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Become An Environmental Engineer

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Working As An Environmental Engineer

  • Analyzing Data or Information
  • Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards
  • Getting Information
  • Making Decisions and Solving Problems
  • Interacting With Computers
  • Deal with People

  • $69,250

    Average Salary

What Does An Environmental Engineer Do

Environmental engineers use the principles of engineering, soil science, biology, and chemistry to develop solutions to environmental problems. They are involved in efforts to improve recycling, waste disposal, public health, and water and air pollution control. They also address global issues, such as unsafe drinking water, climate change, and environmental sustainability.


Environmental engineers typically do the following:

  • Prepare, review, and update environmental investigation reports
  • Design projects that lead to environmental protection, such as water reclamation facilities, air pollution control systems, and operations that convert waste to energy
  • Obtain, update, and maintain plans, permits, and standard operating procedures
  • Provide technical support for environmental remediation projects and for legal actions
  • Analyze scientific data and do quality-control checks
  • Monitor the progress of environmental improvement programs
  • Inspect industrial and municipal facilities and programs in order to ensure compliance with environmental regulations
  • Advise corporations and government agencies about procedures for cleaning up contaminated sites

Environmental engineers conduct hazardous-waste management studies in which they evaluate the significance of a hazard and advise on treating and containing it. They also design systems for municipal and industrial water supplies and industrial wastewater treatment, and research the environmental impact of proposed construction projects. Environmental engineers in government develop regulations to prevent mishaps.

Some environmental engineers study ways to minimize the effects of acid rain, climate change, automobile emissions, and ozone depletion. They also collaborate with environmental scientists, planners, hazardous waste technicians, and other engineers, as well as with specialists such as experts in law and business, to address environmental problems and environmental sustainability. For more information, see the job profiles on environmental scientists and specialists, hazardous materials removal workers, lawyers, and urban and regional planners.

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How To Become An Environmental Engineer

Environmental engineers must have a bachelor’s degree in environmental engineering or a related field, such as civil, chemical, or general engineering. Employers also value practical experience. Therefore, cooperative engineering programs, in which college credit is awarded for structured job experience, are valuable as well.


Entry-level environmental engineering jobs require a bachelor’s degree. Programs include classroom, laboratory, and field studies. Some colleges and universities offer cooperative programs in which students gain practical experience while completing their education.

At some colleges and universities, a student can enroll in a 5-year program that leads to both a bachelor’s and a master’s degree. A graduate degree allows an engineer to work as an instructor at some colleges and universities or to do research and development, and some employers prefer candidates to have a master’s degree.

Students interested in becoming an environmental engineer should take high school courses in chemistry, biology, physics, and math, including algebra, trigonometry, and calculus.

Many engineering programs are accredited by ABET. Some employers prefer to hire candidates who have graduated from an accredited program. A degree from an ABET-accredited program is usually necessary for a person to become a licensed professional engineer.

Important Qualities

Imagination. Environmental engineers sometimes have to design systems that will be part of larger ones. They must be able to foresee how the proposed designs will interact with other components of the larger system, including the workers, machinery, and equipment, as well as with the environment.

Interpersonal skills. Environmental engineers must be able to work with others toward a common goal. They usually work with engineers and scientists who design other systems and with the technicians and mechanics who put the designs into practice.

Problem-solving skills. When designing facilities and processes, environmental engineers strive to solve several issues at once, from workers’ safety to environmental protection. They must be able to identify and anticipate problems in order to prevent losses for their employers, safeguard workers’ health, and mitigate environmental damage.

Reading skills. Environmental engineers often work with businesspeople, lawyers, and other professionals outside their field. They frequently are required to read and understand documents with topics outside their scope of training.

Writing skills. Environmental engineers must be able to write clearly so that others without their specific training can understand their plans, proposals, specifications, findings, and other documents.

