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Become A Certified Occupational Therapist Assistant

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Working As A Certified Occupational Therapist Assistant

  • Assisting and Caring for Others
  • Getting Information
  • Documenting/Recording Information
  • Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates
  • Performing General Physical Activities
  • Deal with People

  • Unpleasant/Angry People

  • Unpleasant/Hazardous Environment

  • Make Decisions

  • $56,950

    Average Salary

What Does A Certified Occupational Therapist Assistant Do

Occupational therapy assistants and aides help patients develop, recover, and improve the skills needed for daily living and working. Occupational therapy assistants are directly involved in providing therapy to patients; occupational therapy aides typically perform support activities. Both assistants and aides work under the direction of occupational therapists.

Duties

Occupational therapy assistants typically do the following:

  • Help patients do therapeutic activities, such as stretches and other exercises
  • Lead children who have developmental disabilities in play activities that promote coordination and socialization
  • Encourage patients to complete activities and tasks
  • Teach patients how to use special equipment—for example, showing a patient with Parkinson’s disease how to use devices that make eating easier
  • Record patients’ progress, report to occupational therapists, and do other administrative tasks

Occupational therapy aides typically do the following:

  • Prepare treatment areas, such as setting up therapy equipment
  • Transport patients
  • Clean treatment areas and equipment
  • Help patients with billing and insurance forms
  • Perform clerical tasks, including scheduling appointments and answering telephones

Occupational therapy assistants collaborate with occupational therapists to develop and carry out a treatment plan for each patient. Activities described in plans range from teaching the proper way for patients to move from a bed into a wheelchair to advising patients on the best way to stretch their muscles. For example, an occupational therapy assistant might work with injured workers to help them get back into the workforce by teaching them how to work around lost motor skills. Occupational therapy assistants also may work with people who have learning disabilities, teaching them skills that allow them to be more independent.

Assistants monitor activities to make sure that patients are doing them correctly. They record the patient’s progress and provide feedback to the occupational therapist so that the therapist can change the treatment plan if the patient is not getting the desired results.

Occupational therapy aides typically prepare materials and assemble equipment used during treatment. They may assist patients with moving to and from treatment areas. After a therapy session, aides clean the treatment area, put away equipment, and gather laundry.

Occupational therapy aides also fill out insurance forms and other paperwork and are responsible for a range of clerical tasks, such as scheduling appointments, answering the telephone, and monitoring inventory levels.

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How To Become A Certified Occupational Therapist Assistant

Occupational therapy assistants need an associate’s degree from an accredited occupational therapy assistant program. They also must be licensed in most states. Occupational therapy aides typically have a high school diploma or equivalent.

Education and Training

Occupational therapy assistants typically need an associate’s degree from an accredited program. Occupational therapy assistant programs are commonly found in community colleges and technical schools. In 2014, there were more than 200 occupational therapy assistant programs accredited by the Accreditation Council for Occupational Therapy Education, a branch of the American Occupational Therapy Association.

These programs generally require 2 years of full-time study and include instruction in subjects such as psychology, biology, and pediatric health. In addition to taking coursework, occupational therapy assistants must complete at least 16 weeks of fieldwork to gain hands-on work experience.

People interested in becoming an occupational therapy assistant should take high school courses in biology and health education. They also can increase their chances of getting into a community college or technical school program by doing volunteer work in a healthcare setting, such as a nursing care facility, an occupational therapist’s office, or a physical therapist’s office.

Occupational therapy aides typically have a high school diploma or equivalent. They are trained on the job under the supervision of more experienced assistants or aides. Training can last from several days to a few weeks and covers a number of topics, including the setting up of therapy equipment and infection control procedures, among others. Previous work experience in healthcare, as well as certifications in cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and basic life support (BLS), may be helpful in getting a job.

Important Qualities

Compassion. Occupational therapy assistants and aides frequently work with patients who struggle with many of life’s basic activities. As a result, they should be compassionate and have the ability to encourage others.

Detail oriented. Occupational therapy assistants and aides must be able to quickly and accurately follow the instructions, both written and spoken, of an occupational therapist. In addition, aides must pay attention to detail when performing clerical tasks, such as helping a patient fill out an insurance form.  

