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Financial managers are responsible for the financial health of an organization. They produce financial reports, direct investment activities, and develop strategies and plans for the long-term financial goals of their organization.Duties
Financial managers typically do the following:
The role of the financial manager, particularly in business, is changing in response to technological advances that have substantially reduced the amount of time it takes to produce financial reports. Financial managers’ main responsibility used to be monitoring a company’s finances, but they now do more data analysis and advise senior managers on ways to maximize profits. They often work on teams, acting as business advisors to top executives.
Financial managers also do tasks that are specific to their organization or industry. For example, government financial managers must be experts on government appropriations and budgeting processes, and healthcare financial managers must know about topics in healthcare finance. Moreover, financial managers must be knowledgeable about special tax laws and regulations that affect their industry.
The following are examples of types of financial managers:
Chief financial officers (CFOs) are accountable for the accuracy of a company’s or organization’s financial reporting, especially among publicly traded companies. As head of a company’s entire financial department, they manage the lower level financial managers. They oversee the company’s financial goals, objectives, and budgets.
Controllers direct the preparation of financial reports that summarize and forecast the organization’s financial position, such as income statements, balance sheets, and analyses of future earnings or expenses. Controllers also are in charge of preparing special reports required by governmental agencies that regulate businesses. Often, controllers oversee the accounting, audit, and budget departments of their organization.
Treasurers and finance officers direct their organization’s budgets to meet its financial goals. They oversee the investment of funds and carry out strategies to raise capital (such as issuing stocks or bonds) to support the firm’s expansion. They also develop financial plans for mergers (two companies joining together) and acquisitions (one company buying another).
Credit managers oversee their firm’s credit business. They set credit-rating criteria, determine credit ceilings, and monitor the collections of past-due accounts.
Cash managers monitor and control the flow of cash that comes in and goes out of the company to meet the company’s business and investment needs. For example, they must project cash flow (amounts coming in and going out) to determine whether the company will have a shortage or surplus of cash.
Risk managers control financial risk by using strategies to limit or offset the probability of a financial loss or a company’s exposure to financial uncertainty. Among the risks they try to limit are those that stem from currency or commodity price changes.
Insurance managers decide how best to limit a company’s losses by obtaining insurance against risks, such as the need to make disability payments for an employee who gets hurt on the job or the costs imposed by a lawsuit against the company.
Financial managers typically have a bachelor’s degree and 5 years or more of experience in another business or financial occupation, such as an accountant, securities sales agent, or financial analyst.Education
A bachelor's degree in finance, accounting, economics, or business administration is often the minimum education needed for financial managers. However, many employers now seek candidates with a master’s degree, preferably in business administration, finance, or economics. These academic programs help students develop analytical skills and learn financial analysis methods and software.Licenses, Certifications, and Registrations
Professional certification is not required, but some financial managers still get it to demonstrate a level of competence. The CFA Institute confers the Chartered Financial Analyst (CFA) certification to investment professionals who have at least a bachelor’s degree, 4 years of work experience, and pass three exams. The Association for Financial Professionals confers the Certified Treasury Professional credential to those who pass an exam and have a minimum of 2 years of relevant experience.Work Experience in a Related Occupation
Financial managers usually have experience in another business or financial occupation. For example, they may have worked as a loan officer, accountant, securities sales agent, or financial analyst.
In some cases, companies provide formal management training programs to help prepare highly motivated and skilled financial workers to become financial managers.Important Qualities
Analytical skills. Financial managers increasingly are assisting executives in making decisions that affect their organization, a task which requires analytical ability.
Communication skills. Excellent communication skills are essential because financial managers must explain and justify complex financial transactions.
Detail oriented. In preparing and analyzing reports such as balance sheets and income statements, financial managers must be precise and attentive to their work in order to avoid errors.
Math skills. Financial managers must be skilled in math, including algebra. An understanding of international finance and complex financial documents also is important.
Organizational skills. Financial managers deal with a range of information and documents and so they must stay organized to do their jobs effectively.
