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Become A Graduate Engineer

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Working As A Graduate Engineer

  • Making Decisions and Solving Problems
  • Getting Information
  • Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates
  • Interacting With Computers
  • Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards
  • $85,850

    Average Salary

What Does A Graduate Engineer Do

Civil engineers design, build, supervise, operate, and maintain construction projects and systems in the public and private sector, including roads, buildings, airports, tunnels, dams, bridges, and systems for water supply and sewage treatment. Many civil engineers work in design, construction, research, and education.

Duties

Civil engineers typically do the following:

  • Analyze long range plans, survey reports, maps, and other data in order to plan projects
  • Consider construction costs, government regulations, potential environmental hazards, and other factors in planning the stages of, and risk analysis for, a project
  • Compile and submit permit applications to local, state, and federal agencies, verifying that projects comply with various regulations
  • Perform or oversee soil testing to determine the adequacy and strength of foundations
  • Test building materials, such as concrete, asphalt, or steel, for use in particular projects
  • Provide cost estimates for materials, equipment, or labor to determine a project’s economic feasibility
  • Use design software to plan and design transportation systems, hydraulic systems, and structures in line with industry and government standards
  • Perform or oversee surveying operations in order to establish reference points, grades, and elevations to guide construction
  • Present their findings to the public on topics such as bid proposals, environmental impact statements, or descriptions of property
  • Manage the repair, maintenance, and replacement of public and private infrastructure

Civil engineers inspect projects to insure regulatory compliance. In addition, they are tasked with ensuring that safe work practices are followed at construction sites.

Many civil engineers hold supervisory or administrative positions ranging from supervisor of a construction site to city engineer, public works director, and city manager. Others work in design, construction, research, and teaching. Civil engineers work with others on projects and may be assisted by civil engineering technicians.

Civil engineers prepare permit documents for work on projects in renewable energy. They verify that the projects will comply with federal, state, and local requirements. With regard to solar energy, these engineers conduct structural analyses for large-scale photovoltaic projects. They also evaluate the ability of solar array support structures and buildings to tolerate stresses from wind, seismic activity, and other sources. For large-scale wind projects, civil engineers often prepare roadbeds to handle large trucks that haul in the turbines. In addition, they prepare the sites on the shore or offshore to make sure that the foundations for the turbines will safely keep them upright in expected environmental conditions.

Civil engineers work on complex projects, so they usually specialize in one of several areas.

Construction engineers manage construction projects, ensuring that they are scheduled and built in accordance with plans and specifications. These engineers typically are responsible for the design and safety of temporary structures used during construction.

Geotechnical engineers work to make sure that foundations are solid. They focus on how structures built by civil engineers, such as buildings and tunnels, interact with the earth (including soil and rock). In addition, they design and plan for slopes, retaining walls, and tunnels.

Structural engineers design and assess major projects, such as buildings, bridges, or dams, to ensure their strength and durability.

Transportation engineers plan, design, operate, and maintain everyday systems, such as streets and highways, but they also plan larger projects, such as airports, ship ports, mass transit systems, and harbors.

The work of civil engineers is closely related to the work of environmental engineers.

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How To Become A Graduate Engineer

Civil engineers need a bachelor’s degree. They typically need a graduate degree and licensure for promotion to senior positions. Although licensure requirements vary within the United States, civil engineers usually must be licensed in the locations where they provide services directly to the public.

Education

Civil engineers need a bachelor’s degree in civil engineering, in one of its specialties, or in civil engineering technology. Programs in civil engineering and civil engineering technology include coursework in math, statistics, engineering mechanics and systems, and fluid dynamics, among other courses, depending on the specialty. Courses include a mix of traditional classroom learning, work in laboratories, and fieldwork.

A degree from a program accredited by the ABET is needed in order to earn the professional engineer (PE) license. In many states, a bachelor’s degree in civil engineering technology also will suffice as an academic requirement for obtaining a license.

About 1 in 4 civil engineers has a master’s degree. Further education after the bachelor’s degree, along with the PE license and previous experience, is helpful in getting a job as a manager. For more information on engineering managers, see the profile on architectural and engineering managers.

Important Qualities

Decisionmaking skills. Civil engineers often balance multiple and frequently conflicting objectives, such as determining the feasibility of plans with regard to financial costs and safety concerns. Urban and regional planners often look to civil engineers for advice on these issues. Civil engineers must be able to make good decisions based on best practices, their own technical knowledge, and their own experience.

Leadership skills. Civil engineers take ultimate responsibility for the projects that they manage or research that they perform. Therefore, they must be able to lead planners, surveyors, construction managers, civil engineering technicians, civil engineering technologists, and others in implementing their project plan.

Math skills. Civil engineers use the principles of calculus, trigonometry, and other advanced topics in mathematics for analysis, design, and troubleshooting in their work.

Organizational skills. Only licensed civil engineers can sign the design documents for infrastructure projects. This requirement makes it imperative that civil engineers be able to monitor and evaluate the work at the jobsite as a project progresses. That way, they can ensure compliance with the design documents. Civil engineers also often manage several projects at the same time, and thus must be able to balance time needs and to effectively allocate resources.

