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Become A Career Counselor

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Working As A Career Counselor

  • Assisting and Caring for Others
  • Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships
  • Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates
  • Making Decisions and Solving Problems
  • Getting Information
  • Deal with People

  • Unpleasant/Angry People

  • $40,206

    Average Salary

What Does A Career Counselor Do

School counselors help students develop academic and social skills and succeed in school. Career counselors assist people with the process of making career decisions by helping them develop skills or choose a career or educational program.


School counselors typically do the following:

  • Evaluate students’ abilities and interests through aptitude assessments, interviews, and individual planning
  • Identify issues that impact school performance, such as poor classroom attendance rates
  • Help students understand and overcome social or behavioral problems through classroom guidance lessons and counseling
  • Counsel individuals and small groups on the basis of student and school needs
  • Work with students to develop skills, such as organizational and time management abilities and effective study habits
  • Help students create a plan to achieve academic and career goals
  • Collaborate with teachers, administrators, and parents to help students succeed
  • Teach students and school staff about certain topics, such as bullying, drug abuse, and planning for college or careers after graduation
  • Report possible cases of neglect or abuse and refer students and parents to resources outside the school for additional support

The specific duties of school counselors vary with the ages of their students.

Elementary school counselors focus on helping students develop certain skills, such as those used in decisionmaking and studying, that they need in order to be successful in their social and academic lives. They meet with parents or guardians to discuss their child’s strengths and weaknesses, and any possible special needs and behavioral issues. School counselors also work with teachers and administrators to ensure that the curriculum addresses both the developmental and academic needs of students.

Middle school counselors work with school staff, parents and the community to create a caring, supportive climate and atmosphere for students to achieve academic success. They help the students develop the skills and strategies necessary to succeed academically and socially.

High school counselors advise students in making academic and career plans. Many help students overcome personal issues that interfere with their academic development. They help students choose classes and plan for their lives after graduation. Counselors provide information about choosing and applying for colleges, training programs, financial aid, and internships and apprenticeships. They may present career workshops to help students search and apply for jobs, write résumés, and improve their interviewing skills.

Career counselors typically do the following:

  • Use aptitude and achievement assessments to help clients evaluate their interests, skills, and abilities
  • Evaluate clients’ background, education, and training, to help them develop realistic goals
  • Guide clients through making decisions about their careers, such as choosing a new profession and the type of degree to pursue
  • Help clients learn job search skills, such as interviewing and networking
  • Assist clients in locating and applying for jobs, by teaching them strategies to find openings and how to write a résumé
  • Advise clients on how to resolve problems in the workplace, such as conflicts with bosses or coworkers
  • Help clients select and apply for educational programs, to obtain the necessary degrees, credentials, and skills

Career counselors work with clients at various stages of their careers. Some work in colleges. They may help students choose a major or help students determine what jobs they are qualified for with their degrees.

Career counselors also work with people who have already entered the workforce. These counselors develop plans to improve their client’s current career. They also provide advice about entering a new profession.

Some career counselors work in outplacement firms and assist laid-off workers with transitioning into new jobs or careers. Others work in corporate career centers to assist employees in making decisions about their career path within the company.

Career counselors who work in private practice must spend time marketing their practice to prospective clients and working with clients to receive payments for their services.

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How To Become A Career Counselor

Most school counselors must have a master’s degree in school counseling or a related field and have a state-issued credential. Some employers prefer that career counselors have a master’s degree. Career counselors who work in private practices may also need a license.


Most states require school counselors to have a master’s degree in school counseling or a related field. Programs in school counseling teach students about fostering academic development; conducting group and individual counseling; working with parents, school staff, and community organizations; and using data to develop, implement, and evaluate comprehensive school counseling programs for all students. These programs often require students to gain experience through an internship or practicum.

Some employers prefer that career counselors have a master’s degree in counseling with a focus on career development. Career counseling programs prepare students to assess clients’ skills and interests and to teach career development techniques. Many programs require students to have a period of supervised experience, such as an internship.  

Licenses, Certifications, and Registrations

Public school counselors must have a state-issued credential to practice. This credential can be called a certification, a license, or an endorsement, depending on the state. Licensure or certification typically requires a master’s degree in school counseling and an internship or practicum completed under the supervision of a licensed professional school counselor.

Some states require applicants to have 1 to 2 years of classroom teaching experience, or to hold a teaching license, prior to being certified. Most states require a criminal background check as part of the credentialing process. Information about requirements for each state is available from the American School Counselor Association.

Although some employers prefer to hire licensed career counselors, licensure is not required by all states. Contact information for state regulating boards is available from the National Board for Certified Counselors.

