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Most schools require elementary, middle, and high school principals to have a master’s degree in education administration or leadership. Most principals also have work experience as teachers.Education
Principals typically need a master’s degree in education leadership or education administration. These master’s degree programs prepare future principals to manage staff, prepare and manage budgets, set goals, and work with parents and the community. To enter the master’s degree programs, candidates typically need a bachelor’s degree in education, school counseling, or a related field.Work Experience in a Related Occupation
Principals typically need several years of work experience as a teacher. For more information on how to become a teacher, see the profiles on kindergarten and elementary school teachers, middle school teachers, and high school teachers.Licenses, Certifications, and Registrations
Most states require public school principals to be licensed as school administrators. Licensure requirements vary by state, but most require a master’s degree. Some states have alternative programs for candidates who do not have a master’s degree in education administration or leadership. Most states also require candidates to pass an exam and a background check.
Principals in private schools are not required to have a state-issued license.Advancement
An assistant principal can advance to become a principal. Some principals advance to become superintendents, which may require completion of additional education. Others become instructional coordinators.Important Qualities
Communication skills. Principals must communicate effectively with students, teachers, and parents. For example, when dealing with student disciplinary or academic issues, they consult with and listen to parents and teachers to understand the problem.
Critical-thinking skills. Principals analyze student test results and testing procedures to determine if improvements are needed. They must assess the available options and choose the best means to help students achieve better results.
Decisionmaking skills. Because principals are responsible for students, staff members, and the overall operation of the school, they consider many factors when making decisions.
Interpersonal skills. Because principals work with teachers, parents, and superintendents, they must be able to develop positive working relationships with them.
Leadership skills. Principals set educational goals and establish policies and procedures for the school. They need to be able to motivate teachers and other staff to achieve set goals.
Problem-solving skills. Teachers, students, and other staff members report problems to the principal. Principals need to be able to analyze problems, and develop and implement appropriate solutions.
|Job Title||Company||Location||Start Date||Salary|
|Elementary School Principal||La Fondation Du Lycee Francais International de Wa||Chevy Chase, MD||Sep 29, 2013||$120,000|
|PYP Elementary Principal||German-American International School||Menlo Park, CA||Sep 09, 2014||$93,713|
|Elementary School Principal||La Fondation Du Lycee Francais International de Wa||Chevy Chase, MD||Oct 01, 2010||$92,000 -
|PYP Elementary Principal||German-American International School||Menlo Park, CA||Jul 29, 2015||$90,260 -
|Elementary Principal||Putnam City Schools||Bethany, OK||Aug 13, 2010||$63,018|
|Elementary Principal||Alamance Christian School, Inc.||Graham, NC||Sep 03, 2013||$54,770 -
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Oklahoma City Public Schools
Washoe School District-Robert Mitchell Elementary
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Flint Community Schools
Oshkosh Area School District
A Morning in the Life of an Elementary School Principal
Principal Snow Day at Waterloo
Elementary School Principal, Career Video from drkit.org