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Research Summary. Using a database of 30 million profiles, Zippia estimates demographics and statistics for doctors in the United States. Our estimates are verified against BLS, Census, and current job openings data for accuracy. After extensive research and analysis, Zippia's data science team found that:

  • There are over 16,721 doctors currently employed in the United States.
  • 54.2% of all doctors are women, while 45.8% are men.
  • The average age of an employed doctor is 48 years old.
  • The most common ethnicity of doctors is White (62.2%), followed by Asian (18.6%), Hispanic or Latino (9.5%) and Black or African American (5.1%).
  • In 2021, women earned 85% of what men earned.
  • 13% of all doctors are LGBT.
  • Doctors are 74% more likely to work at private companies in comparison to public companies.

Doctor Statistics By Gender

54.2% of doctors are women and 45.8% of doctors are men.

  • Female, 54.2%
  • Male, 45.8%

Doctors By Gender

GenderPercentages
Female54.2%
Male45.8%

Gender Pay Gap For Doctor

Women Earn 85¢ For Every $1 Earned By Men

male-income
Male Income
$217,375
female-income
Female Income
$185,098

Doctor Gender Over Time

This data shows how men and women predominate in the doctor position over time.

Male
Female
100%
80%
60%
40%
20%
0%
2010
2011
2012
2013
2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
2019
2020
2021

Doctor Gender By Year

YearMaleFemale
201052.97%47.03%
201151.45%48.55%
201252.31%47.69%
201350.75%49.25%
201449.85%50.15%
201550.09%49.91%
201649.27%50.73%
201747.28%52.72%
201846.92%53.08%
201947.05%52.95%
202045.47%54.53%
202145.80%54.20%

Doctor Male to Female Ratio

We compared this job title with other job titles to see how gender percentages varied. As you can see, flight surgeon and optometrist, owner have the biggest difference in gender.

Job TitleMaleFemale
Staff Nurse Midwife2%98%
Perinatal Nurse3%97%
Therapeutic Dietitian3%97%
Doctor46%54%
Radiology Resident75%25%
Optometrist, Owner76%24%
Flight Surgeon82%18%

Doctor Statistics By Race

The most common ethnicity among doctors is White, which makes up 62.2% of all doctors. Comparatively, there are 18.6% of the Asian ethnicity and 9.5% of the Hispanic or Latino ethnicity.

  • White, 62.2%
  • Asian, 18.6%
  • Hispanic or Latino, 9.5%
  • Black or African American, 5.1%
  • Unknown, 4.4%
  • American Indian and Alaska Native, 0.2%

Doctor Race

Doctor RacePercentages
White62.2%
Asian18.6%
Hispanic or Latino9.5%
Black or African American5.1%
Unknown4.4%
American Indian and Alaska Native0.2%

Doctor Race And Ethnicity Over Time

Using the Census Bureau data, we found out how the percentage of each ethnic category trended between 2010-2019 among doctors.

  • White
  • Asian
  • Hispanic or Latino
  • Black or African American

Doctor Race By Year

YearWhiteBlack or African AmericanAsianHispanic or Latino
201067.14%5.17%16.72%8.64%
201167.19%5.24%16.64%8.49%
201267.26%5.00%16.30%9.02%
201365.35%5.42%17.51%9.24%
201466.44%5.04%17.08%8.98%
201566.56%4.90%17.30%9.04%
201664.51%5.27%18.71%8.72%
201765.13%5.13%17.87%9.15%
201865.26%5.12%17.54%9.22%
201965.62%4.71%18.06%8.86%
202063.17%4.87%18.17%9.41%
202162.18%5.06%18.64%9.52%

Doctor Wage Gap By Race

White doctors have the highest average salary compared to other ethnicities. Black or african american doctors have the lowest average salary at $210,572.
$226,000
$223,000
$220,000
$217,000
$214,000
$211,000
$208,000
Unknown
White
Black or African American
Asian
Hispanic or Latino
EthnicitySalary
Unknown$212,825
White$224,853
Black or African American$210,572
Asian$222,854
Hispanic or Latino$216,124

Average Age of a Doctor

We determined the average age of doctors based on ethnicity and gender.