Problem-solving skills. Civil engineers work at the highest level of the planning, design, construction, and operation of multifaceted projects or research. The many variables involved require that they possess the ability to identify and evaluate complex problems. They must be able to then utilize their skill and training to develop cost-effective, safe, and efficient solutions.

Speaking skills. Civil engineers must present reports and plans to audiences of people with a wide range of backgrounds and technical knowledge. This requires the ability to speak clearly and to converse with people in various settings, and to translate engineering and scientific information into easy to understand concepts.

Writing skills. Civil engineers must be able to communicate with others, such as architects, landscape architects, and urban and regional planners. They also must be able to explain projects to elected officials and citizens. This means that civil engineers must be able to write reports that are clear, concise, and understandable to those with little or no technical or scientific background.

Licenses, Certifications, and Registrations

Licensure is not required for entry-level positions as a civil engineer. A Professional Engineering (PE) license, which allows for higher levels of leadership and independence, can be acquired later in one’s career. Licensed engineers are called professional engineers (PEs). A PE can oversee the work of other engineers, approve design plans, sign off on projects, and provide services directly to the public. State licensure generally requires

  • A degree from an ABET-accredited engineering program
  • A passing score on the Fundamentals of Engineering (FE) exam
  • Relevant work experience, typically at least 4 years working under a licensed engineer
  • A passing score on the Professional Engineering (PE) exam

The initial FE exam can be taken after earning a bachelor’s degree. Engineers who pass this exam commonly are called engineers in training (EITs) or engineer interns (EIs). After meeting work experience requirements, EITs and EIs can take the second exam, called the Principles and Practice of Engineering.

Each state issues its own licenses. Most states recognize licensure from other states, as long as the licensing state’s requirements meet or exceed their own licensure requirements. Several states require continuing education for engineers to keep their licenses.

Advancement

Civil engineers with ample experience may move into senior positions, such as project managers or functional managers of design, construction, operation, or maintenance. However, they would first need to obtain the Professional Engineering (PE) license, because only licensed engineers can assume responsibilities for public projects.

After gaining licensure, a professional engineer may seek credentialing that attests to his or her expertise in a civil engineering specialty. Such a credential may be of help for advancement to senior technical or even managerial positions.

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Graduate Engineer jobs

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Graduate Engineer Career Paths

Graduate Engineer
Senior Engineer Engineering Manager Operations Manager
Chief Operating Officer
11 Yearsyrs
Engineering Assistant Assistant Project Manager Estimator Project Manager
Commercial Project Manager
8 Yearsyrs
Design Engineer Project Engineer Engineering Manager
Engineering Director
13 Yearsyrs
Engineer Project Engineer
Engineering Manager
10 Yearsyrs
Engineering Assistant Field Engineer Estimator
Estimator Project Manager
9 Yearsyrs
Manufacturing Engineer Engineering Manager Program Manager
Operations Director
9 Yearsyrs
Mechanical Engineer Manufacturing Engineer Engineering Manager
Operations Manager
7 Yearsyrs
Structures Engineer Mechanical Engineer Operations Manager
Operations Project Manager
8 Yearsyrs
Project Manager Program Manager General Manager
President Of Operations
11 Yearsyrs
Software Engineer Program Manager General Manager
President/Chief Executive Officer
10 Yearsyrs
Senior Engineer Senior Software Engineer Business Analyst
Product Manager
7 Yearsyrs
Project Engineer Senior Project Engineer Project Manager
Program Manager
8 Yearsyrs
Design Engineer Mechanical Engineer Project Engineer
Project Engineering Manager
8 Yearsyrs
Mechanical Engineer Process Engineer Operations Manager
Purchasing Manager
9 Yearsyrs
Manufacturing Engineer Quality Engineer
Quality Manager
11 Yearsyrs
Software Engineer Senior Engineer Engineering Manager
Senior Engineering Manager
12 Yearsyrs
Engineer Project Manager Program Manager
Senior Manager
10 Yearsyrs
Project Manager Senior Project Manager
Senior Product Manager
9 Yearsyrs
Project Engineer Project Manager
Senior Project Manager
12 Yearsyrs
Structures Engineer Senior Engineer Engineering Manager
Vice President Of Engineering
13 Yearsyrs
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Graduate Engineer Demographics

Gender

Male

74.9%

Female

22.9%

Unknown

2.2%
Ethnicity

White

50.3%

Asian

32.9%

Hispanic or Latino

9.2%

Unknown

4.7%

Black or African American

2.9%
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Languages Spoken

Spanish

45.8%

Korean

12.5%

Japanese

8.3%

French

8.3%

Hindi

8.3%

German

4.2%

Marathi

4.2%

Gujarati

4.2%

Russian

4.2%
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Graduate Engineer Education

