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All lawyers must have a law degree and must also typically pass a state’s written bar examination.Education
Becoming a lawyer usually takes 7 years of full-time study after high school—4 years of undergraduate study, followed by 3 years of law school. Most states and jurisdictions require lawyers to complete a juris doctor (J.D.) degree from a law school accredited by the American Bar Association (ABA). ABA accreditation signifies that the law school—particularly its curricula and faculty—meets certain standards.
A bachelor’s degree is required for entry into most law schools, and courses in English, public speaking, government, history, economics, and mathematics are useful.
Almost all law schools, particularly those approved by the ABA, require applicants to take the Law School Admission Test (LSAT). This test measures applicants’ aptitude for the study of law.
A J.D. degree program includes courses such as constitutional law, contracts, property law, civil procedure, and legal writing. Law students may choose specialized courses in areas such as tax, labor, and corporate law.Licenses
Prospective lawyers take licensing exams called "bar exams." When a lawyer receives their license to practice law, they are "admitted to the bar."
To practice law in any state, a person must be admitted to the state’s bar under rules established by the jurisdiction’s highest court. The requirements vary by individual states and jurisdictions. For more details on individual state and jurisdiction requirements, visit the National Conference of Bar Examiners.
Most states require that applicants graduate from an ABA-accredited law school, pass one or more written bar exams, and be found by an admitting board to have the character to represent and advise others. Prior felony convictions, academic misconduct, or a history of substance abuse are just some factors that may disqualify an applicant from being admitted to the bar.
Lawyers who want to practice in more than one state often must take the bar exam in each state.
After graduation, lawyers must keep informed about legal developments that affect their practices. Almost all states require lawyers to participate in continuing legal education either every year or every 3 years.
Many law schools and state and local bar associations provide continuing legal education courses that help lawyers stay current with recent developments. Courses vary by state and generally cover a subject within the practice of law, such as legal ethics, taxes and tax fraud, and healthcare. Some states allow lawyers to take their continuing education credits through online courses.Advancement
Newly hired attorneys usually start as associates and work with more experienced lawyers. After several years, some lawyers may be admitted to partnership of their firm, which means they become partial owners of the firm.
After gaining a few years of work experience, some lawyers go into practice for themselves or move to the legal department of a large corporation. Very few in-house attorneys are hired directly out of law school.
A small number of experienced lawyers are nominated or elected to judgeships. Other lawyers may become full-time law school faculty and administrators. For more information about judges and law school faculty, see the profile on judges and hearing officers and the profile on postsecondary teachers.Other Experience
Law students often gain practical experience by participating in school-sponsored legal clinics, in a school’s moot court competitions, in practice trials under the supervision of experienced lawyers and judges, and through research and writing on legal issues for a school’s law journals.
Part-time jobs or summer internships in law firms, government agencies, and corporate legal departments also provide valuable experience. Some smaller firms, government agencies, and public interest organizations may hire students as summer associate interns after they have completed their first year at law school. Many larger firms’ summer internship programs are only eligible to law students who have completed their second year. These experiences can help law students decide what kind of legal work they want to focus on in their careers, and these internships may lead directly to a job after graduation.Important Qualities
Analytical skills. Lawyers help their clients resolve problems and issues. As a result, they must be able to analyze large amounts of information, determine relevant facts, and propose viable solutions.
Interpersonal skills. Lawyers must win the respect and confidence of their clients by building a trusting relationship, so that clients feel comfortable enough to share personal information related to their case.
Problem-solving skills. Lawyers must separate their emotions and prejudice from their clients’ problems and objectively evaluate the matter. Therefore, good problem-solving skills are important for lawyers, to prepare the best defense and recommendation.
Research skills. Preparing legal advice or representation for a client commonly requires substantial research. All lawyers need to be able to find what applicable laws and regulations apply to a specific matter.
Speaking skills. Clients hire lawyers to speak on their behalf. Lawyers must be able to clearly present and explain their case to arbitrators, mediators, opposing parties, judges, or juries.
