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Become A Child Welfare Caseworker

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Working As A Child Welfare Caseworker

  • Getting Information
  • Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates
  • Resolving Conflicts and Negotiating with Others
  • Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work
  • Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships
  • Deal with People

  • Unpleasant/Angry People

  • Mostly Sitting

  • $52,000

    Average Salary

What Does A Child Welfare Caseworker Do

Social workers help people solve and cope with problems in their everyday lives. One group of social workers—clinical social workers—also diagnose and treat mental, behavioral, and emotional issues.   


Social workers typically do the following:

  • Identify people and communities in need of help
  • Assess clients’ needs, situations, strengths, and support networks to determine their goals
  • Help clients adjust to changes and challenges in their lives, such as illness, divorce, or unemployment
  • Research, refer, and advocate for community resources, such as food stamps, childcare, and healthcare to assist and improve a client’s well-being
  • Respond to crisis situations such as child abuse and mental health emergencies
  • Follow up with clients to ensure that their situations have improved
  • Evaluate services provided to ensure that they are effective
  • Develop and evaluate programs and services to ensure that basic client needs are met
  • Provide psychotherapy services

Social workers help people cope with challenges in their lives. They help with a wide range of situations, such as adopting a child or being diagnosed with a terminal illness.

Social workers may work with children, people with disabilities, and people with serious illnesses and addictions. Their work varies based on the type of client they are working with.

Some social workers work with groups, community organizations, and policymakers to develop or improve programs, services, policies, and social conditions. This focus of work is referred to as macro social work.

Advocacy is an important aspect of social work. Social workers advocate or raise awareness with and on behalf of their clients and the social work profession on local, state, and national levels.

The following are examples of types of social workers:

Child and family social workers protect vulnerable children and help families in need of assistance. They help families find housing or services, such as childcare, or apply for benefits, such as food stamps. They intervene when children are in danger of neglect or abuse. Some help arrange adoptions, locate foster families, or work to reunite families.

Clinical social workers—also called licensed clinical social workers—diagnose and treat mental, behavioral, and emotional disorders, including anxiety and depression. They provide individual, group, family, and couples therapy; they work with clients to develop strategies to change behavior or cope with difficult situations; and they refer clients to other resources or services, such as support groups or other mental health professionals. Clinical social workers can develop treatment plans with the client, doctors, and other healthcare professionals and may adjust the treatment plan if necessary based on their client’s progress. They may also provide mental healthcare to help children and families cope with changes in their lives, such as divorce or other family problems.

Many clinical social workers work in private practice. In these settings, clinical social workers also perform administrative and recordkeeping tasks, such as working with insurance companies in order to receive payment for their services. Some work in a group practice with other social workers or mental health professionals.

School social workers work with teachers, parents, and school administrators to develop plans and strategies to improve students’ academic performance and social development. Students and their families are often referred to social workers to deal with problems such as aggressive behavior, bullying, or frequent absences from school.

Healthcare social workers help patients understand their diagnosis and make the necessary adjustments to their lifestyle, housing, or healthcare. For example, they may help people make the transition from the hospital back to their homes and communities. In addition, they may provide information on services, such as home healthcare or support groups, to help patients manage their illness or disease. Social workers help doctors and other healthcare professionals understand the effects that diseases and illnesses have on patients’ mental and emotional health.

Some healthcare social workers specialize in geriatric social work, hospice and palliative care, or medical social work:

  • Geriatric social workers help senior citizens and their families. They help clients find services, such as programs that provide older adults with meals or with home healthcare. They may provide information about assisted living facilities or nursing homes, or work with older adults in those settings. They help clients and their families make plans for possible health complications or for where clients will live if they can no longer care for themselves.
  • Hospice and palliative care social workers help patients adjust to serious, chronic, or terminal illnesses. Palliative care focuses on relieving or preventing pain and other symptoms associated with serious illness. Hospice is a type of palliative care for people who are dying. Social workers in this setting provide and find services, such as support groups or grief counselors, to help patients and their families cope with the illness or disease.
  • Medical social workers in hospitals help patients and their families by linking patients with resources in the hospital and in their own community. They may work with medical staff to create discharge plans, make referrals to community agencies, facilitate support groups, or conduct followup visits with patients once they have been discharged.

Mental health and substance abuse social workers help clients with mental illnesses or addictions. They provide information on services, such as support groups and 12-step programs, to help clients cope with their illness. Many clinical social workers function in these roles as well.

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How To Become A Child Welfare Caseworker

Although most social workers need a bachelor’s degree in social work, clinical social workers must have a master’s degree and 2 years of post-master’s experience in a supervised clinical setting. Clinical social workers must also be licensed in the state in which they practice.


A bachelor’s degree in social work (BSW) is the most common requirement for entry-level positions. However, some employers may hire workers who have a bachelor’s degree in a related field, such as psychology or sociology.

A BSW prepares students for direct-service positions such as caseworker or mental health assistant. These programs teach students about diverse populations, human behavior, social welfare policy, and ethics in social work. All programs require students to complete supervised fieldwork or an internship.

Some positions require a master’s degree in social work (MSW), which generally takes 2 years to complete. Master’s degree programs in social work prepare students for work in their chosen specialty by developing clinical assessment and management skills. All programs require students to complete a supervised practicum or an internship.

A bachelor’s degree in social work is not required in order to enter a master’s degree program in social work. Although a degree in almost any major is acceptable, courses in psychology, sociology, economics, and political science are recommended. Some programs allow graduates with a bachelor’s degree in social work to earn their master’s degree in 1 year.

In 2015, there were more than 500 bachelor’s degree programs and more than 200 master’s degree programs accredited by the Council on Social Work Education.

