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Become A Child & Adolescent Psychiatrist

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Working As A Child & Adolescent Psychiatrist

  • Assisting and Caring for Others
  • Getting Information
  • Making Decisions and Solving Problems
  • Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships
  • Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge
  • Deal with People

  • Unpleasant/Angry People

  • Mostly Sitting

  • Make Decisions

  • $219,555

    Average Salary

What Does A Child & Adolescent Psychiatrist Do

Physicians and surgeons diagnose and treat injuries or illnesses. Physicians examine patients; take medical histories; prescribe medications; and order, perform, and interpret diagnostic tests. They often counsel patients on diet, hygiene, and preventive healthcare. Surgeons operate on patients to treat injuries, such as broken bones; diseases, such as cancerous tumors; and deformities, such as cleft palates.

There are two types of physicians, with corresponding degrees: M.D. (Medical Doctor) and D.O. (Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine). Both use the same methods of treatment, including drugs and surgery, but D.O.s place additional emphasis on the body's musculoskeletal system, preventive medicine, and holistic (whole-person) patient care. D.O.s are most likely to be primary care physicians, although they can be found in all specialties.

Duties

Physicians and surgeons typically do the following:

  • Take a patient’s medical history
  • Update charts and patient information to show current findings and treatments
  • Order tests for nurses or other healthcare staff to perform
  • Review test results to identify any abnormal findings
  • Recommend and design a plan of treatment
  • Address concerns or answer questions that patients have about their health and well-being
  • Help patients take care of their health by discussing topics such as proper nutrition and hygiene

Physicians and surgeons work in one or more specialties. The following are examples of types of physicians and surgeons:

Anesthesiologists focus on the care of surgical patients and on pain relief. They administer drugs (anesthetics) that reduce or eliminate the sensation of pain during an operation or another medical procedure. During surgery, they are responsible for adjusting the amount of anesthetic as needed and monitoring the patient's heart rate, body temperature, blood pressure, and breathing. They also work outside of the operating room, providing pain relief in the intensive care unit, during labor and delivery of babies, and for patients who suffer from chronic pain. Anesthesiologists work with other physicians and surgeons to decide on treatments and procedures before, during, and after surgery. 

Family and general physicians assess and treat a range of conditions that occur in everyday life. These conditions include anything from sinus and respiratory infections to broken bones. Family and general physicians typically have regular, long-term patients.

General internists diagnose and provide nonsurgical treatment for a range of problems that affect internal organ systems such as the stomach, kidneys, liver, and digestive tract. Internists use a variety of diagnostic techniques to treat patients through medication or hospitalization. They work mostly with adult patients.

General pediatricians provide care for infants, children, teenagers, and young adults. They specialize in diagnosing and treating problems specific to younger people. Most pediatricians treat common illnesses, minor injuries, and infectious diseases, and administer vaccinations. Some pediatricians specialize in pediatric surgery or serious medical conditions that commonly affect younger patients, such as autoimmune disorders or chronic ailments.

Obstetricians and gynecologists (OB/GYNs) provide care related to pregnancy, childbirth, and the female reproductive system. They treat and counsel women throughout their pregnancy and deliver babies. They also diagnose and treat health issues specific to women, such as breast cancer, cervical cancer, hormonal disorders, and symptoms related to menopause.

Psychiatrists are primary mental health physicians. They diagnose and treat mental illnesses through a combination of personal counseling (psychotherapy), psychoanalysis, hospitalization, and medication. Psychotherapy involves regular discussions with patients about their problems. The psychiatrist helps them find solutions through changes in their behavioral patterns, explorations of their past experiences, or group and family therapy sessions. Psychoanalysis involves long-term psychotherapy and counseling for patients. Psychiatrists may prescribe medications to correct chemical imbalances that cause some mental illnesses.

