer skills. Financial analysts must be adept at using software packages to analyze financial data, see trends, create portfolios, and make forecasts.

Decisionmaking skills. Financial analysts must provide a recommendation to buy, hold, or sell a security.

Detail oriented. Financial analysts must pay attention to details when reviewing possible investments, as small issues may have large implications for the health of an investment.

Math skills. Financial analysts use mathematical skills when estimating the value of financial securities. 

To be successful, financial analysts must be motivated to seek out obscure information that may be important to the investment. Many work independently and must have self-confidence in their judgment.

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Business & Finance Analyst jobs

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Real Business & Finance Analyst Salaries

Job Title Company Location Start Date Salary
Business/Financial Analyst Dc Group, Inc., D.B.A. Uniquesettings of New York Islandia, NY Mar 31, 2016 $108,118
Business Financial Analyst Anjaneyap, Inc. Milpitas, CA Sep 11, 2016 $105,498
Business Financial Analyst Canvas Infotech Inc. Fremont, CA Jan 25, 2016 $101,338
Business Analyst/Financial Analyst Radus TEK Services, Inc. Boston, MA Oct 01, 2015 $98,000
Business Analyst/Financial Analyst Radus TEK Services, Inc. Somerset, NJ Feb 11, 2015 $93,101
Business Analyst/Financial Analyst Radus TEK Services, Inc. Somerset, NJ Aug 13, 2015 $93,101
Business Analyst/Financial Analyst Radus TEK Services, Inc. Somerset, NJ Feb 19, 2016 $93,101
Business Operations Financial Analyst American Home Care Express Inc. Lincolnwood, IL Oct 26, 2016 $90,284
Business Operations Financial Analyst American Home Care Express, Inc. Lincolnwood, IL Jun 15, 2016 $89,981
Business Unit Financial Analyst IV Western Digital Technologies, Inc. Irvine, CA Aug 10, 2015 $84,548
Business/Financial Analyst Thomas Edison Energysmart Charter School Somerset, NJ Dec 12, 2016 $84,115
Business Financial Analyst Quants Corporation El Segundo, CA Sep 28, 2016 $83,480
Business or Financial Analyst Trans-Fast Remittance, LLC New York, NY Aug 01, 2015 $80,000
Business Financial Analyst BAHA Industries Corp. New York, NY Aug 18, 2016 $80,000
Business Analyst/Financial Analyst Radus TEK Services, Inc. Somerset, NJ Aug 08, 2016 $72,363
Business Financial Analyst Epath Digital, LP Laguna Beach, CA May 17, 2016 $72,000
Business Financial Analyst Epath Digital, LP Laguna Beach, CA Jun 01, 2015 $72,000
Business Financial Analyst HIH Inc. Waterloo, IL Sep 11, 2015 $71,094
Business/Financial Analyst Peace Islands Institute, Inc. New York, NY Sep 15, 2016 $66,784
Business Immigration Financial Analyst Yerman and Associates LLC New York, NY Sep 05, 2015 $66,784
Business Analyst/Financial Analyst Radus TEK Services, Inc. Malvern, PA Aug 08, 2016 $66,726
Business Analyst/Financial Analyst Radus TEK Services, Inc. Malvern, PA Sep 08, 2016 $66,726
Business Analyst/Financial Analyst Radus TEK Services, Inc. Raleigh, NC Aug 08, 2016 $66,539
Business Analyst/Financial Analyst Radus TEK Services, Inc. Woodcliff Lake, NJ Jan 02, 2015 $66,019

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Top Skills for A Business & Finance Analyst


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Top Business & Finance Analyst Skills

  1. Financial Analysis
  2. Procedures
  3. Data Warehouse
You can check out examples of real life uses of top skills on resumes here:
  • Provided financial analysis to support execution of strategy to increase revenues, profitability, and market share.
  • Developed model forecasting and budgeting procedures to consolidate multiple departments and divisions.
  • Mapped data for new application to the new to the Data Warehouse.
  • Provided consistent budget updates and performance explanation to cost centers and business unit's owner.
  • Coordinated compliance requests and provide support during internal reviews and external audits.

Top Business & Finance Analyst Employers

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Business & Finance Analyst Videos

Career Advice on becoming a Management Accountant by Matthew R (Full Version)