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All lawyers must have a law degree and must also typically pass a state’s written bar examination.Education
Becoming a lawyer usually takes 7 years of full-time study after high school—4 years of undergraduate study, followed by 3 years of law school. Most states and jurisdictions require lawyers to complete a juris doctor (J.D.) degree from a law school accredited by the American Bar Association (ABA). ABA accreditation signifies that the law school—particularly its curricula and faculty—meets certain standards.
A bachelor’s degree is required for entry into most law schools, and courses in English, public speaking, government, history, economics, and mathematics are useful.
Almost all law schools, particularly those approved by the ABA, require applicants to take the Law School Admission Test (LSAT). This test measures applicants’ aptitude for the study of law.
A J.D. degree program includes courses such as constitutional law, contracts, property law, civil procedure, and legal writing. Law students may choose specialized courses in areas such as tax, labor, and corporate law.Licenses
Prospective lawyers take licensing exams called "bar exams." When a lawyer receives their license to practice law, they are "admitted to the bar."
To practice law in any state, a person must be admitted to the state’s bar under rules established by the jurisdiction’s highest court. The requirements vary by individual states and jurisdictions. For more details on individual state and jurisdiction requirements, visit the National Conference of Bar Examiners.
Most states require that applicants graduate from an ABA-accredited law school, pass one or more written bar exams, and be found by an admitting board to have the character to represent and advise others. Prior felony convictions, academic misconduct, or a history of substance abuse are just some factors that may disqualify an applicant from being admitted to the bar.
Lawyers who want to practice in more than one state often must take the bar exam in each state.
After graduation, lawyers must keep informed about legal developments that affect their practices. Almost all states require lawyers to participate in continuing legal education either every year or every 3 years.
Many law schools and state and local bar associations provide continuing legal education courses that help lawyers stay current with recent developments. Courses vary by state and generally cover a subject within the practice of law, such as legal ethics, taxes and tax fraud, and healthcare. Some states allow lawyers to take their continuing education credits through online courses.Advancement
Newly hired attorneys usually start as associates and work with more experienced lawyers. After several years, some lawyers may be admitted to partnership of their firm, which means they become partial owners of the firm.
After gaining a few years of work experience, some lawyers go into practice for themselves or move to the legal department of a large corporation. Very few in-house attorneys are hired directly out of law school.
A small number of experienced lawyers are nominated or elected to judgeships. Other lawyers may become full-time law school faculty and administrators. For more information about judges and law school faculty, see the profile on judges and hearing officers and the profile on postsecondary teachers.Other Experience
Law students often gain practical experience by participating in school-sponsored legal clinics, in a school’s moot court competitions, in practice trials under the supervision of experienced lawyers and judges, and through research and writing on legal issues for a school’s law journals.
Part-time jobs or summer internships in law firms, government agencies, and corporate legal departments also provide valuable experience. Some smaller firms, government agencies, and public interest organizations may hire students as summer associate interns after they have completed their first year at law school. Many larger firms’ summer internship programs are only eligible to law students who have completed their second year. These experiences can help law students decide what kind of legal work they want to focus on in their careers, and these internships may lead directly to a job after graduation.Important Qualities
Analytical skills. Lawyers help their clients resolve problems and issues. As a result, they must be able to analyze large amounts of information, determine relevant facts, and propose viable solutions.
Interpersonal skills. Lawyers must win the respect and confidence of their clients by building a trusting relationship, so that clients feel comfortable enough to share personal information related to their case.
Problem-solving skills. Lawyers must separate their emotions and prejudice from their clients’ problems and objectively evaluate the matter. Therefore, good problem-solving skills are important for lawyers, to prepare the best defense and recommendation.
Research skills. Preparing legal advice or representation for a client commonly requires substantial research. All lawyers need to be able to find what applicable laws and regulations apply to a specific matter.
