Research Summary. Using a database of 30 million profiles, Zippia estimates demographics and statistics for farm hands in the United States. Our estimates are verified against BLS, Census, and current job openings data for accuracy. After extensive research and analysis, Zippia's data science team found that:

  • There are over 22,793 farm hands currently employed in the United States.
  • 22.3% of all farm hands are women, while 77.7% are men.
  • The average age of an employed farm hand is 40 years old.
  • The most common ethnicity of farm hands is White (70.8%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (20.0%), Black or African American (3.4%) and Unknown (3.0%).
  • In 2021, women earned 94% of what men earned.
  • 3% of all farm hands are LGBT.
  • Farm hands are 83% more likely to work at private companies in comparison to public companies.

Farm Hand Statistics By Gender

22.3% of farm hands are women and 77.7% of farm hands are men.

  • Male, 77.7%
  • Female, 22.3%

Farm Hands By Gender

GenderPercentages
Male77.7%
Female22.3%

Gender Pay Gap For Farm Hand

Women Earn 94¢ For Every $1 Earned By Men

male-income
Male Income
$27,571
female-income
Female Income
$25,925

Farm Hand Gender Over Time

This data shows how men and women predominate in the farm hand position over time.

Male
Female
100%
80%
60%
40%
20%
0%
2010
2011
2012
2013
2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
2019
2020
2021

Farm Hand Gender By Year

YearMaleFemale
201082.65%17.35%
201183.94%16.06%
201283.57%16.43%
201382.54%17.46%
201480.71%19.29%
201580.05%19.95%
201680.07%19.93%
201779.21%20.79%
201877.70%22.30%
201978.97%21.03%
202080.08%19.92%
202177.73%22.27%

Farm Hand Male to Female Ratio

We compared this job title with other job titles to see how gender percentages varied. As you can see, ditch rider and custom harvester have the biggest difference in gender.

Job TitleMaleFemale
Groom19%81%
Stable Hand20%80%
Nursery Worker22%78%
Farm Hand78%22%
Hay Baler94%6%
Custom Harvester96%4%
Ditch Rider97%3%
Male
Female

Farm Hand Statistics By Race

The most common ethnicity among farm hands is White, which makes up 70.8% of all farm hands. Comparatively, there are 20.0% of the Hispanic or Latino ethnicity and 3.4% of the Black or African American ethnicity.

  • White, 70.8%
  • Hispanic or Latino, 20.0%
  • Black or African American, 3.4%
  • Unknown, 3.0%
  • Asian, 1.7%
  • American Indian and Alaska Native, 1.1%

Farm Hand Race

Farm Hand RacePercentages
White70.8%
Hispanic or Latino20.0%
Black or African American3.4%
Unknown3.0%
Asian1.7%
American Indian and Alaska Native1.1%

Farm Hand Race And Ethnicity Over Time

Using the Census Bureau data, we found out how the percentage of each ethnic category trended between 2010-2019 among farm hands.

  • White
  • Asian
  • Hispanic or Latino
  • Black or African American

Farm Hand Race By Year

YearWhiteBlack or African AmericanAsianHispanic or Latino
201071.11%4.05%1.21%21.90%
201171.67%4.49%1.16%20.78%
201271.27%4.56%1.17%20.80%
201371.01%4.28%1.17%21.25%
201472.26%3.86%1.25%20.40%
201574.07%3.95%1.38%18.37%
201673.58%3.48%1.25%19.65%
201775.71%3.10%1.25%17.77%
201876.52%3.50%1.20%16.47%
201975.51%3.27%1.16%17.73%
202077.44%3.40%1.29%13.35%
202170.75%3.45%1.70%20.04%

Farm Hand Wage Gap By Race

White farm hands have the highest average salary compared to other ethnicities. Hispanic or latino farm hands have the lowest average salary at $27,143.
$30,000
$29,000
$28,000
$27,000
Unknown
White
Black or African American
Asian
Hispanic or Latino
EthnicitySalary
Unknown$27,457
White$28,278
Black or African American$27,602
Asian$27,387
Hispanic or Latino$27,143

Average Age of a Farm Hand

We determined the average age of farm hands based on ethnicity and gender.

Male
Female

Farm Hand Age By Race

RaceMale AgeFemale Age
Black or African American5144.5
Unknown3637
Asian40.553
Hispanic or Latino4040
White3737
American Indian and Alaska Native36.5

Farm Hand Age Breakdown

This chart breaks down the ages of farm hand employees. Interestingly enough, the average age of farm hands is 40+ years old, which represents 50% of the population.

40+ years

30-40 years

20-30 years


Farm Hand Age

Farm Hand YearsPercentages
40+ years50%
30-40 years26%
20-30 years23%

Types of Farm Hand Degree Levels

The most common degree for farm hands is bachelor's degree 39% of farm hands earn that degree. A close second is high school diploma with 31% and rounding it off is associate degree with 19%.

