Research Summary. Using a database of 30 million profiles, Zippia estimates demographics and statistics for construction labours in the United States. Our estimates are verified against BLS, Census, and current job openings data for accuracy. After extensive research and analysis, Zippia's data science team found that:

  • There are over 738,368 construction labours currently employed in the United States.
  • 6.4% of all construction labours are women, while 93.6% are men.
  • The average age of an employed construction labour is 38 years old.
  • The most common ethnicity of construction labours is White (55.3%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (26.0%), Black or African American (10.4%) and Unknown (4.0%).
  • In 2021, women earned 94% of what men earned.
  • 2% of all construction labours are LGBT.
  • Construction labours are 87% more likely to work at private companies in comparison to public companies.

Construction Labour Statistics By Gender

6.4% of construction labours are women and 93.6% of construction labours are men.

  • Male, 93.6%
  • Female, 6.4%

Construction Labours By Gender

GenderPercentages
Male93.6%
Female6.4%

Gender Pay Gap For Construction Labour

Women Earn 94¢ For Every $1 Earned By Men

male-income
Male Income
$32,983
female-income
Female Income
$31,139

Construction Labour Gender Over Time

This data shows how men and women predominate in the construction labour position over time.

Male
Female
100%
80%
60%
40%
20%
0%
2010
2011
2012
2013
2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
2019
2020
2021

Construction Labour Gender By Year

YearMaleFemale
201095.40%4.60%
201195.36%4.64%
201295.45%4.55%
201395.42%4.58%
201495.44%4.56%
201595.30%4.70%
201695.05%4.95%
201794.77%5.23%
201894.23%5.77%
201993.77%6.23%
202093.97%6.03%
202193.59%6.41%

Construction Labour Male to Female Ratio

We compared this job title with other job titles to see how gender percentages varied. As you can see, water softener installer and insulation worker have the biggest difference in gender.

Job TitleMaleFemale
Composition Floor Setter34%66%
Construction Labour94%6%
Gas Fitter97%3%
Insulation Worker97%2%
Water Softener Installer97%3%

Construction Labour Statistics By Race

The most common ethnicity among construction labours is White, which makes up 55.3% of all construction labours. Comparatively, there are 26.0% of the Hispanic or Latino ethnicity and 10.4% of the Black or African American ethnicity.

  • White, 55.3%
  • Hispanic or Latino, 26.0%
  • Black or African American, 10.4%
  • Unknown, 4.0%
  • Asian, 2.9%
  • American Indian and Alaska Native, 1.4%

Construction Labour Race

Construction Labour RacePercentages
White55.3%
Hispanic or Latino26.0%
Black or African American10.4%
Unknown4.0%
Asian2.9%
American Indian and Alaska Native1.4%

Construction Labour Race And Ethnicity Over Time

Using the Census Bureau data, we found out how the percentage of each ethnic category trended between 2010-2019 among construction labours.

  • White
  • Asian
  • Hispanic or Latino
  • Black or African American

Construction Labour Race By Year

YearWhiteBlack or African AmericanAsianHispanic or Latino
201065.47%10.95%2.35%18.45%
201164.84%12.17%2.30%17.40%
201264.67%11.61%2.43%17.48%
201365.33%11.21%2.30%17.88%
201464.44%11.02%2.53%18.72%
201562.78%10.71%2.53%20.75%
201662.42%10.48%2.69%21.08%
201762.11%10.58%2.67%21.41%
201862.89%10.00%2.75%20.83%
201961.04%10.04%2.79%22.78%
202058.63%11.23%2.80%22.11%
202155.26%10.41%2.88%25.99%

Construction Labour Wage Gap By Race

Unknown construction labours have the highest average salary compared to other ethnicities. Black or african american construction labours have the lowest average salary at $31,655.
$35,000
$34,000
$33,000
$32,000
$31,000
Unknown
White
Black or African American
Asian
Hispanic or Latino
EthnicitySalary
Unknown$33,759
White$33,757
Black or African American$31,655
Asian$33,228
Hispanic or Latino$32,567

Average Age of a Construction Labour

We determined the average age of construction labours based on ethnicity and gender.