Licenses, Certifications, and Registrations

Licensure is not required for entry-level positions as an environmental engineer. A Professional Engineering (PE) license, which allows for higher levels of leadership and independence, can be acquired later in one’s career. Licensed engineers are called professional engineers (PEs). A PE can oversee the work of other engineers, sign off on projects, and provide services directly to the public. State licensure generally requires

  • A degree from an ABET-accredited engineering program
  • A passing score on the Fundamentals of Engineering (FE) exam
  • Relevant work experience, typically at least 4 years
  • A passing score on the Professional Engineering (PE) exam

The initial FE exam can be taken after one earns a bachelor’s degree. Engineers who pass this exam are commonly called engineers in training (EITs) or engineer interns (EIs). After meeting work experience requirements, EITs and EIs can take the second exam, called the Principles and Practice of Engineering.

Several states require continuing education in order for engineers to keep their licenses. Most states recognize licensure from other states if the licensing state’s requirements meet or exceed their own requirements.

After licensing, environmental engineers can earn board certification from the American Academy of Environmental Engineers and Scientists. This certification shows that an environmental engineer has expertise in one or more areas of specialization.


As beginning engineers gain knowledge and experience, they move on to more difficult projects and they have greater independence to develop designs, solve problems, and make decisions. Eventually, environmental engineers may advance to become technical specialists or to supervise a team of engineers and technicians.

Some may even become engineering managers or move into executive positions, such as program managers. However, before assuming a managerial position, an engineer most often works under the supervision of a more experienced engineer. For more information, see the profile on architectural and engineering managers.

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Environmental Engineer jobs

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Environmental Engineer Career Paths

Environmental Engineer
Senior Project Manager Program Director General Manager
Area Manager
7 Yearsyrs
Safety Engineer Safety Manager General Manager
Chief Operating Officer
11 Yearsyrs
Environmental Specialist Environmental Scientist Project Manager
Construction Manager
10 Yearsyrs
Project Engineer Engineering Manager
Engineering Director
13 Yearsyrs
Senior Project Manager Contractor/Consultant Senior Software Engineer
Engineering Manager
10 Yearsyrs
Environmental Consultant Geologist Environmental Specialist
Environmental Compliance Manager
8 Yearsyrs
Facility Engineer Maintenance Director Environmental Services Supervisor
Manager Of Environmental Services
9 Yearsyrs
Project Engineer Program Manager General Manager
Operations Director
9 Yearsyrs
Environmental Specialist Project Manager Construction Manager
Operations Manager
7 Yearsyrs
Environmental Manager Operations Manager
Operations Project Manager
8 Yearsyrs
Senior Engineer Engineering Manager Operations Manager
President Of Operations
11 Yearsyrs
Project Manager Consultant Senior Consultant
Program Manager
8 Yearsyrs
Environmental Manager Safety Manager
Project Safety Manager
9 Yearsyrs
Program Manager Technical Director Carpenter
Project Superintendent
10 Yearsyrs
Senior Engineer Senior Software Engineer Quality Assurance Lead
Quality Assurance Manager
9 Yearsyrs
Safety Engineer Safety Supervisor Operations Manager
Regional Operation Manager
9 Yearsyrs
Environmental Health Safety Manager Safety Director Risk Manager
Risk Management Director
7 Yearsyrs
Project Manager Program Manager
Senior Manager
10 Yearsyrs
Program Manager General Manager Site Manager
Site/Project Manager
9 Yearsyrs
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Environmental Engineer Demographics


  • Male

  • Female

  • Unknown



  • White

  • Asian

  • Hispanic or Latino

  • Unknown

  • Black or African American

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Languages Spoken

  • Spanish

  • Chinese

  • French

  • Mandarin

  • Arabic

  • German

  • Portuguese

  • Russian

  • Korean

  • Japanese

  • Cantonese

  • Dakota

  • Hindi

  • Turkish

  • Thai

  • Navajo

  • Greek

  • Persian

  • Swahili

  • Vietnamese

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Environmental Engineer

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Environmental Engineer Education

Environmental Engineer

Unfortunately we don’t have enough data for this section.

