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Working As A Carpentry

  • Getting Information
  • Performing General Physical Activities
  • Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material
  • Handling and Moving Objects
  • Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work
  • Deal with People

  • Unpleasant/Hazardous Environment

  • Outdoors/walking/standing

  • $30,000

    Average Salary

What Does A Carpentry Do

Carpenters construct and repair building frameworks and structures—such as stairways, doorframes, partitions, rafters, and bridge supports—made from wood and other materials. They also may install kitchen cabinets, siding, and drywall.

Duties

Carpenters typically do the following:

  • Follow blueprints and building plans to meet the needs of clients
  • Install structures and fixtures, such as windows and molding
  • Measure, cut, and shape wood, plastic, and other materials
  • Construct building frameworks, including walls, floors, and doorframes
  • Erect, level, and install building framework with the aid of rigging hardware and cranes
  • Inspect and replace damaged framework or other structures and fixtures
  • Instruct and direct laborers and other construction helpers

Carpenters are one of the most versatile construction occupations, with workers usually doing many different tasks. For example, some carpenters primarily insulate office buildings and others install drywall or kitchen cabinets in homes. Those who help construct tall buildings or bridges often install the wooden concrete forms for cement footings or pillars and are commonly referred to as rough carpenters. Other carpenters erect shoring and scaffolding for buildings.

Carpenters use many different hand and power tools to cut and shape wood, plastic, fiberglass, or drywall. They commonly use hand tools, including squares, levels, and chisels, as well as many power tools, such as sanders, circular saws, nail guns, and welding machines. Carpenters fasten materials together with nails, screws, staples, and adhesives, and do a final check of their work to ensure that it is completed according to specifications. They use a tape measure on nearly every project to make sure that the pieces being cut are the proper size, which reduces waste and saves time. Many employers require applicants to supply their own tools.

The following are examples of types of carpenters:

Residential carpenters typically specialize in single-family, townhome, and condominium building and remodeling. As part of a single job, they might build and set forms for footings, walls, and slabs, and frame and finish exterior walls, roofs, and decks. They also frame interior walls, build stairs, and install drywall, crown molding, doors, and cabinets. In addition, residential carpenters may tile floors and lay wood floors and carpet. Fully trained carpenters can easily switch from new homebuilding to remodeling.

Commercial carpenters typically build and remodel commercial office buildings, hospitals, hotels, schools, and shopping malls. Some specialize in working with light-gauge and load-bearing steel framing for interior partitions, exterior framing, and curtain wall construction. Others specialize in working with concrete forming systems and finishing interior and exterior walls, partitions, and ceilings. Most commercial carpenters perform many of the same tasks as residential carpenters.

Industrial carpenters typically work on civil engineering projects and in industrial settings, where they build scaffolding and create and set forms for pouring concrete. Some industrial carpenters build tunnel bracing or partitions in underground passageways and mines to control the circulation of air to worksites. Others build concrete forms for tunnels, bridges, dams, power plants, or sewers.

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How To Become A Carpentry

Although most carpenters learn their trade through an apprenticeship, some learn on the job, starting as a helper.

Education

A high school diploma or equivalent is required. High school courses in mathematics, mechanical drawing, and general vocational technical training are considered useful.

Training

Most carpenters learn their trade through a 3- or 4-year apprenticeship program. For each year of a typical program, apprentices must complete at least 144 hours of technical training and 2,000 hours of paid on-the-job training. In the technical training, apprentices learn carpentry basics, blueprint reading, mathematics, building code requirements, and safety and first-aid practices. They also may receive specialized training in creating and setting concrete forms, rigging, welding, scaffold building, working within confined workspaces, and fall protection. All carpenters must pass the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) 10- and 30-hour safety courses.

After finishing an apprenticeship, carpenters are considered to be journey workers and may perform tasks on their own.

Several groups, including unions and contractor associations, sponsor apprenticeship programs. Some apprenticeship programs have preferred entry for veterans. The basic qualifications for a person to enter an apprenticeship program are as follows:

  • Minimum age of 18
  • High school education or equivalent
  • Physically able to do the work
  • U.S. citizen or proof of legal residency
  • Pass substance abuse screening

Some contractors have their own carpenter training program, which may be an accredited apprenticeship program.

Although many workers enter apprenticeships directly, some carpenters start out as helpers.

