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Become A Construction Carpenter

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Working As A Construction Carpenter

  • Getting Information
  • Performing General Physical Activities
  • Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material
  • Handling and Moving Objects
  • Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work
  • Deal with People

  • Unpleasant/Hazardous Environment

  • Outdoors/walking/standing

  • Make Decisions

  • $40,000

    Average Salary

What Does A Construction Carpenter Do

Carpenters construct and repair building frameworks and structures—such as stairways, doorframes, partitions, rafters, and bridge supports—made from wood and other materials. They also may install kitchen cabinets, siding, and drywall.


Carpenters typically do the following:

  • Follow blueprints and building plans to meet the needs of clients
  • Install structures and fixtures, such as windows and molding
  • Measure, cut, and shape wood, plastic, and other materials
  • Construct building frameworks, including walls, floors, and doorframes
  • Erect, level, and install building framework with the aid of rigging hardware and cranes
  • Inspect and replace damaged framework or other structures and fixtures
  • Instruct and direct laborers and other construction helpers

Carpenters are one of the most versatile construction occupations, with workers usually doing many different tasks. For example, some carpenters primarily insulate office buildings and others install drywall or kitchen cabinets in homes. Those who help construct tall buildings or bridges often install the wooden concrete forms for cement footings or pillars and are commonly referred to as rough carpenters. Other carpenters erect shoring and scaffolding for buildings.

Carpenters use many different hand and power tools to cut and shape wood, plastic, fiberglass, or drywall. They commonly use hand tools, including squares, levels, and chisels, as well as many power tools, such as sanders, circular saws, nail guns, and welding machines. Carpenters fasten materials together with nails, screws, staples, and adhesives, and do a final check of their work to ensure that it is completed according to specifications. They use a tape measure on nearly every project to make sure that the pieces being cut are the proper size, which reduces waste and saves time. Many employers require applicants to supply their own tools.

The following are examples of types of carpenters:

Residential carpenters typically specialize in single-family, townhome, and condominium building and remodeling. As part of a single job, they might build and set forms for footings, walls, and slabs, and frame and finish exterior walls, roofs, and decks. They also frame interior walls, build stairs, and install drywall, crown molding, doors, and cabinets. In addition, residential carpenters may tile floors and lay wood floors and carpet. Fully trained carpenters can easily switch from new homebuilding to remodeling.

Commercial carpenters typically build and remodel commercial office buildings, hospitals, hotels, schools, and shopping malls. Some specialize in working with light-gauge and load-bearing steel framing for interior partitions, exterior framing, and curtain wall construction. Others specialize in working with concrete forming systems and finishing interior and exterior walls, partitions, and ceilings. Most commercial carpenters perform many of the same tasks as residential carpenters.

Industrial carpenters typically work on civil engineering projects and in industrial settings, where they build scaffolding and create and set forms for pouring concrete. Some industrial carpenters build tunnel bracing or partitions in underground passageways and mines to control the circulation of air to worksites. Others build concrete forms for tunnels, bridges, dams, power plants, or sewers.

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How To Become A Construction Carpenter

Although most carpenters learn their trade through an apprenticeship, some learn on the job, starting as a helper.


A high school diploma or equivalent is required. High school courses in mathematics, mechanical drawing, and general vocational technical training are considered useful.


Most carpenters learn their trade through a 3- or 4-year apprenticeship program. For each year of a typical program, apprentices must complete at least 144 hours of technical training and 2,000 hours of paid on-the-job training. In the technical training, apprentices learn carpentry basics, blueprint reading, mathematics, building code requirements, and safety and first-aid practices. They also may receive specialized training in creating and setting concrete forms, rigging, welding, scaffold building, working within confined workspaces, and fall protection. All carpenters must pass the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) 10- and 30-hour safety courses.

After finishing an apprenticeship, carpenters are considered to be journey workers and may perform tasks on their own.

Several groups, including unions and contractor associations, sponsor apprenticeship programs. Some apprenticeship programs have preferred entry for veterans. The basic qualifications for a person to enter an apprenticeship program are as follows:

  • Minimum age of 18
  • High school education or equivalent
  • Physically able to do the work
  • U.S. citizen or proof of legal residency
  • Pass substance abuse screening

Some contractors have their own carpenter training program, which may be an accredited apprenticeship program.

Although many workers enter apprenticeships directly, some carpenters start out as helpers.

Some workers can earn certificates before entering an apprenticeship. The National Association of Home Builders offers Pre-Apprenticeship Certificate Training (PACT) through the Home Builders Institute. PACT is available for several different groups, from youths to veterans, and covers information for eight construction trades, including painting.

