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Become A Food Scientist

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Working As A Food Scientist

  • Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates
  • Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards
  • Getting Information
  • Making Decisions and Solving Problems
  • Analyzing Data or Information
  • $84,000

    Average Salary

What Does A Food Scientist Do

Agricultural and food scientists research ways to improve the efficiency and safety of agricultural establishments and products.


Agricultural and food scientists typically do the following:

  • Conduct research and experiments to improve the productivity and sustainability of field crops and farm animals
  • Create new food products and develop new and better ways to process, package, and deliver them
  • Study the composition of soil as it relates to plant growth, and research ways to improve it
  • Communicate research findings to the scientific community, food producers, and the public
  • Travel between facilities to oversee the implementation of new projects

Agricultural and food scientists play an important role in maintaining and expanding the nation’s food supply. Many work in basic or applied research and development. Basic research seeks to understand the biological and chemical processes by which crops and livestock grow. Applied research uses the knowledge gained to discover ways to improve the quality, quantity, and safety of agricultural products.

Many agricultural and food scientists work with little supervision, forming their own hypotheses and developing their research methods. In addition, they often lead teams of technicians or students who help in their research. Agricultural and food scientists who are employed in private industry may need to travel between different sites to perform various duties for their employers.

The following are types of agricultural and food scientists:

Animal scientists typically conduct research on domestic farm animals. With a focus on food production, they explore animal genetics, nutrition, reproduction, diseases, growth, and development. They work to develop efficient ways to produce and process meat, poultry, eggs, and milk. Animal scientists may crossbreed animals to make them more productive or improve other characteristics. They advise farmers on how to upgrade housing for animals, lower animal death rates, increase growth rates, or otherwise increase the quality and efficiency of livestock.

Food scientists and technologists use chemistry, biology, and other sciences to study the basic elements of food. They analyze the nutritional content of food, discover new food sources, and research ways to make processed foods safe and healthy. Food technologists generally work in product development, applying findings from food science research to develop new or better ways of selecting, preserving, processing, packaging, and distributing food. Some food scientists use nanotechnology—problem-solving techniques that work on an atomic scale—to develop sensors that can detect contaminants in food. Other food scientists enforce government regulations, inspecting food-processing areas to ensure that they are sanitary and meet waste management standards.

Soil scientists examine the composition of soil, how it affects plant or crop growth, and how alternative soil treatments affect crop productivity. They develop methods of conserving and managing soil that farmers and forestry companies can use. Because soil science is closely related to environmental science, people trained in soil science also work to ensure environmental quality and effective land use.

Plant scientists work to improve crop yields and advise food and crop developers about techniques that could enhance production. They may develop ways to control pests and weeds.

Agricultural and food scientists in private industry commonly work for food production companies, farms, and processing plants. They typically improve inspection standards or overall food quality. They spend their time in a laboratory, where they do tests and experiments, or in the field, where they take samples or assess overall conditions. Other agricultural and food scientists work for pharmaceutical companies, where they use biotechnology processes to develop drugs or other medical products. Some look for ways to process agricultural products into fuels, such as ethanol produced from corn.

At universities, agricultural and food scientists do research and investigate new methods of improving animal or soil health, nutrition, and other facets of food quality. They also write grants to organizations, such as the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) or the National Institutes of Health (NIH), to get funding for their research. For more information on professors who teach agricultural and food science at universities, see the profile on postsecondary teachers.

In the federal government, agricultural and food scientists conduct research on animal safety and on methods of improving food and crop production. They spend most of their time conducting clinical trials or developing experiments on animal and plant subjects. Agricultural and food scientists eventually present their findings in peer-reviewed journals or other publications.

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How To Become A Food Scientist

Agricultural and food scientists need at least a bachelor’s degree from an accredited postsecondary institution, although many earn more advanced degrees. Some animal scientists earn a Doctor of Veterinary Medicine (DVM).