Surgeons treat injuries, diseases, and deformities through operations. Using a variety of instruments, a surgeon corrects physical deformities, repairs bone and tissue after injuries, or performs preventive or elective surgeries on patients. Although a large number perform general surgery, many surgeons choose to specialize in a specific area. Specialties include orthopedic surgery (the treatment of the musculoskeletal system), neurological surgery (treatment of the brain and nervous system), cardiovascular surgery, and plastic or reconstructive surgery. Like other physicians, surgeons examine patients, perform and interpret diagnostic tests, and counsel patients on preventive healthcare. Some specialist physicians also perform surgery.

Physicians and surgeons may work in a number of other medical and surgical specialties and subspecialties. The following specialists are some of the most common examples:

  • Allergists (specialists in diagnosing and treating hay fever or other allergies)
  • Cardiologists (heart specialists)
  • Dermatologists (skin specialists)
  • Gastroenterologists (digestive system specialists)
  • Ophthalmologists (eye specialists)
  • Pathologists (specialists who study body tissue to see if it is normal or abnormal)
  • Radiologists (specialists who review and interpret x rays and other images and deliver radiation treatments for cancer and other illnesses)

Physicians work daily with other healthcare staff, such as registered nurses, other physicians, medical assistants, and medical records and health information technicians.

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How To Become A Child & Adolescent Psychiatrist

Physicians and surgeons have demanding education and training requirements. Almost all physicians complete at least 4 years of undergraduate school, 4 years of medical school, and, depending on their specialty, 3 to 7 years in internship and residency programs.

Education

Most applicants to medical school have at least a bachelor's degree, and many have advanced degrees. Although no specific major is required, all students must complete undergraduate work in biology, chemistry, physics, math, and English. Students also take courses in the humanities and social sciences. In addition, some students volunteer at local hospitals or clinics to gain experience in a healthcare setting.

Medical schools are highly competitive. Most applicants must submit transcripts, scores from the Medical College Admission Test (MCAT), and letters of recommendation. Schools also consider an applicant’s personality, leadership qualities, and participation in extracurricular activities. Most schools require applicants to interview with members of the admissions committee.

A few medical schools offer combined undergraduate and medical school programs that last 6 or 7 years.

Students spend most of the first 2 years of medical school in laboratories and classrooms, taking courses such as anatomy, biochemistry, pharmacology, psychology, medical ethics, and the laws governing medicine. They also gain practical skills, learning to take medical histories, examine patients, and diagnose illnesses.

During their last 2 years, medical students work with patients under the supervision of experienced physicians in hospitals and clinics. Through rotations in internal medicine, family practice, obstetrics and gynecology, pediatrics, psychiatry, and surgery, they gain experience in diagnosing and treating illnesses in a variety of areas.

Important Qualities

Communication skills. Physicians and surgeons need to be excellent communicators. They must be able to communicate effectively with their patients and other healthcare support staff.

Compassion. Physicians and surgeons deal with patients who are sick or injured and may be in extreme pain or distress. Physicians and surgeons must be able to treat patients and their families with compassion and understanding.

Detail oriented. Physicians and surgeons must ensure that patients are receiving appropriate treatment and medications. They must also monitor and record various pieces of information related to patient care.

Dexterity. Physicians and surgeons must be good at working with their hands. They may work with very precise and sometimes sharp tools, and mistakes can have serious consequences.

Leadership skills. Physicians who work in their own practice need to be effective leaders. They must be able to manage a staff of other professionals to run their practice.

Organizational skills. Some physicians own their own practice. Strong organizational skills, including good recordkeeping, are critical in both medical and business settings.

Patience. Physicians and surgeons may work for long periods with patients who need special attention. Persons who fear medical treatment may require more patience.

Physical stamina. Physicians and surgeons should be comfortable performing physical tasks, such as lifting or turning disabled patients. Surgeons may spend a great deal of time bending over patients during surgery.

Problem-solving skills. Physicians and surgeons need to evaluate patients’ symptoms and administer the appropriate treatments. They need to do this quickly if a patient’s life is threatened.

Training

After medical school, almost all graduates enter a residency program in their specialty of interest. A residency usually takes place in a hospital and varies in duration, generally lasting from 3 to 7 years, depending on the specialty.

