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Electrical engineers are responsible for designing and developing new electrical systems, solving issues, and testing equipment. They work on various technologies, including telecommunication systems, satellite communications, and electrical power stations. Electrical engineers study and apply the mathematics and physics of electromagnetism, electronics, and electricity to small and large-scale electrical systems to transmit energy and process information. They often work with all types of electronic devices, such as supercomputers and power transmission. They also work in the emerging field of microelectronics.

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Electrical Engineer Responsibilities

Here are examples of responsibilities from real electrical engineer resumes representing typical tasks they are likely to perform in their roles.

  • Achieve rugged secure extension of HMI modules with USB host and device auto switching capability.
  • Achieve low cost solution for professional tier radio with rug full color display and USB accessory interface.
  • Accomplish intelligent remote terminal unit (RTU) automatic control with graphical liquid crystal display (LCD).
  • Develop LabVIEW code to automate test procedures and to communicate with units for verification of functionality and accuracy.
  • Lead development of military and commercial COM/NAV systems installation design architecture to support customer mission and operational requirements.
  • Design a building management system using PLC/HMI programming to oversee and manage customer's utility systems throughout a pharmaceutical manufacturing facility.
  • Utilize AutoCAD and Revit MEP software in the design of systems and to produce construction documents.
  • Provide engineering design CADD and REVIT support for the Ellerbe Becket electrical department.
  • Design and develop revolutionary motion control profile using python, and implementing the motion to PLC.
  • Create the design for company standards incorporating standards used in NFPA 70E, NEC, IEEE and UL508A.
  • Design in AutoCAD, install and troubleshot electrical and control systems for pharmaceutical process equipment.
  • Design second generation microprocessor-base data-input device (including schematic capture and PCB layout) for cloth inspection.
  • Work with IEC 61010-1 for laboratory equipment.
  • Design prototype firmware to prove out technology.
  • Be able to sketch own designs using SolidWorks suite of products.

Electrical Engineer Job Description

Perhaps the hardest question to answer when deciding on a career as an Electrical Engineer is "should I become an Electrical Engineer?" You might find this info to be helpful. When compared to other jobs, Electrical Engineer careers are projected to have a growth rate described as "slower than average" at 2% from 2018 through 2028. This is in accordance with the Bureau of Labor Statistics. What's more, is that the projected number of opportunities that are predicted to become available for a Electrical Engineer by 2028 is 8,000.

An Electrical Engineer annual salary averages $84,022, which breaks down to $40.4 an hour. However, Electrical Engineers can earn anywhere from upwards of $63,000 to $110,000 a year. This means that the top-earning Electrical Engineers make $47,000 more than the lowest-earning ones.

It's hard work to become an Electrical Engineer, but even the most dedicated employees consider switching careers from time to time. Whether you're interested in a more challenging position or just looking for a fresh start, we've compiled extensive information on becoming a Senior Field Engineer, System Design Engineer, Hardware Engineer, and Junior Engineer.

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12 Electrical Engineer Resume Examples

Electrical Engineer Skills and Personality Traits

We calculated that 10% of Electrical Engineers are proficient in Electrical Systems, Autocad, and Hardware. They’re also known for soft skills such as Concentration, Initiative, and Math skills.

We break down the percentage of Electrical Engineers that have these skills listed on their resume here:

  • Electrical Systems, 10%

    Design Electrical Systems predominantly for building construction projects including power distribution systems, lighting, and other signal systems using AutoCAD.

  • Autocad, 5%

    Supplemented and revised AutoCAD diagrams and documentation accurately for developmental electronic communication, control, and monitoring systems and alarms.

  • Hardware, 5%

    Conducted needed software and hardware purchasing arrangements for automated system facility Maintained and conducted risk assessments on spare part inventory.

  • Facility, 4%

    Designed a building management system using PLC/HMI programming to oversee and manage customer's utility systems throughout a pharmaceutical manufacturing facility.