Every state has at least one land-grant college that offers agricultural science degrees. Many other colleges and universities also offer agricultural science degrees or related courses. Degrees in related sciences, such as biology, chemistry, and physics, or in a related engineering specialty also may qualify people for many agricultural science jobs.

Undergraduate coursework for food scientists and technologists and for soil and plant scientists typically includes biology, chemistry, botany, and plant conservation. Students preparing to be food scientists take courses such as food chemistry, food analysis, food microbiology, food engineering, and food-processing operations. Students preparing to be soil and plant scientists take courses in plant pathology, soil chemistry, entomology (the study of insects), plant physiology, and biochemistry.

Undergraduate students in the agricultural and food sciences typically gain a strong foundation in their specialty, with an emphasis on teamwork through internships and research opportunities. Students also are encouraged to take humanities courses, which can help them develop good communication skills, and computer courses, which can familiarize them with common programs and databases.

Many people with bachelor’s degrees in agricultural sciences find work in related jobs rather than becoming an agricultural or food scientist. For example, a bachelor’s degree in agricultural science is a useful background for farming, ranching, agricultural inspection, farm credit institutions, or companies that make or sell feed, fertilizer, seed, or farm equipment. Combined with coursework in business, agricultural and food science could be a good background for managerial jobs in farm-related or ranch-related businesses. For more information, see the profile on farmers, ranchers, and other agricultural managers.

Many students with bachelor’s degrees in application-focused food sciences or agricultural sciences earn advanced degrees in applied topics such as nutrition or dietetics. Students who major in a more basic field, such as biology or chemistry, may be better suited for getting their Ph.D. and doing research within the agricultural and food sciences. During graduate school, there is additional emphasis on lab work and original research, in which prospective animal scientists have the opportunity to do experiments and sometimes supervise undergraduates.

Advanced research topics include genetics, animal reproduction, and biotechnology, among others. Advanced coursework also emphasizes statistical analysis and experiment design, which are important as Ph.D. candidates begin their research.

Some agricultural and food scientists receive a Doctor of Veterinary Medicine. Like Ph.D. candidates in animal science, a prospective veterinarian must first have a bachelor’s degree before getting into veterinary school.

Important Qualities

Communication skills. Communication skills are critical for agricultural and food scientists. They must be able to explain their studies: what they were trying to learn, the methods they used, what they found, and what they think the implications of their findings are. They must also be able to communicate well when working with others, including technicians and student assistants.

Critical-thinking skills. Agricultural and food scientists must use their expertise to determine the best way to answer a specific research question.

Data-analysis skills. Agricultural and food scientists, like other researchers, collect data using a variety of methods, including quantitative surveys. They must then apply standard data analysis techniques to understand the data and get the answers to the questions they are studying.

Math skills. Agricultural and food scientists, like many other scientists, must have a sound grasp of mathematical concepts.

Observation skills. Agricultural and food scientists conduct experiments that require precise observation of samples and other data. Any mistake could lead to inconclusive or inaccurate results.

Licenses, Certifications, and Registrations

Some states require soil scientists to be licensed to practice. Licensing requirements vary by state, but generally include holding a bachelor’s degree with a certain number of credit hours in soil science, working under a licensed scientist for a certain number of years, and passing an examination.

Otherwise, certifications are generally not required for agriculture and food scientists, but they can be useful in advancing one’s career. Agricultural and food scientists can get certifications from organizations such as the American Society of Agronomy, the American Registry of Professional Animal Scientists (ARPAS), the Institute of Food Technologists (IFT), or the Soil Science Society of America (SSSA), and others. These certifications recognize expertise in agricultural and food science, and enhance the status of those who are certified.

Qualification for certification is generally based on education, previous professional experience, and passing a comprehensive exam. Scientists may need to take continuing education courses to keep their certification, and they must follow the organization’s code of ethics.

Other Experience

Internships are highly recommended for prospective food scientists and technologists. Many entry-level jobs in this occupation are related to food manufacturing, and firsthand experience can be highly valued in that environment.

