Research Summary. Using a database of 30 million profiles, Zippia estimates demographics and statistics for food service workers in the United States. Our estimates are verified against BLS, Census, and current job openings data for accuracy. After extensive research and analysis, Zippia's data science team found that:

  • There are over 362,695 food service workers currently employed in the United States.
  • 63.4% of all food service workers are women, while 36.6% are men.
  • The average age of an employed food service worker is 35 years old.
  • The most common ethnicity of food service workers is White (62.9%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (15.2%), Black or African American (11.7%) and Asian (6.7%).
  • In 2021, women earned 98% of what men earned.
  • 7% of all food service workers are LGBT.
  • Food service workers are 49% more likely to work at private companies in comparison to education companies.

Food Service Worker Statistics By Gender

63.4% of food service workers are women and 36.6% of food service workers are men.

  • Female, 63.4%
  • Male, 36.6%

Food Service Workers By Gender

GenderPercentages
Female63.4%
Male36.6%

Gender Pay Gap For Food Service Worker

Women Earn 98¢ For Every $1 Earned By Men

male-income
Male Income
$27,071
female-income
Female Income
$26,635

Food Service Worker Gender Over Time

This data shows how men and women predominate in the food service worker position over time.

Male
Female
100%
80%
60%
40%
20%
0%
2010
2011
2012
2013
2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
2019

Food Service Worker Gender By Year

YearMaleFemale
201034.16%65.84%
201135.12%64.88%
201234.48%65.52%
201336.73%63.27%
201434.81%65.19%
201537.13%62.87%
201635.12%64.88%
201734.87%65.13%
201834.17%65.83%
201935.75%64.25%

Food Service Worker Male to Female Ratio

We compared this job title with other job titles to see how gender percentages varied. As you can see, saucier and vacuum kettle cook have the biggest difference in gender.

Job TitleMaleFemale
Diet Clerk13%87%
Dietary Clerk16%84%
School Cafeteria Cook20%80%
Food Service Worker37%63%
Line Cook/Dishwasher84%16%
Vacuum Kettle Cook87%13%
Saucier91%9%

Food Service Worker Statistics By Race

The most common ethnicity among food service workers is White, which makes up 62.9% of all food service workers. Comparatively, there are 15.2% of the Hispanic or Latino ethnicity and 11.7% of the Black or African American ethnicity.

  • White, 62.9%
  • Hispanic or Latino, 15.2%
  • Black or African American, 11.7%
  • Asian, 6.7%
  • Unknown, 2.7%
  • American Indian and Alaska Native, 0.8%

Food Service Worker Race

Food Service Worker RacePercentages
White62.9%
Hispanic or Latino15.2%
Black or African American11.7%
Asian6.7%
Unknown2.7%
American Indian and Alaska Native0.8%

Food Service Worker Race And Ethnicity Over Time

Using the Census Bureau data, we found out how the percentage of each ethnic category trended between 2010-2019 among food service workers.

  • White
  • Asian
  • Hispanic or Latino
  • Black or African American

Food Service Worker Race By Year

YearWhiteBlack or African AmericanAsianHispanic or Latino
201065.40%11.43%6.20%14.23%
201164.50%11.97%6.45%14.26%
201264.12%12.27%5.88%14.53%
201364.09%11.72%5.93%15.12%
201463.55%12.03%6.14%15.01%
201563.36%11.77%6.35%15.16%
201662.53%11.66%6.50%15.70%
201762.90%10.84%6.86%15.72%
201864.21%10.82%6.28%14.85%
201962.93%11.66%6.66%15.17%

Food Service Worker Wage Gap By Race

Hispanic or latino food service workers have the highest average salary compared to other ethnicities. Unknown food service workers have the lowest average salary at $26,433.
$28,000
$27,000
$26,000
Unknown
White
Black or African American
Asian
Hispanic or Latino
EthnicitySalary
Unknown$26,433
White$26,812
Black or African American$26,835
Asian$26,815
Hispanic or Latino$27,373

Food Service Worker JOBS

Average Age of a Food Service Worker

We determined the average age of food service workers based on ethnicity and gender.