  • Layout, 4%

    Designed second generation microprocessor-based data-input device (including schematic capture and PCB layout) for cloth inspection.

  • Electrical Design, 3%

    Determined electrical design characteristics utilizing knowledge of analog, digital, power theory, and electrical architecture within schedule constraints.

"Electrical Systems," "Autocad," and "Hardware" aren't the only skills we found Electrical Engineers list on their resumes. In fact, there's a whole list of Electrical Engineer responsibilities that we found, including:

  • Arguably the most important personality trait for an Electrical Engineer to have happens to be Concentration. An example from a resume said this about the skill, "Electrical and electronics engineers design and develop complex electrical systems and electronic components and products" Additionally, other resumes have pointed out that Electrical Engineers can use Concentration to "Designed system monitor systems using ABB PLC's and including data concentration and climatecontrols. "
  • Another commonly found skill for being able to perform Electrical Engineer duties is the following: Initiative. According to a Electrical Engineer resume, "Electrical and electronics engineers must apply their knowledge to new tasks in every project they undertake." Check out this example of how Electrical Engineers use Initiative: "Develop cost reduction strategies through innovation in system designs and engineering, applying value engineering, constructability and task analysis initiatives. "
  • Another skill that is quite popular among Electrical Engineers is Math skills. This skill is very critical to fulfilling every day responsibilities as is shown in this example from a Electrical Engineer resume: "Electrical and electronics engineers must use the principles of calculus and other advanced math in order to analyze, design, and troubleshoot equipment." This example from a resume shows how this skill is used: "Circuit design simulation performed using Multisim and MathCAD. "
  • In order for certain Electrical Engineer responsibilities to be completed, the job requires the skill "Speaking skills." According to an Electrical Engineer resume, "Electrical and electronics engineers work closely with other engineers and technicians" As an example, this snippet was taken directly from a resume about how this skill applies: "Attended and presented progress reports at regular weekly meetings Responsible for improving EMI emissions for Sabre II Platform. "
  • As part of the Electrical Engineer description, you might find that one of the skills that might be helpful to the job is "Writing skills." A Electrical Engineer resume included this snippet: "Electrical and electronics engineers develop technical publications related to equipment they develop, including maintenance manuals, operation manuals, parts lists, product proposals, and design methods documents." This skill could be useful in this scenario: "Circuit Design for Environmental Monitoring System C Programming Technical Writing Quality Assurance Environmental Testing"
  • See the full list of Electrical Engineer skills.

    After discovering the most helpful skills, we moved onto what kind of education might be helpful in becoming an Electrical Engineer. We found that 75.9% of Electrical Engineers have graduated with a bachelor's degree and 11.7% of people in this position have earned their master's degrees. While most Electrical Engineers have a college degree, you may find it's also true that generally it's possible to be successful in this career with only a high school degree. In fact, our research shows that one out of every nine Electrical Engineers were not college graduates.

    The Electrical Engineers who went onto college to earn a more in-depth education generally studied Electrical Engineering and Electrical Engineering Technology, while a small population of Electrical Engineers studied Computer Engineering and Engineering.

    Once you're ready to become an Electrical Engineer, you should explore the companies that typically hire Electrical Engineers. According to Electrical Engineer resumes that we searched through, Electrical Engineers are hired the most by CDM Smith, Facebook, and Danaher. Currently, CDM Smith has 281 Electrical Engineer job openings, while there are 250 at Facebook and 168 at Danaher.

    But if you're interested in companies where you might earn a high salary, Electrical Engineers tend to earn the biggest salaries at Facebook, Google, and Microsoft. Take Facebook for example. The median Electrical Engineer salary is $152,644. At Google, Electrical Engineers earn an average of $142,143, while the average at Microsoft is $132,745. You should take into consideration how difficult it might be to secure a job with one of these companies.

    View more details on Electrical Engineer salaries across the United States.

    If you earned a degree from the top 100 educational institutions in the United States, you might want to take a look at Raytheon Company, Motorola Solutions, and Lockheed Martin. These three companies have hired a significant number of Electrical Engineers from these institutions.

