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Research Summary. Using a database of 30 million profiles, Zippia estimates demographics and statistics for Chefs in the United States. Our estimates are verified against BLS, Census, and current job openings data for accuracy. After extensive research and analysis, Zippia's data science team found that:

  • There are over 145,115 Chefs currently employed in the United States.
  • 25.2% of all Chefs are women, while 74.8% are men.
  • The average age of an employed Chef is 40 years old.
  • The most common ethnicity of Chefs is White (59.4%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (17.8%) and Black or African American (10.4%).
  • The majority of Chefs are located in NY, New York and IL, Chicago.
  • Chefs are most in-demand in Las Vegas, NV.
  • Chefs are paid an average annual salary of $47,396.
  • The Manufacturing industry is the highest-paying for Chefs.
  • Boston, MA pays an annual average wage of $56,979, the highest in the US.
  • Chefs average starting salary is $32,000.
  • In 2021, women earned 94% of what men earned.
  • The top 10% of highest-paid Chefs earn as much as $69,000 or more.
  • 8% of all Chefs are LGBT.
  • New Jersey is the best state for Chefs to live.
  • Chefs are more likely to work at Private companies in comparison to Public companies.

Chef Statistics By Gender

Among Chefs, 25.2% of them are women compared to 74.8% which are men.

  • Male, 74.8%
  • Female, 25.2%

Chefs By Gender

GenderPercentages
Male74.8%
Female25.2%

Gender Pay Gap For Chef

Women Earn 94¢ For Every $1 Earned By Men

male-income
Male Income
$45,767
female-income
Female Income
$42,895

Chef Gender Over Time

This data shows how men and women predominate in the Chef position over time.

Male
Female
100%
80%
60%
40%
20%
0%
2010
2011
2012
2013
2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
2019

Chef Gender By Year

YearMaleFemale
201073.72%26.28%
201174.39%25.61%
201274.54%25.46%
201374.73%25.27%
201472.41%27.59%
201574.52%25.48%
201672.66%27.34%
201773.16%26.84%
201871.75%28.25%
201973.14%26.86%

Chef Male to Female Ratio

We compared this job title with other job titles to see how gender percentages varied. As you can see, Corporate Executive Chef and Chef De Cuisine have the biggest difference in gender.

Job TitleMaleFemale
Lunchroom Monitor5%95%
Waiter/Waitress, Captain13%87%
Lunchroom Supervisor13%87%
Chef75%25%
Executive Chef88%12%
Chef De Cuisine90%10%
Corporate Executive Chef91%9%

Chef Statistics By Race

The most common ethnicity among Chefs is White, which makes up 59.4% of all Chefs. Comparatively, there are 17.8% of the Hispanic or Latino ethnicity and 10.4% of the Black or African American ethnicity.

  • White, 59.4%
  • Hispanic or Latino, 17.8%
  • Black or African American, 10.4%
  • Asian, 9.1%
  • Unknown, 2.7%
  • American Indian and Alaska Native, 0.6%

Chef Race

Chef RacePercentages
White59.4%
Hispanic or Latino17.8%
Black or African American10.4%
Asian9.1%
Unknown2.7%
American Indian and Alaska Native0.6%

Chef Race And Ethnicity Over Time

Using the Census Bureau data, we found out how the percentage of each ethnic category trended between 2010-2019 among Chefs.

  • White
  • Asian
  • Hispanic or Latino
  • Black or African American

Chef Race By Year

YearWhiteBlack or African AmericanAsianHispanic or Latino
201061.19%11.82%8.65%15.27%
201161.34%12.39%8.03%14.96%
201261.35%11.22%8.08%15.66%
201362.49%11.45%7.42%15.05%
201461.13%11.05%8.50%15.71%
201559.59%10.69%8.56%17.47%
201661.10%10.69%8.18%16.05%
201758.03%10.26%10.09%17.89%
201859.64%10.56%7.89%18.50%
201959.43%10.39%9.10%17.75%

Chef Wage Gap By Race

White Chefs have the highest average salary compared to other ethnicities. Asian Chefs have the lowest average salary at $42,477.
$47,000
$46,000
$45,000
$44,000
$43,000
$42,000
Unknown
White
Black or African American
Asian
Hispanic or Latino
EthnicitySalary
Unknown$43,735
White$45,950
Black or African American$43,599
Asian$42,477
Hispanic or Latino$45,893

Chef JOBS

Average Age of a Chef

We determined the average age of Chefs based on ethnicity and gender.

Male
Female

Chef Age By Race

RaceMale AgeFemale Age
Black or African American3938
Unknown3436.5
Asian43.544
Hispanic or Latino3943
White3838
American Indian and Alaska Native33.5

Chef Age Breakdown

This chart breaks down the ages of Chef employees. Interestingly enough, the average age of Chefs is 40+ years old, which represents 49% of the population.

20-30 years

30-40 years

40+ years


Chef Age

Chef YearsPercentages
20-30 years18%
30-40 years33%
40+ years49%

Types of Chef Degree Levels

The most common degree for Chefs is Associate Degree 38% of Chefs earn that degree. A close second is Bachelor's Degree with 27% and rounding it off is High School Diploma with 21%.

