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Research Summary. Using a database of 30 million profiles, Zippia estimates demographics and statistics for Engineers in the United States. Our estimates are verified against BLS, Census, and current job openings data for accuracy. After extensive research and analysis, Zippia's data science team found that:

  • There are over 192,270 Engineers currently employed in the United States.
  • 13.7% of all Engineers are women, while 86.3% are men.
  • The average age of an employed Engineer is 41 years old.
  • The most common ethnicity of Engineers is White (71.7%), followed by Asian (14.0%) and Hispanic or Latino (8.4%).
  • The majority of Engineers are located in TX, Houston and NY, New York.
  • Engineers are most in-demand in New York, NY.
  • Engineers are paid an average annual salary of $86,463.
  • Rockville, MD pays an annual average wage of $90,949, the highest in the US.
  • Engineers average starting salary is $64,000.
  • In 2021, women earned 100% of what men earned.
  • The top 10% of highest-paid Engineers earn as much as $115,000 or more.
  • New Hampshire is the best state for Engineers to live.
  • Engineers are more likely to work at Public companies in comparison to Private companies.

Engineer Statistics By Gender

Among Engineers, 13.7% of them are women compared to 86.3% which are men.

  • Male, 86.3%
  • Female, 13.7%

Engineers By Gender

GenderPercentages
Male86.3%
Female13.7%

Gender Pay Gap For Engineer

Women Earn $1.00 For Every $1 Earned By Men

male-income
Male Income
$84,886
female-income
Female Income
$85,208

Engineer Gender Over Time

This data shows how men and women predominate in the Engineer position over time.

Male
Female
100%
80%
60%
40%
20%
0%
2010
2011
2012
2013
2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
2019

Engineer Gender By Year

YearMaleFemale
201084.97%15.03%
201189.21%10.79%
201286.29%13.71%
201387.03%12.97%
201485.54%14.46%
201584.42%15.58%
201686.03%13.97%
201783.42%16.58%
201884.24%15.76%
201984.08%15.92%

Engineer Male to Female Ratio

We compared this job title with other job titles to see how gender percentages varied. As you can see, Senior Electronics Design Engineer and Refrigeration Engineer have the biggest difference in gender.

Job TitleMaleFemale
Domestic Engineer11%89%
Engineer86%14%
Machine Tool Designer99%1%
Refrigeration Engineer99%1%
Senior Electronics Design Engineer99%1%

Engineer Statistics By Race

The most common ethnicity among Engineers is White, which makes up 71.7% of all Engineers. Comparatively, there are 14.0% of the Asian ethnicity and 8.4% of the Hispanic or Latino ethnicity.

  • White, 71.7%
  • Asian, 14.0%
  • Hispanic or Latino, 8.4%
  • Black or African American, 3.3%
  • Unknown, 2.5%
  • American Indian and Alaska Native, 0.1%

Engineer Race

Engineer RacePercentages
White71.7%
Asian14.0%
Hispanic or Latino8.4%
Black or African American3.3%
Unknown2.5%
American Indian and Alaska Native0.1%

Engineer Race And Ethnicity Over Time

Using the Census Bureau data, we found out how the percentage of each ethnic category trended between 2010-2019 among Engineers.

  • White
  • Asian
  • Hispanic or Latino
  • Black or African American

Engineer Race By Year

YearWhiteBlack or African AmericanAsianHispanic or Latino
201075.12%3.43%12.89%6.70%
201175.18%3.43%12.67%7.00%
201275.62%3.65%11.83%7.33%
201375.18%2.91%13.32%6.75%
201473.21%3.00%14.44%7.75%
201573.69%3.25%13.05%8.34%
201671.71%3.45%14.14%8.93%
201772.43%2.73%13.86%8.86%
201873.22%3.04%13.50%8.09%
201971.67%3.29%14.01%8.37%

Engineer Wage Gap By Race

Asian Engineers have the highest average salary compared to other ethnicities. Unknown Engineers have the lowest average salary at $83,426.
$87,000
$86,000
$85,000
$84,000
$83,000
Unknown
White
Black or African American
Asian
Hispanic or Latino
EthnicitySalary
Unknown$83,426
White$84,493
Black or African American$84,759
Asian$86,385
Hispanic or Latino$86,174

Engineer JOBS

Average Age of an Engineer

We determined the average age of Engineers based on ethnicity and gender.

Male
Female

Engineer Age By Race

RaceMale AgeFemale Age
Unknown3229.5
White4235
Black or African American4630
Asian4134.5
Hispanic or Latino3531

Engineer Age Breakdown

This chart breaks down the ages of Engineer employees. Interestingly enough, the average age of Engineers is 40+ years old, which represents 53% of the population.

20-30 years

30-40 years

40+ years


Engineer Age

Engineer YearsPercentages
20-30 years20%
30-40 years28%
40+ years53%

Types of Engineer Degree Levels

The most common degree for Engineers is Bachelor's Degree 65% of Engineers earn that degree. A close second is Master's Degree with 13% and rounding it off is Associate Degree with 11%.

