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Become A Fork Truck Operator

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Working As A Fork Truck Operator

  • Operating Vehicles, Mechanized Devices, or Equipment
  • Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material
  • Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates
  • Handling and Moving Objects
  • Getting Information
  • Unpleasant/Hazardous Environment

  • Stressful

  • $38,613

    Average Salary

What Does A Fork Truck Operator Do

Material moving machine operators use machinery to transport various objects. Some operators move construction materials around building sites or excavate earth from a mine. Others move goods around a warehouse or onto container ships.

Duties

Material moving machine operators typically do the following:

  • Set up and inspect material moving equipment
  • Control equipment with levers, wheels, or foot pedals
  • Move material according to a plan or schedule
  • Keep a record of the material they move and where they move it
  • Make minor repairs to their equipment

In warehouses, most material moving machine operators use forklifts and conveyor belts. Wireless sensors and tags are increasingly used to keep track of merchandise, allowing operators to locate them faster. Some operators also check goods for damage. These operators usually work closely with hand laborers and material movers.

Many operators work for underground and surface mining companies. They help to dig or expose the mine, remove the earth and rock, and extract coal, ore, and other mined materials.

In construction, material moving machine operators remove earth to clear space for buildings. Some work on a building site for the entire length of the construction project. For example, certain material moving machine operators help to construct highrise buildings by transporting materials to workers far above ground level.

All material moving machine operators are responsible for the safe operation of their equipment or vehicle.

Conveyor operators and tenders control conveyor systems that move materials on an automatic belt. They move materials to and from places such as storage areas, vehicles, and building sites. They monitor sensors on the conveyor to regulate the speed with which the conveyor belt moves. Operators may determine the route materials take along a conveyor based on shipping orders.

Crane and tower operators use tower and cable equipment to lift and move materials, machinery, or other heavy objects. From a control station, operators can extend and retract horizontal booms, rotate the superstructure, and lower and raise hooks attached to cables at the end of their crane or tower. Operators are usually guided by other workers on the ground using hand signals or voice signals through a radio. Most crane and tower operators work at construction sites or major ports, where they load and unload cargo. Some operators work in iron and steel mills. 

Dredge operators excavate waterways. They operate equipment on the water to remove sand, gravel, or rock from harbors or lakes. Removing these materials helps to prevent erosion and maintain navigable waterways, and allows larger ships to use more ports. Dredging is also used to help restore wetlands and maintain beaches.

Excavating and loading machine and dragline operators use machines equipped with scoops or shovels. They dig sand, earth, or other materials and load them onto conveyors or into trucks for transport elsewhere. They may also move material within a confined area, such as a construction site. Operators typically receive instructions from workers on the ground through hand signals or radios. Most of these operators work in construction or mining industries.

Hoist and winch operators, also called derrick operators, control the movement of platforms, cables, and cages that transport workers or materials for industrial operations, such as constructing a highrise building. Many of these operators raise platforms far above the ground. Operators regulate the speed of the equipment based on the needs of the workers. Many work in manufacturing, mining, and quarrying industries.

Industrial truck and tractor operators drive trucks and tractors that move materials around warehouses, storage yards, or worksites. These trucks, often called forklifts, have a lifting mechanism and forks, which make them useful for moving heavy and large objects. Some industrial truck and tractor operators drive tractors that pull trailers loaded with material around factories or storage areas.

Underground mining loading machine operators load coal, ore, and other rocks onto shuttles, mine cars, or conveyors for transport from a mine to the surface. They may use power shovels, hoisting engines equipped with scrapers or scoops, and automatic gathering arms that move materials onto a conveyor. Operators also drive their machines farther into the mine in order to gather more material.

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How To Become A Fork Truck Operator

Education and training requirements vary by the occupation. Crane operators and excavating machine operators usually have several years of experience in related occupations, such as construction equipment operators or hoist or winch operators.

Education

Although no formal education is usually required, some companies prefer material moving machine operators to have a high school diploma. For crane operators, excavating machine operators, and dredge operators, however, a high school diploma or equivalent is typically required.

Training

Most material moving machine operators are trained on the job in less than a month. Some machines are more complex than others, such as cranes as compared with industrial trucks such as forklifts. Therefore, the amount of time spent in training will vary with the type of machine the operator is using. Learning to operate a forklift or an industrial truck in warehouses, for example, may take only a few days. Training to operate a crane for port operations may take several months. Most workers are trained by a supervisor or another experienced employee.

The International Union of Operating Engineers offers apprenticeship programs for heavy equipment operators, such as excavating machine operators or crane operators. Apprenticeships combine paid on-the-job training with technical instruction.

During their training, material moving machine operators learn a number of safety rules, many of which are standardized through the Occupational Safety & Health Administration (OSHA) and the Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA). Employers must certify that each operator has received the proper training. Operators who work with hazardous materials receive further specialized training.

Licenses, Certifications, and Registrations

A number of states and several cities require crane operators to be licensed. To get a license, operators typically must complete a skills test in which they show that they can control a crane. They also must pass a written exam that tests their knowledge of safety rules and procedures. Some crane operators and industrial truck and tractor operators may obtain certification, which includes passing a written exam.

Work Experience in a Related Occupation

Crane operators and excavating machine operators usually have several years of experience working as construction equipment operators or hoist and winch operators. 

Important Qualities

Alertness. Material moving machine operators must be aware of their surroundings while operating machinery.

Hand–eye–foot coordination. Material moving machine operators should have steady hands and feet to guide and control heavy machinery precisely. They use hand controls to maneuver their machines through tight spaces, around large objects, and on uneven surfaces.

