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Become An Equipment Operator/Labour

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Working As An Equipment Operator/Labour

  • Operating Vehicles, Mechanized Devices, or Equipment
  • Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material
  • Getting Information
  • Controlling Machines and Processes
  • Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings
  • Outdoors/walking/standing

  • Unpleasant/Hazardous Environment

  • Repetitive

  • $32,000

    Average Salary

What Does An Equipment Operator/Labour Do

Construction equipment operators drive, maneuver, or control the heavy machinery used to construct roads, bridges, buildings, and other structures.

Duties

Construction equipment operators typically do the following:

  • Clean and maintain equipment, making basic repairs as necessary
  • Report malfunctioning equipment to supervisors
  • Move levers, push pedals, or turn valves to control equipment
  • Drive and maneuver equipment
  • Coordinate machine actions with crew members using hand or audio signals
  • Ensure that safety standards are met

Construction equipment operators use machinery to move construction materials, earth, and other heavy materials at construction sites and mines. They operate equipment that clears and grades land to prepare it for the construction of roads, bridges, and buildings, as well as runways, power generation facilities, dams, levees, and other structures.

Operating engineers and other construction equipment operators work with one or several types of power construction equipment. They may operate excavation and loading machines equipped with scoops, shovels, or buckets that dig sand, gravel, earth, or similar materials. In addition to operating bulldozers, they operate trench excavators, road graders, and similar equipment. Sometimes, they may drive and control industrial trucks or tractors equipped with forklifts or booms for lifting materials. They may also operate and maintain air compressors, pumps, and other power equipment at construction sites.

Paving and surfacing equipment operators control the machines that spread and level asphalt or spread and smooth concrete for roadways or other structures.

  • Asphalt spreader operators turn valves to regulate the temperature and flow of asphalt being applied to the roadbed. They must ensure a constant flow of asphalt into the hopper and that the machine distributes the paving material evenly.
  • Concrete paving machine operators control levers and turn handwheels to move attachments that spread, vibrate, and level wet concrete. They must watch the surface of the concrete carefully to identify low spots that need additional concrete.
  • Tamping equipment operators use machines that compact earth and other fill materials for roadbeds, railroads, or other construction sites. They may also operate machines with interchangeable hammers to cut or break up old pavement and drive guardrail posts into the ground.

Pile-driver operators use large machines mounted on skids, barges, or cranes to hammer piles into the ground. Piles are long, heavy beams of concrete, wood, or steel driven into the ground to support retaining walls, bridges, piers, or building foundations. Some pile-driver operators work on offshore oil rigs.

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How To Become An Equipment Operator/Labour

Many workers learn equipment operation on the job after earning a high school diploma or equivalent, while others learn through an apprenticeship or by attending vocational schools.

Education

A high school diploma or equivalent is required for most jobs. Vocational training and math courses are useful, and a course in auto mechanics can be helpful because workers often perform maintenance on their equipment. 

Education at a private vocational school may be beneficial in finding a job, and the variety of construction equipment that is taught varies from school to school. However, people considering this kind of training should check the school’s reputation among employers in the area and find out if the school offers the opportunity to train on actual machines in realistic situations.

Many training facilities incorporate sophisticated simulators into their training, allowing beginners to familiarize themselves with the equipment in a virtual environment before operating real machines.

Training

Many workers learn their jobs by operating light equipment under the guidance of an experienced operator. Later, they may operate heavier equipment, such as bulldozers. Technologically advanced construction equipment with computerized controls requires greater skill to operate. Operators of such equipment may need more training and some understanding of electronics.

Other workers learn their trade through a 3- or 4-year apprenticeship. For each year of the program, apprentices must have at least 144 hours of technical instruction and 2,000 hours of paid on-the-job training. On the job, apprentices learn to maintain equipment, operate machinery, and use special technology, such as a Global Positioning System (GPS). In the classroom, apprentices learn operating procedures for special equipment, safety practices, and first aid, as well as how to read grading plans. Because apprentices learn to operate a wider variety of machines than do other beginners, they usually have better job opportunities.

A few groups, including unions and contractor associations, sponsor apprenticeship programs. Some apprenticeship programs have preferred entry for veterans. The basic qualifications for entering an apprenticeship program are as follows:

  • Minimum age of 18
  • High school education or equivalent
  • Physically able to do the work
  • Valid driver’s license

After completing an apprenticeship program, apprentices are considered journey workers and perform tasks with less guidance.

Licenses, Certifications, and Registrations

Construction equipment operators often need a commercial driver’s license (CDL) to haul their equipment to various jobsites. State laws governing CDLs vary.

A few states have special licenses for operators of backhoes, loaders, and bulldozers.

Currently, 17 states require pile-driver operators to have a crane license because similar operational concerns apply to both pile-drivers and cranes. In addition, the cities of Chicago, New Orleans, New York, Omaha, Philadelphia, and Washington, DC require special crane licensure.

Important Qualities

Hand–eye–foot coordination. Construction equipment operators should have steady hands and feet to guide and control heavy machinery precisely, sometimes in tight spaces.