Work Experience in a Related Occupation

Although most states do not require work experience in a related occupation, some states require school counselors to have 1 to 2 years of classroom teaching experience, or to hold a teaching license, prior to being certified. Please see the Similar Occupations tab for more information on teaching occupations.

Important Qualities

Compassion. School and career counselors often work with people who are dealing with stressful and difficult situations, so they must be compassionate and empathize with their clients and students.

Interpersonal skills. School and career counselors must be able to work with different types of people. They spend most of their time working directly with clients, students, or other professionals and need to form and maintain good working relationships.

Listening skills. Good listening skills are essential for school and career counselors. They need to give their full attention to students and clients in order to understand their problems.

Speaking skills. School and career counselors must communicate effectively with clients and students. They should express ideas and information in a way that their clients and students understand easily.

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Career Counselor jobs

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Career Counselor Demographics


  • Female

  • Male

  • Unknown



  • White

  • Hispanic or Latino

  • Asian

  • Unknown

  • Black or African American

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Languages Spoken

  • Spanish

  • French

  • Italian

  • Portuguese

  • German

  • Mandarin

  • Japanese

  • Korean

  • Russian

  • Carrier

  • Dutch

  • Hindi

  • Turkish

  • Romanian

  • Greek

  • Chinese

  • Cantonese

  • Swedish

  • Vietnamese

  • Marathi

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Career Counselor Education

Career Counselor

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Real Career Counselor Salaries

Job Title Company Location Start Date Salary
Senior Career Counselor University of Minnesota Minneapolis, MN Jun 09, 2016 $65,000
Student Career Counselor Johns Hopkins University Baltimore, MD Jul 08, 2013 $62,500
Student Career Counselor Johns Hopkins University Baltimore, MD Jul 01, 2013 $62,500
Career Counselor Eastern Kentucky University Richmond, KY Aug 01, 2010 $57,393
Career Counselor Renaissance Resources, Inc. Chicago, IL Feb 09, 2016 $55,000
School and Career Counselor American Education Center Inc. New York, NY May 05, 2015 $54,262
Career Counselor for Masters of Finance Graduate Students University of Rochester Rochester, NY Aug 10, 2015 $53,000
Career Counselor Technical Career Institutes, Inc. New York, NY Oct 01, 2012 $50,000
Career Counselor Technical Career Institutes, Inc. New York, NY Jul 08, 2012 $50,000
Career Counselor 2 University of Houston System Houston, TX Jan 06, 2016 $45,950
Foster Care Counselor SCO Family of Services New York, NY Dec 30, 2009 $45,000
Career Counselor Riverside Language Program, Inc. New York, NY Aug 27, 2014 $45,000
Career Counselor 2 University of Houston System Houston, TX Aug 29, 2014 $44,450
Health Care Counselor Center for Seniors Chicago, IL Nov 25, 2010 $43,932
Career Counselor Long Island University New York, NY Sep 01, 2012 $43,000
Career Counselor GCS Group USA Inc. New York, NY Oct 01, 2012 $42,720
Career Counselor II Eastern Kentucky University Richmond, KY Jun 01, 2013 $42,648
Career Counselor J & K Campus Inc. New York, NY Feb 23, 2015 $40,154
Career Counselor Interesse International Inc. New York, NY Sep 12, 2015 $40,154
School and Career Counselor American Education Center, Inc. New York, NY Sep 03, 2016 $40,123
Career Counselor GCS Group USA, Inc. New York, NY Oct 01, 2015 $40,123
Career Counselor Barry University Miami Shores, FL Jun 27, 2012 $38,917
Career Counselor II University of Texas at San Antonio San Antonio, TX Sep 21, 2009 $38,500
Career Counselor Eastern Kentucky University Richmond, KY May 12, 2011 $38,380
Global Career Counselor Mandarin Consulting International Inc. Los Angeles, CA Sep 20, 2016 $38,192

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Top Skills for A Career Counselor


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Top Career Counselor Skills

  1. Military Personnel
  2. Job Search Strategies
  3. Career Development Boards
You can check out examples of real life uses of top skills on resumes here:
  • Conduct presentations and present classes for diverse population of transitioning military personnel and family members.
  • Counseled transitioning military on job search strategies and resume writing.
  • Established career milestones and achievements, negotiated permanent change of station orders, and coordinated professional career development boards.
  • Plan and implement a variety of workshops on topics associated with student success and career planning.
  • Worked as a Summer Care Counselor, with children ages three through nine.

Top Career Counselor Employers

Career Counselor Videos

The Career Counselor

What does a Career Counselor do - Chapter 1

Career Counselor