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Become A Genetic Counselor

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Working As A Genetic Counselor

  • Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others
  • Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge
  • Getting Information
  • Assisting and Caring for Others
  • Documenting/Recording Information
  • Deal with People

  • Mostly Sitting

  • $78,000

    Average Salary

What Does A Genetic Counselor Do

Genetic counselors assess individual or family risk for a variety of inherited conditions, such as genetic disorders and birth defects. They provide information and support to other healthcare providers, or to individuals and families concerned with the risk of inherited conditions.

Duties

Genetic counselors typically do the following:

  • Interview patients to obtain comprehensive individual family and medical histories
  • Evaluate genetic information to identify patients or families at risk for specific genetic risks
  • Write detailed consultation reports to provide information on complex genetic concepts for patients or referring physicians
  • Discuss testing options and the associated risks, benefits, and limitations with patients and families
  • Counsel patients and family members by providing information, education, or reassurance regarding genetic risks and inherited conditions
  • Participate in professional organizations or conferences to keep abreast of developments in genetics and genomics

Genetic counselors identify specific genetic disorders or risks through the study of genetics. A genetic disorder or syndrome is inherited. For parents who are expecting children, counselors use genetics to predict whether a baby is likely to have hereditary disorders, such as Down syndrome and cystic fibrosis, among others. Genetic counselors also assess the risk for an adult to develop diseases with a genetic component, such as certain forms of cancer.

Counselors identify these conditions by studying patients’ genes through DNA testing. Medical laboratory technologists perform lab tests, which genetic counselors then evaluate and use for counseling patients and their families. They share this information with other health professionals, such as physicians. For more information, see the profiles on medical and clinical laboratory technologists and technicians and physicians and surgeons.

According to a 2014 survey from the National Society of Genetic Counselors, approximately three-fourths of genetic counselors work in traditional areas of genetic counseling: prenatal, cancer, and pediatric. The survey noted that the number of specialized fields for genetic counselors has increased. More genetic counselors are specializing in fields such as cardiovascular health, genomic medicine, neurogenetics, and psychiatry.

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How To Become A Genetic Counselor

Genetic counselors typically need a master’s degree in genetic counseling or genetics, and board certification.

Education

Genetic counselors typically need a master’s degree in genetic counseling or genetics.

Coursework in genetic counseling includes public health, epidemiology, psychology, and developmental biology. Classes emphasize genetics, public health, and patient empathy. Students also must complete clinical rotations, during which they work directly with patients and clients. Clinical rotations provide supervised experience for students, allowing them to work in different work environments, such as prenatal diagnostic centers, pediatric hospitals, or cancer centers.

In 2014, there were 31 master’s degree programs in the United States that were accredited by the Accreditation Council for Genetic Counseling.

Licenses, Certifications, and Registrations

The American Board of Genetic Counseling provides certification for genetic counselors. To become certified, a student must complete an accredited master’s degree program and pass an exam. Counselors must complete continuing education courses to maintain their board certification.

As of 2015, 20 states required genetic counselors to be licensed, and other states have pending legislation for licensure. Certification is typically needed to get a license. For specific licensing requirements, contact the state’s medical board.

Important Qualities

Compassion. Patients may seek advice on family care or serious illnesses. Genetic counselors must be sensitive and compassionate when communicating their findings.

Critical-thinking skills. Genetic counselors analyze laboratory findings to determine how best to advise a patient or family. They use their applied knowledge of genetics to assess inherited risks properly.

Decisionmaking skills. Genetic counselors must use their expertise and experience to determine how to share their findings properly with patients.

Speaking skills. Genetic counselors must be able to simplify complex findings so that their patients understand them.

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Genetic Counselor Jobs

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Do you work as a Genetic Counselor?

Average Yearly Salary
$78,000
Show Salaries
$36,000
Min 10%
$78,000
Median 50%
$78,000
Median 50%
$78,000
Median 50%
$78,000
Median 50%
$78,000
Median 50%
$78,000
Median 50%
$78,000
Median 50%
$170,000
Max 90%
Best Paying Company
Fulgent Genetics
Highest Paying City
San Francisco, CA
Highest Paying State
North Dakota
Avg Experience Level
4.4 years
How much does a Genetic Counselor make at top companies?
The national average salary for a Genetic Counselor in the United States is $78,956 per year or $38 per hour. Those in the bottom 10 percent make under $36,000 a year, and the top 10 percent make over $170,000.