Speaking skills. Clients hire lawyers to speak on their behalf. Lawyers must be able to clearly present and explain their case to arbitrators, mediators, opposing parties, judges, or juries.
Writing skills. Lawyers need to be precise and specific when preparing documents, such as wills, trusts, and powers of attorney.
Average Length of Employment
Top Careers Before General Practice
Top Careers After General Practice
Hispanic or Latino9.6%
Black or African American0.8%
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City College of New York of the City University of New York16.7%
New York University7.4%
University of Maryland - Baltimore7.4%
University of Pennsylvania7.0%
Tufts University School of Medicine5.6%
Meharry Medical College4.7%
State University of New York Buffalo School of Dental Medicine2.8%
University of California - Los Angeles2.8%
Widener University-Delaware Law School2.8%
Thomas M. Cooley Law School2.8%
University of Missouri - Kansas City2.3%
University of Pittsburgh -2.3%
University of Iowa2.3%
New York Law School2.3%
Unfortunately we don’t have enough data for this section.
|Job Title||Company||Location||Start Date||Salary|
|Senior Associate, Corporate Finance and M&A, General Practice Group||Sullivan & Cromwell LLP||New York, NY||Nov 28, 2016||$235,000|
|Senior Associate, M&A, General Practice Group||Sullivan & Cromwell LLP||New York, NY||Nov 28, 2016||$235,000|
|Physician General Practice||Community Medical Centers, Inc.||Tracy, CA||Sep 30, 2016||$192,000|
|Physician General Practice||Community Medical Centers, Inc.||Stockton, CA||Sep 30, 2016||$192,000|
|Physician General Practice||Community Medical Centers, Inc.||Stockton, CA||Sep 30, 2016||$185,000|
|Physician General Practice||Community Medical Centers, Inc.||Tracy, CA||Sep 30, 2016||$185,000|
|General Practice Physician||Mobile Doctors||Southfield, MI||Dec 18, 2011||$141,232|
|Family/General Practice||Cleveland Clinic Foundation||Cleveland, OH||Jan 03, 2011||$140,000|
|General Practice Physician||Owyhee Community Health Facility||Owyhee, NV||Aug 15, 2010||$135,655|
|General Practice Physician||Embrace Home Health Physicians||Southfield, MI||Mar 15, 2014||$130,000|
|Physican, General Practice||Pineview Medical Center PLLC||Farmington Hills, MI||Oct 10, 2013||$130,000|
|Physician, General Practice||Pineview Medical Center, PLLC||Farmington Hills, MI||Nov 11, 2013||$130,000|
|Physician, General Practice||Pineview Medical Center PLLC||Farmington Hills, MI||Oct 30, 2013||$130,000|
|Physician, General Practice||Mobile Doctors||Southfield, MI||Oct 01, 2010||$130,000|
|Assistant Director of General Practice Residency||Saint Lukes Dental Associates, Inc.||Cleveland, OH||Jul 01, 2010||$120,000|
|Assistant Director of General Practice, Dentist||Saint Lukes Dental Associates, Inc.||Cleveland, OH||Jul 01, 2010||$120,000|
|Family and General Practice||West Haven Medical Group, LLC||West Haven, CT||May 25, 2010||$105,000|
|General Practice Dentist||Three Lower Counties Community Services, Inc.||Princess Anne, MD||May 10, 2010||$102,190|
|General Practice Dental Resident||Rochester General Hospital||Rochester, NY||Jun 20, 2014||$53,151|
|General Practice Dental Resident||Penobscot Community Health Care||Bangor, ME||Jun 24, 2013||$52,432|
|General Practice Dentist Resident||Penobscot Community Health Care||Bangor, ME||Jun 24, 2013||$52,432|
|Dental Resident-General Practice||University of Rochester||Rochester, NY||Jul 01, 2013||$51,751|
|Dental Resident-General Practice||University of Rochester||Rochester, NY||Jul 01, 2011||$50,489|
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