Licenses, Certifications, and Registrations

All states require physicians and surgeons to be licensed; requirements vary by state. To qualify for a license, candidates must graduate from an accredited medical school and complete residency training in their specialty.

All physicians and surgeons also must pass a standardized national licensure exam. M.D.s take the U.S. Medical Licensing Examination (USMLE). D.O.s take the Comprehensive Osteopathic Medical Licensing Examination (COMLEX-USA). For specific state information about licensing, contact your state’s medical board. 

Certification is not required for physicians and surgeons; however, it may increase their employment opportunities. M.D.s and D.O.s seeking board certification in a specialty may spend up to 7 years in residency training; the length of time varies with the specialty. To become board certified, candidates must complete a residency program and pass a specialty certification exam from the American Board of Medical Specialties (ABMS), the American Osteopathic Association (AOA), or the American Board of Physician Specialties (ABPS).

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Child & Adolescent Psychiatrist jobs

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Child & Adolescent Psychiatrist Demographics

Gender

Female

68.1%

Male

29.4%

Unknown

2.5%
Ethnicity

White

76.5%

Asian

10.9%

Hispanic or Latino

7.9%

Unknown

3.8%

Black or African American

0.9%
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Languages Spoken

French

23.1%

Spanish

23.1%

Portuguese

7.7%

Turkish

7.7%

Gujarati

7.7%

Hindi

7.7%

Russian

7.7%

Korean

7.7%

Arabic

7.7%
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Child & Adolescent Psychiatrist Education

Schools

New York University

10.2%

University of Phoenix

6.1%

University of North Carolina at Greensboro

6.1%

Roosevelt University

6.1%

University of Maryland - Baltimore

6.1%

Capella University

6.1%

Nova Southeastern University

6.1%

Brown University

4.1%

Louisiana Tech University

4.1%

University of Washington

4.1%

Boston University

4.1%

Spalding University

4.1%

University of Illinois at Chicago

4.1%

Hunter College of the City University of New York

4.1%

University of Wisconsin - Stout

4.1%

Georgia State University

4.1%

Purdue University Calumet

4.1%

Hood College

4.1%

Chicago School of Professional Psychology

4.1%

State University of New York Stony Brook

4.1%
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Majors

Social Work

12.9%

Literature

11.7%

Clinical Psychology

8.6%

Psychology

8.0%

Mental Health Counseling

8.0%

Counseling Psychology

8.0%

Nursing

7.4%

School Counseling

6.7%

Medicine

6.1%

Sociology

2.5%

Public Health

2.5%

Business

2.5%

Health Care Administration

2.5%

Family Therapy

2.5%

Education

2.5%

Biology

1.8%

Physician Assistant

1.8%

Criminal Justice

1.8%

Veterinary Science

1.2%

Pharmacy

1.2%
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Degrees

Masters

42.1%

Other

21.0%

Bachelors

16.4%

Doctorate

14.9%

Certificate

3.1%

Associate

1.5%

License

0.5%

Diploma

0.5%
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Real Child & Adolescent Psychiatrist Salaries