  • Bachelors, 39%
  • High School Diploma, 31%
  • Associate, 19%
  • Diploma, 7%
  • Other Degrees, 4%

Farm Hands By Education

Farm Hand DegreePercentages
Bachelors39%
High School Diploma31%
Associate19%
Diploma7%
Other Degrees4%

Farm Hand Jobs You Might Like

Farm Hand Wage Gap By Education

Farm hands with a Associate degree earn more than those without, at $27,985 annually. With a Bachelors degree, farm hands earn a median annual income of $27,920 compared to $27,004 for farm hands with an High School Diploma degree.
$29,000
$28,000
$27,000
$26,000
High School Diploma or Less
No Education
Bachelor's Degree
Some College/ Associate Degree
EducationSalary
High School Diploma or Less$27,004
No Education$26,513
Bachelor's Degree$27,920
Some College/ Associate Degree$27,985

Farm Hand Employment Statistics

This section highlights information about where farm hands work. We found most farm hands work for a private company. In addition, the industry that employs the most farm hands is the manufacturing industry.

Company Size

We created this chart to show you the average size of companies that typically hire farm hands.

< 50 employees

50 - 100 employees

100 - 500 employees

500 - 1,000 employees

1,000 - 10,000 employees

> 10,000

Farm Hand Jobs By Employer Size

Company SizePercentages
< 50 employees13%
50 - 100 employees20%
100 - 500 employees28%
500 - 1,000 employees13%
1,000 - 10,000 employees18%
> 10,000 employees9%

The Types Of Companies Farm Hand Work In

Employees with the farm hand job title have their preferences when it comes to working for a company. For instance, most farm hands prefer to work at private companies over public companies.

Education

Public

Private

Government

Farm Hand Jobs By Sector

Company TypePercentages
Education4%
Public10%
Private83%
Government3%

Top Industries Hiring Farm Hands

Just based on the number of employees within each industry, we were able to determine the most common industries that employ farm hands. Those industries include manufacturing, professional and agriculture.

Manufacturing

Professional

Agriculture

Retail

Hospitality

Farm Hand Turnover And Employment Statistics

Farm Hand Unemployment Rate Over Time

The Bureau of Labor Statistics came in clutch when it came down to figuring out how the unemployment rate has changed over time. Between 2008 and 2018, this is how the number of farm hands changed.

  • Unemployment rate

Farm Hand Unemployment Rate By Year

YearFarm Hand Unemployment Rate
201014.65%
201113.95%
201214.17%
201312.64%
201410.53%
20159.52%
20168.71%
20177.84%
20188.05%
20196.81%
20208.39%
20218.02%

The Average Number of Years That Farm Hand Stay in a Job

By looking over 30,712 farm hands resumes, we figured out that the average farm hand enjoys staying at their job for Less than 1 year for a percentage of 27%.

Less than one year

1-2 years

3-4 years

5-7 years

8-10 years

11+ years

Farm Hand Tenure

Number or YearsPercentages
Less than 1 year27%
1-2 years24%
3-4 years14%
5-7 years15%
8-10 years6%
11+ years13%

Foreign Languages Spoken By Farm Hands

The most common foreign language among farm hands is Spanish at 57.3%. The second-most popular foreign language spoken is French at 11.3% and German is the third-most popular at 4.7%.

  • Spanish, 57.3%
  • French, 11.3%
  • German, 4.7%
  • Dakota, 4.0%
  • Chinese, 3.0%
  • Other, 19.7%

Farm Hand Languages Spoken

Foreign LanguagePercentages
Spanish57.3%
French11.3%
German4.7%
Dakota4.0%
Chinese3.0%
Other19.7%

Farm Hand Jobs

Farm Hand Heatmaps

Where Do Farm Hands Earn The Most?

Farm hands earn the most in North Dakota, where the average farm hand salary is $40,049. The map here shows where farm hands earn the highest salaries in the U.S. The darker areas across the 50 states highlight the highest salaries.

Average Salary

Farm Hand Demographics FAQs

What Percentage Of Farm Hands Are Female?

23.7% of farm hands are female in the United States. This is -1.4 percentage points lower than last year. Additionally, the percentage of female farm hands has increased by 4.0 percentage points since 2010. That means there are a total of 5,796 female farm hands in the U.S. and 18,660 male farm hands in the United States. Note that Zippia's estimate accounts only for the 24,456 people with the specific job title of farm hand and doesn't include grouping similar job titles, or people with potentially similar credentialing.

How Many Farm Hand Are There In The Us?

There are over 22,793 Farm Hands in the United States.

What Percentage Of Farm Hands Are Black?

3.4% of Farm Hands are Black or African American

What Race Are Most Farm Hands?

Most a are White, with 70.8% of Farm Hands belonging to this ethnicity. 20.0% of Farm Hands are Hispanic or Latino, 3.4% of Farm Hands are Black or African American, 3.0% of Farm Hands are Unknown, 1.7% of Farm Hands are Asian, and 1.1% of Farm Hands are American Indian and Alaska Native

Are Farm Hand Jobs Male - Dominated?

Yes, Farm Hand jobs are male - dominated. 77% of Farm Hands are male, and 22% are female, so there are more male Farm Hands than female Farm Hands in the United States.

How Old Is The Average Farm Hand?

The average Farm Hand is 40 years old. 50% of Farm Hands are 40+ years old or older, 26% are between the ages of 30-40 years, and 23% are between 20-30 years old

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