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Graphic designers usually need a bachelor’s degree in graphic design or a related field. Candidates for graphic design positions should demonstrate their creativity and originality through a professional portfolio that features their best designs.Education
A bachelor’s degree in graphic design or a related field is usually required. However, those with a bachelor’s degree in another field may pursue technical training in graphic design to meet most hiring qualifications.
The National Association of Schools of Art and Design accredits about 320 postsecondary colleges, universities, and independent institutes with programs in art and design. Most schools include studio art, principles of design, computerized design, commercial graphics production, printing techniques, and website design. In addition, students should consider courses in writing, marketing, and business, all of which are useful in helping designers work effectively on project teams.
High school students interested in graphic design should take basic art and design courses in high school, if the courses are available. Many bachelor's degree programs require students to complete a year of basic art and design courses before being admitted to a formal degree program. Some schools require applicants to submit sketches and other examples of their artistic ability.
Many programs provide students with the opportunity to build a professional portfolio of their designs. For many artists, including graphic designers, developing a portfolio—a collection of design ideas that demonstrates their styles and abilities—is essential because employers rely heavily on a designer’s portfolio in deciding whether to hire the individual.
Graphic designers must keep up with new and updated computer graphics and design software, either on their own or through formal software training programs. Professional associations that specialize in graphic design, such as AIGA, offer courses intended to keep the skills of their members up to date.Other Experience
Graphic designers often gain their initial experience through internships. It provides aspiring graphic designers an opportunity to work with designers and experience the design process from concept to completion while completing a design program.Licenses, Certifications, and Registrations
Certification programs are generally available through software product vendors. Certification in graphic design software can demonstrate a level of competence and may provide a jobseeker with a competitive advantage.Advancement
Experienced graphic designers may advance to chief designer, art director, or other supervisory positions.Important Qualities
Analytical skills. Graphic designers must be able to look at their work from the point of view of their consumers and examine how the designs they develop will be perceived by consumers to ensure they convey the client’s desired message.
Artistic ability. Graphic designers must be able to create designs that are artistically interesting and appealing to clients and consumers. They produce rough illustrations of design ideas, either by hand sketching or by using computer programs.
Communication skills. Graphic designers must communicate with clients, customers, and other designers to ensure that their designs accurately reflect the desired message and effectively express information.
Computer skills. Most graphic designers use specialized graphic design software to prepare their designs.
Creativity. Graphic designers must be able to think of new approaches to communicating ideas to consumers. They develop unique designs that convey a recognizable meaning on behalf of their clients.
Time-management skills. Graphic designers often work on multiple projects at the same time, each with a different deadline.
Average Length of Employment
Top Careers Before Creative Designer
Top Careers After Creative Designer
Hispanic or Latino12.6%
Black or African American0.7%
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Savannah College of Art and Design11.6%
Fashion Institute of Technology10.9%
Academy of Art University7.5%
University of Phoenix6.8%
Iowa State University5.4%
Florida State University4.8%
Michigan State University4.1%
School of Visual Arts4.1%
College for Creative Studies4.1%
Virginia Commonwealth University4.1%
Parsons the New School for Design4.1%
Art Institute of Pittsburgh4.1%
University of North Texas3.4%
Art Institute of California - Inland3.4%
Rochester Institute of Technology3.4%
Brigham Young University - Idaho3.4%
Art Institute of Fort Lauderdale Inc3.4%
University of Florida3.4%
Full Sail University3.4%
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|Job Title||Company||Location||Start Date||Salary|
|Senior Creative Designer||Faraday&Future Inc.||Gardena, CA||May 10, 2016||$150,000|
|Art Director, Creative Design||Directv LLC||New York, NY||Sep 10, 2014||$130,686 -
|SR. Manager, Creative Design Operations||Apple Inc.||Culver City, CA||Aug 11, 2015||$130,000 -
|Director of Creative Design||Swappy, Inc.||Providence, RI||May 25, 2015||$126,000|
|Lead Creative Designer||General Motors Company||Warren, MI||Jan 12, 2016||$125,015|
|Senior Creative Program Designer||General Motors Company||CA||Aug 22, 2013||$125,000|
|Lead Creative Designer||General Motors Company||Warren, MI||Feb 20, 2015||$125,000|
|Creative Designer Lead||Disney International Employment Services, Inc.||Glendale, CA||Nov 15, 2015||$118,580|
|SR. Creative Program Designer||General Motors Company||CA||Sep 04, 2015||$118,008|
|Creative Program Designer||General Motors Company||CA||Jun 26, 2015||$118,008|
|Creative Technology Designer||Walt Disney Imagineering Research and Development, Inc.||Glendale, CA||Apr 12, 2016||$117,500|
|Senior Creative Designer||General Motors Company||Warren, MI||Aug 25, 2016||$108,335|
|SR. Creative Program Designer||General Motors Company||Warren, MI||Aug 28, 2015||$108,000|
|Creative Designer||Walt Disney Parks and Resorts U.S., Inc.||Glendale, CA||Oct 01, 2014||$107,187|
|Senior Creative Designer||General Motors Company||Warren, MI||Jul 09, 2016||$89,660|
|Creative Designer||Innovative Business Group Inc.||Los Angeles, CA||May 01, 2016||$88,130|
|Creative Designer||General Motors Company||Warren, MI||Apr 09, 2016||$88,008|
|Creative Designer||General Motors Company||Warren, MI||Jul 09, 2016||$88,008|
|Creative Designer||General Motors Company||Warren, MI||Sep 09, 2016||$88,008|
|Creative Designer||General Motors Company||Warren, MI||Oct 01, 2014||$84,264|
|Creative Designer||Walt Disney Parks and Resorts U.S., Inc.||Bay Lake, FL||Sep 01, 2015||$83,750|
|Senior Creative Designer||General Motors Company||Warren, MI||May 12, 2016||$82,959|
|Designer, Logo Creative||Viacom International, Inc.||New York, NY||Sep 21, 2013||$72,100|
|Associate Creative Designer||Walt Disney Parks and Resorts U.S., Inc.||Glendale, CA||Sep 02, 2013||$71,543|
|Creative Designer||General Motors Company||Warren, MI||Jul 02, 2015||$70,692|
|Creative Designer||General Motors Company||Warren, MI||Oct 01, 2014||$70,692|
|Creative Designer||General Motors Company||Warren, MI||Aug 23, 2016||$70,500|
|Creative Designer||General Motors Company||Warren, MI||Sep 16, 2015||$70,500|
|Creative Designer||General Motors Company||Warren, MI||Aug 23, 2016||$70,056|
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