Real Genetic Counselor Salaries

Job Title Company Location Start Date Salary
Genetic Counselor Reading Health System West Reading, PA Dec 09, 2016 $108,837
Genetic Counselor Reading Health System West Reading, PA Oct 17, 2016 $106,750
Genetic Counselor Reading Health System West Reading, PA Dec 09, 2016 $106,750
Genetic Counselor-Regional Medical Specialist Myriad Genetic Laboratories, Inc. Englewood, NJ Aug 01, 2014 $86,000
Genetic Counselor Esoterix Genetic Laboratories LLC Santa Fe, NM Jan 20, 2014 $82,270 -
$99,195
Genetic Counselor Ambry Genetics Corporation Aliso Viejo, CA Jun 25, 2014 $82,000
Genetic Conselor Ambry Genetics Corporation Aliso Viejo, CA Apr 21, 2014 $82,000
Genetic Counselor Wentworth-Douglass Physician Corporation Dover, NH Oct 10, 2016 $80,000
Genetic Counselor Apollogen, Inc. Irvine, CA Sep 13, 2016 $80,000
Genetic Counselor Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center New York, NY Feb 15, 2011 $78,540
Genetics Counselor Kelly Services, Inc. Bethesda, MD May 02, 2012 $77,762
Genetics Counselor Kelly Services, Inc. Bethesda, MD May 02, 2011 $77,762
Genetic Counselor University of California, Los Angeles Los Angeles, CA Dec 10, 2016 $75,314
Supervisor, Genetic Counselor Myriad Genetic Laboratories, Inc. Salt Lake City, UT Sep 07, 2015 $67,372
Supervisor, Genetic Counselor Myriad Genetic Laboratories, Inc. Salt Lake City, UT Sep 19, 2015 $67,372
Genetics Counselor I Baylor College of Medicine Houston, TX Sep 07, 2016 $67,200
Genetic Counselor II Center for Medical Genetics, PLLC Houston, TX Sep 01, 2011 $66,895
Genetic Counselor II Center for Medical Genetics, PLLC Houston, TX Oct 01, 2011 $66,895
Genetics Counselor Quest Diagnostics Incorporated Worcester, MA Aug 21, 2014 $61,300 -
$107,500
Genetics Counselor Quest Diagnostics Incorporated Marlborough, MA Oct 01, 2014 $61,300 -
$107,500
Genetic Counselor Norton Healthcare Louisville, KY Jun 14, 2016 $60,923
Genetic Counselor University of Utah Salt Lake City, UT Feb 14, 2013 $60,328
Genetic Counselor Reproductive Genetics Institute, Inc. Chicago, IL Sep 05, 2014 $60,000
Genetic Counselor Florida Hospital Orlando, FL Oct 26, 2011 $59,521

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Top Skills for A Genetic Counselor

  1. Genetics
  2. Family History
  3. Patient Care
You can check out examples of real life uses of top skills on resumes here:
  • Develop materials to aid understanding of genetic testing, particularly for non-genetics professionals.
  • Reviewed Cancer Family History Questionnaires for appropriateness of referral.
  • Established an in-home patient care program that provided more resources and personal care to sickle cell patients.
  • Coordinated, interpreted and summarized results of DNA linkage analysis and chromosome studies.
  • Reported and discussed the significance and implications of abnormal test results with ordering physicians, genetic counselors, and laboratory personnel.

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Top 10 Best States for Genetic Counselors

  1. Colorado
  2. South Dakota
  3. Wyoming
  4. Maine
  5. Tennessee
  6. North Dakota
  7. Minnesota
  8. Kansas
  9. California
  10. Arkansas
  • (35 jobs)
  • (2 jobs)
  • (2 jobs)
  • (4 jobs)
  • (33 jobs)
  • (1 jobs)
  • (27 jobs)
  • (9 jobs)
  • (219 jobs)
  • (3 jobs)

Genetic Counselor Demographics

Gender

Female

77.6%

Male

12.9%

Unknown

9.5%
Ethnicity

White

56.7%

Hispanic or Latino

13.9%

Asian

13.7%

Black or African American

11.3%

Unknown

4.4%
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Foreign Languages Spoken

Spanish

54.5%

French

18.2%

German

9.1%

Korean

9.1%

Carrier

9.1%
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Genetic Counselor Education

Schools

Arcadia University

15.5%

Sarah Lawrence College

13.8%

University of North Carolina at Greensboro

6.9%

Stanford University

5.2%

Howard University

5.2%

George Washington University

5.2%

Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai

5.2%

University of Wisconsin - Madison

5.2%

University of California - Berkeley

3.4%

Northwestern University

3.4%

University of California - San Francisco

3.4%

Brandeis University

3.4%

University of South Carolina - Columbia

3.4%

University of Oklahoma-Health Sciences Center

3.4%

University of Pittsburgh -

3.4%

California State University - Los Angeles

3.4%

Johns Hopkins University

3.4%

University of Cincinnati

3.4%

University of Texas at Arlington

1.7%

Queens University of Charlotte

1.7%
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Majors

Mental Health Counseling

39.4%

Genetics

17.4%

Biology

8.3%

Health Care Administration

5.5%

Public Health

4.6%

Nursing

3.7%

School Counseling

2.8%

Education

2.8%

Management

1.8%

Medicine

1.8%

Molecular Medicine

1.8%

Law

1.8%

Cell Biology And Anatomical Science

1.8%

Psychology

0.9%

Information Sciences

0.9%

Physiology And Anatomy

0.9%

Food And Nutrition

0.9%

Business

0.9%

Family Therapy

0.9%

Health And Wellness

0.9%
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Degrees

Masters

68.9%

Doctorate

11.8%

Bachelors

8.4%

Other

7.6%

Certificate

1.7%

Associate

1.7%
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