Male
Female

Construction Labour Age By Race

RaceMale AgeFemale Age
Black or African American4146
Unknown3543.5
Asian39
Hispanic or Latino3940
White3839
American Indian and Alaska Native42

Construction Labour Age Breakdown

This chart breaks down the ages of construction labour employees. Interestingly enough, the average age of construction labours is 40+ years old, which represents 47% of the population.

40+ years

30-40 years

20-30 years


Construction Labour Age

Construction Labour YearsPercentages
40+ years47%
30-40 years26%
20-30 years25%

Types of Construction Labour Degree Levels

The most common degree for construction labours is high school diploma 51% of construction labours earn that degree. A close second is bachelor's degree with 18% and rounding it off is associate degree with 14%.

  • High School Diploma, 51%
  • Bachelors, 18%
  • Associate, 14%
  • Diploma, 12%
  • Other Degrees, 5%

Construction Labours By Education

Construction Labour DegreePercentages
High School Diploma51%
Bachelors18%
Associate14%
Diploma12%
Other Degrees5%

Construction Labour Jobs You Might Like

Construction Labour Wage Gap By Education

Construction labours with a Bachelors degree earn more than those without, at $34,556 annually. With a Associate degree, construction labours earn a median annual income of $34,278 compared to $32,945 for construction labours with an High School Diploma degree.
$36,000
$35,000
$34,000
$33,000
$32,000
$31,000
High School Diploma or Less
No Education
Bachelor's Degree
Some College/ Associate Degree
EducationSalary
High School Diploma or Less$32,945
No Education$31,370
Bachelor's Degree$34,556
Some College/ Associate Degree$34,278

Construction Labour Employment Statistics

This section highlights information about where construction labours work. We found most construction labours work for a private company. In addition, the industry that employs the most construction labours is the construction industry.

Company Size

We created this chart to show you the average size of companies that typically hire construction labours.

< 50 employees

50 - 100 employees

100 - 500 employees

500 - 1,000 employees

1,000 - 10,000 employees

> 10,000

Construction Labour Jobs By Employer Size

Company SizePercentages
< 50 employees8%
50 - 100 employees20%
100 - 500 employees26%
500 - 1,000 employees9%
1,000 - 10,000 employees28%
> 10,000 employees9%

The Types Of Companies Construction Labour Work In

Employees with the construction labour job title have their preferences when it comes to working for a company. For instance, most construction labours prefer to work at private companies over public companies.

Education

Public

Private

Government

Construction Labour Jobs By Sector

Company TypePercentages
Education1%
Public11%
Private87%
Government1%

Top Industries Hiring Construction Labours

Just based on the number of employees within each industry, we were able to determine the most common industries that employ construction labours. Those industries include construction, professional and technology.

Construction

Professional

Technology

Manufacturing

Retail

Construction Labour Turnover And Employment Statistics

Construction Labour Unemployment Rate Over Time

The Bureau of Labor Statistics came in clutch when it came down to figuring out how the unemployment rate has changed over time. Between 2008 and 2018, this is how the number of construction labours changed.

  • Unemployment rate

Construction Labour Unemployment Rate By Year

YearConstruction Labour Unemployment Rate
201023.53%
201121.66%
201218.27%
201315.84%
201413.34%
201511.55%
201610.81%
20179.34%
20188.78%
20197.68%
202011.20%
202110.19%

The Average Number of Years That Construction Labour Stay in a Job

By looking over 35,000 construction labours resumes, we figured out that the average construction labour enjoys staying at their job for Less than 1 year for a percentage of 36%.