Job Title Company Location Start Date Salary
Child and Adolescent Psychiatrist Aurora Medical Group, Inc. Wauwatosa, WI Sep 09, 2013 $285,000
Child and Adolescent Psychiatrist Aurora Medical Group, Inc. Wauwatosa, WI Jan 01, 2015 $285,000
Child/Adolescent Psychiatrist Tropical Texas Center for MH-MR Brownsville, TX Jan 07, 2016 $275,000
Child and Adolescent Psychiatrist Group Health Plan, Inc. Woodbury, MN Aug 03, 2015 $272,000
Psychiatrist-Child and Adolescent Samaritan Medical Center Watertown, NY Nov 03, 2016 $270,000
Psychiatrist-Child and Adolescent Samaritan Medical Center Watertown, NY Mar 16, 2016 $270,000
Child & Adolescent Psychiatrist Integrated Psychiatric Consultants, Pa (F/K/A Vishal ADMA Md, Pa) Salina, KS Nov 18, 2016 $260,875 -
$417,400
Child & Adolescent Psychiatrist Aurora Medical Group, Inc. Wauwatosa, WI Mar 30, 2015 $250,000
Child & Adolescent Psychiatrist Aurora Medical Group, Inc. Wauwatosa, WI Dec 19, 2016 $250,000
Child and Adolescent Psychiatrist Providence Health & Services-Washington Spokane, WA Oct 17, 2016 $250,000
Child/Adolescent Psychiatrist Marshfield Clinic Marshfield, WI Jul 18, 2016 $243,846 -
$250,000
Child/Adolescent Psychiatrist Allina Health System Plymouth, MN Jun 28, 2016 $240,000 -
$250,000
Child/Adolescent Psychiatrist Allina Health System Plymouth, MN Jan 07, 2016 $240,000 -
$250,000
Child/Adolescent Psychiatrist Centra Medical Group, LLC Lynchburg, VA Apr 01, 2013 $206,294
Staff Child and Adolescent Psychiatrist Natchaug Hospital Vernon, CT May 15, 2016 $205,005
Staff Child and Adolescent Psychiatrist Natchaug Hospital Willimantic, CT May 15, 2016 $205,005
Staff Child and Adolescent Psychiatrist Natchaug Hospital Groton, CT May 15, 2016 $205,005
Staff Child and Adolescent Psychiatrist Natchaug Hospital Old Saybrook, CT May 15, 2016 $205,005
Staff Child and Adolescent Psychiatrist Natchaug Hospital Norwich, CT Jul 15, 2015 $205,000
Child and Adolescent Psychiatrist Tallahassee Memorial Healthcare, Inc. Tallahassee, FL Jul 30, 2013 $205,000
Child & Adolescent Psychiatrist Alegent Creighton Clinic Omaha, NE Aug 01, 2015 $187,200 -
$215,000
Child & Adolescent Psychiatrist Alegent Creighton Clinic Omaha, NE Jan 07, 2016 $187,200 -
$215,000
Child & Adolescent Psychiatrist Alegent Creighton Clinic Omaha, NE Mar 09, 2016 $187,200 -
$215,000
Child & Adolescent Psychiatrist Alegent Creighton Clinic Omaha, NE Sep 15, 2016 $187,200 -
$215,000
Child & Adolescent Psychiatrist Alegent Creighton Clinic Bellevue, NE Aug 01, 2015 $187,200 -
$215,000
Child & Adolescent Psychiatrist NYC-HHC, Kings County Hospital Center New York, NY Nov 30, 2015 $185,978
Child and Adolescent Psychiatrist Allina Health System Saint Paul, MN Oct 27, 2016 $185,821 -
$200,000

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Top Skills for A Child & Adolescent Psychiatrist

MentalHealthServicesIndividualTreatmentPlansAdolescentPsychiatryFamilyTherapySubstanceAbuseGroupTherapyIndividualTherapySessionsIntakeAssessmentsBehavioralHealthCommunityAgenciesTraumaPrivatePracticeDischargePlanningTreatmentGoalsMr/Dd/Adhd/OddPsychiatricDisordersMentalHealthDisordersClientAdvocacySocialWorkersClinicalSupervision

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Top Child & Adolescent Psychiatrist Skills

  1. Mental Health Services
  2. Individual Treatment Plans
  3. Adolescent Psychiatry
You can check out examples of real life uses of top skills on resumes here:
  • Coordinated, facilitated, and monitored public mental health services to children and adolescents and their families.
  • Completed behavioral assessments and individual treatment plans.
  • Provided family therapy to parents and caregivers related to personal and family issues.
  • Experience in both Children's/Adult's mental health and substance abuse programs.
  • Participated in group therapy discussions with children and adolescents ages seven through eighteen.

Top Child & Adolescent Psychiatrist Employers