    In general, Electrical Engineers fulfill roles in the Technology and Manufacturing industries. While employment numbers are high in those industries, the Electrical Engineer annual salary is the highest in the Technology industry with $89,832 as the average salary. Meanwhile, the Professional and Manufacturing industries pay $87,916 and $85,364 respectively. This means that Electrical Engineers who are employed in the Technology industry make 9.8% more than Electrical Engineers who work in the Government Industry.

    The three companies that hire the most prestigious electrical engineers are:

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    What Senior Field Engineers Do

    A senior field engineer is in charge of overseeing and providing technical support on-site, helping operations run smoothly and efficiently. Among their responsibilities include performing installations and upgrades, performing research and analysis, managing staff, producing progress reports, and conducting inspections, ensuring compliance with state laws and regulations. They must also perform regular maintenance checks on equipment, performing corrective repairs and adjustments when necessary. Furthermore, as a senior field engineer, it is essential to lead and serve as a mentor to junior engineers while implementing the site's safety policies and regulations.

    We looked at the average Electrical Engineer annual salary and compared it with the average of a Senior Field Engineer. Generally speaking, Senior Field Engineers receive $15,445 higher pay than Electrical Engineers per year.

    While the salaries between these two careers can be different, they do share some of the same responsibilities. Employees in both Electrical Engineers and Senior Field Engineers positions are skilled in Autocad, Hardware, and RF.

    There are some key differences in responsibilities as well. For example, an Electrical Engineer responsibilities require skills like "Electrical Systems," "Facility," "Layout," and "Electrical Design." Meanwhile a typical Senior Field Engineer has skills in areas such as "Clearance," "Linux," "DOD," and "Computer System." This difference in skills reveals how truly different these two careers really are.

    Senior Field Engineers really shine in the Energy industry with an average salary of $133,410. Whereas Electrical Engineers tend to make the most money in the Technology industry with an average salary of $89,832.

    Senior Field Engineers tend to reach similar levels of education than Electrical Engineers. In fact, Senior Field Engineers are 4.0% less likely to graduate with a Master's Degree and 0.5% less likely to have a Doctoral Degree.

    What Are The Duties Of a System Design Engineer?

    A system design engineer is a professional who participates in system design engineering and resolves manufacturing and service problems. System design engineers are required to collaborate with the system design team to research emerging technologies and develop new capabilities. They create design layouts by utilizing the use of CAD software such as AutoCad as well as supervise a group of CAD technicians. System design engineers must also provide customer service in the field and deliver individualized problem solving and system design support

    Now we're going to look at the System Design Engineer profession. On average, System Design Engineers earn a $11,389 higher salary than Electrical Engineers a year.

    While the salary may be different for these job positions, there is one similarity and that's a few of the skills needed to perform certain duties. We used info from lots of resumes to find that both Electrical Engineers and System Design Engineers are known to have skills such as "Electrical Systems," "Hardware," and "CAD. "

    In addition to the difference in salary, there are some other key differences that are worth noting. For example, Electrical Engineer responsibilities are more likely to require skills like "Autocad," "Facility," "Layout," and "Electrical Design." Meanwhile, a System Design Engineer might be skilled in areas such as "Architecture," "Business Process," "GD," and "Solidworks." These differences highlight just how different the day-to-day in each role looks.

    It's been discovered that System Design Engineers earn higher salaries compared to Electrical Engineers, but we wanted to find out where System Design Engineers earned the most pay. The answer? The Technology industry. The average salary in the industry is $105,051. Additionally, Electrical Engineers earn the highest paychecks in the Technology with an average salary of $89,832.

    On the topic of education, System Design Engineers earn similar levels of education than Electrical Engineers. In general, they're 4.0% more likely to graduate with a Master's Degree and 0.5% more likely to earn a Doctoral Degree.

