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Most medical and health services managers have at least a bachelor’s degree before entering the field. However, master’s degrees are common and sometimes preferred by employers. Educational requirements vary by facility.Education
Medical and health services managers typically need at least a bachelor’s degree to enter the occupation. However, master’s degrees are common and sometimes preferred by employers. Graduate programs often last between 2 and 3 years and may include up to 1 year of supervised administrative experience in a hospital or healthcare consulting setting.
Prospective medical and health services managers typically have a degree in health administration, health management, nursing, public health administration, or business administration. Degrees that focus on both management and healthcare combine business-related courses with courses in medical terminology, hospital organization, and health information systems. For example, a degree in health administration or health information management often includes courses in health services management, accounting and budgeting, human resources administration, strategic planning, law and ethics, health economics, and health information systems.Work Experience in a Related Occupation
Many employers require prospective medical and health services managers to have some work experience in either an administrative or a clinical role in a hospital or other healthcare facility. For example, nursing home administrators usually have years of experience working as a registered nurse.
Others may begin their careers as medical records and health information technicians, administrative assistants, or financial clerks within a healthcare office.Important Qualities
Analytical skills. Medical and health services managers must understand and follow current regulations and adapt to new laws.
Communication skills. These managers must effectively communicate policies and procedures with other health professionals and ensure their staff’s compliance with new laws and regulations.
Detail oriented. Medical and health services managers must pay attention to detail. They might be required to organize and maintain scheduling and billing information for very large facilities, such as hospitals.
Interpersonal skills. Medical and health services managers discuss staffing problems and patient information with other professionals, such as physicians and health insurance representatives.
Leadership skills. These managers are often responsible for finding creative solutions to staffing or other administrative problems. They must hire, train, motivate, and lead staff.
Technical skills. Medical and health services managers must stay up to date with advances in healthcare technology and data analytics. For example, they may need to use coding and classification software and electronic health record (EHR) systems as their facility adopts these technologies.Licenses, Certifications, and Registrations
All states require licensure for nursing home administrators; requirements vary by state. In most states, these administrators must have a bachelor’s degree, complete a state-approved training program, and pass a national licensing exam. Some states also require applicants to pass a state-specific exam; others may require applicants to have previous work experience in a healthcare facility. Some states also require licensure for administrators in assisted-living facilities. For information on specific state-by-state licensure requirements, visit the National Association of Long Term Care Administrator Boards.
A license is typically not required in other areas of medical and health services management. However, some positions may require applicants to have a registered nurse or social worker license.
Although certification is not required, some managers choose to become certified. Certification is available in many areas of practice. For example, the Professional Association of Health Care Office Management offers certification in medical management, the American Health Information Management Association offers health information management certification, and the American College of Health Care Administrators offers the Certified Nursing Home Administrator and Certified Assisted Living Administrator distinctions.Advancement
Medical and health services managers advance by moving into higher paying positions with more responsibility. Some health information managers, for example, can advance to become responsible for the entire hospital’s information systems. Other managers may advance to top executive positions within the organization.
Average Length of Employment
Top Careers Before Director Of Pharmacist
Top Careers After Director Of Pharmacist
Hispanic or Latino7.5%
Black or African American1.2%
Director Of Pharmacist
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University of Florida12.8%
University of Kentucky6.1%
University of Phoenix5.3%
Massachusetts College of Pharmacy & Health Sciences5.0%
University of Southern California5.0%
University of Louisiana at Monroe5.0%
Saint Louis College of Pharmacy4.4%
West Virginia University4.2%
University of Texas at Austin4.2%
University of Kansas4.2%
University of Mississippi4.2%
University of Georgia4.2%
Wayne State University3.9%
Saint John's University - New York3.9%
University of Houston3.9%
Ferris State University3.6%
University of Iowa3.6%
Director Of Pharmacist
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|Job Title||Company||Location||Start Date||Salary|
|Director of Pharmacy||Florida Hospital Heartland Division||Sebring, FL||Jun 16, 2016||$175,000|
|Director of Pharmacy||Northern California Rehabilitation Hospital LLC||Redding, CA||Jul 15, 2012||$150,000|
|Director of Pharmacy||Comprehensive Pharmacy Services||Mount Vernon, WA||Jul 19, 2010||$150,000|
|Director of Pharmacy||Palm Springs General Hospital, Inc.||Hialeah, FL||Jan 02, 2016||$145,038|
|Director of Pharmacy Services||Elite Pharmacy Managment Ltd||Canton, MI||Oct 11, 2011||$144,165|
|Director of Pharmacy Program||Commonwealth Care Alliance||Boston, MA||Sep 29, 2013||$143,000|
|Assistant Director of Pharmacy Informatics||New York Methodist Hospital||New York, NY||Jul 01, 2012||$140,000 -
|Assistant Director of Pharmacy||Uvalde County Hospital Authority||Uvalde, TX||May 03, 2014||$139,829|
|Director of Pharmacy Operations||Save Mart Supermarkets||Sacramento, CA||Jan 01, 2011||$139,100|
|Director of Pharmacy||Healthsouth Rehabilitation Hospital of Fredericksburg, Inc.||Fredericksburg, VA||Oct 16, 2016||$131,115|
|Director of Pharmacy||Bentley Ventures LLC D/B/A Supersaver Pharmacy||Lillington, NC||Oct 16, 2015||$129,418|
|Director-Pharmacy Audit Services||Connolly, Inc.||Norristown, PA||Dec 21, 2009||$126,000|
|Director of Pharmacy||Healthsouth Rehabilitation Hospital of Fredericksb||Fredericksburg, VA||Feb 13, 2012||$121,578|
|Pharmacy Director||Prairie Du Chien Memorial Hospital||Prairie du Chien, WI||Nov 23, 2010||$119,268|
|Director of Ambulatory Pharmacy Services||Tricare Medical Supplies, Inc.||Gallatin, TN||Feb 26, 2015||$118,800|
|Director of Pharmacy||Healthsouth Rehabilitation Hospital of Fredericksb||Fredericksburg, VA||Oct 16, 2013||$118,000|
|Director of Pharmacy||Comprehensive Pharmacy Services, Inc.||Washington, DC||Feb 01, 2011||$115,000 -
|Director of Pharmacy Program||Commonwealth Care Alliance||Boston, MA||Sep 30, 2010||$115,000|
|Director of Pharmacy||North Sunflower Medical Center||Ruleville, MS||Sep 22, 2015||$109,200|
|Director of Pharmacy||North Sunflower Medical Center||Ruleville, MS||Mar 01, 2016||$109,200|
|Director of Pharmacy Operations||Pharmco, LLC||North Miami Beach, FL||Apr 27, 2012||$108,140|
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