  • Associate, 38%
  • Bachelors, 27%
  • High School Diploma, 21%
  • Diploma, 8%
  • Other Degrees, 6%

Chefs By Education

Chef DegreePercentages
Associate38%
Bachelors27%
High School Diploma21%
Diploma8%
Other Degrees6%

Chef Jobs You Might Like

Chef Wage Gap By Education

Chefs with a Bachelors degree earn more than those without, at $52,099 annually. With a Associate degree, Chefs earn a median annual income of $51,680 compared to $50,205 for Chefs with an Masters degree.
$54,000
$52,000
$50,000
$48,000
$46,000
$44,000
High School Diploma or Less
Master's Degree
Bachelor's Degree
Some College/ Associate Degree
EducationSalary
High School Diploma or Less$45,767
Master's Degree$50,205
Bachelor's Degree$52,099
Some College/ Associate Degree$51,680

Chef Employment Statistics

This section highlights the information we gathered about the types of businesses and industries that employ Chefs. We found that the most common company type is Private. In addition, the industry that employs the most Chefs is the Hospitality industry.

Company Size

We created this chart to show you the average size of companies that typically hire Chefs.

< 50 employees

50 - 100 employees

100 - 500 employees

500 - 1,000 employees

1,000 - 10,000 employees

> 10,000

Chef Jobs By Employer Size

Company SizePercentages
< 50 employees7%
50 - 100 employees3%
100 - 500 employees13%
500 - 1,000 employees14%
1,000 - 10,000 employees36%
> 10,000 employees28%

The Types Of Companies Chef Work In

Employees with the Chef job title have their preferences when it comes to working for a company. For instance, most Chefs prefer to work at Private companies over Public companies.

Education

Public

Private

Government

Chef Jobs By Sector

Company TypePercentages
Education2%
Public23%
Private74%
Government1%

Top Industries Hiring Chefs

Just based on the number of employees within each industry, we were able to determine the most common industries that employ Chefs. Those industries include Hospitality, Retail and Manufacturing.

Hospitality

Retail

Fortune 500

Manufacturing

Non Profits

Chef Turnover And Employment Statistics

Chef Unemployment Rate Over Time

The Bureau of Labor Statistics came in clutch when it came down to figuring out how the unemployment rate has changed over time. Between 2008 and 2018, this is how the number of Chefs changed.

  • Unemployment rate

Chef Unemployment Rate By Year

YearChef Unemployment Rate
20109.68%
201110.91%
20126.88%
20137.77%
20145.16%
20155.14%
20164.13%
20173.91%
20183.66%
20193.42%

The Average Number of Years That Chef Stay in a Job

By looking over 53,484 Chefs resumes, we figured out that the average Chef enjoys staying at their job for 1-2 years for a percentage of 36%.

Less than one year

1-2 years

3-4 years

5-7 years

8-10 years

11+ years


Chef Tenure

Number or YearsPercentages
Less than 1 year28%
1-2 years36%
3-4 years13%
5-7 years13%
8-10 years4%
11+ years6%

Comparing The LGBT Ratio of Chefs with Other Job Titles

After finding the gender ratio, we wondered if the percentages of LGBT persons were different as well. Using the data below, you can see how other job titles compare to Chefs.

Job TitleLGBTJob Openings
Catering Assistant6.78%21,790
Head Waitress7.02%78,786
Gallery Host7.29%23,952
Counter Attendant7.36%59,215
Bartender/Certified Trainer7.68%79,464
Chef7.85%
Tea Room Manager8.43%61,637

Chef LGBT Demographics

ProfessionPercentages of LGBT Job Openings
Catering Assistant6.78%21,790
Head Waitress7.02%78,786
Gallery Host7.29%23,952
Counter Attendant7.36%59,215
Bartender/Certified Trainer7.68%79,464
Tea Room Manager8.43%61,637

Foreign Languages Spoken By Chefs

The most common foreign language among Chefs is Spanish at 48.5%. The second-most popular foreign language spoken is French at 14.9% and Italian is the third-most popular at 10.4%.

  • Spanish, 48.5%
  • French, 14.9%
  • Italian, 10.4%
  • German, 3.9%
  • Japanese, 3.2%
  • Other, 19.1%

Chef Languages Spoken

Foreign LanguagePercentages
Spanish48.5%
French14.9%
Italian10.4%
German3.9%
Japanese3.2%
Other19.1%

Chef Jobs

Recently Added Chef Jobs

Chef Heatmaps

The amount you can make as a Chef can depend on where you live. For example, the highest salary of Chefs is $0. Use our chart to find out where that salary is located.

Where Do Chefs Earn The Most?

The map here shows where Chefs earn the highest salaries in the U.S. The darker areas across the 50 states highlight the highest salaries.

Average Salary

Where Are Chefs Located?

By looking through more than 53,484 resumes, we found that the most popular places for Chefs are NY, New York and IL, Chicago.

Number of Chefs

Where Are Chefs In High Demand?

We looked over job openings to determine where in the country Chefs are in the most demand.

Jobs Openings

Chef Demographics FAQs

What percentage of Chefs are female?

26.9% of chefs are female in the United States. This is -1.4 percentage points lower than last year. Additionally, the percentage of female chefs has increased by 0.6 percentage points since 2010. That means there are a total of 39,035 female chefs in the U.S. and 106,080 male chefs in the United States. Note that Zippia's estimate accounts only for the 145,115 people with the specific job title of chef and doesn't include grouping similar job titles, or people with potentially similar credentialing.

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