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Become A Geologist

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Working As A Geologist

  • Analyzing Data or Information
  • Getting Information
  • Interacting With Computers
  • Documenting/Recording Information
  • Processing Information
  • $100,000

    Average Salary

What Does A Geologist Do

A Geologist studies the composition, structure, and history of the earth's crust. They may work for private industries, the federal government, colleges and universities, or museums.

How To Become A Geologist

Geoscientists typically need at least a bachelor’s degree for most entry-level positions. In several states, geoscientists may need a license to offer their services to the public.


Geoscientists need at least a bachelor’s degree for most entry-level positions. However, some workers begin their careers as geoscientists with a master’s degree. A Ph.D. is necessary for most basic research and college teaching positions.

A degree in geoscience is preferred by employers, although a degree in physics, chemistry, biology, mathematics, engineering, or computer science usually is accepted if it includes coursework in geology.

Most geoscience programs include geology courses in mineralogy, petrology, and structural geology, which are important for all geoscientists. In addition to classes in geology, most programs require students to take courses in other physical sciences, mathematics, engineering, and computer science. Some programs include training on specific software packages that will be useful to those seeking a career as a geoscientist.

Computer knowledge is essential for geoscientists. Students who have experience with computer modeling, data analysis, and digital mapping will be the most prepared to enter the job market.

Many employers seek applicants who have gained field and laboratory experience while pursuing a degree. Summer field camp programs offer students the opportunity to work closely with professors and apply their classroom knowledge in the field. Students can gain valuable experience in data collection and geologic mapping.

Important Qualities

Communication skills. Geoscientists write reports and research papers. They must be able to present their findings clearly to clients or professionals who do not have a background in geoscience.

Critical-thinking skills. Geoscientists base their findings on sound observation and careful evaluation of data.

Interpersonal skills. Most geoscientists work as part of a team with engineers, technicians, and other scientists.

Outdoor skills. Geoscientists may spend significant amounts of time outdoors. Familiarity with camping skills, general comfort being outside for long periods, and specific skills such as boat handling or even being able to pilot an aircraft could prove useful for geoscientists.

Physical stamina. Geoscientists may need to hike to remote locations while carrying testing and sampling equipment when they conduct fieldwork.

Problem-solving skills. Geoscientists work on complex projects filled with challenges. Evaluating statistical data and other forms of information in order to make judgments and inform the actions of other workers requires a special ability to perceive and address problems.

Licenses, Certifications, and Registrations

Some states require geoscientists to obtain a license to practice. Requirements vary by state but typically include minimum education and experience requirements and a passing score on an exam.

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Geologist jobs

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Geologist Career Paths

Project Manager Program Manager Senior Manager
Associate Director
8 Yearsyrs
Senior Project Manager Program Director Chairperson
Board Of Directors Member
8 Yearsyrs
Operations Manager General Manager Managing Partner
8 Yearsyrs
Project Geologist Project Manager
Construction Manager
10 Yearsyrs
Analyst Chemist Quality Control Manager
Controls Project Manager
9 Yearsyrs
Project Geologist Senior Project Manager Program Director
Deputy Director
9 Yearsyrs
Analyst Case Manager Outreach Coordinator
Director Of Outreach
6 Yearsyrs
Scientist Senior Software Engineer Director Of Software Development
Director Of Systems Integration
12 Yearsyrs
Senior Technician Specialist Program Coordinator Education Coordinator
Educational Manager
7 Yearsyrs
Environmental Scientist Environmental Engineer Project Engineer
Engineering Manager
10 Yearsyrs
Environmental Specialist Environmental Scientist Environmental Engineer
Environmental Compliance Manager
8 Yearsyrs
Environmental Scientist
Environmental Project Manager
6 Yearsyrs
Senior Project Manager Senior Account Executive Regional Manager
Group Manager
8 Yearsyrs
Senior Technician Specialist PRN Medical Technologist
Laboratory Director
10 Yearsyrs
Project Manager Consultant Senior Consultant
Program Manager
8 Yearsyrs
Staff Geologist Project Manager Senior Project Manager
Project Director
8 Yearsyrs
Senior Geologist
10 Yearsyrs
Field Engineer Assistant Superintendent
9 Yearsyrs
Field Engineer Surveyor
Survey Manager
11 Yearsyrs
Geophysicist Senior Technician Specialist Information Technology Manager
Technical Services Manager
8 Yearsyrs
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Geologist Demographics