Workers typically learn the proper use of hand and power tools on the job. They often start by working with more experienced carpenters and are given more complex tasks as they prove that they can handle simpler tasks, such as measuring and cutting wooden and metal studs.

A number of 2-year technical schools offer carpentry degrees that are affiliated with unions or contractor organizations. Credits earned as part of an apprenticeship program usually count toward an associate’s degree.


Because they are involved in all phases of construction, carpenters usually have more opportunities than other construction workers to become first-line supervisors, independent contractors, or general construction supervisors.

Carpenters seeking advancement often take additional training provided by associations, unions, or employers. Communication in both English and Spanish also is helpful for relaying instructions to workers.

Important Qualities

Business skills. Self-employed carpenters must be able to bid on new jobs, track inventory, and plan work assignments. 

Detail oriented. Carpenters perform many tasks that are important in the overall building process. Making precise measurements, for example, may reduce gaps between windows and frames, limiting any leaks around the window.

Dexterity. Carpenters use many tools and need hand-eye coordination to avoid injury or damaging materials. Striking the head of a nail, for example, is crucial to not damaging wood or injuring oneself.

Math skills. Carpenters use basic math skills every day to calculate volume and measure materials to be cut.

Physical stamina. Carpenters need physical endurance. They frequently stand, climb, or bend for long periods.

Physical strength. Carpenters use tools and materials that are heavy. For example, plywood sheets can weigh 50 to 100 pounds.

Problem-solving skills. Because construction jobs vary, carpenters must adjust project plans accordingly. For example, if a prefabricated window arrives at the worksite slightly oversized, carpenters must shave framework to make the window fit.

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Construction Carpenter Career Paths

Construction Carpenter
Carpenter Foreman Superintendent
Project Superintendent
10 Yearsyrs
Carpenter Maintenance Technician Field Service Technician
Service Manager
6 Yearsyrs
Carpenter Foreman Project Manager
Contract Project Manager
10 Yearsyrs
Carpenter Foreman Superintendent
Construction Manager
9 Yearsyrs
Carpenter Foreman Superintendent Project Superintendent
General Superintendent
11 Yearsyrs
Carpenter Foreman Foreman Maintenance Supervisor
Maintenance Director
11 Yearsyrs
Forklift Operator Electrician Owner
Construction Superintendent
9 Yearsyrs
Forklift Operator Electrician Maintenance Manager
Facilities Maintenance Manager
10 Yearsyrs
Forklift Operator Electrician Owner/Operator
General Contractor
5 Yearsyrs
Maintenance Technician Field Service Technician Operations Manager
Operations Project Manager
7 Yearsyrs
Maintenance Technician Technician Maintenance Supervisor
Director Of Facilities
11 Yearsyrs
Machine Operator Technician Crew Leader
Lead Carpenter
5 Yearsyrs
Machine Operator Heavy Equipment Operator Construction Foreman
Construction Supervisor
5 Yearsyrs
Machine Operator Specialist Crew Leader
Assistant Superintendent
5 Yearsyrs
Journeyman Carpenter Owner/Operator Property Manager
Director Of Property Management
6 Yearsyrs
Journeyman Carpenter Supervisor Service Manager
Installation Manager
6 Yearsyrs
Journeyman Carpenter Supervisor Field Supervisor
Field Operation Manager
8 Yearsyrs
Technician Engineer Construction Manager
Supervisor And Project Manager
6 Yearsyrs
Carpenter/Labour Self-Employed Lead Carpenter
Job Superintendent
6 Yearsyrs
Carpenter/Labour Maintenance Carpenter Lead Carpenter
Building Contractor
6 Yearsyrs
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Average Yearly Salary
Show Salaries
Min 10%
Median 50%
Median 50%
Median 50%
Median 50%
Median 50%
Median 50%
Median 50%
Max 90%
Best Paying Company
Williams & Rowe Co
Highest Paying City
Hamilton, NJ
Highest Paying State
New Jersey
Avg Experience Level
4.0 years
How much does a Construction Carpenter make at top companies?
The national average salary for a Construction Carpenter in the United States is $40,195 per year or $19 per hour. Those in the bottom 10 percent make under $27,000 a year, and the top 10 percent make over $58,000.

