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Become A Freelancer

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Working As A Freelancer

  • Thinking Creatively
  • Interacting With Computers
  • Getting Information
  • Making Decisions and Solving Problems
  • Communicating with Persons Outside Organization
  • Mostly Sitting

  • Repetitive

  • Stressful

  • $50,297

    Average Salary

What Does A Freelancer Do

Graphic designers create visual concepts, using computer software or by hand, to communicate ideas that inspire, inform, and captivate consumers. They develop the overall layout and production design for various applications such as for advertisements, brochures, magazines, and corporate reports.

Duties

Graphic designers typically do the following: 

  • Meet with clients or the art director to determine the scope of a project
  • Use digital illustration, photo-editing software, and layout software to create designs
  • Create visual elements such as logos, original images, and illustrations that help deliver a desired message
  • Design layouts and select colors, images, and typefaces to use
  • Present design concepts to clients or art directors
  • Incorporate changes recommended by clients or art directors into final designs
  • Review designs for errors before printing or publishing them

Graphic designers combine art and technology to communicate ideas through images and the layout of websites and printed pages. They may use a variety of design elements to achieve artistic or decorative effects.

Graphic designers work with both text and images. They often select the type, font, size, color, and line length of headlines, headings, and text. Graphic designers also decide how images and text will go together on a print or webpage, including how much space each will have. When using text in layouts, graphic designers collaborate closely with writers who choose the words and decide whether the words will be put into paragraphs, lists, or tables. Through the use of images, text, and color, graphic designers can transform statistical data into visual graphics and diagrams, which can make complex ideas more accessible.

Graphic design is important to marketing and selling products, and is a critical component of brochures and logos. Therefore, graphic designers, also referred to as graphic artists or communication designers, often work closely with people in advertising and promotions, public relations, and marketing.

Frequently, designers specialize in a particular category or type of client. For example, some create the graphics used on retail products packaging, still others may work on the visual designs used on book jackets.

Graphic designers need to keep up to date with the latest software and computer technologies to remain competitive.

Some individuals with a background in graphic design teach in design schools, colleges, and universities. For more information, see the profile on postsecondary teachers.

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How To Become A Freelancer

Graphic designers usually need a bachelor’s degree in graphic design or a related field. Candidates for graphic design positions should demonstrate their creativity and originality through a professional portfolio that features their best designs.

Education

A bachelor’s degree in graphic design or a related field is usually required. However, those with a bachelor’s degree in another field may pursue technical training in graphic design to meet most hiring qualifications.

The National Association of Schools of Art and Design accredits about 320 postsecondary colleges, universities, and independent institutes with programs in art and design. Most schools include studio art, principles of design, computerized design, commercial graphics production, printing techniques, and website design. In addition, students should consider courses in writing, marketing, and business, all of which are useful in helping designers work effectively on project teams.

High school students interested in graphic design should take basic art and design courses in high school, if the courses are available. Many bachelor's degree programs require students to complete a year of basic art and design courses before being admitted to a formal degree program. Some schools require applicants to submit sketches and other examples of their artistic ability.

Many programs provide students with the opportunity to build a professional portfolio of their designs. For many artists, including graphic designers, developing a portfolio—a collection of design ideas that demonstrates their styles and abilities—is essential because employers rely heavily on a designer’s portfolio in deciding whether to hire the individual.

Graphic designers must keep up with new and updated computer graphics and design software, either on their own or through formal software training programs. Professional associations that specialize in graphic design, such as AIGA, offer courses intended to keep the skills of their members up to date.

Other Experience

Graphic designers often gain their initial experience through internships. It provides aspiring graphic designers an opportunity to work with designers and experience the design process from concept to completion while completing a design program.

Licenses, Certifications, and Registrations

Certification programs are generally available through software product vendors. Certification in graphic design software can demonstrate a level of competence and may provide a jobseeker with a competitive advantage.

Advancement

Experienced graphic designers may advance to chief designer, art director, or other supervisory positions.

Important Qualities

Analytical skills. Graphic designers must be able to look at their work from the point of view of their consumers and examine how the designs they develop will be perceived by consumers to ensure they convey the client’s desired message.

Artistic ability. Graphic designers must be able to create designs that are artistically interesting and appealing to clients and consumers. They produce rough illustrations of design ideas, either by hand sketching or by using computer programs.

Communication skills. Graphic designers must communicate with clients, customers, and other designers to ensure that their designs accurately reflect the desired message and effectively express information.

Computer skills. Most graphic designers use specialized graphic design software to prepare their designs.

Creativity. Graphic designers must be able to think of new approaches to communicating ideas to consumers. They develop unique designs that convey a recognizable meaning on behalf of their clients.

Time-management skills. Graphic designers often work on multiple projects at the same time, each with a different deadline.

