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Emergency medical technicians (EMTs) and paramedics must complete a postsecondary educational program. All states require EMTs and paramedics to be licensed; requirements vary by state.Education
Both a high school diploma or equivalent and cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) certification typically are required for entry into postsecondary educational programs in emergency medical technology. Most of these programs are nondegree award programs that can be completed in less than 1 year; others last up to 2 years. Paramedics, however, may need an associate’s degree. Programs in emergency medical technology are offered by technical institutes, community colleges, and facilities that specialize in emergency care training.
The Commission on Accreditation of Allied Health Education Programs offers a list of accredited programs for EMTs and paramedics, by state.
Programs at the EMT level include instruction in assessing patients’ conditions, dealing with trauma and cardiac emergencies, clearing obstructed airways, using field equipment, and handling emergencies. Formal courses include about 150 hours of specialized instruction, and some instruction may take place in a hospital or ambulance setting.
Programs at the Advanced EMT level typically require about 400 hours of instruction. At this level, candidates learn EMT-level skills as well as more advanced ones, such as using complex airway devices, intravenous fluids, and some medications.
Paramedics have the most advanced level of education. They must complete EMT and Advanced EMT levels of instruction, along with courses in advanced medical skills. Community colleges and technical schools may offer these programs, which require about 1,200 hours of instruction and may lead to an associate’s degree. Paramedics’ broader scope of practice may include stitching wounds or administering intravenous medications.
High school students interested in becoming EMTs or paramedics should take courses in anatomy and physiology.Licenses, Certifications, and Registrations
The National Registry of Emergency Medical Technicians (NREMT) certifies EMTs and paramedics. All levels of NREMT certification require completing a certified education program and passing the national exam. The national exam has both written and practical parts.
All states require EMTs and paramedics to be licensed; requirements vary by state. In most states, an individual who has NREMT certification qualifies for licensure; in others, passing an equivalent state exam is required. Usually, an applicant must be over the age of 18. Many states require background checks and may not give a license to an applicant who has a criminal history.
Although some emergency medical services hire separate drivers, most EMTs and paramedics take a course requiring about 8 hours of instruction before they can drive an ambulance.Important Qualities
Compassion. EMTs and paramedics must be able to provide emotional support to patients in an emergency, especially patients who are in life-threatening situations or extreme mental distress.
Interpersonal skills. EMTs and paramedics usually work on teams and must be able to coordinate their activities closely with others in stressful situations.
Listening skills. EMTs and paramedics need to listen to patients to determine the extent of their injuries or illnesses.
Physical strength. EMTs and paramedics need to be physically fit. Their job requires a lot of bending, lifting, and kneeling.
Problem-solving skills. EMTs and paramedics must evaluate patients’ symptoms and administer appropriate treatments.
Speaking skills. EMTs and paramedics need to clearly explain procedures to patients, give orders, and relay information to others.
Average Length of Employment
Top Careers Before Emergency Veterinarian
Top Careers After Emergency Veterinarian
Hispanic or Latino7.2%
Black or African American0.5%
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University of Florida14.3%
Iowa State University8.6%
North Carolina State University5.7%
University of Pennsylvania5.7%
Colorado State University5.7%
University of Missouri - Columbia5.7%
University of Connecticut2.9%
Northwest Missouri State University2.9%
University of Washington2.9%
Washington State University2.9%
San Jose City College2.9%
University of California - Davis2.9%
University of Tennessee - Knoxville2.9%
Kansas State University2.9%
Ohio State University2.9%
Unfortunately we don’t have enough data for this section.
|Job Title||Company||Location||Start Date||Salary|
|Emergency Veterinarian||Animal Emergency Center, Inc.||Torrance, CA||Oct 01, 2014||$113,032|
|Emergency Veterinarian||Pet Emergency & Specialty Center of East County||La Mesa, CA||Apr 26, 2014||$110,903 -
|Emergency Veterinarian||Anne Arundel Veterinary Emergency Clinic||Annapolis, MD||Jan 07, 2015||$100,000|
|Emergency Veterinarian||Pet Emergency & Specialty Center of East County||La Mesa, CA||Apr 01, 2014||$95,626 -
|Emergency Veterinarian||Pet Emergency & Specialty Center of East County||La Mesa, CA||Apr 26, 2014||$95,626 -
|Associate Emergency and Critical Care Veterinarian||Emergency Veterinary Clinic Pa||Matthews, NC||Jun 15, 2015||$95,000 -
|Emergency Veterinarian||Swedesboro Animal Hospital, LLC, D/B/A St. Franci||Woolwich, NJ||Mar 23, 2016||$90,000 -
|Emergency Veterinarian||Pet Emergency & Specialty Center of East County||La Mesa, CA||May 01, 2012||$85,296 -
|Emergency Veterinarian||Pet Emergency & Specialty Center of East County||La Mesa, CA||Apr 12, 2012||$85,296 -
|Emergency Veterinarian||Lauderdale Veterinary Specialists||Fort Lauderdale, FL||Dec 30, 2014||$85,000|
|Emergency Veterinarian||IVG Hospitals, Inc.||Woburn, MA||Sep 10, 2014||$85,000|
|Emergency Veterinarian||Lauderdale Veterinary Specialists||Fort Lauderdale, FL||Nov 15, 2012||$85,000|
|Emergency Veterinarian||Lauderdale Veterinary Specialists||Fort Lauderdale, FL||Nov 25, 2012||$85,000|
|Emergency Veterinarian||Emergency Animal Clinic, PLC||Peoria, AZ||Sep 05, 2015||$81,120|
|Emergency Veterinarian||Emergency Animal Clinic, PLC||Gilbert, AZ||Sep 05, 2015||$81,120|
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