Less than one year

1-2 years

3-4 years

5-7 years

8-10 years

11+ years

Construction Labour Tenure

Number or YearsPercentages
Less than 1 year36%
1-2 years30%
3-4 years13%
5-7 years12%
8-10 years3%
11+ years6%

Comparing The LGBT Ratio of Construction Labours with Other Job Titles

After finding the gender ratio, we wondered if the percentages of LGBT persons were different as well. Using the data below, you can see how other job titles compare to construction labours.

Job TitleLGBTJob Openings
Stone Layer1.40%292
Residential Roofer1.43%8,712
Live Hanger1.75%844
Construction Labour2.24%-
Electrician Supervisor2.76%15,678
Marble Installer3.39%15,066
Tinker4.07%960

Construction Labour LGBT Demographics

ProfessionPercentages of LGBT Job Openings
Stone Layer1.40%292
Residential Roofer1.43%8,712
Live Hanger1.75%844
Electrician Supervisor2.76%15,678
Marble Installer3.39%15,066
Tinker4.07%960

Foreign Languages Spoken By Construction Labours

The most common foreign language among construction labours is Spanish at 79.5%. The second-most popular foreign language spoken is French at 4.4% and German is the third-most popular at 2.5%.

  • Spanish, 79.5%
  • French, 4.4%
  • German, 2.5%
  • Polish, 1.5%
  • Russian, 1.5%
  • Other, 10.6%

Construction Labour Languages Spoken

Foreign LanguagePercentages
Spanish79.5%
French4.4%
German2.5%
Polish1.5%
Russian1.5%
Other10.6%

Construction Labour Jobs

Construction Labour Heatmaps

The amount you can make as a construction labour can depend on where you live. For example, the highest salary of construction labours is $45,577. Use our chart to find out where that salary is located.

Where Do Construction Labours Earn The Most?

Construction labours earn the most in Hawaii, where the average construction labour salary is $52,876. The map here shows where construction labours earn the highest salaries in the U.S. The darker areas across the 50 states highlight the highest salaries.

Average Salary

Which State Has The Most Construction Labours?

By looking through more than 35,000 resumes, we found that the most popular places for construction labours are New York, NY and Chicago, IL.

Number of Construction Labours

Number Of Construction Labour Jobs By State

Where Are Construction Labours In High Demand?

Construction labours are in high demand in Phoenix, AZ. There are currently 31 job openings for construction labours here. We looked over job openings to determine where in the country construction labours are in the most demand.

Jobs Openings

Construction Labour Demographics FAQs

What Percentage Of Construction Labours Are Female?

8.2% of construction labours are female in the United States. This is 0.6 percentage points higher than last year. Additionally, the percentage of female construction labours has increased by 2.1 percentage points since 2010. That means there are a total of 63,763 female construction labours in the U.S. and 713,844 male construction labours in the United States. Note that Zippia's estimate accounts only for the 777,607 people with the specific job title of construction labour and doesn't include grouping similar job titles, or people with potentially similar credentialing.

How Many Construction Labour Are There In The Us?

There are over 738,368 Construction Labours in the United States.

What Percentage Of Construction Labours Are Black?

10.4% of Construction Labours are Black or African American

What Race Are Most Construction Labours?

Most a are White, with 55.3% of Construction Labours belonging to this ethnicity. 26.0% of Construction Labours are Hispanic or Latino, 10.4% of Construction Labours are Black or African American, 4.0% of Construction Labours are Unknown, 2.9% of Construction Labours are Asian, and 1.4% of Construction Labours are American Indian and Alaska Native

Are Construction Labour Jobs Male - Dominated?

Yes, Construction Labour jobs are male - dominated. 93% of Construction Labours are male, and 6% are female, so there are more male Construction Labours than female Construction Labours in the United States.

How Old Is The Average Construction Labour?

The average Construction Labour is 39 years old. 47% of Construction Labours are 40+ years old or older, 26% are between the ages of 30-40 years, and 25% are between 20-30 years old

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