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Educational requirements vary with the subject taught and the type of educational institution. Most commonly, postsecondary teachers must have a Ph.D. However, a master's degree may be enough for some postsecondary teachers at community colleges. In career and technical schools, work experience may be important for getting a postsecondary teaching job.Education
Postsecondary teachers who work for 4-year colleges and universities typically need a doctoral degree in their field. Some schools may hire those with a master’s degree or those who are doctoral degree candidates for some specialties, such as fine arts, or for some part-time positions.
Doctoral programs generally take multiple years after the completion of a bachelor’s degree program. They spend time completing a master’s degree and then writing a doctoral dissertation, which is a paper presenting original research in the student’s field of study. Candidates usually specialize in a subfield, such as organic chemistry or European history.
Community colleges or career and technical schools also may hire those with a master’s degree. However, in some fields, there are more applicants than available positions. In these situations, institutions can be more selective, and they frequently choose applicants who have a Ph.D. over those with a master’s degree.
Postsecondary teachers who teach career and technical education courses, such as culinary arts or cosmetology, may not be required to have graduate-level education. At a minimum they must hold the degree of the program in which they are teaching. For example, the teacher must hold an associate’s degree if they teach a program that is at the associate’s degree level. In addition, work experience or certification may be just as important as education for getting a postsecondary teaching job at a career or technical school.Other Experience
Some institutions may prefer to hire those with teaching or other work experience, but this is not a requirement for all fields or for all employers.
In health specialties, art, or education fields, hands-on work experience in the industry can be important. Postsecondary teachers in these fields often gain experience by working in an occupation related to their field of expertise.
In fields such as biological science, physics, and chemistry, some postsecondary teachers have postdoctoral research experience. These short-term jobs, sometimes called “post-docs,” usually involve working for 2 to 3 years as a research associate or in a similar position, often at a college or university.
Some postsecondary teachers gain teaching experience by working as graduate teaching assistants—students who are enrolled in a graduate program and teach classes in the institution in which they are enrolled.
Some postsecondary teachers, especially adjunct professors, have another job in addition to teaching.Licenses, Certifications, and Registrations
Postsecondary teachers who prepare students for an occupation that requires a license, certification, or registration, may need to have—or they may benefit from having—the same credential. For example, a postsecondary nursing teacher might need a nursing license or a postsecondary education teacher might need a teaching license.Advancement
A major goal for postsecondary teachers with a doctoral degree is attaining a tenure—a guarantee that a professor cannot be fired without just cause. It can take up to 7 years of moving up the ranks in tenure-track positions. The ranks are assistant professor, associate professor, and professor. Tenure is granted through a review of the candidate’s research, contribution to the institution, and teaching.
Tenure and tenure track positions are declining as institutions are relying more heavily on part-time faculty.
Some tenured professors advance to administrative positions, such as dean or president. For information on deans and other administrative positions, see the profile on postsecondary education administrators. For more information about college and university presidents, see the profile on top executives.Important Qualities
Critical-thinking skills. To challenge established theories and beliefs, conduct original research, and design experiments, postsecondary teachers need good critical-thinking skills.
Interpersonal skills. Most postsecondary teachers need to be able to work well with others and must have good communication skills to serve on committees and give lectures.
Resourcefulness. Postsecondary teachers need to be able to present information in a way that students will understand. They need to adapt to the different learning styles of their students and teach students who have little or no experience with the subject.
Speaking skills. Postsecondary teachers need good communication skills to give lectures.
Writing skills. Most postsecondary teachers need to be skilled writers to publish original research and analysis.
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Hispanic or Latino9.9%
Black or African American0.6%
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Northern Arizona University5.9%
University of Phoenix5.8%
Michigan State University5.6%
George Washington University5.2%
San Francisco State University5.2%
Georgia State University5.0%
University of Iowa5.0%
University of Oregon5.0%
Arizona State University4.9%
Florida State University4.9%
Grand Canyon University4.9%
University of California - Berkeley4.7%
University of Central Florida4.7%
University of Arizona4.7%
New York University4.5%
University of Washington4.5%
Florida International University4.5%
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|Job Title||Company||Location||Start Date||Salary|
|Instructor Cy/English||Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey||New Brunswick, NJ||Feb 16, 2012||$82,090|
|English Instructor||Madison Area Technical College||Madison, WI||Sep 27, 2015||$81,881|
|English Instructor||Madison Area Technical College||Madison, WI||Sep 27, 2014||$81,881|
|English Instructor||Madison Area Technical College||Madison, WI||Sep 28, 2011||$74,116|
|Instructor of English||Phillips Academy||Andover, MA||Aug 30, 2010||$67,810|
|Instructor-Intensive English Program||Ferris State University||Big Rapids, MI||Jul 22, 2013||$57,000|
|Instructor of English||Massachusetts College of Pharmacy and Health Scien||Boston, MA||Jun 17, 2011||$52,868|
|English Instructor||Mashdots College||Glendale, CA||Feb 22, 2010||$52,150|
|Remedial Math and English Coordinator/Instructor||Truckee Meadows Community College||Reno, NV||Jan 07, 2016||$50,713|
|Remedial Math and English Coordinator/Instructor||Truckee Meadows Community College||Reno, NV||Jun 14, 2016||$50,713|
|English Instructor||Kirkwood Community College||Cedar Rapids, IA||Aug 13, 2010||$49,674|
|Instructor-English Dept (Elementary English Education)||Grand Valley State University||Allendale, MI||Mar 26, 2010||$48,000|
|English Instructor||Twashakarris, Inc.||Edmond, OK||Aug 19, 2014||$45,914|
|Instructor English Literature||Stonehill College, Inc.||Easton, MA||Jul 01, 2011||$45,284|
|Instructor English Literature||Stonehill College Inc.||Easton, MA||Jul 01, 2011||$45,284|
|English Instructor (Educational Teacher)||Fortuna Education, LLC||Santa Ana, CA||Feb 11, 2015||$45,000|
|English Instructor (Education Teacher)||Fortuna Education, LLC||Santa Ana, CA||Feb 01, 2012||$45,000|
|English Instructor (Education Teacher)||Fortuna Education, LLC||Santa Ana, CA||Feb 10, 2012||$45,000|
|English Instructor||The Ohio University||Athens, OH||Jun 28, 2012||$43,636|
|English Instructor||Hutchinson Community College||Hutchinson, KS||Jan 01, 2016||$42,193|
|Instructor English Literature||Stonehill College, Inc.||Easton, MA||Jan 01, 2010||$42,000|
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