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Freelancer Career Paths

Freelancer
Brand Ambassador Marketing Manager Creative Director
Advertising Director
6 Yearsyrs
Web Developer Co-Founder Writer And Editor
Content Manager
5 Yearsyrs
Writer Creative Director Senior Art Director
Creative Manager
6 Yearsyrs
Assistant Designer Assistant Production Manager Traffic Manager
Creative Project Manager
6 Yearsyrs
Production Coordinator Art Director
Creative Services Manager
7 Yearsyrs
Front End Developer User Interaction Designer Senior Graphic Designer
Designation Marketing Director
5 Yearsyrs
Project Manager Program Manager Marketing Manager
Digital Marketing Manager
6 Yearsyrs
Communications Specialist Marketing Specialist Marketing Manager/Project Manager
Digital Project Manager
6 Yearsyrs
Writer Senior Writer Creative Director
Director Of User Experience
10 Yearsyrs
Production Coordinator Traffic Manager
Freelance Project Manager
6 Yearsyrs
Project Manager Operations Director Communications Director
Marketing And Communication Consultant
10 Yearsyrs
Marketing Coordinator Marketing Manager Creative Director
Marketing And Creative Director
7 Yearsyrs
Senior Software Engineer Product Manager Marketing Consultant
Marketing Strategist
6 Yearsyrs
Marketing Coordinator Communications Manager Social Media Manager
Marketing/Social Media Manager
5 Yearsyrs
Communications Specialist Writer And Editor Video Editor
Media Director
5 Yearsyrs
Senior Software Engineer Architect Interior Designer
Senior Designer/Project Manager
8 Yearsyrs
Web Developer User Experience Designer User Experience Architect
User Experience Manager
9 Yearsyrs
Brand Ambassador Writer And Editor Content Manager
Web Content Manager
5 Yearsyrs
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Do you work as a Freelancer?

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Do you work as a Freelancer?

Freelancer Demographics

Gender

Female

49.4%

Male

46.7%

Unknown

3.9%
Ethnicity

White

53.4%

Hispanic or Latino

17.0%

Asian

13.7%

Black or African American

10.3%

Unknown

5.6%
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Foreign Languages Spoken

Spanish

35.9%

French

14.0%

German

5.3%

Korean

5.1%

Mandarin

4.6%

Portuguese

4.3%

Chinese

4.1%

Arabic

4.1%

Italian

3.8%

Russian

3.6%

Japanese

3.6%

Cantonese

2.8%

Hindi

2.0%

Urdu

1.5%

Polish

1.3%

Greek

1.0%

Malay

0.8%

Thai

0.8%

Croatian

0.8%

Hebrew

0.8%
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Freelancer Education

Schools

Fashion Institute of Technology

11.8%

Savannah College of Art and Design

10.0%

Syracuse University

7.5%

New York University

7.5%

Columbia College Chicago

5.9%

Full Sail University

5.3%

Temple University

4.7%

University of Phoenix

4.0%

Academy of Art University

3.7%

School of Visual Arts

3.7%

Virginia Commonwealth University

3.7%

George Mason University

3.7%

University of Florida

3.7%

Drexel University

3.7%

American University

3.7%

Northwestern University

3.4%

Pennsylvania State University

3.4%

Indiana University Bloomington

3.4%

Northeastern University

3.4%

Hofstra University

3.4%
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Majors

Graphic Design

12.8%

Communication

12.0%

Journalism

9.4%

Business

8.7%

Computer Science

7.1%

English

6.4%

Photography

6.3%

Marketing

5.6%

Fine Arts

4.3%

Public Relations

3.9%

Writing

3.3%

Computer Applications

2.9%

Psychology

2.6%

Political Science

2.6%

Specialized Sales And Merchandising

2.3%

Electrical Engineering

2.0%

Education

2.0%

Management

2.0%

Finance

1.9%

Information Technology

1.9%
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Degrees

Bachelors

51.6%

Other

18.2%

Masters

17.6%

Associate

6.2%

Certificate

3.8%

Diploma

1.2%

Doctorate

1.2%

License

0.2%
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Freelancer Videos

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Top Skills for A Freelancer

  1. Web
  2. Adobe Photoshop
  3. Web Design
You can check out examples of real life uses of top skills on resumes here:
  • Directed web and digital/creative strategy, coordinated event planning, developed creative collateral.
  • Composed end credit lists and designed them on Adobe PhotoShop.
  • Web Designer/Developer Web Designing and developing for static and dynamic websites.
  • Managed all creative aspects of independent video production company, including consultation, shooting, editing and delivery.
  • Developed computer gaming tournaments and worked with online established game leagues for competitive gaming.

How Would You Rate Working As a Freelancer?

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Top Freelancer Employers

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Jobs From Top Freelancer Employers

Freelancer Videos

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