Some workers can earn certificates before entering an apprenticeship. The National Association of Home Builders offers Pre-Apprenticeship Certificate Training (PACT) through the Home Builders Institute. PACT is available for several different groups, from youths to veterans, and covers information for eight construction trades, including painting.

Workers typically learn the proper use of hand and power tools on the job. They often start by working with more experienced carpenters and are given more complex tasks as they prove that they can handle simpler tasks, such as measuring and cutting wooden and metal studs.

A number of 2-year technical schools offer carpentry degrees that are affiliated with unions or contractor organizations. Credits earned as part of an apprenticeship program usually count toward an associate’s degree.

Advancement

Because they are involved in all phases of construction, carpenters usually have more opportunities than other construction workers to become first-line supervisors, independent contractors, or general construction supervisors.

Carpenters seeking advancement often take additional training provided by associations, unions, or employers. Communication in both English and Spanish also is helpful for relaying instructions to workers.

Important Qualities

Business skills. Self-employed carpenters must be able to bid on new jobs, track inventory, and plan work assignments. 

Detail oriented. Carpenters perform many tasks that are important in the overall building process. Making precise measurements, for example, may reduce gaps between windows and frames, limiting any leaks around the window.

Dexterity. Carpenters use many tools and need hand-eye coordination to avoid injury or damaging materials. Striking the head of a nail, for example, is crucial to not damaging wood or injuring oneself.

Math skills. Carpenters use basic math skills every day to calculate volume and measure materials to be cut.

Physical stamina. Carpenters need physical endurance. They frequently stand, climb, or bend for long periods.

Physical strength. Carpenters use tools and materials that are heavy. For example, plywood sheets can weigh 50 to 100 pounds.

Problem-solving skills. Because construction jobs vary, carpenters must adjust project plans accordingly. For example, if a prefabricated window arrives at the worksite slightly oversized, carpenters must shave framework to make the window fit.

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Carpentry Career Paths

Carpentry
Carpenter Foreman Superintendent
Project Superintendent
10 Yearsyrs
Carpenter Foreman Manager
Plant Manager
11 Yearsyrs
Carpenter Technician Maintenance Supervisor
Maintenance Director
11 Yearsyrs
Machine Operator Foreman Superintendent
Construction Manager
9 Yearsyrs
Machine Operator Electrician Supervisor
Field Supervisor
5 Yearsyrs
Machine Operator Electrician Owner
Construction Superintendent
9 Yearsyrs
Maintenance Technician Field Service Technician Operations Manager
Operations Project Manager
7 Yearsyrs
Maintenance Technician Electrician Superintendent
General Superintendent
11 Yearsyrs
Maintenance Technician Field Service Technician Owner/Operator
General Contractor
5 Yearsyrs
Forklift Operator Technician Maintenance Supervisor
Facilities Maintenance Manager
10 Yearsyrs
Forklift Operator Self-Employed Maintenance Supervisor
Director Of Facilities
11 Yearsyrs
Forklift Operator Technician Crew Leader
Lead Carpenter
5 Yearsyrs
Warehouse Worker Service Technician Field Technician
Lead Installer
5 Yearsyrs
Warehouse Worker Specialist Crew Leader
Assistant Superintendent
5 Yearsyrs
Delivery Driver Field Service Technician Service Manager
Installation Manager
6 Yearsyrs
Carpenter/Labour Heavy Equipment Operator Construction Foreman
Construction Supervisor
5 Yearsyrs
Carpenter/Labour Carpenter Foreman Assistant Superintendent
Building Superintendent
6 Yearsyrs
Carpenter/Labour Hvac Technician Field Supervisor
Field Operation Manager
8 Yearsyrs
Delivery Driver Handyman Carpenter Foreman
Job Superintendent
6 Yearsyrs
Delivery Driver Self-Employed Lead Carpenter
Building Contractor
6 Yearsyrs
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Do you work as a Carpentry?

Average Yearly Salary
$30,000
Show Salaries
$23,000
Min 10%
$30,000
Median 50%
$30,000
Median 50%
$30,000
Median 50%
$30,000
Median 50%
$30,000
Median 50%
$30,000
Median 50%
$30,000
Median 50%
$39,000
Max 90%
Best Paying Company
Spherion
Highest Paying City
Lacey, WA
Highest Paying State
Maine
Avg Experience Level
2.9 years
How much does a Carpentry make at top companies?
The national average salary for a Carpentry in the United States is $30,393 per year or $15 per hour. Those in the bottom 10 percent make under $23,000 a year, and the top 10 percent make over $39,000.