Some universities offer doctoral programs in social work, where students can earn a Doctorate of Social Work (DSW) or a Ph.D. Most doctoral programs in social work require students to have a master’s in social work and experience in the field. Many doctor’s students go on to work as postsecondary teachers.

Licenses, Certifications, and Registrations

Most states have licensure or certification requirements for nonclinical social workers. Requirements vary by state.

All states require clinical social workers to be licensed. However, some states provide exemptions for clinical social workers who work in government agencies. Becoming a licensed clinical social worker requires a master’s degree in social work and a minimum of 2 years of supervised clinical experience after graduation. After completing their supervised experience, clinical social workers must pass a clinical exam to be licensed.

Because licensing requirements vary by state, those interested should contact their state board. For more information about regulatory licensure boards by state, contact the Association of Social Work Boards.

Important Qualities

Communication skills. Clients talk to social workers about challenges in their lives. To effectively help, social workers must be able to listen to and understand their clients’ needs.

Empathy. Social workers often work with people who are in stressful and difficult situations. To develop strong relationships, they must have compassion and empathy for their clients.

Interpersonal skills. Being able to work with different groups of people is essential for social workers. They need strong people skills to foster healthy and productive relationships with their clients and colleagues.

Organizational skills. Social workers must help and manage multiple clients, often assisting with their paperwork or documenting their treatment.

Problem-solving skills. Social workers need to develop practical and innovative solutions to their clients’ problems.

Time-management skills. Social workers often have many clients and administrative responsibilities. They must effectively manage their time to provide adequate service to all of their clients.

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Child Welfare Caseworker Career Paths

Child Welfare Caseworker
Social Worker Therapist Case Manager
Director Of Social Services
6 Yearsyrs
Social Worker Clinician Case Manager
Patient Care Manager
5 Yearsyrs
Social Worker Therapist Clinical Supervisor
Clinical Director
9 Yearsyrs
Therapist Case Manager
Medical Case Manager
8 Yearsyrs
Clinician Team Leader Program Manager
Service Program Manager
9 Yearsyrs
Clinician Clinical Supervisor Nursing Director
Clinical Services Director
11 Yearsyrs
Medical Social Worker Clinical Social Worker
Senior Social Worker
6 Yearsyrs
Medical Social Worker Team Leader Program Director
Director Of Residential Services
7 Yearsyrs
Medical Social Worker Adjunct Professor Superintendent
Resident Manager
5 Yearsyrs
Family Support Specialist Ambulatory Care Coordinator Registered Nurse Case Manager
Clinical Care Manager
9 Yearsyrs
Family Support Specialist Ambulatory Care Coordinator Nurse Manager
Health Director
9 Yearsyrs
Family Support Specialist Program Coordinator Ambulatory Care Coordinator
Family Case Manager
5 Yearsyrs
Therapeutic Support Staff Mental Health Therapist Social Work Case Manager
Director Of Social Work
6 Yearsyrs
Therapeutic Support Staff House Manager Home Manager
Residential Manager
5 Yearsyrs
Therapeutic Support Staff Clinical Coordinator Registered Nurse Case Manager
Health Care Manager
8 Yearsyrs
Child Protective Specialist Foster Care Worker Children's Service Worker
Children's Service Supervisor
5 Yearsyrs
Child Protective Specialist Foster Care Worker Clinical Social Worker
Family Manager
6 Yearsyrs
Behavioral Specialist Lead Teacher Center Director
Early Head Start Director
7 Yearsyrs
Child Protective Specialist Senior Caseworker
Casework Supervisor
5 Yearsyrs
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Help others decide if this is a good career for them

Average Length of Employment
Senior Caseworker 5.0 years
Child Abuse Worker 3.0 years
Case Worker 2.4 years
Family Caseworker 2.3 years
Child Advocate 2.1 years
Intake Worker 2.1 years
Top Careers Before Child Welfare Caseworker
Internship 18.3%
Case Manager 11.5%
Counselor 5.2%
Cashier 4.7%
Volunteer 3.4%
Supervisor 2.6%
Top Careers After Child Welfare Caseworker
Case Manager 12.4%
Internship 8.4%
Therapist 6.2%
Supervisor 4.9%
Clinician 4.0%
Volunteer 3.2%

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Top Skills for A Child Welfare Caseworker

  1. Child Abuse
  2. Court Hearings
  3. Community Resources
You can check out examples of real life uses of top skills on resumes here:
  • Work cooperatively with police, hospitals, and other community professionals in responding and investigating allegations of child abuse/neglect.
  • Prepare documents for, attend and participate in court hearings regarding Dependency/Neglect and Juvenile Delinquency.
  • Make collateral contacts with community resources such as law enforcement and medical personnel to secure assistance and coordinate services.
  • Provided individual and family foster-care case management and crisis intervention services to diverse populations in a rural area of Utah.
  • Locate the non-custodial parent and setup paperwork to send to his/her employer to get child support payments coming in.

Child Welfare Caseworker Demographics










Hispanic or Latino


Black or African American





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Child Welfare Caseworker Education


Ohio State University


University of Phoenix


University of Cincinnati


Colorado State University


Wright State University


University of Denver


Capella University


University of Pittsburgh -


Walden University


Ball State University


University of Memphis


Youngstown State University


Indiana State University


University of Southern Maine


University of Northern Colorado


Marywood University


University of Central Oklahoma


State University of New York Buffalo


Adams State University


Metropolitan State University of Denver

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Social Work




Criminal Justice


School Counseling






Human Services


Human Development


Counseling Psychology


Mental Health Counseling


Liberal Arts


Elementary Education


Public Administration




Social Sciences


Human Resources Management


Behavioral Sciences




Clinical Psychology


Health Care Administration

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