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Graphic designers usually need a bachelor’s degree in graphic design or a related field. Candidates for graphic design positions should demonstrate their creativity and originality through a professional portfolio that features their best designs.Education
A bachelor’s degree in graphic design or a related field is usually required. However, those with a bachelor’s degree in another field may pursue technical training in graphic design to meet most hiring qualifications.
The National Association of Schools of Art and Design accredits about 320 postsecondary colleges, universities, and independent institutes with programs in art and design. Most schools include studio art, principles of design, computerized design, commercial graphics production, printing techniques, and website design. In addition, students should consider courses in writing, marketing, and business, all of which are useful in helping designers work effectively on project teams.
High school students interested in graphic design should take basic art and design courses in high school, if the courses are available. Many bachelor's degree programs require students to complete a year of basic art and design courses before being admitted to a formal degree program. Some schools require applicants to submit sketches and other examples of their artistic ability.
Many programs provide students with the opportunity to build a professional portfolio of their designs. For many artists, including graphic designers, developing a portfolio—a collection of design ideas that demonstrates their styles and abilities—is essential because employers rely heavily on a designer’s portfolio in deciding whether to hire the individual.
Graphic designers must keep up with new and updated computer graphics and design software, either on their own or through formal software training programs. Professional associations that specialize in graphic design, such as AIGA, offer courses intended to keep the skills of their members up to date.Other Experience
Graphic designers often gain their initial experience through internships. It provides aspiring graphic designers an opportunity to work with designers and experience the design process from concept to completion while completing a design program.Licenses, Certifications, and Registrations
Certification programs are generally available through software product vendors. Certification in graphic design software can demonstrate a level of competence and may provide a jobseeker with a competitive advantage.Advancement
Experienced graphic designers may advance to chief designer, art director, or other supervisory positions.Important Qualities
Analytical skills. Graphic designers must be able to look at their work from the point of view of their consumers and examine how the designs they develop will be perceived by consumers to ensure they convey the client’s desired message.
Artistic ability. Graphic designers must be able to create designs that are artistically interesting and appealing to clients and consumers. They produce rough illustrations of design ideas, either by hand sketching or by using computer programs.
Communication skills. Graphic designers must communicate with clients, customers, and other designers to ensure that their designs accurately reflect the desired message and effectively express information.
Computer skills. Most graphic designers use specialized graphic design software to prepare their designs.
Creativity. Graphic designers must be able to think of new approaches to communicating ideas to consumers. They develop unique designs that convey a recognizable meaning on behalf of their clients.
Time-management skills. Graphic designers often work on multiple projects at the same time, each with a different deadline.
Average Length of Employment
Top Careers Before Graphic Artist
Top Careers After Graphic Artist
Hispanic or Latino11.2%
Black or African American0.6%
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Savannah College of Art and Design13.3%
Art Institute of Pittsburgh11.1%
Full Sail University8.3%
University of Phoenix6.2%
School of Visual Arts6.0%
Virginia Commonwealth University6.0%
Fashion Institute of Technology5.5%
Academy of Art University4.5%
Rochester Institute of Technology4.5%
Art Institute of Philadelphia3.6%
American InterContinental University3.5%
Art Institute of Atlanta3.4%
Florida State University3.2%
University of North Texas3.1%
Michigan State University3.1%
Art Institute of California - Inland3.0%
George Mason University3.0%
Ball State University3.0%
University of Alabama2.8%
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|Job Title||Company||Location||Start Date||Salary|
|Graphic Artist/Designer (VFX Supervisor)||Technicolor Inc.||Santa Monica, CA||Jan 28, 2011||$210,000|
|Head Graphic Artist||Fox Digital Enterprises, Inc.||Los Angeles, CA||Jan 28, 2016||$146,090|
|3D Graphic Artist||Valve||Bellevue, WA||Nov 18, 2015||$100,000 -
|Principal Graphic Artist||Aristocrat Technologies, Inc.||Las Vegas, NV||Jan 03, 2013||$99,143|
|Senior Graphic Artist||Aristocrat Technologies, Inc.||Las Vegas, NV||Jan 03, 2011||$93,000|
|Graphic Artist||Bloomberg, LP||New York, NY||Jan 09, 2016||$90,000|
|Principal Graphic Artist||Aristocrat Technologies, Inc.||Las Vegas, NV||Oct 30, 2013||$89,000|
|Graphic Artist||Buck Design, Inc.||New York, NY||Feb 01, 2014||$85,000|
|Graphic Artist||ALKI David Productions, Inc.||Beverly Hills, CA||Mar 11, 2015||$83,200|
|Graphic Artist||Ca-AVRS, Inc.||Petaluma, CA||Oct 01, 2012||$82,500|
|Graphic Motion Artist||Eclipse Advertising, Inc.||Burbank, CA||Sep 11, 2014||$75,000|
|Graphic Artist||XYZ Graphics, Inc.||San Francisco, CA||Jul 26, 2016||$72,800|
|Artist-Graphic-Interactive Marketing (Reef)||VF Outdoor Inc.||Carlsbad, CA||Apr 15, 2013||$72,000|
|SR. Graphic Artist||J&J Imprints Inc.||Santa Clarita, CA||Aug 24, 2015||$56,349|
|Web Designer/Graphic Artist||Gallaudet University||Washington, DC||Jan 16, 2011||$56,032|
|Web Designer/Graphic Artist||Gallaudet University||Washington, DC||Jan 16, 2014||$56,032|
|3D Graphic Artist||Spectral Labs Incorporated||San Diego, CA||Sep 06, 2012||$56,000|
|Graphic Artist/Motion Designer||WPIX, Inc.||New York, NY||Jan 01, 2011||$55,000|
|Graphic Artist/Designer||IW Group, Inc.||West Hollywood, CA||May 02, 2013||$55,000|
|Senior Graphic Artist||Burleigh Point Limited||Costa Mesa, CA||Sep 14, 2015||$55,000 -
|Graphic Artist||Lee Enterprises||Tucson, AZ||Oct 01, 2011||$46,190|
|Graphic Artist||Lee Enterprises||Tucson, AZ||Sep 15, 2011||$46,190|
|Graphic Artists||The Product Factory, LLC||Burbank, CA||Sep 09, 2016||$46,155|
|Graphic Artist||Grifols Shared Services North America Inc.||Los Angeles, CA||Sep 18, 2015||$45,510|
|Graphic Artist||Grifols Shared Services North America Inc.||Los Angeles, CA||Sep 16, 2015||$45,510|
|Graphic Artist||All In One Productions, Inc.||Monterey Park, CA||Apr 12, 2011||$43,764|
|Graphic Artist||Dmpro, Inc.||Burbank, CA||Apr 20, 2016||$43,618|
|Graphic Artist||Computer Task Group, Inc.||Morrisville, NC||Jan 09, 2016||$43,000|
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