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Food Scientist Career Paths

Food Scientist
Food Technologist Quality Assurance Manager Plant Manager
Manufacturing Director
14 Yearsyrs
Food Technologist Quality Assurance Manager
Quality Systems Manager
12 Yearsyrs
Food Technologist Quality Assurance Manager Engineering Manager
Research And Development Director
11 Yearsyrs
Senior Scientist Laboratory Manager Quality Control Manager
Quality Control Director
9 Yearsyrs
Senior Scientist Project Leader Manager Applications Development
Senior Application Development Manager
10 Yearsyrs
Senior Scientist Research And Development Manager
Senior Manager Of Research And Development
12 Yearsyrs
Scientist Research And Development Scientist
Research And Development Manager
7 Yearsyrs
Scientist Research And Development Manager Research And Development Director
Vice President Of Research And Development
13 Yearsyrs
Scientist Process Engineer
Process Engineering Manager
9 Yearsyrs
Quality Assurance Supervisor Production Manager Food Service Director
Food Safety Director
8 Yearsyrs
Quality Assurance Supervisor Quality Control Manager Research And Development Manager
Manager, Product Research And Development
8 Yearsyrs
Quality Assurance Supervisor Project Manager Project Director
Project Development Director
9 Yearsyrs
Quality Assurance Technician Research And Development Technician Research And Development Engineer
Research And Development Project Manager
8 Yearsyrs
Quality Assurance Technician Process Engineer Product Development Engineer
Lead Product Developer
7 Yearsyrs
Quality Assurance Technician Quality Engineer Product Quality Engineer
Product Quality Manager
10 Yearsyrs
Research And Development Technician Product Manager Global Product Manager
Global Business Manager
10 Yearsyrs
Research And Development Technician Research And Development Engineer Research And Development Senior Engineer
Research And Development Project Leader
6 Yearsyrs
Consultant Senior Software Engineer Senior Software Engineer Lead
Technology Development Manager
9 Yearsyrs
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Do you work as a Food Scientist?

Help others decide if this is a good career for them

Average Length of Employment
Scientist 3.4 years
Food Scientist 3.0 years
Food Technologist 2.8 years
Top Careers Before Food Scientist
Internship 9.6%
Top Careers After Food Scientist
Consultant 5.4%
Manager 5.1%
Scientist 4.7%

Do you work as a Food Scientist?

Average Yearly Salary
Show Salaries
Min 10%
Median 50%
Median 50%
Median 50%
Median 50%
Median 50%
Median 50%
Median 50%
Max 90%
Best Paying Company
Highest Paying City
Washington, DC
Highest Paying State
District of Columbia
Avg Experience Level
2.9 years
How much does a Food Scientist make at top companies?
The national average salary for a Food Scientist in the United States is $84,551 per year or $41 per hour. Those in the bottom 10 percent make under $44,000 a year, and the top 10 percent make over $158,000.

