Where do you want to work?
Electrical and electronics engineers must have a bachelor’s degree. Employers also value practical experience, so participation in cooperative engineering programs, in which students earn academic credit for structured work experience. Having a Professional Engineer (PE) license may improve an engineer’s chances of finding employment.Education
High school students interested in studying electrical or electronics engineering benefit from taking courses in physics and mathematics, including algebra, trigonometry, and calculus. Courses in drafting are also helpful, because electrical and electronics engineers often are required to prepare technical drawings.
In order to enter the occupation, prospective electrical and electronics engineers need a bachelor’s degree in electrical engineering, electronics engineering, or electrical engineering technology. Programs include classroom, laboratory, and field studies. Courses include digital systems design, differential equations, and electrical circuit theory. Programs in electrical engineering, electronics engineering, or electrical engineering technology should be accredited by ABET.
Some colleges and universities offer cooperative programs in which students gain practical experience while completing their education. Cooperative programs combine classroom study with practical work. Internships provide similar experience and are growing in number.
At some universities, students can enroll in a 5-year program that leads to both a bachelor’s degree and a master’s degree. A graduate degree allows an engineer to work as an instructor at some universities, or in research and development.Important Qualities
Concentration. Electrical and electronics engineers design and develop complex electrical systems and electronic components and products. They must be able to keep track of multiple design elements and technical characteristics when performing these tasks.
Initiative. Electrical and electronics engineers must be able to apply their knowledge to new tasks in every project they undertake. In addition, they must engage in continuing education to keep up with changes in technology.
Interpersonal skills. Electrical and electronics engineers must be able to work with others during the manufacturing process to ensure that their plans are implemented correctly. This collaboration includes monitoring technicians and devising remedies to problems as they arise.
Math skills. Electrical and electronics engineers must be able to use the principles of calculus and other advanced math in order to analyze, design, and troubleshoot equipment.
Speaking skills. Electrical and electronics engineers work closely with other engineers and technicians. They must be able to explain their designs and reasoning clearly and to relay instructions during product development and production. They also may need to explain complex issues to customers who have little or no technical expertise.
Writing skills. Electrical and electronics engineers develop technical publications related to equipment they develop, including maintenance manuals, operation manuals, parts lists, product proposals, and design methods documents.Licenses, Certifications, and Registrations
Licensure is not required for entry-level positions as electrical and electronics engineers. A Professional Engineering (PE) license, which allows for higher levels of leadership and independence, can be acquired later in one’s career. Licensed engineers are called professional engineers (PEs). A PE can oversee the work of other engineers, sign off on projects, and provide services directly to the public. State licensure generally requires
The initial Fundamentals of Engineering (FE) exam can be taken right after graduation from a college or university. Engineers who pass this exam commonly are called engineers in training (EITs) or engineer interns (EIs). After getting work experience, EITs can take the second exam, called the Principles and Practice of Engineering exam.
Several states require engineers to take continuing education courses to keep their license. Most states recognize licensure from other states if the licensing state’s requirements meet or exceed their own licensure requirements.Advancement
Electrical and electronic engineers may advance to supervisory positions in which they lead a team of engineers and technicians. Some may move to management positions, working as engineering or program managers. Preparation for managerial positions usually requires working under the guidance of a more experienced engineer. For more information, see the profile on architectural and engineering managers.
For sales work, an engineering background enables engineers to discuss a product's technical aspects and assist in product planning and use. For more information, see the profile on sales engineers.
Average Length of Employment
Top Careers Before Device Engineer
Top Careers After Device Engineer
Hispanic or Latino8.6%
Black or African American0.6%
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Arizona State University14.7%
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute9.5%
University of Texas at Austin8.4%
San Jose State University7.4%
University of California - Los Angeles5.3%
University of Texas at Arlington4.2%
Pennsylvania State University4.2%
Rochester Institute of Technology4.2%
University of Connecticut3.2%
University of Florida3.2%
North Carolina State University3.2%
University of Pennsylvania3.2%
Brigham Young University3.2%
University of Central Florida3.2%
University of California - Riverside3.2%
South Dakota State University3.2%
University of Phoenix3.2%
University of Virginia3.2%
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|Job Title||Company||Location||Start Date||Salary|
|Manager II Device Engineer||Sandisk Corporation||Milpitas, CA||Aug 25, 2015||$178,443|
|Principal Android Device Engineer/Architect||Magiccube, Inc.||Sunnyvale, CA||Aug 10, 2015||$155,000|
|Principal Device Engineer||Power Integrations, Inc.||San Jose, CA||Aug 19, 2015||$150,000 -
|Manager TD Device Engineering||Globalfoundries U.S. Inc.||Malta, NY||Apr 10, 2015||$146,682 -
|Staff Device Engineer||Sandisk Corporation||Milpitas, CA||Aug 31, 2015||$135,462|
|Device Engineer||Sandisk Corporation||Milpitas, CA||Jun 29, 2016||$135,000 -
|Staff Device Engineer||Sandisk Corporation||Milpitas, CA||Sep 14, 2015||$134,605|
|MTS Device Technology Engineer||Spansion LLC||Sunnyvale, CA||Jan 07, 2015||$134,214|
|Device Engineer||Sandisk Corporation||Milpitas, CA||May 16, 2016||$133,900 -
|Staff Device Engineer||Sandisk Corporation||Milpitas, CA||Dec 17, 2015||$130,562|
|Principal Device Engineer||Semiconductor Components Industries, LLC||San Jose, CA||Aug 28, 2015||$130,000|
|Process Device Engineer||Xilinx, Inc.||San Jose, CA||Aug 14, 2016||$126,567|
|Device Engineer||Sandisk Corporation||Milpitas, CA||Dec 16, 2015||$125,965 -
|Device Engineer||Sandisk Corporation||Milpitas, CA||Nov 08, 2016||$124,696 -
|Tcad Device Engineer||Micron Technology, Inc.||Boise, ID||Jan 16, 2015||$107,000|
|IC Device Characterization Engineer||Analog Devices, Inc.||Wilmington, MA||Oct 10, 2016||$106,644 -
|Device Assurance Engineer||IBM Corporation||Hopewell Junction, NY||Oct 01, 2015||$105,435 -
|Device Engineer||Sandisk Corporation||Milpitas, CA||Oct 14, 2015||$105,394|
|Device Engineer||Micron Technology, Inc.||Boise, ID||Jun 15, 2016||$105,300|
|Device Engineer||Micron Technology, Inc.||Boise, ID||Jul 09, 2016||$105,300|
|Device Engineer||Sandisk Corporation||Milpitas, CA||Nov 25, 2015||$105,000 -
|Sourcing Engineer-Devices Group or Other||Microsoft Corporation||Redmond, WA||Jan 21, 2016||$104,500 -
|Tcad Device Engineer||Micron Technology, Inc.||Boise, ID||Jul 24, 2015||$93,000|
|Tcad Device Engineer||Micron Technology, Inc.||Boise, ID||Jul 14, 2015||$93,000|
|Device Engineer||Royole Corporation||Fremont, CA||Nov 30, 2016||$92,581|
|Device Engineer II||Sandisk Corporation||Milpitas, CA||Sep 13, 2015||$92,250|
|Device Engineer II||Sandisk Corporation||Milpitas, CA||Jun 21, 2016||$92,162 -
|Principal Engineer TD Device Engineering||Globalfoundries U.S. Inc.||Malta, NY||Sep 07, 2015||$92,123 -
|Pharmaceutical Scientist-Device Engineering||Abbvie Inc.||North Chicago, IL||Mar 09, 2016||$91,778|
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