Writing skills. Lawyers need to be precise and specific when preparing documents, such as wills, trusts, and powers of attorney.
Top Careers Before Corporate Counsel
Top Careers After Corporate Counsel
Hispanic or Latino8.8%
Black or African American0.7%
Unfortunately we don’t have enough data for this section.
Santa Clara University7.1%
University of Denver6.3%
John Marshall Law School5.5%
New York Law School5.5%
Southern Methodist University5.2%
University of San Francisco4.4%
Southwestern Law School4.4%
George Washington University4.1%
South Texas College of Law3.8%
University of Pittsburgh -3.8%
University of Florida3.6%
University of Virginia3.6%
Unfortunately we don’t have enough data for this section.
|Job Title||Company||Location||Start Date||Salary|
|Corporate Counsel||Google Inc.||Mountain View, CA||May 19, 2015||$245,000|
|Corporate Counsel||Comverging Technologies LLC||Seattle, WA||Mar 16, 2011||$240,000|
|Corporate Counsel||Google Inc.||San Bruno, CA||Feb 08, 2016||$240,000|
|Corporate Counsel||Google Inc.||Mountain View, CA||Dec 23, 2016||$238,000|
|Associate Corporate Counsel||Google Inc.||Mountain View, CA||Dec 23, 2016||$238,000|
|Corporate Counsel||Google Inc.||Mountain View, CA||Aug 13, 2015||$225,000|
|Corporate Counsel||Google Inc.||Mountain View, CA||Sep 11, 2013||$225,000|
|Corporate Counsel||Google Inc.||Mountain View, CA||Jul 24, 2015||$224,536|
|Associate Corporate Counsel||Verily Life Sciences, LLC||South San Francisco, CA||Apr 29, 2016||$220,000|
|Corporate Counsel||Google Inc.||Mountain View, CA||Oct 14, 2013||$220,000|
|Senior Corporate Counsel (Regulatory Advisor)||Pfizer Inc.||New York, NY||Oct 22, 2012||$207,106 -
|Senior Corporate Counsel||Synnex Corporation||Fremont, CA||Oct 01, 2014||$204,000|
|Associate Corporate Counsel||Google Inc.||Palo Alto, CA||Sep 06, 2014||$202,500|
|Counsel, Corporate Transactions||Viacom International Inc.||New York, NY||Sep 02, 2015||$170,156|
|Corporate Counsel||Gopro Inc.||San Francisco, CA||Aug 25, 2015||$170,000|
|Corporate Counsel||Gopro Inc.||San Francisco, CA||Nov 19, 2015||$170,000|
|Corporate Counsel||Nintendo of America Inc.||Redmond, WA||Oct 09, 2016||$165,000|
|Corporate Counsel||Esurance Insurance Services, Inc.||San Francisco, CA||Apr 08, 2013||$160,000|
|Corporate Counsel||Renesas Electronics America Inc.||Santa Clara, CA||Aug 01, 2016||$160,000|
|Corporate Counsel||Zendesk, Inc.||San Francisco, CA||Jun 09, 2016||$157,500|
|Ethics & Compliance Director, LA, & Corporate Counsel||Cummins Inc.||Indianapolis, IN||Aug 29, 2016||$129,800 -
|Senior Corporate Counsel||ADT LLC||Boca Raton, FL||Aug 15, 2013||$125,778 -
|Corporate Counsel||Slalom, LLC||Seattle, WA||Sep 29, 2014||$125,000 -
|Senior Corporate Counsel, Sourcing||Ferguson Enterprises, Inc.||Jersey City, NJ||Aug 01, 2014||$125,000 -
|Senior Corporate Counsel, Sourcing||Ferguson Enterprises, Inc.||Jersey City, NJ||Jan 09, 2016||$125,000 -
|Associate Corporate Counsel||CBS Interactive, Inc.||San Francisco, CA||Nov 17, 2014||$125,000|
|Corporate Counsel||Kaneka Americas Holding, Inc.||Pasadena, TX||Aug 30, 2016||$119,642|
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