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Database administrators (DBAs) usually have a bachelor’s degree in an information- or computer-related subject such as computer science. Before becoming an administrator, these workers typically get work experience in a related field.Education
Most database administrators have a bachelor’s degree in management information systems (MIS) or a computer-related field. Firms with large databases may prefer applicants who have a master’s degree focusing on data or database management, typically either in computer science, information systems, or information technology.
Database administrators need an understanding of database languages, the most common of which is Structured Query Language, commonly called SQL. Most database systems use some variation of SQL, and a DBA will need to become familiar with whichever programming language the firm uses.Licenses, Certifications, and Registrations
Certification is generally offered directly from software vendors or from vendor-neutral certification providers. Certification validates the knowledge and best practices required from DBAs. Companies may require their database administrators to be certified in the products they use.Work Experience in a Related Occupation
Most do not begin their careers as database administrators. Many first work as database developers or data analysts. A database developer is a type of software developer who specializes in creating databases. The job of a data analyst is to interpret the information stored in a database in a way the firm can use. Depending on their specialty, data analysts can have different job titles, including financial analyst, market research analyst, and operations research analyst. After mastering one of these fields, they may become a database administrator. For more information, see the profiles on software developers, financial analysts, market research analysts, and operations research analysts.Advancement
Database administrators can advance to become computer and information systems managers.Important Qualities
Analytical skills. DBAs must be able to monitor a database system’s performance to determine when action is needed. They must be able to evaluate complex information that comes from a variety of sources.
Communication skills. Most database administrators work on teams and must be able to communicate effectively with developers, managers, and other workers.
Detail oriented. Working with databases requires an understanding of complex systems, in which a minor error can cause major problems. For example, mixing up customers’ credit card information can cause someone to be charged for a purchase he or she didn’t make.
Logical thinking. Database administrators must make sense of data and organize it in a meaningful pattern so that it is easily retrievable.
Problem-solving skills. When problems with a database arise, administrators must be able to troubleshoot and correct the problems.
Average Length of Employment
Top Careers Before Development Administrator
Top Careers After Development Administrator
Hispanic or Latino7.2%
Black or African American1.8%
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University of Phoenix17.9%
Bryn Mawr College11.6%
University of Houston6.3%
Texas A&M University5.3%
More Tech Institute5.3%
University of Maryland - University College4.8%
University of Bridgeport4.8%
University of Minnesota - Twin Cities4.3%
Iowa State University4.3%
San Jose State University3.4%
University of Southern California3.4%
San Diego State University3.4%
University of Texas at Austin3.4%
Austin Community College3.4%
University of Pennsylvania2.9%
George Mason University2.9%
Utah State University2.9%
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|Job Title||Company||Location||Start Date||Salary|
|Salesforce Developer Administrator||Ooyala Inc.||Santa Clara, CA||Jul 11, 2016||$145,000|
|Salesforce Developer Administrator||Ooyala Inc.||Santa Clara, CA||Nov 07, 2016||$145,000|
|Senior Hyperion EPM Developer/Administrator||Intuitive Surgical Operations, Inc.||Sunnyvale, CA||Jun 11, 2016||$142,376 -
|Moss Developer/Administrator||Charter Brokerage LLC||New York, NY||Jul 15, 2016||$140,000|
|Applications Development-Database Developer/Administrator||The Blackstone Group||New York, NY||Oct 01, 2015||$133,900|
|Senior Hyperion Developer/Administrator||Tripadvisor LLC||Needham, MA||Mar 22, 2016||$131,747 -
|Applications Development-Database Developer/Administrator||The Blackstone Group||New York, NY||Feb 27, 2015||$130,000|
|Application Development Database Developer/Administrator||The Blackstone Group||New York, NY||Dec 29, 2016||$121,202|
|Application Development Database Developer/Administrator||The Blackstone Group||New York, NY||Dec 19, 2016||$121,202|
|Remedy Admin and Developer||Anjus LLC||San Jose, CA||Apr 15, 2016||$121,046|
|Servicenow Developer/Admin||Ibeam Technologies, Inc.||Mountain View, CA||Jan 09, 2016||$120,754|
|Servicenow Developer/Admin||Ibeam Technologies, Inc.||Palo Alto, CA||Jan 09, 2016||$120,754|
|Hyperion Developer/Essbase Administrator||Beazer General Services, Inc.||Atlanta, GA||Aug 26, 2016||$120,000|
|Servicenow Developer/Admin||Ibeam Technologies, Inc.||Mountain View, CA||Jan 09, 2016||$98,342|
|Servicenow Developer/Admin||Ibeam Technologies, Inc.||Palo Alto, CA||Jan 09, 2016||$98,342|
|NAV Developer/Administrator||Burlingame Industries, Inc.||Rialto, CA||May 27, 2016||$95,000|
|Salesforce Developer/Administrator||Barton and Associates Inc.||Peabody, MA||Dec 15, 2016||$95,000|
|SQL Developer/Administrator||Ipreo Us LLC||Raleigh, NC||Jan 15, 2016||$94,307|
|Enterprise Application Integration (EAI) Developer/Administr||Immucor, Inc.||Norcross, GA||Nov 05, 2016||$93,400|
|Web Developer/Administrator||University of North Dakota||Grand Forks, ND||Oct 06, 2015||$93,246|
|Computer Specialist/Ystem Support and Development Admin 2||Accenture LLP||Atlanta, GA||Feb 16, 2015||$73,237|
|Product Development Administrator||Walker Reid Strategies Inc.||Lake Worth, FL||Sep 27, 2016||$72,675|
|Qlikview Developer/Administrator||Ventois Inc.||Shrewsbury, MA||Nov 22, 2016||$72,000|
|Remedy Developer/Administrator||1 Way Solutions, Inc.||Houston, TX||Oct 15, 2015||$72,000|
|Remedy Developer/Administrator||1 Way Solutions, Inc.||The Woodlands, TX||Sep 11, 2015||$72,000|
|Remedy Developer/Administrator||1 Way Solutions, Inc.||Reston, VA||Jan 08, 2015||$71,614|
|Servicenow Developer/Admin||Ibeam Technologies, Inc.||Milwaukee, WI||Jul 20, 2016||$71,563|
|Servicenow Developer/Admin||Ibeam Technologies, Inc.||Milwaukee, WI||Jan 09, 2016||$71,563 -
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Day in the Life: Los Angeles Datacenter (QuadraNet)