Male
Female

Food Service Worker Age By Race

RaceMale AgeFemale Age
Black or African American3038
Unknown22.527
Asian3848
Hispanic or Latino3039
White2535
American Indian and Alaska Native3036.5

Food Service Worker Age Breakdown

This chart breaks down the ages of food service worker employees. Interestingly enough, the average age of food service workers is 40+ years old, which represents 38% of the population.

40+ years

30-40 years

20-30 years


Food Service Worker Age

Food Service Worker YearsPercentages
40+ years38%
30-40 years17%
20-30 years34%

Types of Food Service Worker Degree Levels

The most common degree for food service workers is high school diploma 44% of food service workers earn that degree. A close second is bachelor's degree with 21% and rounding it off is associate degree with 17%.

  • High School Diploma, 44%
  • Bachelors, 21%
  • Associate, 17%
  • Diploma, 11%
  • Other Degrees, 7%

Food Service Workers By Education

Food Service Worker DegreePercentages
High School Diploma44%
Bachelors21%
Associate17%
Diploma11%
Other Degrees7%

Food Service Worker Jobs You Might Like

Food Service Worker Wage Gap By Education

Food service workers with a Associate degree earn more than those without, at $27,150 annually. With a Bachelors degree, food service workers earn a median annual income of $27,043 compared to $26,635 for food service workers with an High School Diploma degree.
$28,000
$27,000
$26,000
High School Diploma or Less
Bachelor's Degree
Some College/ Associate Degree
EducationSalary
High School Diploma or Less$26,635
Bachelor's Degree$27,043
Some College/ Associate Degree$27,150

Food Service Worker Employment Statistics

This section highlights information about where food service workers work. We found most food service workers work for a private company. In addition, the industry that employs the most food service workers is the hospitality industry.

Company Size

We created this chart to show you the average size of companies that typically hire food service workers.

< 50 employees

50 - 100 employees

100 - 500 employees

500 - 1,000 employees

1,000 - 10,000 employees

> 10,000

Food Service Worker Jobs By Employer Size

Company SizePercentages
< 50 employees2%
50 - 100 employees1%
100 - 500 employees6%
500 - 1,000 employees10%
1,000 - 10,000 employees48%
> 10,000 employees33%

The Types Of Companies Food Service Worker Work In

Employees with the food service worker job title have their preferences when it comes to working for a company. For instance, most food service workers prefer to work at private companies over education companies.

Education

Public

Private

Government

Food Service Worker Jobs By Sector

Company TypePercentages
Education24%
Public21%
Private49%
Government6%

Top Industries Hiring Food Service Workers

Just based on the number of employees within each industry, we were able to determine the most common industries that employ food service workers. Those industries include hospitality, retail and education.

Health Care

Hospitality

Education

Retail

Fortune 500

Food Service Worker Turnover And Employment Statistics

Food Service Worker Unemployment Rate Over Time

The Bureau of Labor Statistics came in clutch when it came down to figuring out how the unemployment rate has changed over time. Between 2008 and 2018, this is how the number of food service workers changed.

  • Unemployment rate

Food Service Worker Unemployment Rate By Year

YearFood Service Worker Unemployment Rate
201014.59%
201113.33%
201212.38%
201311.18%
20149.76%
20158.87%
20168.75%
20178.82%
20188.52%
20197.91%

The Average Number of Years That Food Service Worker Stay in a Job

By looking over 60,904 food service workers resumes, we figured out that the average food service worker enjoys staying at their job for Less than 1 year for a percentage of 34%.

