Research Summary. Using a database of 30 million profiles, Zippia estimates demographics and statistics for construction workers in the United States. Our estimates are verified against BLS, Census, and current job openings data for accuracy. After extensive research and analysis, Zippia's data science team found that:

  • There are over 767,992 construction workers currently employed in the United States.
  • 6.2% of all construction workers are women, while 93.8% are men.
  • The average age of an employed construction worker is 38 years old.
  • The most common ethnicity of construction workers is White (52.9%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (27.7%), Black or African American (11.1%) and Unknown (4.0%).
  • In 2021, women earned 94% of what men earned.
  • 2% of all construction workers are LGBT.
  • Construction workers are 89% more likely to work at private companies in comparison to public companies.

Construction Worker Statistics By Gender

6.2% of construction workers are women and 93.8% of construction workers are men.

  • Male, 93.8%
  • Female, 6.2%

Construction Workers By Gender

GenderPercentages
Male93.8%
Female6.2%

Gender Pay Gap For Construction Worker

Women Earn 94¢ For Every $1 Earned By Men

male-income
Male Income
$32,234
female-income
Female Income
$30,204

Construction Worker Gender Over Time

This data shows how men and women predominate in the construction worker position over time.

Male
Female
100%
80%
60%
40%
20%
0%
2010
2011
2012
2013
2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
2019
2020
2021

Construction Worker Gender By Year

YearMaleFemale
201095.55%4.45%
201195.51%4.49%
201295.60%4.40%
201395.57%4.43%
201495.58%4.42%
201595.45%4.55%
201695.21%4.79%
201794.94%5.06%
201894.41%5.59%
201993.97%6.03%
202094.17%5.83%
202193.79%6.21%

Construction Worker Male to Female Ratio

We compared this job title with other job titles to see how gender percentages varied. As you can see, water softener installer and insulation worker have the biggest difference in gender.

Job TitleMaleFemale
Composition Floor Setter34%66%
Construction Worker94%6%
Gas Fitter97%3%
Insulation Worker97%2%
Water Softener Installer97%3%

Construction Worker Statistics By Race

The most common ethnicity among construction workers is White, which makes up 52.9% of all construction workers. Comparatively, there are 27.7% of the Hispanic or Latino ethnicity and 11.1% of the Black or African American ethnicity.

  • White, 52.9%
  • Hispanic or Latino, 27.7%
  • Black or African American, 11.1%
  • Unknown, 4.0%
  • Asian, 2.8%
  • American Indian and Alaska Native, 1.5%

Construction Worker Race

Construction Worker RacePercentages
White52.9%
Hispanic or Latino27.7%
Black or African American11.1%
Unknown4.0%
Asian2.8%
American Indian and Alaska Native1.5%

Construction Worker Race And Ethnicity Over Time

Using the Census Bureau data, we found out how the percentage of each ethnic category trended between 2010-2019 among construction workers.

  • White
  • Asian
  • Hispanic or Latino
  • Black or African American

Construction Worker Race By Year

YearWhiteBlack or African AmericanAsianHispanic or Latino
201063.15%11.62%2.29%20.15%
201162.53%12.84%2.24%19.10%
201262.36%12.28%2.37%19.18%
201363.01%11.88%2.24%19.58%
201462.12%11.69%2.46%20.42%
201560.46%11.38%2.47%22.45%
201660.10%11.15%2.63%22.78%
201759.80%11.25%2.61%23.11%
201860.58%10.67%2.69%22.53%
201958.73%10.71%2.73%24.48%
202056.32%11.90%2.74%23.81%
202152.95%11.08%2.82%27.69%

Construction Worker Wage Gap By Race

Unknown construction workers have the highest average salary compared to other ethnicities. Black or african american construction workers have the lowest average salary at $30,770.
$34,000
$33,000
$32,000
$31,000
$30,000
Unknown
White
Black or African American
Asian
Hispanic or Latino
EthnicitySalary
Unknown$33,091
White$33,089
Black or African American$30,770
Asian$32,504
Hispanic or Latino$31,774

Average Age of a Construction Worker

We determined the average age of construction workers based on ethnicity and gender.

Male
Female

Construction Worker Age By Race

RaceMale AgeFemale Age
Black or African American4146
Unknown3543.5
Asian39
Hispanic or Latino3940
White3839
American Indian and Alaska Native42

Construction Worker Age Breakdown

This chart breaks down the ages of construction worker employees. Interestingly enough, the average age of construction workers is 40+ years old, which represents 47% of the population.

40+ years

30-40 years

20-30 years


Construction Worker Age

Construction Worker YearsPercentages
40+ years47%
30-40 years26%
20-30 years25%

Types of Construction Worker Degree Levels

The most common degree for construction workers is high school diploma 51% of construction workers earn that degree. A close second is bachelor's degree with 19% and rounding it off is associate degree with 13%.

  • High School Diploma, 51%
  • Bachelors, 19%
  • Associate, 13%
  • Diploma, 11%
  • Other Degrees, 6%

Construction Workers By Education

Construction Worker DegreePercentages
High School Diploma51%
Bachelors19%
Associate13%
Diploma11%
Other Degrees6%

Construction Worker Jobs You Might Like

Construction Worker Wage Gap By Education

Construction workers with a Bachelors degree earn more than those without, at $33,976 annually. With a Associate degree, construction workers earn a median annual income of $33,668 compared to $32,191 for construction workers with an High School Diploma degree.
$35,000
$34,000
$33,000
$32,000
$31,000
$30,000
High School Diploma or Less
No Education
Bachelor's Degree
Some College/ Associate Degree
EducationSalary
High School Diploma or Less$32,191
No Education$30,457
Bachelor's Degree$33,976
Some College/ Associate Degree$33,668

Construction Worker Employment Statistics

This section highlights information about where construction workers work. We found most construction workers work for a private company. In addition, the industry that employs the most construction workers is the construction industry.