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Real Environmental Engineer Salaries

Job Title Company Location Start Date Salary
Professor of The Practice In Environmental Engineering University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Chapel Hill, NC Jun 01, 2015 $156,800
Lead Environmental Engineer Cf Industries Employee Services LLC Donaldsonville, LA Nov 15, 2016 $123,786
Environmental Engineer Haldor Topsoe, Inc. Pasadena, TX Sep 01, 2015 $118,000
Civil and Environmental Engineer Gem One, Inc. Canton, MI Oct 22, 2015 $111,904
Oil Recovery Environmental Engineer Five Star Custom Foods Fort Worth, TX Apr 27, 2016 $102,100
Environmental Engineer Galicia & Associates, Inc. Chicago, IL Sep 14, 2016 $100,280
Environmental Engineer Thinkstep, Inc. Boston, MA Dec 17, 2015 $100,000
Environmental Engineer Eastern Technologies, Inc. Ashford, AL Jan 08, 2016 $99,617
Environmental Engineer Chevron Corporation San Ramon, CA Aug 26, 2015 $99,500
Environmental Engineer IV CDM Smith Inc. Dallas, TX Sep 01, 2015 $96,928
Project Engineer/Environmental Engineer Gotech, Inc. New Orleans, LA Dec 19, 2015 $95,000 -
Environmental Engineer V CDM Smith Inc. Edison, NJ Feb 22, 2016 $94,016
Project Environmental Engineer Arcadis U.S., Inc. Washington, DC Oct 17, 2016 $93,000
Environmental Engineer Pacific Advanced Civil Engineering, Inc. Fountain Valley, CA Oct 16, 2015 $92,500
Environmental Engineer FISS Environmental Solutions, Inc. Charlotte, NC Apr 22, 2016 $79,830
Environmental Engineer Parsons Environment & Infrastructure Group Inc. Pasadena, CA Sep 04, 2015 $79,706
Environmental Engineer 3 Ch2M Hill, Inc. San Diego, CA Oct 01, 2015 $79,491
Environmental Engineer 3 Ch2M Hill, Inc. San Diego, TX Mar 29, 2016 $79,491
Environmental Engineer III CDM Smith Inc. Denver, CO Dec 10, 2015 $79,394
Assistant Professor, Civil & Environmental Engineering Old Dominion University Norfolk, VA Jul 25, 2016 $79,130
Environmental Engineer Entech Engineering PC New York, NY Aug 18, 2016 $78,889 -
Environmental Engineer Anchor QEA LLC Woodcliff Lake, NJ Feb 08, 2016 $78,600
Environmental Engineer 1 Asarco LLC Marana, AZ Sep 03, 2015 $69,192
Environmental Engineer Carollo Engineers, Inc. Sacramento, CA Aug 11, 2015 $69,118
Environmental Engineer Carollo Engineers, Inc. Phoenix, AZ Sep 12, 2015 $69,000
Environmental Engineer Computer and Engineering Services, Inc. Chelsea, MI Oct 09, 2016 $68,871
Environmental Engineer Carollo Engineers, Inc. Phoenix, AZ May 09, 2016 $68,820
Environmental Engineer Parsons Environment &Amp; Infrastructure Group Inc. Somerset, NJ Jan 15, 2016 $68,636
Environmental Engineer D'Eng LLC Washington, DC Sep 01, 2015 $68,000
Environmental Engineer/Air Quality Weaver Boos Consultants, LLC Fort Worth, TX Jan 19, 2015 $68,000

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Top Skills for An Environmental Engineer


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Top Environmental Engineer Skills

  1. Environmental Compliance
  2. Safety Programs
  3. Regulatory Compliance
You can check out examples of real life uses of top skills on resumes here:
  • Serve as engineering and scientific expert for program management of multiple Edwards environmental compliance programs.
  • Develop, coordinate and implement environmental and safety programs to assure plant compliance with required local and federal regulations.
  • Served on numerous projects involving contaminant assessments, regulatory compliance, hazardous waste and spill response measures.
  • Handled electrical engineering for facility design and runways upgrades.
  • Repaired and analyzed 145 miles of roadways including two active runways.

Top Environmental Engineer Employers

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