Mechanical skills. Construction equipment operators often perform basic maintenance on the equipment they operate. As a result, they should be familiar with hand and power tools and standard equipment care.

Physical strength. Construction equipment operators may be required to lift more than 50 pounds as part of their duties.

Unafraid of heights. Construction equipment operators may work at great heights. For example, pile-driver operators may need to service the pulleys located at the top of the pile-driver’s tower, which may be several stories tall.

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Equipment Operator/Labour Career Paths

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Average Length of Employment
Foreman/Operator 4.9 years
Equipment Operator 3.7 years
Excavator Operator 3.2 years
Operator 2.9 years
Loader Operator 2.9 years
Labour Operator 2.7 years
Labour Contractor 2.4 years
Labour Worker 1.9 years
Drop Crew Labour 1.7 years
Top Careers Before Equipment Operator/Labour
Cashier 6.3%
Driver 5.7%
Welder 4.5%
Foreman 4.1%
Mechanic 3.6%
Cook 3.4%
Helper 3.3%
Technician 3.0%
Operator 3.0%
Top Careers After Equipment Operator/Labour
Driver 6.3%
Foreman 4.9%
Operator 4.7%
Welder 4.2%
Technician 3.9%
Mechanic 3.4%
Cashier 2.6%
Supervisor 2.5%

Do you work as an Equipment Operator/Labour?

Equipment Operator/Labour Demographics

Gender

Male

86.9%

Unknown

7.0%

Female

6.0%
Ethnicity

White

67.0%

Hispanic or Latino

14.0%

Black or African American

10.3%

Asian

5.6%

Unknown

3.1%
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Foreign Languages Spoken

Spanish

69.4%

German

5.6%

Carrier

5.6%

Portuguese

2.8%

Chinese

2.8%

French

2.8%

Mandarin

2.8%

Swahili

1.4%

Choctaw

1.4%

Tagalog

1.4%

Dakota

1.4%

Thai

1.4%

Lingala

1.4%
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Equipment Operator/Labour Education

Schools

University of Phoenix

13.4%

The Academy

10.2%

Pennsylvania College of Technology

6.9%

Universal Technical Institute

6.0%

Northwest Lineman College

5.6%

Pennsylvania State University

5.1%

Central State University

4.6%

Ashford University

4.2%

Hocking College

4.2%

Utah Valley University

4.2%

Fairmont State University

4.2%

New Castle School of Trades

3.7%

Harrisburg Area Community College - Harrisburg

3.7%

Stark State College

3.7%

Oklahoma State University

3.7%

Utah State University

3.7%

Hudson Valley Community College

3.2%

Kirkwood Community College

3.2%

Community College of the Air Force

3.2%

A-Technical College

3.2%
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Majors

Business

16.5%

General Studies

10.2%

Precision Metal Working

9.9%

Automotive Technology

9.8%

Criminal Justice

7.4%

Electrical Engineering Technology

5.7%

Heavy/Industrial Equipment Maintenance Technologies

5.7%

Construction Management

3.8%

Electrical Engineering

3.2%

Education

3.0%

Computer Science

2.7%

Heating And Air Conditioning

2.7%

Psychology

2.5%

Accounting

2.5%

Drafting And Design

2.5%

Management

2.5%

Environmental Control Technologies/Technicians

2.5%

Industrial Technology

2.3%

Nursing

2.3%

Kinesiology

2.1%
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Degrees

Other

54.1%

Bachelors

16.6%

Associate

13.6%

Certificate

11.0%

Diploma

3.0%

Masters

1.1%

License

0.5%

Doctorate

0.1%
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Job type you want
Full Time
Part Time
Internship
Temporary
Average Yearly Salary
$32,000
View Detailed Salary Report
$23,000
Min 10%
$32,000
Median 50%
$32,000
Median 50%
$32,000
Median 50%
$32,000
Median 50%
$32,000
Median 50%
$32,000
Median 50%
$32,000
Median 50%
$44,000
Max 90%
Best Paying Company
State of Minnesota
Highest Paying City
Draper, UT
Highest Paying State
Alaska
Avg Experience Level
2.8 years
How much does an Equipment Operator/Labour make at top companies?
The national average salary for an Equipment Operator/Labour in the United States is $32,070 per year or $15 per hour. Those in the bottom 10 percent make under $23,000 a year, and the top 10 percent make over $44,000.

How Would You Rate The Salary Of an Equipment Operator/Labour?

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Top Skills for An Equipment Operator/Labour

  1. Backhoe
  2. General Labor
  3. Skid Steers
You can check out examples of real life uses of top skills on resumes here:
  • Operate mechanized equipment, such as pickup trucks, rollers, tandem dump trucks, front-end loaders, or backhoes.
  • General laborer that is responsible for timely distribution of fertilizer products.
  • Maintained Golf Course* Operation of farm tractors, backhoes, and skid steers* Bailed and stored hay and tended to farm animals
  • Assisted block and brick layers while following essential safety regulations
  • Used front-end loaders, Bobcat and New Holland skid steers and dump trucks, Chevy pick-ups and John Deere Gators.

How Would You Rate Working As an Equipment Operator/Labour?

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