The largest raises come from changing jobs.

See what's out there.

Top Skills for A Carpentry

  1. Door Frames
  2. Drywall Repair
  3. Custom Cabinets
You can check out examples of real life uses of top skills on resumes here:
  • Build wall frames, window frames, and door frames.
  • Familiarized with layout, trim work, and drywall repair/installation- Distributed lumber and materials- Learned various installation techniques of multiple siding products
  • Developed and analyzed blueprints for custom cabinets.
  • Gained knowledge and use of trade tools and thorough understanding of safety procedures.
  • Completed decks, garages, and window installation and helped with customer service.

Rank:

Average Salary:

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Top 10 Best States for Carpentries

  1. New Hampshire
  2. Maine
  3. Rhode Island
  4. Alaska
  5. Washington
  6. Nevada
  7. Vermont
  8. Montana
  9. Massachusetts
  10. Connecticut
  • (61 jobs)
  • (25 jobs)
  • (13 jobs)
  • (16 jobs)
  • (79 jobs)
  • (25 jobs)
  • (5 jobs)
  • (28 jobs)
  • (30 jobs)
  • (18 jobs)

Carpentry Resume Examples And Tips

The average resume reviewer spends between 5 to 7 seconds looking at a single resume, which leaves the average job applier with roughly six seconds to make a killer first impression. Thanks to this, a single typo or error on your resume can disqualify you right out of the gate. At Zippia, we went through over 3,710 Carpentry resumes and compiled some information about how best to optimize them. Here are some suggestions based on what we found, divided by the individual sections of the resume itself.

Learn How To Create A Top Notch Carpentry Resume

View Resume Examples

Carpentry Demographics

Gender

Male

82.3%

Female

9.7%

Unknown

8.0%
Ethnicity

White

64.4%

Hispanic or Latino

14.4%

Black or African American

11.3%

Asian

6.5%

Unknown

3.3%
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Foreign Languages Spoken

Spanish

60.0%

French

8.6%

Portuguese

4.3%

Russian

4.3%

Swedish

2.9%

German

2.9%

Japanese

2.9%

Carrier

2.9%

Vietnamese

1.4%

Cornish

1.4%

Greek

1.4%

Albanian

1.4%

Cantonese

1.4%

Mandarin

1.4%

Norwegian

1.4%

Korean

1.4%
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Carpentry Education

Schools

Carl D. Perkins Job Corps Center

15.7%

Bristol Community College

7.9%

Savannah College of Art and Design

5.6%

University of Nevada - Reno

5.6%

Kaplan University

5.6%

Universal Technical Institute

4.5%

Milwaukee Area Technical College

4.5%

Plymouth State University

4.5%

Big Sandy Community and Technical College

4.5%

Apex Technical School

4.5%

Minneapolis Community and Technical College

4.5%

Community College of Rhode Island

4.5%

Henry Ford College

4.5%

Hinds Community College

3.4%

Michigan State University

3.4%

Villanova University

3.4%

Hudson Valley Community College

3.4%

Tulsa Welding School

3.4%

Manhattan College

3.4%

Utah Valley University

3.4%
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Majors

Business

19.9%

General Studies

8.9%

Criminal Justice

6.6%

Graphic Design

6.2%

Construction Management

6.0%

Precision Metal Working

5.6%

Liberal Arts

5.0%

Education

4.3%

Fine Arts

3.9%

Industrial Technology

3.9%

Automotive Technology

3.9%

Computer Science

3.7%

Electrical Engineering Technology

2.9%

Electrical Engineering

2.9%

Civil Engineering

2.9%

English

2.9%

Environmental Control Technologies/Technicians

2.9%

Heating And Air Conditioning

2.9%

Biology

2.3%

Psychology

2.3%
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Degrees

High School Diploma

47.2%

Associate

15.3%

Bachelors

13.5%

Certificate

11.6%

Diploma

10.6%

Masters

1.0%

License

0.6%

Doctorate

0.1%
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Updated May 18, 2020