  • Bachelors, 65%
  • Masters, 13%
  • Associate, 11%
  • High School Diploma, 5%
  • Other Degrees, 6%

Engineers By Education

Engineer DegreePercentages
Bachelors65%
Masters13%
Associate11%
High School Diploma5%
Other Degrees6%

Engineer Jobs You Might Like

Engineer Wage Gap By Education

Engineers with a Doctorate degree earn more than those without, at $104,838 annually. With a Masters degree, Engineers earn a median annual income of $97,748 compared to $84,886 for Engineers with an Bachelors degree.
$105,000
$101,000
$97,000
$93,000
$89,000
$85,000
$81,000
Master's Degree
Bachelor's Degree
Doctorate Degree
EducationSalary
Master's Degree$97,748
Bachelor's Degree$84,886
Doctorate Degree$104,838

Engineer Employment Statistics

Company Size

We created this chart to show you the average size of companies that typically hire Engineers.

< 50 employees

50 - 100 employees

100 - 500 employees

500 - 1,000 employees

1,000 - 10,000 employees

> 10,000

Engineer Jobs By Employer Size

Company SizePercentages
< 50 employees1%
50 - 100 employees0%
100 - 500 employees5%
500 - 1,000 employees8%
1,000 - 10,000 employees33%
> 10,000 employees52%

The Types Of Companies Engineer Work In

Employees with the Engineer job title have their preferences when it comes to working for a company. For instance, most Engineers prefer to work at Public companies over Private companies.

Education

Public

Private

Government

Engineer Jobs By Sector

Company TypePercentages
Education1%
Public66%
Private32%
Government1%

Top Industries Hiring Engineers

Fortune 500

Technology

Manufacturing

Professional

Construction

Engineer Turnover And Employment Statistics

Engineer Unemployment Rate Over Time

The Bureau of Labor Statistics came in clutch when it came down to figuring out how the unemployment rate has changed over time. Between 2008 and 2018, this is how the number of Engineers changed.

  • Unemployment rate

Engineer Unemployment Rate By Year

YearEngineer Unemployment Rate
20106.09%
20114.26%
20122.86%
20131.99%
20141.63%
20151.74%
20161.46%
20171.74%
20181.20%
20191.42%

The Average Number of Years That Engineer Stay in a Job

By looking over 71,868 Engineers resumes, we figured out that the average Engineer enjoys staying at their job for 1-2 years for a percentage of 35%.

Less than one year

1-2 years

3-4 years

5-7 years

8-10 years

11+ years


Engineer Tenure

Number or YearsPercentages
Less than 1 year21%
1-2 years35%
3-4 years15%
5-7 years14%
8-10 years6%
11+ years9%

Comparing The LGBT Ratio of Engineers with Other Job Titles

After finding the gender ratio, we wondered if the percentages of LGBT persons were different as well. Using the data below, you can see how other job titles compare to Engineers.

Job TitleLGBTJob Openings
Petroleum Analyst3.66%1,782
Engineer4.75%
Structural Engineering Internship5.13%147,725
Engineering Documentation Specialist6.29%69,042
Microchip Specialist7.52%27,285
Environmental Planner7.95%33,827
Sand Analyst8.96%14,610

Engineer LGBT Demographics

ProfessionPercentages of LGBT Job Openings
Petroleum Analyst3.66%1,782
Structural Engineering Internship5.13%147,725
Engineering Documentation Specialist6.29%69,042
Microchip Specialist7.52%27,285
Environmental Planner7.95%33,827
Sand Analyst8.96%14,610

Foreign Languages Spoken By Engineers

The most common foreign language among Engineers is Spanish at 38.3%. The second-most popular foreign language spoken is French at 9.1% and Chinese is the third-most popular at 7.0%.

  • Spanish, 38.3%
  • French, 9.1%
  • Chinese, 7.0%
  • German, 6.2%
  • Mandarin, 5.5%
  • Other, 33.9%

Engineer Languages Spoken

Foreign LanguagePercentages
Spanish38.3%
French9.1%
Chinese7.0%
German6.2%
Mandarin5.5%
Other33.9%

Engineer Jobs

Recently Added Engineer Jobs

Engineer Heatmaps

The amount you can make as an Engineer can depend on where you live. For example, the highest salary of Engineers is $133,577. Use our chart to find out where that salary is located.

Where Do Engineers Earn The Most?

The map here shows where Engineers earn the highest salaries in the U.S. The darker areas across the 50 states highlight the highest salaries.

Average Salary

Where Are Engineers Located?

By looking through more than 71,868 resumes, we found that the most popular places for Engineers are TX, Houston and NY, New York.

Number of Engineers

Where Are Engineers In High Demand?

We looked over job openings to determine where in the country Engineers are in the most demand.

Jobs Openings

Engineer Demographics FAQs

What percentage of Engineers are female?

15.9% of engineers are female in the United States. This is 0.2 percentage points higher than last year. Additionally, the percentage of female engineers has increased by 0.9 percentage points since 2010. That means there are a total of 30,570 female engineers in the U.S. and 161,700 male engineers in the United States. Note that Zippia's estimate accounts only for the 192,270 people with the specific job title of engineer and doesn't include grouping similar job titles, or people with potentially similar credentialing.

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