Real Food Scientist Salaries

Job Title Company Location Start Date Salary
Food Scientist, Sales Management OMYA Inc. Long Beach, CA Nov 17, 2016 $128,232 -
Principal Food Scientist III Ainsworth Pet Nutrition, Inc. Meadville, PA Sep 04, 2015 $115,000
Principal Food Scientist III Ainsworth Pet Nutrition Inc. Meadville, PA Mar 13, 2015 $115,000
Food Scientist Paramount Farms International LLC Lost Hills, CA Oct 05, 2015 $90,000 -
Food Scientist/Technical Manager WQS Food Verification Services, LLC Charlotte, NC Mar 02, 2015 $90,000
Food Scientist Hampton Creek, Inc. San Francisco, CA Oct 09, 2016 $90,000
Food Scientist Premier Organics Oakland, CA Jul 04, 2016 $88,733
Food Scientist Lipscomb Chemical Company Inc. Long Beach, CA Aug 20, 2015 $88,046
Food Scientist Atlantic Natural Foods LLC Nashville, NC Jun 09, 2016 $86,100
Food Scientist Hampton Creek, Inc. San Francisco, CA Aug 23, 2016 $85,000
Food Scientist Itaberco Inc. Baltimore, MD Oct 24, 2016 $84,926
Food Scientist Hampton Creek, Inc. San Francisco, CA Aug 23, 2016 $84,000
Food Scientist Melaleuca, Inc. Idaho Falls, ID May 10, 2016 $80,500
Food Scientist World Food Processing LLC Oskaloosa, IA Sep 05, 2016 $80,000
Food Scientist Agropur, Inc. Le Sueur, MN Apr 05, 2016 $59,509
Food Scientist RFI LLC Blauvelt, NY Jun 01, 2016 $59,280
Food Scientist Henny Penny Corporation Eaton, OH Oct 15, 2015 $59,200
Food Scientist II Santini Foods, Inc. San Lorenzo, CA Jul 12, 2016 $58,469
Food Supplements Scientist Draco Natural Products San Jose, CA Jul 21, 2016 $57,845
Food Scientist Di Stefano Cheese LLC Pomona, CA Dec 27, 2016 $57,401
Food Scientist International Chemistry Testing LLC Milford, MA Apr 01, 2015 $57,330
Global Food Scientist-Dairy ROHA U.S.A., L.L.C. Saint Louis, MO Sep 20, 2016 $57,000
Food Scientist World Food Processing LLC Oskaloosa, IA Jan 01, 2015 $49,878
Food Scientist MLT Trading International, Inc. Torrance, CA May 02, 2016 $49,150
Food Scientist Borenstein Caterers NY Oct 01, 2015 $49,067
Food Scientist Nature Soy, LLC Philadelphia, PA Jun 30, 2016 $49,000
Food Scientist L & C Food Distribution, Inc. San Diego, CA May 14, 2015 $48,755
Food Scientist Royal Pet, Inc. South Saint Paul, MN Aug 26, 2016 $47,674
Food Scientist and Technologist Huxtable's Kitchen Fort Worth, TX Oct 01, 2015 $47,570
Food Scientist New Jersey Laboratories New Brunswick, NJ Aug 09, 2016 $47,479

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Top Skills for A Food Scientist

  1. New Product Development
  2. Sensory Evaluation
  3. Lab Equipment
You can check out examples of real life uses of top skills on resumes here:
  • Managed new product development and created an innovation pipeline for key customers.
  • Improved product shelf life and reduced ingredient cost through ingredient functionality and Sensory Evaluation.
  • Maintained lab equipment in proper condition necessary for performing experiments.
  • Analyzed product stability through shelf-life studies.
  • Represented FMC FoodTech on Food Safety issues at trade associations, academia, and national and international hygienic standards organization


Average Salary:

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Top 10 Best States for Food Scientists

  1. North Dakota
  2. Massachusetts
  3. South Dakota
  4. Minnesota
  5. District of Columbia
  6. Montana
  7. Maine
  8. Arkansas
  9. Colorado
  10. Illinois
  • (25 jobs)
  • (412 jobs)
  • (14 jobs)
  • (75 jobs)
  • (24 jobs)
  • (11 jobs)
  • (7 jobs)
  • (19 jobs)
  • (81 jobs)
  • (136 jobs)

Food Scientist Demographics










Hispanic or Latino




Black or African American



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Food Scientist Education


Ohio State University


Michigan State University


Kansas State University


Drexel University


Oklahoma State University


Purdue University


Cornell University


University of Georgia


Louisiana State University and A&M College


Washington State University


Texas Woman's University


University of Illinois University Administration


Oregon State University


University of North Carolina at Greensboro


University of Massachusetts Amherst


California Polytechnic State University-San Luis Obispo


Colorado State University


University of Florida


California State Polytechnic University - Pomona


University of Wisconsin Extension

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Food Science




Food And Nutrition


Nutrition Science






Culinary Arts


Biochemistry, Biophysics, Molecular Biology






Animal Science


Chemical Engineering






Environmental Science


General Education, Specific Areas


Plant Sciences


Elementary Education


Hospitality Management


Agricultural Production Operations

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