Research Summary. Using a database of 30 million profiles, Zippia estimates demographics and statistics for college professors in the United States. Our estimates are verified against BLS, Census, and current job openings data for accuracy. After extensive research and analysis, Zippia's data science team found that:

  • There are over 135,097 college professors currently employed in the United States.
  • 49.8% of all college professors are women, while 50.2% are men.
  • The average age of an employed college professor is 45 years old.
  • The most common ethnicity of college professors is White (69.4%), followed by Asian (10.9%), Hispanic or Latino (9.8%) and Black or African American (7.2%).
  • In 2021, women earned 96% of what men earned.
  • 13% of all college professors are LGBT.
  • College professors are 65% more likely to work at education companies in comparison to private companies.

College Professor Statistics By Gender

49.8% of college professors are women and 50.2% of college professors are men.

  • Male, 50.2%
  • Female, 49.8%

College Professors By Gender

GenderPercentages
Male50.2%
Female49.8%

Gender Pay Gap For College Professor

Women Earn 96¢ For Every $1 Earned By Men

male-income
Male Income
$65,533
female-income
Female Income
$62,948

College Professor Gender Over Time

This data shows how men and women predominate in the college professor position over time.

Male
Female
100%
80%
60%
40%
20%
0%
2010
2011
2012
2013
2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
2019

College Professor Gender By Year

YearMaleFemale
201052.45%47.55%
201152.98%47.02%
201252.66%47.34%
201352.22%47.78%
201451.09%48.91%
201551.93%48.07%
201651.59%48.41%
201752.19%47.81%
201851.61%48.39%
201951.18%48.82%

College Professor Male to Female Ratio

We compared this job title with other job titles to see how gender percentages varied. As you can see, hvac/r instructor and assistant professor of air conditioning and refrigeration have the biggest difference in gender.

Job TitleMaleFemale
Aesthetics Instructor8%92%
Cosmetology Instructor9%91%
Adjunct Nursing Faculty9%91%
College Professor50%50%
Diesel Technology Instructor97%3%
Assistant Professor Of Air Conditioning And Refrigeration97%3%
Hvac/R Instructor97%3%

College Professor Statistics By Race

The most common ethnicity among college professors is White, which makes up 69.4% of all college professors. Comparatively, there are 10.9% of the Asian ethnicity and 9.8% of the Hispanic or Latino ethnicity.

  • White, 69.4%
  • Asian, 10.9%
  • Hispanic or Latino, 9.8%
  • Black or African American, 7.2%
  • Unknown, 2.5%
  • American Indian and Alaska Native, 0.2%

College Professor Race

College Professor RacePercentages
White69.4%
Asian10.9%
Hispanic or Latino9.8%
Black or African American7.2%
Unknown2.5%
American Indian and Alaska Native0.2%

College Professor Race And Ethnicity Over Time

Using the Census Bureau data, we found out how the percentage of each ethnic category trended between 2010-2019 among college professors.

  • White
  • Asian
  • Hispanic or Latino
  • Black or African American

College Professor Race By Year

YearWhiteBlack or African AmericanAsianHispanic or Latino
201072.76%7.22%9.22%8.22%
201172.46%7.06%9.94%7.97%
201272.05%7.36%9.81%8.22%
201371.18%7.72%10.10%8.47%
201471.27%7.34%9.77%8.85%
201569.72%7.57%10.72%9.14%
201670.22%7.49%10.44%9.04%
201769.29%7.24%11.61%9.09%
201871.08%6.98%9.93%9.28%
201969.41%7.25%10.87%9.81%

College Professor Wage Gap By Race

Asian college professors have the highest average salary compared to other ethnicities. Black or african american college professors have the lowest average salary at $63,240.
$67,000
$66,000
$65,000
$64,000
$63,000
Unknown
White
Black or African American
Asian
Hispanic or Latino
EthnicitySalary
Unknown$64,389
White$64,108
Black or African American$63,240
Asian$65,970
Hispanic or Latino$63,495

College Professor JOBS

Average Age of a College Professor

We determined the average age of college professors based on ethnicity and gender.

Male
Female

College Professor Age By Race

RaceMale AgeFemale Age
Black or African American4746
Unknown4037
Asian3938
Hispanic or Latino4341
White4847
American Indian and Alaska Native48

College Professor Age Breakdown

This chart breaks down the ages of college professor employees. Interestingly enough, the average age of college professors is 40+ years old, which represents 65% of the population.

40+ years

30-40 years

20-30 years


College Professor Age

College Professor YearsPercentages
40+ years65%
30-40 years22%
20-30 years13%

Types of College Professor Degree Levels

The most common degree for college professors is bachelor's degree 46% of college professors earn that degree. A close second is master's degree with 33% and rounding it off is doctoral degree with 10%.

  • Bachelors, 46%
  • Masters, 33%
  • Doctorate, 10%
  • Associate, 8%
  • Other Degrees, 3%

College Professors By Education

College Professor DegreePercentages
Bachelors46%
Masters33%
Doctorate10%
Associate8%
Other Degrees3%

College Professor Jobs You Might Like

College Professor Wage Gap By Education

$83,000
$79,000
$75,000
$71,000
$67,000
$63,000
$59,000
Master's Degree
Doctorate Degree
EducationSalary
Master's Degree$62,948
Doctorate Degree$80,739

College Professor Employment Statistics

This section highlights information about where college professors work. We found most college professors work for a education company. In addition, the industry that employs the most college professors is the hospitality industry.

Company Size

We created this chart to show you the average size of companies that typically hire college professors.