Male
Female

Doctor Age By Race

RaceMale AgeFemale Age
Unknown4543
White5145
Black or African American5142
Asian4645
Hispanic or Latino5144

Doctor Age Breakdown

This chart breaks down the ages of doctor employees. Interestingly enough, the average age of doctors is 40+ years old, which represents 72% of the population.

40+ years

30-40 years

20-30 years


Doctor Age

Doctor YearsPercentages
40+ years72%
30-40 years26%
20-30 years1%

Types of Doctor Degree Levels

The most common degree for doctors is bachelor's degree 35% of doctors earn that degree. A close second is doctoral degree with 30% and rounding it off is associate degree with 10%.

  • Bachelors, 35%
  • Doctorate, 30%
  • Associate, 10%
  • Masters, 9%
  • Other Degrees, 16%

Doctors By Education

Doctor DegreePercentages
Bachelors35%
Doctorate30%
Associate10%
Masters9%
Other Degrees16%

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Doctor Employment Statistics

This section highlights information about where doctors work. We found most doctors work for a private company. In addition, the industry that employs the most doctors is the health care industry.

Company Size

We created this chart to show you the average size of companies that typically hire doctors.

< 50 employees

50 - 100 employees

100 - 500 employees

500 - 1,000 employees

1,000 - 10,000 employees

> 10,000

Doctor Jobs By Employer Size

Company SizePercentages
< 50 employees12%
50 - 100 employees23%
100 - 500 employees23%
500 - 1,000 employees4%
1,000 - 10,000 employees23%
> 10,000 employees17%

The Types Of Companies Doctor Work In

Employees with the doctor job title have their preferences when it comes to working for a company. For instance, most doctors prefer to work at private companies over public companies.

Education

Public

Private

Government

Doctor Jobs By Sector

Company TypePercentages
Education10%
Public15%
Private74%
Government1%

Top Industries Hiring Doctors

Just based on the number of employees within each industry, we were able to determine the most common industries that employ doctors. Those industries include health care, manufacturing and retail.

Health Care

Manufacturing

Retail

Education

Professional

Doctor Turnover And Employment Statistics

Doctor Unemployment Rate Over Time

The Bureau of Labor Statistics came in clutch when it came down to figuring out how the unemployment rate has changed over time. Between 2008 and 2018, this is how the number of doctors changed.

  • Unemployment rate

Doctor Unemployment Rate By Year

YearDoctor Unemployment Rate
20100.73%
20110.72%
20120.53%
20130.68%
20140.67%
20150.66%
20160.38%
20170.38%
20180.56%
20190.42%
20200.66%
20210.69%

The Average Number of Years That Doctor Stay in a Job

By looking over 2,984 doctors resumes, we figured out that the average doctor enjoys staying at their job for 1-2 years for a percentage of 32%.

Less than one year

1-2 years

3-4 years

5-7 years

8-10 years

11+ years

Doctor Tenure

Number or YearsPercentages
Less than 1 year25%
1-2 years32%
3-4 years14%
5-7 years14%
8-10 years5%
11+ years10%

Comparing The LGBT Ratio of Doctors with Other Job Titles

After finding the gender ratio, we wondered if the percentages of LGBT persons were different as well. Using the data below, you can see how other job titles compare to doctors.

