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Most masons have a high school diploma or equivalent and learn either on the job or through an apprenticeship program. Others learn through masonry programs at technical schools.Education
A high school diploma or equivalent is required for most masons. High school courses in mathematics, mechanical drawing, and vocational education are considered useful.
Many technical schools offer programs in basic masonry. These programs operate both independently and in conjunction with apprenticeship training. The credits earned as part of an apprenticeship program usually count toward an associate’s degree. Some people take courses before being hired, and some take them later as part of on-the-job training.Training
A 3- to 4-year apprenticeship is how most masons learn the trade. For each year of the program, apprentices must complete at least 144 hours of related technical instruction and 2,000 hours of paid on-the-job training. In the future, apprenticeships are expected to focus more on proven competencies than time-in-training and therefore the duration of apprenticeships may decrease.
Apprentices learn construction basics such as blueprint reading; mathematics, including measurement, volume, and mixing proportions; building code requirements; and safety and first-aid practices.
Several groups, including unions and contractor associations, sponsor apprenticeship programs. Some apprenticeship programs have preferred entry for veterans. The basic qualifications for entering an apprenticeship program are as follows:
Some contractors have their own training programs for masons. Although workers may enter apprenticeships directly, some masons start out as construction helpers. The Home Builders Institute and the International Masonry Institute offer pre-apprenticeship training program for eight construction trades, including masonry.
After completing an apprenticeship program, masons are considered journey workers and are able to perform tasks on their own.Important Qualities
Color vision. Terrazzo workers must be able to distinguish between small variations in color when setting terrazzo patterns in order to produce the best looking finish.
Hand-eye coordination. Workers must be able to apply smooth, even layers of mortar, set bricks, and remove any excess before the mortar hardens.
Math skills. Cement masons use their knowledge of math—including measurement, volume, and mixing proportions—when they mix their own mortar.
Physical stamina. Brickmasons must keep a steady pace while setting bricks all day. Although no individual brick is extremely heavy, the constant lifting can be tiring.
Physical strength. Workers must be strong enough to lift more than 50 pounds. They must also carry heavy tools, equipment, and other materials, such as bags of mortar and grout.
Visualization. Stonemasons must be able to see how stones fit together in order to build attractive and stable structures.
Average Length of Employment
Top Careers Before Concrete Finisher
Top Careers After Concrete Finisher
Hispanic or Latino12.0%
Black or African American0.4%
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University of Phoenix14.1%
Sinclair Community College7.1%
East Mississippi Community College6.1%
Idaho State University6.1%
Kirkwood Community College5.1%
Delgado Community College5.1%
Mississippi Gulf Coast Community College5.1%
Eastern Kentucky University5.1%
College of Southern Nevada5.1%
Iowa State University5.1%
Florida State College at Jacksonville4.0%
Boise State University4.0%
Tulsa Welding School4.0%
Mesa Community College - Boswell3.0%
Glendale Community College3.0%
Fox Valley Technical College3.0%
Pima Community College3.0%
Augusta Technical College3.0%
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|Job Title||Company||Location||Start Date||Salary|
|Cement Masons and Concrete Finishers||Best Concrete Mix Corporation||NY||Feb 04, 2013||$74,318|
|Concrete Finisher||J.C. Contracting, Inc.||Bloomfield, NJ||Mar 05, 2015||$70,749|
|Cement Masons and Concrete Finishers||San's Construction Co., Inc.||Nutley, NJ||Feb 13, 2013||$54,533|
|Cement Mason & Concrete Finisher||Ferraro Landscape Co., Inc.||Mamaroneck, NY||May 15, 2015||$53,552|
|Concrete Finisher||30 30 Concrete, Inc.||MN||Apr 22, 2014||$50,401|
|Cement Masons and Concrete Finishers||European Masonry Contractors, Inc.||Danbury, CT||Aug 08, 2014||$49,213|
|Cement Mason and Concrete Finisher||J & J Concrete Foundations, Inc.||Danbury, CT||Aug 04, 2015||$48,256|
|Concrete Finisher||Gull Corporation||Leesburg, VA||Nov 16, 2016||$47,882|
|Cement Mason and Concrete Finisher||WMC Contracting Co., Inc.||Trenton, TN||Dec 10, 2014||$47,237|
|Cement Masons and Concrete Finishers||WMC Contracting Co., Inc.||Trenton, TN||Sep 22, 2014||$47,237|
|Cement Masons and Concrete Finishers||Facility Specialists, LLC||Philadelphia, PA||Apr 24, 2013||$46,675|
|Cement Masons and Concrete Finishers||Chris Waldner and Son's Construction||MN||Apr 01, 2015||$46,582|
|Cement Masons and Concrete Finishers||Do-Val Framing Corp.||Warren, NJ||Feb 20, 2013||$45,956|
|Cement Masons and Concrete Finishers||Delaney Concrete Construction, Inc.||Elkridge, MD||Mar 11, 2014||$44,491|
|Cement Masons and Concrete Finishers||Coloscapes Concrete, Inc.||Windsor, CO||Apr 01, 2016||$37,858|
|Cement Masons and Concrete Finishers||Elevated Structural Decks, Inc. (F)||Lakewood, CO||May 09, 2016||$37,858|
|Cement Masons and Concrete Finishers||All Phase Concrete Construction, Inc. (F)||Englewood, CO||Apr 01, 2016||$37,858|
|Cement Masons and Concrete Finishers||Coloscapes Concrete, Inc.||CO||Apr 01, 2015||$37,837|
|Cement Masons and Concrete Finishers||Command Construction Inc.||Kensett, AR||Jul 16, 2014||$37,566 -
|Concrete Finisher||J. Benham Construction, Inc.||Galveston, TX||Jul 05, 2016||$37,566|
|Concrete Finisher||Brown Brothers Asphalt and Concrete, LLC||Centennial, CO||May 04, 2015||$37,566|
|Concrete Finisher||LBL Gunite of Tulsa LP||OK||Feb 01, 2013||$32,202|
|Concrete Finishers||Genuine Builders Inc.||Colton, SD||Apr 14, 2016||$32,119|
|Concrete Finishers||Genuine Builders Inc.||Arlington, SD||Apr 20, 2016||$32,119|
|Concrete Finisher||LBL Gunite of Tulsa LP||OK||Feb 01, 2015||$32,119|
|Concrete Finishers||Genuine Builders Inc.||Kennebec, SD||Apr 04, 2016||$32,119|
|Concrete Finisher||Jason Palmer Construction Inc.||Mansfield, SD||Apr 01, 2016||$32,119|
|Concrete Finishers||Tamez-Pearson Construction, Inc.||TX||May 20, 2014||$31,910|
|Concrete Finisher||Jose Uribe Concrete Construction||TX||Jan 20, 2015||$31,305|
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Cement Masons and Concrete Finishers Job Description