Real Construction Carpenter Salaries

Job Title Company Location Start Date Salary
Construction Carpenter EGS Group LLC. Feb 09, 2016 $81,869
Construction Carpenter NSW Instalation Inc. Ronkonkoma, NY Oct 23, 2015 $75,213
Construction Carpenters Metz Kitchen Bath Inc. Franklin Square, NY Nov 22, 2010 $72,628
Construction Carpenter Extel Builders, Inc. Richmond, NY Jul 12, 2011 $71,386
Construction Carpenter Xinos Construction Corp. NY Mar 28, 2011 $71,386
Construction Carpenters Kocher Construction Co. Inc. Union City, NJ May 29, 2012 $71,386
Construction Carpenters Phoenix Wood Flooring, Inc. West Long Branch, NJ Mar 03, 2010 $64,488
Construction Carpenters Roger & Sons Concrete Inc. NY May 27, 2008 $64,467
Construction Carpenter T.J Brothers Inc. Philadelphia, PA Feb 07, 2011 $63,398
Construction Carpenter Evergreen Construction Inc. Edison, NJ Mar 30, 2010 $62,547
Construction Carpenter Sebastiano Nini Inc. Hamilton, NJ May 18, 2011 $62,358
Construction Carpenter Zoltan Horvath Jr. Monmouth Junction, NJ Feb 08, 2008 $61,107
Construction Carpenters Recycling Technology Development LLC. NJ Apr 27, 2015 $60,986
Construction Carpenter Pryor Construction, Inc. Chicago, IL Mar 25, 2010 $60,899
Construction Carpenter Fernandino and Son Inc. Farmingdale, NY Dec 04, 2009 $43,827
Construction Carpenter Lizard Head Log Homes Norwood, CO Dec 10, 2007 $43,827
Construction Carpenters Dennis Letarde, Inc. Manassas, VA Aug 21, 2009 $43,451
Construction Carpenters Hyundae Electric & Construction Company, Inc. Fairfax, VA Jan 12, 2010 $43,451
Construction Carpenter Fairfax Woodworking Inc. Lorton, VA Feb 17, 2010 $43,451
Construction Carpenters Everest Light Gauge Systems, Inc. Springfield, VA May 05, 2009 $43,451
Construction Carpenters Home Deco Plus, Inc. Annandale, VA Apr 24, 2009 $43,451
Construction Carpenter Wrap Top Construction, Inc. Centreville, VA Dec 28, 2011 $43,451
Construction Carpenters Longman Construction Co. Inc. Newport Beach, CA Jul 22, 2010 $42,470
Construction Carpenter T & R Construction Corp. New York, NY Oct 10, 2007 $42,262
Construction Carpenters Northridge Construction Inc. IA Mar 15, 2014 $42,178
Construction Carpenters Millennium Custom Homes Building LLC Tucson, AZ Oct 18, 2008 $41,740
Construction Carpenters Millennium Custom Homes Building LLC Tucson, AZ Apr 24, 2009 $41,740
Construction Carpenters Millennium Custom Homes Building LLC Tucson, AZ May 01, 2009 $41,740
Construction Carpenters Greg Frame Construction, Inc. CA Nov 27, 2007 $41,740

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Top Skills for A Construction Carpenter

  1. Door Hardware
  2. Door Frames
  3. Drywall Repair
You can check out examples of real life uses of top skills on resumes here:
  • Installed sheetrock, crown molding, base boards and door hardware.
  • Comply and follow college safety procedures when performing assigned responsibilities.
  • Examined structural timbers and supports to detect decay and replaced timbers as required, using hand tools, nuts and bolts.
  • Inspect ceiling or floor tile, wall coverings, siding, glass, or woodwork to detect broken or damaged structures.
  • Developed project layout and established appropriate measurements and materials.


Average Salary:

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Top 10 Best States for Construction Carpenters

  1. Alaska
  2. Wyoming
  3. Nevada
  4. Washington
  5. New Jersey
  6. Pennsylvania
  7. Hawaii
  8. Connecticut
  9. Wisconsin
  10. New Hampshire
  • (20 jobs)
  • (12 jobs)
  • (38 jobs)
  • (116 jobs)
  • (62 jobs)
  • (144 jobs)
  • (9 jobs)
  • (27 jobs)
  • (76 jobs)
  • (63 jobs)

Construction Carpenter Demographics










Hispanic or Latino


Black or African American





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Foreign Languages Spoken








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Construction Carpenter Education


Holmes Community College


Vincennes University


Bemidji State University


Pennsylvania College of Technology


Auburn University


Washington State University


University of South Florida


Miami Dade College


University of South Carolina - Columbia


Virginia Commonwealth University


Ashworth College


Mississippi State University


Bronx Community College of the City University of New York


Florida State College at Jacksonville


Art Institute of Colorado


Ohio State University


Liberty University


The Community College of Baltimore County


University of Montana


University of Houston

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Construction Management


Computer Science


General Studies




Heating And Air Conditioning


Precision Metal Working


Automotive Technology


Graphic Design


Electrical Engineering


Civil Engineering






Drafting And Design






Environmental Control Technologies/Technicians


Construction Engineering Technologies


General Education, Specific Areas


Electrical Engineering Technology

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