    How a Hardware Engineer Compares

    Hardware engineers or computer hardware engineers are responsible for developing, designing, and examining computer hardware. They help speed up new computer technology by creating enhancements in computer hardware. The hardware engineers oversee the installation of parts, manufacturing, and production. Also, they examine intricate equipment to identify an effective way to improve it as well as design devices used in manufactured products. Another responsibility is to ensure computer hardware units work with the newest software, which often requires collaboration with other software engineers.

    The Hardware Engineer profession generally makes a higher amount of money when compared to the average salary of Electrical Engineers. The difference in salaries is Hardware Engineers making $27,810 higher than Electrical Engineers.

    While looking through the resumes of several Electrical Engineers and Hardware Engineers we discovered that both professions have similar skills. These similarities include skills such as "Autocad," "Hardware," and "UL," but they differ when it comes to other required skills.

    There are many key differences between these two careers as shown by resumes from each profession. Some of those differences include the skills required to complete responsibilities within each role. As an example of this, an Electrical Engineer is likely to be skilled in "Electrical Systems," "Facility," "Layout," and "Electrical Design," while a typical Hardware Engineer is skilled in "Python," "Cadence," "Verilog," and "Linux."

    Additionally, Hardware Engineers earn a higher salary in the Professional industry compared to other industries. In this industry, they receive an average salary of $117,941. Additionally, Electrical Engineers earn an average salary of $89,832 in the Technology industry.

    Hardware Engineers are known to earn higher educational levels when compared to Electrical Engineers. Additionally, they're 5.3% more likely to graduate with a Master's Degree, and 0.5% more likely to earn a Doctoral Degree.

    Description Of a Junior Engineer

    A Junior Engineer helps design, build, or maintain engines, machines, or public works. They work under the supervision of an engineer.

    The fourth career we look at typically earns lower pay than Electrical Engineers. On average, Junior Engineers earn a difference of $15,682 lower per year.

    According to resumes from both Electrical Engineers and Junior Engineers, some of the skills necessary to complete the responsibilities of each role are similar. These skills include "Electrical Systems," "Hardware," and "CAD. "

    Even though a few skill sets overlap, there are some differences that are important to note. For one, an Electrical Engineer might have more use for skills like "Autocad," "Facility," "Layout," and "Electrical Design." Meanwhile, some Junior Engineers might include skills like "Procedures," "C #," "Java," and "Windows" on their resume.

    Junior Engineers earn a higher salary in the Technology industry with an average of $70,208. Whereas, Electrical Engineers earn the highest salary in the Technology industry.

    Junior Engineers reach similar levels of education when compared to Electrical Engineers. The difference is that they're 2.0% more likely to earn a Master's Degree less, and 0.0% less likely to graduate with a Doctoral Degree.

    What an Electrical Engineer Does FAQs

    Do electrical engineers get paid well?

    Yes, electrical engineers get paid well. The US average annual salary for electrical engineers is $92,000. Starting salary can be between $60,000-$85,000. California, Texas, and New York employ the most electrical engineers, and median salaries are closer to $110,000.

    Senior positions typically pay between $114,000 and $128,000. The highest-paid electrical engineers get paid upwards of $155,000. The US has been hiring more electrical engineers from overseas because the salary demands are typically lower.

    What exactly does an electrical engineer do?

    What electrical engineers do varies greatly. Some electrical engineers may choose to work in aerospace or electric cars, while others may be more interested in renewable power or wireless communication systems.

    Electrical engineers are skilled professionals who work in fields related to electricity, electromagnetism, and electronics. Electrical engineers have a familiarity with circuit boards, processor chips, wireless frequencies, batteries, and other electronic equipment. This work can take place in offices, laboratories, mines, power plants, or factories. Electrical engineers may design, install and test avionics systems or work to improve autonomous cars.

    The workday may include meetings with collaborators or customers, designing, installing, testing, or troubleshooting electrical systems. The workday may also involve spending time in front of the computer, or it may include fieldwork. Electrical engineers can also work in dangerous conditions with live electricity.

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