Goldman Sachs Company History Timeline

(1,590 Jobs)
1869

He launched a commercial paper trading business in New York in 1869, geared toward providing other small business with short-term capital to cover their growing pains and initial expenses.

Founded in 1869, the firm is headquartered in New York and maintains offices in all major financial centers around the world.

Goldman Sachs | Established 1869 For more than 150 years, a culture of teamwork and client service has defined our firm.

He worked as a shopkeeper for years before settling in New York and starting a new business of trading in commercial paper in 1869.

What is a Bulge Bracket Investment Bank and that was established in 1869 by Marcus Goldman.

In 1869, Marcus Goldman starts a small business buying and selling promissory notes in Lower Manhattan.

Goldman Sachs was founded in New York City in 1869 by Marcus Goldman.

1882

Business was thriving when Goldman's son-in-law, Samuel Sachs, joined the firm in 1882.

Goldman’s son-in-law, Samuel Sachs, joined the company in 1882.

In 1882, Goldman's son-in-law Samuel Sachs joined the firm.

1885

In 1885, the business expanded into a partnership when Goldman’s son, Henry, and son-in-law, Ludwig Dreyfus joined the company.

In 1885, Goldman took his son Henry and his son-in-law Ludwig Dreyfuss into the business and the firm adopted its present name, Goldman Sachs & Co.

1896

The company joined the New York Stock Exchange in 1896.

The company pioneered the use of commercial paper for entrepreneurs and joined the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) in 1896.

1898

By 1898, the firm's capital stood at $1.6 million.

1904

Marcus served as senior partner until 1904, when he died in New Jersey.

1906

The company issued the first IPO in 1906 when it took Sears, Roebuck and Company public.

1910

In 1910, Walter Sachs becomes a partner of the firm founded by his grandfather Marcus Goldman, where he works alongside his father and brothers.

1912

In 1912, Henry S. Bowers became the first non-member of the founding family to become a partner of the company and share in its profits.

1917

In 1917, under growing pressure from the other partners in the firm due to his pro-German stance, Henry Goldman resigned.

1918

The Sachs family gained full control of the firm until Waddill Catchings joined the company in 1918.

1920

The business continued to grow throughout the first portion of the 20th century, ultimately creating the Goldman Sachs Trading Corporation to handle the new influx of business in the 1920s.

1928

On December 4, 1928, the firm launched the Goldman Sachs Trading Corp, a closed-end fund.

By 1928, Catchings was the Goldman partner with the single largest stake in the firm.

1929

The fund failed during the Stock Market Crash of 1929, amid accusations that Goldman had engaged in share price manipulation and insider trading.

1930

In 1930, the firm ousted Catchings, and Sidney Weinberg assumed the role of senior partner and shifted Goldman's focus away from trading and toward investment banking.

1956

Under Weinberg's leadership, Goldman was the lead advisor on the Ford Motor Company's IPO in 1956, a major coup on Wall Street at the time.

Due to Weinberg's heavy influence, the firm formed an investment banking division in 1956 in an attempt to shift focus off Weinberg.

1969

In 1969, Levy took over Weinberg's role as Senior Partner and built Goldman's trading franchise once again.

1970

In 1970, Goldman Sachs established its first international office in London, the United Kingdom.

Another financial crisis for the firm occurred in 1970, when the Penn Central Transportation Company went bankrupt with over $80 million in commercial paper outstanding, most of it issued through Goldman Sachs.

1974

Just over a century after Goldman Sachs began dealing in commercial paper, the firm leads a commercial paper issuance for state-owned electric utility Électricité de France in 1974, the first ever in the United States on behalf of a foreign government entity.

1976

John L. Weinberg (the son of Sidney Weinberg), and John C. Whitehead assumed roles of co-senior partners in 1976, once again emphasizing the co-leadership at the firm.

1981

On November 16, 1981, the firm acquired J. Aron & Company, a commodities trading firm which merged with the Fixed Income division to become known as Fixed Income, Currencies, and Commodities.

In 1981, it acquired commodities trading firm J. Aron & Company, which dealt in precious metals, coffee, and foreign exchange.

1982

He joined the company in 1982 when commodities trading firm J. Aron & Co, where he was working as a precious metals salesman, was acquired by Goldman Sachs.

1983

Goldman Sachs opens an office in Hong Kong in 1983, recognizing the role of the port territory as a vital financial bridge for the entire Asian region.

1985

In 1985 it underwrote the public offering of the real estate investment trust that owned Rockefeller Center, then the largest REIT offering in history.

1986

In 1986, it created Goldman Sachs Asset Management, a company that manages its mutual and hedge funds today.

In 1986, the firm formed Goldman Sachs Asset Management, which manages the majority of its mutual funds and hedge funds today.

1990

Robert Rubin and Stephen Friedman assumed the co-senior partnership in 1990 and pledged to focus on globalization of the firm to strengthen the merger & acquisition and trading business lines.

1994

In 1994, it also launched the Goldman Sachs Commodity Index (GSCI) and opened its first office in China in Beijing.

The 1994 economic crisis in Mexico threatened to wipe out the value of Mexico's bonds held by Goldman Sachs.

1997

He joined the company in 1997 when Goldman Sachs acquired J. Aron & Company.