< 50 employees

50 - 100 employees

100 - 500 employees

500 - 1,000 employees

1,000 - 10,000 employees

> 10,000

College Professor Jobs By Employer Size

Company SizePercentages
< 50 employees4%
50 - 100 employees5%
100 - 500 employees23%
500 - 1,000 employees18%
1,000 - 10,000 employees41%
> 10,000 employees10%

The Types Of Companies College Professor Work In

Employees with the college professor job title have their preferences when it comes to working for a company. For instance, most college professors prefer to work at education companies over private companies.

Education

Public

Private

Government

College Professor Jobs By Sector

Company TypePercentages
Education65%
Public10%
Private17%
Government8%

Top Industries Hiring College Professors

Just based on the number of employees within each industry, we were able to determine the most common industries that employ college professors. Those industries include hospitality, education and professional.

Education

Government

Professional

Health Care

Fortune 500

College Professor Turnover And Employment Statistics

College Professor Unemployment Rate Over Time

The Bureau of Labor Statistics came in clutch when it came down to figuring out how the unemployment rate has changed over time. Between 2008 and 2018, this is how the number of college professors changed.

  • Unemployment rate

College Professor Unemployment Rate By Year

YearCollege Professor Unemployment Rate
20103.13%
20113.11%
20123.14%
20133.31%
20142.86%
20152.61%
20162.42%
20172.51%
20182.40%
20192.23%

The Average Number of Years That College Professor Stay in a Job

By looking over 1,026 college professors resumes, we figured out that the average college professor enjoys staying at their job for 1-2 years for a percentage of 26%.

Less than one year

1-2 years

3-4 years

5-7 years

8-10 years

11+ years

College Professor Tenure

Number or YearsPercentages
Less than 1 year14%
1-2 years26%
3-4 years14%
5-7 years16%
8-10 years8%
11+ years22%

Comparing The LGBT Ratio of College Professors with Other Job Titles

After finding the gender ratio, we wondered if the percentages of LGBT persons were different as well. Using the data below, you can see how other job titles compare to college professors.

Job TitleLGBTJob Openings
Graduate Student Assistant6.04%20,764
Music Teacher9.52%54,429
Reference Librarian10.75%1,058
Special Education Teacher11.12%67,699
College Professor12.94%
Library Technician13.69%24,941
Curriculum Coordinator16.25%9,654

College Professor LGBT Demographics

ProfessionPercentages of LGBT Job Openings
Graduate Student Assistant6.04%20,764
Music Teacher9.52%54,429
Reference Librarian10.75%1,058
Special Education Teacher11.12%67,699
Library Technician13.69%24,941
Curriculum Coordinator16.25%9,654

Foreign Languages Spoken By College Professors

The most common foreign language among college professors is Spanish at 50.0%. The second-most popular foreign language spoken is French at 11.0% and German is the third-most popular at 7.3%.

  • Spanish, 50.0%
  • French, 11.0%
  • German, 7.3%
  • Italian, 6.1%
  • Portuguese, 3.7%
  • Other, 21.9%

College Professor Languages Spoken

Foreign LanguagePercentages
Spanish50.0%
French11.0%
German7.3%
Italian6.1%
Portuguese3.7%
Other21.9%

College Professor Jobs

Recently Added College Professor Jobs

College Professor Heatmaps

Which State Has The Most College Professors?

By looking through more than 1,026 resumes, we found that the most popular places for college professors are Orlando, FL and New York, NY.

Number of College Professors

Number Of College Professor Jobs By State

RankStateNumber of JobsAverage Salary
1New York1,405$118,420
2Texas1,181$90,658
3California1,040$123,464
4Virginia856$78,264
5Colorado557$73,675
6Pennsylvania551$88,837
7New Jersey514$96,843
8Florida481$73,812
9Indiana457$64,775
10North Carolina455$69,475
11Illinois411$61,023
12Ohio368$64,687
13Massachusetts366$140,279
14Maryland364$93,306
15Kentucky346$59,355
16Georgia346$64,801
17Michigan340$95,564
18Oregon316$135,339
19South Carolina263$71,343
20Alabama236$78,032
21Wisconsin236$51,312
22Minnesota227$63,759
23Missouri224$55,022
24Washington212$120,824
25Louisiana188$78,691
26Iowa188$50,770
27District of Columbia178$88,801
28Tennessee157$69,212
29Utah152$93,846
30Mississippi142$56,644
31West Virginia140$47,694
32Alaska135$127,915
33Arizona126$99,008
34Nebraska113$66,949
35Montana100$76,266
36Connecticut79$122,616
37Kansas75$52,937
38New Mexico74$82,849
39Oklahoma68$61,642
40Rhode Island56$101,383
41Arkansas54$70,235
42Vermont53$99,239
43Maine51$96,584
44South Dakota51$57,263
45New Hampshire44$106,129
46Delaware33$91,114
47Idaho24$115,332
48North Dakota19$73,696
49Nevada18$89,237
50Wyoming15$59,439
51Hawaii9$53,783

College Professor Demographics FAQs

How Many College Professor Are There In The Us?

There are over 130,377 College Professors in the United States.

What Percentage Of College Professors Are Black?

7.2% of College Professors are Black or African American

What Race Are Most College Professors?

Most a are White, with 69.4% of College Professors belonging to this ethnicity. 10.9% of College Professors are Asian, 9.8% of College Professors are Hispanic or Latino, 7.2% of College Professors are Black or African American, 2.5% of College Professors are Unknown, and 0.2% of College Professors are American Indian and Alaska Native

Are College Professor Jobs Male - Dominated?

Yes, College Professor jobs are male - dominated. 50% of College Professors are male, and 49% are female, so there are more male College Professors than female College Professors in the United States.

How Old Is The Average College Professor?

The average College Professor is 45 years old. 65% of College Professors are 40+ years old or older, 22% are between the ages of 30-40 years, and 13% are between 20-30 years old

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