  • Male

  • Female

  • Unknown



  • White

  • Hispanic or Latino

  • Asian

  • Unknown

  • Black or African American

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Languages Spoken

  • Spanish

  • French

  • German

  • Russian

  • Dakota

  • Arabic

  • Portuguese

  • Greek

  • Italian

  • Korean

  • Chinese

  • Czech

  • Japanese

  • Amharic

  • Hebrew

  • Turkish

  • Cheyenne

  • Indonesian

  • Ukrainian

  • Lithuanian

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Geologist Education


Unfortunately we don’t have enough data for this section.

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Real Geologist Salaries

Job Title Company Location Start Date Salary
Geologist Surge Operating LLC Houston, TX Sep 24, 2016 $250,000
Geologist Shell Exploration and Production Company Houston, TX Sep 12, 2015 $198,400
Geologist Chevron Corporation Houston, TX Dec 09, 2016 $169,900
Geologist BP America Inc. Houston, TX Sep 01, 2015 $161,800
New Ventures Geologist Murphy Exploration & Production Co. Houston, TX Feb 24, 2015 $158,550
New Ventures Geologist Murphy Exploration and Production Company Houston, TX Oct 01, 2015 $158,550
Structural Geologist Shell Exploration and Production Company Houston, TX Aug 29, 2016 $153,800
Structural Geologist Shell International Exploration and Production Inc. Houston, TX Mar 21, 2016 $153,800
Geologist (Auditor) BP America Inc. Houston, TX Feb 01, 2015 $151,471
Geologist Broken Hill Proprietary (USA), Inc. Houston, TX Nov 02, 2016 $150,000
Chief Geologist SW Tech Corporation Pasadena, CA Jan 09, 2016 $150,000
Geologist Shell Oil Company Houston, TX May 10, 2015 $143,700
Geologist II Marathon Oil Company Oklahoma City, OK Aug 09, 2016 $142,100
Geologist Geomodeller Marathon Oil Corporation Houston, TX Jul 13, 2015 $127,000
Geologist BP America Inc. Houston, TX Oct 01, 2015 $123,600
Geologist BP America Inc. Houston, TX Jan 10, 2015 $123,600
Geologist Conocophillips Company Houston, TX Jul 01, 2015 $123,384 -
Geologist Conocophillips Company Houston, TX Aug 18, 2015 $123,384 -
Geologist Shell Oil Company Houston, TX Dec 21, 2015 $121,400
Geologist BP America Inc. Houston, TX Aug 30, 2016 $120,182 -
Structural Geologist Newmont USA Limited Elko, NV May 09, 2016 $107,120
Geologist Noble Energy, Inc. Houston, TX Aug 08, 2015 $106,000
Geologist Lhoist North America, Inc. Fort Worth, TX Sep 29, 2015 $105,000 -
Geologist I Anadarko Petroleum Corporation The Woodlands, TX Aug 25, 2015 $102,743 -
Structural Geologist Newmont USA Limited Elko, NV Oct 03, 2016 $101,837 -
Geologist Weatherford International, LLC Oklahoma City, OK Jun 22, 2015 $100,245 -
Geologist II Core Laboratories LP Houston, TX Sep 13, 2016 $100,000

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Top Skills for A Geologist


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Top Geologist Skills

  1. Geological Reports
  2. Water Samples
  3. Safety Plans
You can check out examples of real life uses of top skills on resumes here:
  • Generated geological reports, logs, show reports, geological prognoses and geological formation top picks.
  • Collect water samples and flow data Job Designation: Core Logging Supervisor Core Responsibilities: 1.)
  • Prepared and implemented Health and Safety plans.
  • Managed a staff of geologic professionals and Reno office technical support employees.
  • Presented updated version to a multidisciplinary group, including reservoir engineers for analysis of field development uncertainties.

Top Geologist Employers

Geologist Videos

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Why Geology?

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