Flexibility. Assistants must be flexible when treating patients. Because not every type of therapy will work for each patient, assistants may need to be creative when working with occupational therapists to determine the best type of therapy to use for achieving a patient’s goals.

Interpersonal skills. Occupational therapy assistants and aides spend much of their time interacting with patients and therefore should be friendly and courteous. They also should be able to communicate clearly with patients and with patients’ families to the extent of their training.

Physical strength. Assistants and aides need to have a moderate degree of strength because of the physical exertion required to assist patients. Constant kneeling, stooping, and standing for long periods also are part of the job.

Licenses, Certifications, and Registrations

Nearly all states require occupational therapy assistants to be licensed or registered. Licensure typically requires the completion of an accredited occupational therapy assistant education program, completion of all fieldwork requirements, and passing the National Board for Certification in Occupational Therapy (NBCOT) exam. Some states have additional requirements.

Occupational therapy assistants must pass the NBCOT exam to use the title “Certified Occupational Therapy Assistant” (COTA). They must also take continuing education classes to maintain their certification.

The American Occupational Therapy Association also offers a number of specialty certifications for occupational therapy assistants who want to demonstrate their specialized level of knowledge, skills, and abilities in specialized areas of practice such as low vision or feeding, eating and swallowing.

Occupational therapy aides are not regulated.

Advancement

Some occupational therapy assistants and aides advance by gaining additional education and becoming occupational therapists. A small number of occupational therapist “bridge” education programs are designed to qualify occupational therapy assistants to advance and become therapists.

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Certified Occupational Therapist Assistant Demographics

Gender

Female

86.3%

Male

12.2%

Unknown

1.5%
Ethnicity

White

64.1%

Hispanic or Latino

16.2%

Black or African American

12.0%

Asian

4.6%

Unknown

3.1%
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Foreign Languages Spoken

Spanish

100.0%

Certified Occupational Therapist Assistant Education

Schools

Keiser University

18.8%

Brown Mackie College-Fort Wayne

7.8%

University of Phoenix

6.3%

New England Institute of Technology

6.3%

University of Louisiana at Monroe

6.3%

Rockland Community College

4.7%

University of Southern Indiana

4.7%

Sacramento City College

4.7%

LaGuardia Community College of the City University of New York

4.7%

Delgado Community College

4.7%

Suffolk County Community College

3.1%

Cuyahoga Community College

3.1%

Sinclair Community College

3.1%

Baker College

3.1%

Florida State College at Jacksonville

3.1%

South University

3.1%

Darton State College

3.1%

University of Indianapolis

3.1%

Tidewater Community College

3.1%

Pennsylvania College of Technology

3.1%
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Majors

Occupational Therapy

77.0%

Medical Assisting Services

5.6%

Psychology

3.4%

Health Sciences And Services

2.8%

Business

1.7%

Public Health

1.1%

Social Sciences

1.1%

Sociology

0.6%

School Counseling

0.6%

Physiology And Anatomy

0.6%

Alternative And Complementary Medicine And Medical Systems

0.6%

Marketing

0.6%

Health Care Administration

0.6%

Human Resources Management

0.6%

Human Development

0.6%

Clinical Psychology

0.6%

Art Studies

0.6%

Kinesiology

0.6%

Cell Biology And Anatomical Science

0.6%

Automotive Technology

0.6%
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Degrees

Associate

67.9%

Bachelors

11.8%

Other

10.2%

Masters

6.4%

Certificate

3.2%

Doctorate

0.5%
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Top Skills for A Certified Occupational Therapist Assistant

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  1. Occupational Therapists
  2. ADL
  3. Physical Therapy
You can check out examples of real life uses of top skills on resumes here:
  • Educate and demonstrate adaptive equipment and compensatory strategies to assist with increasing independence in ADL's and IADL's.
  • Provided patient and family education concerning energy conservation techniques, precautions, and proper use of adaptive equipment.
  • Implemented individualized treatment plans including activities of daily living, therapeutic exercise and activities to meet their utmost level of independence.
  • Worked as a team member performing collaboration with pt, OTR/L and other disciplines while providing excellent customer service.
  • Communicated effectively with other care providers to provide continuity of patient care.

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Top Certified Occupational Therapist Assistant Employers

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