Job TitleLGBTJob Openings
Pediatric Urologist9.88%14,011
Orthopaedic Physician Assistant11.62%39,639
Doctor12.85%-
Cardiac Rehabilitation Program Director13.00%66,457
Clinical Staff Anesthesiologist13.05%122,661
Optometrist/Practice Owner17.57%59,755
Nurse Anesthetist31.64%62,419

Doctor LGBT Demographics

ProfessionPercentages of LGBT Job Openings
Pediatric Urologist9.88%14,011
Orthopaedic Physician Assistant11.62%39,639
Cardiac Rehabilitation Program Director13.00%66,457
Clinical Staff Anesthesiologist13.05%122,661
Optometrist/Practice Owner17.57%59,755
Nurse Anesthetist31.64%62,419

Foreign Languages Spoken By Doctors

The most common foreign language among doctors is Spanish at 55.0%. The second-most popular foreign language spoken is Russian at 6.3% and French is the third-most popular at 6.3%.

  • Spanish, 55.0%
  • Russian, 6.3%
  • French, 6.3%
  • Hindi, 4.4%
  • Chinese, 3.8%
  • Other, 24.2%

Doctor Languages Spoken

Foreign LanguagePercentages
Spanish55.0%
Russian6.3%
French6.3%
Hindi4.4%
Chinese3.8%
Other24.2%

Doctor Jobs

Doctor Heatmaps

Where Do Doctors Earn The Most?

Doctors earn the most in Ohio, where the average doctor salary is $181,890. The map here shows where doctors earn the highest salaries in the U.S. The darker areas across the 50 states highlight the highest salaries.

Average Salary

Which State Has The Most Doctors?

By looking through more than 2,984 resumes, we found that the most popular places for doctors are New York, NY and Cuba, MO.

Number of Doctors

Number Of Doctor Jobs By State

RankStateNumber of JobsAverage Salary
1Texas995$169,168
2Florida861$164,669
3California848$171,150
4Illinois596$157,324
5New York573$156,792
6North Carolina561$178,023
7Pennsylvania561$150,070
8Wisconsin482$180,503
9Minnesota432$159,501
10Georgia423$151,932
11Virginia385$167,183
12Arizona366$136,537
13Ohio354$181,890
14Indiana328$155,516
15Maryland294$172,691
16Michigan294$165,212
17Washington281$157,816
18Massachusetts268$175,526
19South Carolina254$156,542
20Missouri249$179,564
21Tennessee227$171,252
22Louisiana226$165,738
23New Jersey224$170,493
24Kentucky223$165,750
25New Mexico200$157,803
26Alabama186$163,161
27Colorado182$163,471
28Oklahoma170$171,671
29Oregon160$167,003
30Nevada150$163,607
31Iowa139$161,155
32Kansas132$167,869
33Connecticut99$173,770
34New Hampshire98$146,971
35Mississippi97$176,522
36Hawaii97$119,039
37South Dakota88$172,822
38West Virginia86$174,807
39Maine84$160,587
40Montana81$153,515
41Arkansas71$167,289
42North Dakota70$176,815
43Alaska69$170,299
44Utah68$174,997
45Idaho68$155,564
46Nebraska68$154,013
47Vermont46$147,734
48Delaware38$179,136
49Wyoming29$163,918
50Rhode Island27$164,059
51District of Columbia16$168,015

Doctor Demographics FAQs

How Many Doctor Are There In The Us?

There are over 16,721 Doctors in the United States.

What Percentage Of Doctors Are Black?

5.1% of Doctors are Black or African American

What Race Are Most Doctors?

Most a are White, with 62.2% of Doctors belonging to this ethnicity. 18.6% of Doctors are Asian, 9.5% of Doctors are Hispanic or Latino, 5.1% of Doctors are Black or African American, 4.4% of Doctors are Unknown, and 0.2% of Doctors are American Indian and Alaska Native

Are Doctor Jobs Male - Dominated?

No, Doctor jobs are not male - dominated. 54% of Doctors are female, and 45% are male, so there are more female Doctors than male Doctors in the United States.

How Old Is The Average Doctor?

The average Doctor is 48 years old. 72% of Doctors are 40+ years old or older, 26% are between the ages of 30-40 years, and 1% are between 20-30 years old

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