Schools

Lamar University

14.6%

Texas A&M University

13.9%

Case Western Reserve University

5.8%

University of Houston

5.1%

University of Southern California

5.1%

University of Texas at San Antonio

5.1%

University of Texas at Arlington

4.4%

Arizona State University

4.4%

Wayne State University

4.4%

Oklahoma State University

4.4%

University of Texas at Austin

4.4%

Michigan Technological University

3.6%

Georgia Institute of Technology -

3.6%

New Jersey Institute of Technology

3.6%

San Jose State University

2.9%

Missouri University of Science and Technology

2.9%

Texas Tech University

2.9%

University of Alabama at Birmingham

2.9%

State University of New York Buffalo

2.9%

Purdue University

2.9%
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Majors

Mechanical Engineering

22.9%

Civil Engineering

21.2%

Electrical Engineering

13.5%

Chemical Engineering

5.9%

Engineering

5.2%

Business

5.2%

Industrial Engineering

4.9%

Engineering And Industrial Management

3.7%

Computer Engineering

2.5%

Computer Science

2.2%

Finance

2.0%

Environmental Control Technologies/Technicians

1.5%

Project Management

1.5%

Environmental Engineering

1.5%

Management

1.2%

Electrical Engineering Technology

1.2%

Systems Engineering

1.0%

Drafting And Design

1.0%

Music

1.0%

Computer Networking

1.0%
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Degrees

Masters

55.7%

Bachelors

30.9%

Doctorate

6.0%

Other

5.8%

Diploma

1.0%

Certificate

0.6%
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Real Graduate Engineer Salaries

Job Title Company Location Start Date Salary
Air Quality Graduate Engineer AARC Environmental, Inc. Houston, TX Apr 16, 2015 $109,387
Graduate Engineer Imagination Technologies LLC Santa Clara, CA Aug 17, 2015 $93,800
Graduate Engineer Structuneering, Inc. Houston, TX Oct 01, 2015 $93,692
Graduate Engineer Imagination Technologies LLC Beaverton, OR Aug 23, 2016 $93,500
Graduate Engineer Imagination Technologies LLC Beaverton, OR Aug 25, 2016 $92,000
Air Quality Graduate Engineer AARC Environmental, Inc. Houston, TX Feb 15, 2016 $91,000
Graduate Engineer Arm, Inc. Chandler, AZ Aug 31, 2016 $84,460
Air Quality Graduate Engineer AARC Environmental, Inc. Houston, TX May 01, 2016 $83,221
Graduate Engineer HAKS Engineers, Architects and Land Surveyors, P.C. New York, NY Jul 16, 2015 $81,393
Graduate Engineer Technip USA, Inc. Houston, TX Sep 02, 2015 $80,000
Graduate Engineer Technip USA, Inc. Houston, TX Aug 25, 2015 $80,000
Graduate Engineer Technip USA, Inc. Houston, TX Sep 16, 2015 $80,000
Graduate Engineer-Geotechnical Kennecott Utah Copper, LLC UT Sep 01, 2015 $66,331 -
$78,800
Graduate Engineer Walter P. Moore & Associates, Inc. Houston, TX Aug 15, 2015 $66,300
Graduate Layout Engineer Dialog Semiconductor Santa Clara, CA Aug 31, 2016 $65,800 -
$78,521
Graduate Engineer-Diagnostics Group Walter P. Moore & Associates, Inc. Houston, TX Aug 15, 2015 $65,502
Graduate Engineer Structuneering Inc. Houston, TX Sep 05, 2015 $65,000
Graduate Engineer C&M Associates, Inc. Dallas, TX Sep 05, 2015 $65,000
Graduate Engineer C&M Associates, Inc. Orlando, FL Sep 22, 2015 $65,000
Graduate Engineer HAKS New York, NY Apr 09, 2015 $61,526
Graduate Plumbing Engineer ARUP North America Ltd. San Francisco, CA Aug 31, 2015 $61,500
Graduate Engineer Walter P. Moore and Associates, Inc. Tampa, FL Aug 18, 2015 $61,500
Graduate Engineer Walter P. Moore & Associates, Inc. Houston, TX Aug 15, 2015 $61,500
Graduate Engineer II Kit Professionals, Inc. Houston, TX Feb 16, 2015 $61,360
Graduate Engineer Azteca Enterprises, Inc. Dallas, TX Aug 10, 2015 $60,715
Graduate Engineer Walter P. Moore and Associates, Inc. Dallas, TX Sep 05, 2015 $60,715
Graduate Facades Engineer ARUP North America Ltd. San Francisco, CA Jul 28, 2015 $60,000

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Top Skills for A Graduate Engineer

ProductionPlanningSafetyAutoCADProjectManagementACIPurchaseSiemensPLCGISERPSigmaCostEstimatesAlloyWheelsRISOFmeaPTTroubleshotElectricityCompressors

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Top Graduate Engineer Skills

  1. Production Planning
  2. Safety
  3. Auto CAD
You can check out examples of real life uses of top skills on resumes here:
  • Performed production planning, order promising and shop coordination activities.
  • Probed computer chips, relays and electrical critical components to units from chassis to engine and safety features.
  • Prepared AUTO CAD cross sections of Dam and Bill of Quantities for the work completed.
  • Tested and documented in house Project Management and budget analysis software for the Project Management Office.
  • Implemented investigations, evaluations and designs of industrial solid hazardous waste storage, processing and disposal facilities.

Top Graduate Engineer Employers