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Electrical engineers design, develop, test, and supervise the manufacturing of electrical equipment, such as electric motors, radar and navigation systems, communications systems, or power generation equipment. Electrical engineers also design the electrical systems of automobiles and aircraft.
Electronics engineers design and develop electronic equipment, such as broadcast and communications systems, from portable music players to global positioning systems (GPSs). Many also work in areas closely related to computer hardware.Duties
Electrical engineers typically do the following:
Electronics engineers typically do the following:
Electronics engineers who work for the federal government research, develop, and evaluate electronic devices used in a variety of areas, such as aviation, computing, transportation, and manufacturing. They work on federal electronic devices and systems, including satellites, flight systems, radar and sonar systems, and communications systems.
The work of electrical engineers and electronics engineers is often similar. Both use engineering and design software and equipment to do engineering tasks. Both types of engineers also must work with other engineers to discuss existing products and possibilities for engineering projects.
Engineers whose work is related exclusively to computer hardware are considered computer hardware engineers.
Electrical and electronics engineers must have a bachelor’s degree. Employers also value practical experience, so participation in cooperative engineering programs, in which students earn academic credit for structured work experience. Having a Professional Engineer (PE) license may improve an engineer’s chances of finding employment.Education
High school students interested in studying electrical or electronics engineering benefit from taking courses in physics and mathematics, including algebra, trigonometry, and calculus. Courses in drafting are also helpful, because electrical and electronics engineers often are required to prepare technical drawings.
In order to enter the occupation, prospective electrical and electronics engineers need a bachelor’s degree in electrical engineering, electronics engineering, or electrical engineering technology. Programs include classroom, laboratory, and field studies. Courses include digital systems design, differential equations, and electrical circuit theory. Programs in electrical engineering, electronics engineering, or electrical engineering technology should be accredited by ABET.
Some colleges and universities offer cooperative programs in which students gain practical experience while completing their education. Cooperative programs combine classroom study with practical work. Internships provide similar experience and are growing in number.
At some universities, students can enroll in a 5-year program that leads to both a bachelor’s degree and a master’s degree. A graduate degree allows an engineer to work as an instructor at some universities, or in research and development.Important Qualities
Concentration. Electrical and electronics engineers design and develop complex electrical systems and electronic components and products. They must be able to keep track of multiple design elements and technical characteristics when performing these tasks.
Initiative. Electrical and electronics engineers must be able to apply their knowledge to new tasks in every project they undertake. In addition, they must engage in continuing education to keep up with changes in technology.
Interpersonal skills. Electrical and electronics engineers must be able to work with others during the manufacturing process to ensure that their plans are implemented correctly. This collaboration includes monitoring technicians and devising remedies to problems as they arise.
Math skills. Electrical and electronics engineers must be able to use the principles of calculus and other advanced math in order to analyze, design, and troubleshoot equipment.
Speaking skills. Electrical and electronics engineers work closely with other engineers and technicians. They must be able to explain their designs and reasoning clearly and to relay instructions during product development and production. They also may need to explain complex issues to customers who have little or no technical expertise.
Writing skills. Electrical and electronics engineers develop technical publications related to equipment they develop, including maintenance manuals, operation manuals, parts lists, product proposals, and design methods documents.Licenses, Certifications, and Registrations
Licensure is not required for entry-level positions as electrical and electronics engineers. A Professional Engineering (PE) license, which allows for higher levels of leadership and independence, can be acquired later in one’s career. Licensed engineers are called professional engineers (PEs). A PE can oversee the work of other engineers, sign off on projects, and provide services directly to the public. State licensure generally requires
The initial Fundamentals of Engineering (FE) exam can be taken right after graduation from a college or university. Engineers who pass this exam commonly are called engineers in training (EITs) or engineer interns (EIs). After getting work experience, EITs can take the second exam, called the Principles and Practice of Engineering exam.
Several states require engineers to take continuing education courses to keep their license. Most states recognize licensure from other states if the licensing state’s requirements meet or exceed their own licensure requirements.Advancement
Electrical and electronic engineers may advance to supervisory positions in which they lead a team of engineers and technicians. Some may move to management positions, working as engineering or program managers. Preparation for managerial positions usually requires working under the guidance of a more experienced engineer. For more information, see the profile on architectural and engineering managers.
For sales work, an engineering background enables engineers to discuss a product's technical aspects and assist in product planning and use. For more information, see the profile on sales engineers.
|Job Title||Company||Location||Start Date||Salary|
|Electrical Engineer||Elysium Digital, LLC||Boston, MA||Jun 22, 2015||$150,264|
|Electrical Engineers||Coliseum Companies, Inc.||Boston, MA||Apr 10, 2014||$117,104|
|Electrical Engineer||Onchip Power Corporation||Boston, MA||Sep 14, 2012||$111,000|
|Electrical Engineers||Satcon Technology Corporation||Boston, MA||Nov 22, 2010||$105,040|
|Electrical Engineers||Ropes and Gray LLP||Boston, MA||Feb 26, 2010||$104,812|
|Electrical Engineer||Veolia Energy North America LLC||Boston, MA||Aug 17, 2011||$102,648|
|Electrical Engineers||RG Vanderweil LLP||Boston, MA||Apr 07, 2010||$94,000|
|High Power Design Electrical Engineer||Satcon Technology Corporation||Boston, MA||Nov 22, 2010||$93,500|
|Electrical Engineer||CRRC Ma Corporation||Boston, MA||Oct 02, 2017||$92,706|
|Electrical Engineer||Veolia Energy North America LLC||Boston, MA||May 01, 2010||$91,052|
|Electrical Engineers||Satcon Technology Corporation||Boston, MA||May 23, 2012||$90,700|
|Electrical Engineers||Satcon Technology Corporation||Boston, MA||Jul 25, 2012||$90,700|
|Electrical Engineer||Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Inc.||Boston, MA||Feb 22, 2016||$90,002|
|Electrical Engineer||Satcon Technology Corporation||Boston, MA||Feb 01, 2011||$82,030|
|Electrical Engineer||Satcon Technology Corporation||Boston, MA||Jul 31, 2011||$82,030|
|Electrical Engineers||Roam Data, Inc.||Boston, MA||Feb 23, 2010||$80,642|
|Electrical Engineer||Red Point Positioning Corporation||Boston, MA||Jun 20, 2017||$80,000|
|Electrical Engineer||Lumenpulse Lighting Corporation||Boston, MA||May 10, 2015||$75,000|
|Electrical Engineer||Red Point Positioning Corporation||Boston, MA||Jul 12, 2018||$75,000|
|Electrical Engineer||L and T Technology Services, Ltd.||Boston, MA||Aug 26, 2016||$72,550 -
|Electrical Engineer||Satcon Technology Corporation||Boston, MA||Oct 01, 2010||$65,000|
|Assistant Professor-Dept. of Electrical Engineer||Wentworth Institute of Technology||Boston, MA||Aug 30, 2012||$62,000|
|Assistant In Electrical Engineering||General Hospital Corporation||Boston, MA||Jul 19, 2010||$60,000|
|Global Entrepreneur In Residence-Electrical Engineering||University of Massachusetts Boston||Boston, MA||Nov 01, 2017||$56,161|
|Electrical Engineer||R.G. Vanderweil Engineers, LLP||Boston, MA||Oct 18, 2010||$56,100|
|Electrical Engineer||Cannon Design, Inc.||Boston, MA||Aug 26, 2010||$54,800|
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