1999

After decades of debate among the partners, the company became a public company via an initial public offering in May 1999.

2000

In January 2000, Goldman, along with Lehman Brothers, was the lead manager for the first internet bond offering for the World Bank.

In September 2000, Goldman Sachs purchased Spear, Leeds, & Kellogg, one of the largest specialist firms on the New York Stock Exchange, for $6.3 billion.

2003

In March 2003, the firm took a 45% stake in a joint venture with JBWere, the Australian investment bank.

In April 2003, Goldman acquired The Ayco Company L.P., a fee-based financial counseling service.

2006

In May 2006, Paulson left the firm to serve as United States Secretary of the Treasury, and Lloyd Blankfein was promoted to Chairman and Chief Executive Officer.

In 2006, the United States housing market began a historic turnaround.

Lloyd Blankfein is the current CEO and Chairman of Goldman Sachs since 2006.

Meet GSAMP Trust 2006-S3, a $494 million drop in the junk-mortgage bucket, part of the more than half-a-trillion dollars of mortgage-backed securities issued last year.

2007

On October 15, 2007, as the crisis had begun to unravel, Allan Sloan, a senior editor for Fortune magazine, wrote:

2008

On September 23, 2008, Berkshire Hathaway agreed to purchase $5 billion in Goldman's preferred stock, and also received warrants to buy another $5 billion in Goldman's common stock within five years.

On September 21, 2008, Goldman Sachs and Morgan Stanley, the last two major investment banks in the United States, both confirmed that they would become traditional bank holding companies.

Goldman also received a $10 billion preferred stock investment from the United States Treasury in October 2008, as part of the Troubled Asset Relief Program (TARP).

During the financial crisis, Goldman Sachs was one of the firms that benefited from the United States Treasury bailout of financial institutions as part of the Troubled Asset Relief Program (TARP). The company received $10 billion investments from the United States Treasury in 2008.

Andrew Cuomo, then New York Attorney General, questioned Goldman's decision to pay 953 employees bonuses of at least $1 million each after it received TARP funds in 2008.

During the 2008 financial crisis, the Federal Reserve introduced a number of short-term credit and liquidity facilities to help stabilize markets.

2009

The company received an investment of $10 billion from the US Department of Treasury as part of the Troubled Asset Relief Program (TARP). It used the government investment to rebuild its business, and the loan was repaid in June 2009.

In December 2009, Goldman announced that its top 30 executives would be paid year-end bonuses in restricted stock that they cannot sell for five years, with clawback provisions.

2011

In 2011, Goldman took full control of JBWere in a $1 billion buyout.

2013

In June 2013, Goldman Sachs purchased loan portfolio from Brisbane-based Suncorp Group, one of Australia's largest banks and insurance companies.

In September 2013, Goldman Sachs Asset Management announced it had entered into an agreement with Deutsche Asset & Wealth Management to acquire its stable value business, with total assets under supervision of $21.6 billion as of June 30, 2013.

In 2013, Goldman underwrote the $2.913 billion Grand Parkway System Toll Revenue Bond offering for the Houston, Texas area, one of the fastest growing areas in the United States.

2015

In August 2015, Goldman Sachs agreed to acquire General Electric Co.'s GE Capital Bank on-line deposit platform.

IBD has responsibility for working with corporations, institutions, and governments to carry out capital raising (underwriting in equity, debt, and hybrid markets) as well as for executing mergers and acquisitions accounted for 21% of the company’s total revenues in 2015.

The investment management segment accounted for 18% of the company’s total revenues in 2015.

The Investing and Lending segment accounted for 16% of Goldman’s total revenues in 2015.

2016

In March 2016, Goldman Sachs agreed to acquire financial technology startup Honest Dollar, a digital retirement savings tool founded by American entrepreneur whurley, focused on helping small-business employees and self-employed workers obtain affordable retirement plans.

In April 2016, Goldman Sachs launched a direct bank, GS Bank.

It also provides regular banking services through its bank, GS Bank USA. The company provides services through its four segments: Investment Banking, Investment Management, Investing and Lending, and Institutional Clients. It is headquartered at 200 West Street in Lower Manhattan in New York (image below) and operates offices in over 30 countries as of December 30, 2016.

In fact, according to a 2016 settlement the company reached with the United States Department of Justice, Goldman-Sachs fraudulently underwrote and issued many of those mortgages despite knowing the risks involved.

2018

Market rumours began swirling about Goldman-Sachs’ interest in Bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies in early 2018 when it hired former Seven Eight Capital Vice President Justin Schmidt to look into the possibility of opening a Bitcoin trading desk.

MoneyCheck is a fast-growing online publication launched in 2018 with the aim of covering personal finance and investment news.

About Money CheckMoneyCheck is a fast-growing online publication launched in 2018 with the aim of covering personal finance and investment news.Our goal is to simplify and explain in clear language, what can be a confusing jumble of terms and concepts.

2019

On May 16, 2019, Goldman Sachs acquired United Capital Financial Advisers, LLC for $750 million cash.

In August 2019, Goldman Sachs joined Wells Fargo, NVIDIA and Nexus Venture Partners to invest in H2O.ai.

Founded
1869
Company Founded
Headquarters
New York, NY
Company Headquarter
Founders
Marcus Goldman,Samuel Sachs
Company Founders

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