Mechanical skills. Material moving machine operators make minor adjustments to their machines and perform basic maintenance.

Visual ability. Material moving machine operators must be able to clearly see where they are driving or what they are moving. They must also watch for nearby workers, who may unknowingly be in their path.

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Fork Truck Operator Career Paths

Fork Truck Operator
Lift Operator Operator Production Supervisor
Distribution Supervisor
7 Yearsyrs
Warehouse Worker Maintenance Technician Maintenance Supervisor
Facilities Manager
7 Yearsyrs
Numerical Control Operator Truck Driver Dispatcher
Fleet Manager
7 Yearsyrs
Production Worker Forklift Operator Carpenter
General Contractor
6 Yearsyrs
Welder Driver
Lead Driver
5 Yearsyrs
Warehouse Worker Warehouse Manager
Logistics Manager
7 Yearsyrs
Press Operator Quality Control Inspector Production Supervisor
Logistics Supervisor
5 Yearsyrs
Truck Driver Delivery Driver Maintenance Technician
Maintenance Director
11 Yearsyrs
Truck Driver Driver Dispatcher
Operations Manager
7 Yearsyrs
Forklift Operator Truck Driver
Operator And Truck Driver
5 Yearsyrs
Forklift Operator Technician Operations Manager
Plant Manager
12 Yearsyrs
Production Worker Production Supervisor Production Manager
Purchasing Manager
9 Yearsyrs
Material Handler/Forklift Operator Warehouse Supervisor Receiving Clerk
Receiving Supervisor
5 Yearsyrs
Press Operator Operator Shipping And Receiving Clerk
Shipping And Receiving Supervisor
5 Yearsyrs
Material Handler/Forklift Operator Order Picker Warehouse Supervisor
Shipping Manager
5 Yearsyrs
Lift Operator Forklift Operator Shipping Clerk
Shipping Supervisor
5 Yearsyrs
Welder Technician Operations Manager
Site Manager
7 Yearsyrs
Maintenance Technician Maintenance Manager Operations Manager
Supply Chain Manager
10 Yearsyrs
Numerical Control Operator Maintenance Technician Operation Supervisor
Transportation Manager
8 Yearsyrs
Maintenance Technician Production Supervisor Warehouse Supervisor
Warehouse Manager
5 Yearsyrs
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Do you work as a Fork Truck Operator?

Help others decide if this is a good career for them

Average Length of Employment
Tow Motor Operator 3.7 years
Lift Driver 2.8 years
Forklift Operator 2.6 years
Fork Operator 2.5 years
Lift Operator 2.4 years
Pit Operator 2.0 years
Top Employers Before
Cashier 8.2%
Driver 5.0%
Cook 4.8%
Supervisor 4.5%
Welder 4.5%
Operator 4.1%
Assembler 4.1%
Technician 4.1%
Manager 3.4%
Top Employers After
Welder 6.4%
Driver 6.1%
Technician 4.4%
Assembler 4.3%
Supervisor 3.9%
Operator 3.9%
Cashier 3.6%

Do you work as a Fork Truck Operator?

Fork Truck Operator Demographics

Gender

Male

85.3%

Female

13.7%

Unknown

1.0%
Ethnicity

White

70.6%

Hispanic or Latino

10.6%

Black or African American

9.4%

Asian

6.3%

Unknown

3.1%
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Foreign Languages Spoken

Spanish

71.4%

German

7.1%

Bosnian

7.1%

Italian

7.1%

Carrier

7.1%
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Fork Truck Operator Education

Schools

Lansing Community College

9.5%

Richland Community College

8.6%

Hawkeye Community College

7.8%

University of Phoenix

7.8%

Vincennes University

6.9%

Black Hawk College - Quad-Cities Campus

6.0%

Illinois Central College

6.0%

Kaplan University

5.2%

Ferris State University

4.3%

Ball State University

4.3%

University of Southern Indiana

3.4%

Michigan State University

3.4%

Joliet Junior College

3.4%

Hamilton Technical College

3.4%

University of Washington

3.4%

Purdue University

3.4%

Baker College

3.4%

Iowa State University

3.4%

Lake Land College

3.4%

Universal Technical Institute

2.6%
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Majors

Business

19.8%

General Studies

10.3%

Criminal Justice

7.7%

Industrial Technology

6.4%

Precision Metal Working

6.2%

Electrical Engineering

5.9%

Automotive Technology

5.7%

Electrical Engineering Technology

4.9%

Education

3.9%

Heating And Air Conditioning

3.4%

Health Care Administration

3.1%

History

3.1%

Accounting

2.8%

Fine Arts

2.6%

Psychology

2.6%

Drafting And Design

2.3%

Computer Science

2.3%

Nursing

2.3%

Graphic Design

2.3%

Mechanical Engineering Technology

2.3%
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Degrees

Other

51.0%

Associate

18.9%

Certificate

12.8%

Bachelors

12.0%

Diploma

2.7%

Masters

1.2%

License

1.1%

Doctorate

0.3%
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Top Skills for A Fork Truck Operator

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  1. Delivery Trucks
  2. Different Departments
  3. Production Lines
You can check out examples of real life uses of top skills on resumes here:
  • Unloaded delivery trucks, located inventory, and labeled containers
  • Worked in recycling grinding scrap material for production lines to reuse.
  • Run and maintain saw maintenance, Load boxcars and trucks do walk around safety checks.
  • Operated spotter truck and set in trailers in dock to be loaded and unloaded.
  • Load raw materials and finished pallets into and out of the wrapper machine and change stretch film.

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Top Fork Truck Operator Employers

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Fork Truck Operator Videos

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UN-OFFICIAL Forklift training video - Order Picker

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