Average Length of Employment
Top Careers Before Finance Manager
Top Careers After Finance Manager
Hispanic or Latino10.4%
Black or African American1.0%
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University of Phoenix21.2%
New York University5.2%
Arizona State University4.9%
Michigan State University4.8%
George Washington University4.6%
University of Chicago4.2%
University of Southern California4.0%
University of Texas at Austin3.9%
University of Houston3.8%
University of Connecticut3.7%
Southern New Hampshire University3.6%
Pennsylvania State University3.6%
Georgia State University3.6%
Brigham Young University3.5%
Florida State University3.3%
Unfortunately we don’t have enough data for this section.
|Job Title||Company||Location||Start Date||Salary|
|Financial Manager/Senior Investment Researcher||Moneda USA, Inc.||New York, NY||Dec 20, 2016||$350,000 -
|Financial Manager||Jet.Com, Inc.||Hoboken, NJ||Aug 20, 2015||$250,000|
|Financial Manager/Senior Investment Researcher||Moneda USA, Inc.||New York, NY||Jul 21, 2015||$250,000 -
|Financial Manager||Jet.Com, Inc.||Hoboken, NJ||Dec 28, 2015||$250,000|
|Finance Manager||S.W. Management LLC||New Rochelle, NY||Nov 10, 2016||$227,178|
|Quantitative Finance Manager||Bank of America||New York, NY||Sep 18, 2015||$225,000|
|Financial Manager-Regulatory Reporting)||Sia Partners U.S., Inc.||New York, NY||Feb 29, 2016||$221,000|
|Quantitative Financial Manager||Two Sigma Investments, LLC||New York, NY||Jul 03, 2016||$220,813|
|Financial Manager||Dual Commercial LLC||Coral Gables, FL||Jan 02, 2016||$220,000|
|Director; Quantitative Finance Manager||Bank of America N.A.||New York, NY||Sep 15, 2015||$215,000 -
|Director, Quantitative Finance Manager||Bank of America N.A.||New York, NY||May 09, 2016||$215,000 -
|Financial Manager||Unique Business Systems||Santa Monica, CA||Sep 24, 2016||$200,000|
|Commericial Finance Manager||Nearmap Us Inc.||San Francisco, CA||Jul 20, 2015||$200,000|
|Financial Manager||Oak Hill Advisors, L.P.||New York, NY||Jan 10, 2016||$200,000|
|Finance Manager||Samsung Electronics America, Inc.||Herndon, VA||Nov 15, 2016||$114,950|
|Financial Manager||Zaibakprn, LLC||Milwaukee, WI||Aug 24, 2015||$114,785|
|Financial Manager||Janali, LLC||Milwaukee, WI||Mar 03, 2016||$114,785|
|Manager, Finance||Hewlett-Packard Company||Houston, TX||May 26, 2015||$114,634 -
|Finance Speciaist (Manager)||Samsung Electronics America, Inc.||Ridgefield Park, NJ||Sep 06, 2016||$114,592|
|Corporate Finance Manager||Deloitte Corporate Finance LLC||New York, NY||Mar 10, 2015||$114,500 -
|Finance Manager-Corpfin-G&A or Other||Microsoft Corporation||Redmond, WA||Jan 13, 2016||$114,400 -
|Finance Manager||Microsoft Corporation||Bellevue, WA||Jul 23, 2015||$114,100|
|Finance Manager Latin America||Starwood Hotels & Resorts Worldwide, Inc.||North Miami Beach, FL||Sep 15, 2016||$99,859|
|Finance Manager Latin America||Starwood Hotels & Resorts Worldwide, Inc.||Aventura, FL||Sep 15, 2016||$99,859|
|Financial Manager||Smile Family Inc.||San Francisco, CA||Dec 09, 2016||$99,383|
|Financial Manager||Dolly Enterprises Inc.||Tyrone, GA||Feb 23, 2015||$99,382|
|Finance Manager||Amgen Inc.||Thousand Oaks, CA||Sep 11, 2015||$99,216 -
|Finance Manager||Quikforce, Inc.||Menlo Park, CA||Sep 17, 2016||$99,050|
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