Less than one year

1-2 years

3-4 years

5-7 years

8-10 years

11+ years

Food Service Worker Tenure

Number or YearsPercentages
Less than 1 year34%
1-2 years30%
3-4 years13%
5-7 years14%
8-10 years4%
11+ years5%

Comparing The LGBT Ratio of Food Service Workers with Other Job Titles

After finding the gender ratio, we wondered if the percentages of LGBT persons were different as well. Using the data below, you can see how other job titles compare to food service workers.

Job TitleLGBTJob Openings
Kitchen Cook4.90%250,354
Food Service Worker6.79%
Head Server7.02%64,405
Party Host7.29%10,198
Set-Up Crew7.36%65,215
Mixologist7.68%53,872
Cook And Assistant Manager8.43%192,808

Food Service Worker LGBT Demographics

ProfessionPercentages of LGBT Job Openings
Kitchen Cook4.90%250,354
Head Server7.02%64,405
Party Host7.29%10,198
Set-Up Crew7.36%65,215
Mixologist7.68%53,872
Cook And Assistant Manager8.43%192,808

Foreign Languages Spoken By Food Service Workers

The most common foreign language among food service workers is Spanish at 65.1%. The second-most popular foreign language spoken is French at 7.2% and German is the third-most popular at 5.0%.

  • Spanish, 65.1%
  • French, 7.2%
  • German, 5.0%
  • Chinese, 3.2%
  • Mandarin, 2.9%
  • Other, 16.6%

Food Service Worker Languages Spoken

Foreign LanguagePercentages
Spanish65.1%
French7.2%
German5.0%
Chinese3.2%
Mandarin2.9%
Other16.6%

Food Service Worker Jobs

Recently Added Food Service Worker Jobs

Food Service Worker Heatmaps

The amount you can make as a food service worker can depend on where you live. For example, the highest salary of food service workers is $35,798. Use our chart to find out where that salary is located.

Where Do Food Service Workers Earn The Most?

Food service workers earn the most in Hawaii, where the average food service worker salary is $43,462. The map here shows where food service workers earn the highest salaries in the U.S. The darker areas across the 50 states highlight the highest salaries.

Average Salary

Which State Has The Most Food Service Workers?

By looking through more than 60,904 resumes, we found that the most popular places for food service workers are Philadelphia, PA and New York, NY.

Number of Food Service Workers

Number Of Food Service Worker Jobs By State

Where Are Food Service Workers In High Demand?

Food service workers are in high demand in New York, NY. There are currently 186 job openings for food service workers here. We looked over job openings to determine where in the country food service workers are in the most demand.

Jobs Openings

Food Service Worker Demographics FAQs

What Percentage Of Food Service Workers Are Female?

64.2% of food service workers are female in the United States. This is -1.6 percentage points lower than last year. Additionally, the percentage of female food service workers has decreased by -1.6 percentage points since 2010. That means there are a total of 232,850 female food service workers in the U.S. and 129,845 male food service workers in the United States. Note that Zippia's estimate accounts only for the 362,695 people with the specific job title of food service worker and doesn't include grouping similar job titles, or people with potentially similar credentialing.

How Many Food Service Worker Are There In The Us?

There are over 307,016 Food Service Workers in the United States.

What Percentage Of Food Service Workers Are Black?

11.7% of Food Service Workers are Black or African American

What Race Are Most Food Service Workers?

Most a are White, with 62.9% of Food Service Workers belonging to this ethnicity. 15.2% of Food Service Workers are Hispanic or Latino, 11.7% of Food Service Workers are Black or African American, 6.7% of Food Service Workers are Asian, 2.7% of Food Service Workers are Unknown, and 0.8% of Food Service Workers are American Indian and Alaska Native

Are Food Service Worker Jobs Male - Dominated ?

No, Food Service Worker jobs are not male - dominated. 63% of Food Service Workers are female, and 36% are male, so there are more female Food Service Workers than male Food Service Workers in the United States.

How Old Is The Average Food Service Worker ?

The average Food Service Worker is 35 years old. 38% of Food Service Workers are 40+ years old or older, 17% are between the ages of 30-40 years, and 34% are between 20-30 years old

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