Company Size

We created this chart to show you the average size of companies that typically hire construction workers.

< 50 employees

50 - 100 employees

100 - 500 employees

500 - 1,000 employees

1,000 - 10,000 employees

> 10,000

Construction Worker Jobs By Employer Size

Company SizePercentages
< 50 employees8%
50 - 100 employees25%
100 - 500 employees26%
500 - 1,000 employees10%
1,000 - 10,000 employees23%
> 10,000 employees7%

The Types Of Companies Construction Worker Work In

Employees with the construction worker job title have their preferences when it comes to working for a company. For instance, most construction workers prefer to work at private companies over public companies.

Education

Public

Private

Government

Construction Worker Jobs By Sector

Company TypePercentages
Education1%
Public7%
Private89%
Government3%

Top Industries Hiring Construction Workers

Just based on the number of employees within each industry, we were able to determine the most common industries that employ construction workers. Those industries include construction, professional and manufacturing.

Construction

Professional

Manufacturing

Retail

Government

Construction Worker Turnover And Employment Statistics

Construction Worker Unemployment Rate Over Time

The Bureau of Labor Statistics came in clutch when it came down to figuring out how the unemployment rate has changed over time. Between 2008 and 2018, this is how the number of construction workers changed.

  • Unemployment rate

Construction Worker Unemployment Rate By Year

YearConstruction Worker Unemployment Rate
201023.53%
201121.66%
201218.27%
201315.84%
201413.34%
201511.55%
201610.81%
20179.34%
20188.78%
20197.68%
202011.20%
202110.19%

The Average Number of Years That Construction Worker Stay in a Job

By looking over 43,804 construction workers resumes, we figured out that the average construction worker enjoys staying at their job for Less than 1 year for a percentage of 33%.

Less than one year

1-2 years

3-4 years

5-7 years

8-10 years

11+ years

Construction Worker Tenure

Number or YearsPercentages
Less than 1 year33%
1-2 years30%
3-4 years13%
5-7 years13%
8-10 years4%
11+ years7%

Comparing The LGBT Ratio of Construction Workers with Other Job Titles

After finding the gender ratio, we wondered if the percentages of LGBT persons were different as well. Using the data below, you can see how other job titles compare to construction workers.

Job TitleLGBTJob Openings
Acid Tank Liner1.40%4,324
Gravel Roofer1.43%1,225
Drywall Hanger, Framer1.75%614
Construction Worker2.24%-
Apprentice To Journeyman2.76%19,776
Tile Applicator3.39%3,085
Metal Ceiling Hanger4.07%2,825

Construction Worker LGBT Demographics

ProfessionPercentages of LGBT Job Openings
Acid Tank Liner1.40%4,324
Gravel Roofer1.43%1,225
Drywall Hanger, Framer1.75%614
Apprentice To Journeyman2.76%19,776
Tile Applicator3.39%3,085
Metal Ceiling Hanger4.07%2,825

Foreign Languages Spoken By Construction Workers

The most common foreign language among construction workers is Spanish at 75.2%. The second-most popular foreign language spoken is French at 4.6% and Portuguese is the third-most popular at 2.9%.

  • Spanish, 75.2%
  • French, 4.6%
  • Portuguese, 2.9%
  • German, 2.4%
  • Polish, 2.3%
  • Other, 12.6%

Construction Worker Languages Spoken

Foreign LanguagePercentages
Spanish75.2%
French4.6%
Portuguese2.9%
German2.4%
Polish2.3%
Other12.6%

Construction Worker Jobs

Construction Worker Heatmaps

The amount you can make as a construction worker can depend on where you live. For example, the highest salary of construction workers is $44,478. Use our chart to find out where that salary is located.

Where Do Construction Workers Earn The Most?

Construction workers earn the most in New York, where the average construction worker salary is $47,620. The map here shows where construction workers earn the highest salaries in the U.S. The darker areas across the 50 states highlight the highest salaries.

Average Salary

Which State Has The Most Construction Workers?

By looking through more than 43,804 resumes, we found that the most popular places for construction workers are New York, NY and Houston, TX.

Number of Construction Workers

Number Of Construction Worker Jobs By State

Construction Worker Demographics FAQs

What Percentage Of Construction Workers Are Female?

8.4% of construction workers are female in the United States. This is 0.6 percentage points higher than last year. Additionally, the percentage of female construction workers has increased by 2.1 percentage points since 2010. That means there are a total of 67,946 female construction workers in the U.S. and 740,945 male construction workers in the United States. Note that Zippia's estimate accounts only for the 808,891 people with the specific job title of construction worker and doesn't include grouping similar job titles, or people with potentially similar credentialing.

How Many Construction Worker Are There In The Us?

There are over 767,992 Construction Workers in the United States.

What Percentage Of Construction Workers Are Black?

11.1% of Construction Workers are Black or African American

What Race Are Most Construction Workers?

Most a are White, with 52.9% of Construction Workers belonging to this ethnicity. 27.7% of Construction Workers are Hispanic or Latino, 11.1% of Construction Workers are Black or African American, 4.0% of Construction Workers are Unknown, 2.8% of Construction Workers are Asian, and 1.5% of Construction Workers are American Indian and Alaska Native

Are Construction Worker Jobs Male - Dominated?

Yes, Construction Worker jobs are male - dominated. 93% of Construction Workers are male, and 6% are female, so there are more male Construction Workers than female Construction Workers in the United States.

How Old Is The Average Construction Worker?

The average Construction Worker is 39 years old. 47% of Construction Workers are 40+ years old or older, 26% are between the ages of 30-40 years, and 25% are between 20-30 years old

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