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Graphic designers create visual concepts, using computer software or by hand, to communicate ideas that inspire, inform, and captivate consumers. They develop the overall layout and production design for various applications such as for advertisements, brochures, magazines, and corporate reports.Duties
Graphic designers typically do the following:
Graphic designers combine art and technology to communicate ideas through images and the layout of websites and printed pages. They may use a variety of design elements to achieve artistic or decorative effects.
Graphic designers work with both text and images. They often select the type, font, size, color, and line length of headlines, headings, and text. Graphic designers also decide how images and text will go together on a print or webpage, including how much space each will have. When using text in layouts, graphic designers collaborate closely with writers who choose the words and decide whether the words will be put into paragraphs, lists, or tables. Through the use of images, text, and color, graphic designers can transform statistical data into visual graphics and diagrams, which can make complex ideas more accessible.
Graphic design is important to marketing and selling products, and is a critical component of brochures and logos. Therefore, graphic designers, also referred to as graphic artists or communication designers, often work closely with people in advertising and promotions, public relations, and marketing.
Frequently, designers specialize in a particular category or type of client. For example, some create the graphics used on retail products packaging, still others may work on the visual designs used on book jackets.
Graphic designers need to keep up to date with the latest software and computer technologies to remain competitive.
Some individuals with a background in graphic design teach in design schools, colleges, and universities. For more information, see the profile on postsecondary teachers.
Graphic designers usually need a bachelor’s degree in graphic design or a related field. Candidates for graphic design positions should demonstrate their creativity and originality through a professional portfolio that features their best designs.Education
A bachelor’s degree in graphic design or a related field is usually required. However, those with a bachelor’s degree in another field may pursue technical training in graphic design to meet most hiring qualifications.
The National Association of Schools of Art and Design accredits about 320 postsecondary colleges, universities, and independent institutes with programs in art and design. Most schools include studio art, principles of design, computerized design, commercial graphics production, printing techniques, and website design. In addition, students should consider courses in writing, marketing, and business, all of which are useful in helping designers work effectively on project teams.
High school students interested in graphic design should take basic art and design courses in high school, if the courses are available. Many bachelor's degree programs require students to complete a year of basic art and design courses before being admitted to a formal degree program. Some schools require applicants to submit sketches and other examples of their artistic ability.
Many programs provide students with the opportunity to build a professional portfolio of their designs. For many artists, including graphic designers, developing a portfolio—a collection of design ideas that demonstrates their styles and abilities—is essential because employers rely heavily on a designer’s portfolio in deciding whether to hire the individual.
Graphic designers must keep up with new and updated computer graphics and design software, either on their own or through formal software training programs. Professional associations that specialize in graphic design, such as AIGA, offer courses intended to keep the skills of their members up to date.Other Experience
Graphic designers often gain their initial experience through internships. It provides aspiring graphic designers an opportunity to work with designers and experience the design process from concept to completion while completing a design program.Licenses, Certifications, and Registrations
Certification programs are generally available through software product vendors. Certification in graphic design software can demonstrate a level of competence and may provide a jobseeker with a competitive advantage.Advancement
Experienced graphic designers may advance to chief designer, art director, or other supervisory positions.Important Qualities
Analytical skills. Graphic designers must be able to look at their work from the point of view of their consumers and examine how the designs they develop will be perceived by consumers to ensure they convey the client’s desired message.
Artistic ability. Graphic designers must be able to create designs that are artistically interesting and appealing to clients and consumers. They produce rough illustrations of design ideas, either by hand sketching or by using computer programs.
Communication skills. Graphic designers must communicate with clients, customers, and other designers to ensure that their designs accurately reflect the desired message and effectively express information.
Computer skills. Most graphic designers use specialized graphic design software to prepare their designs.
Creativity. Graphic designers must be able to think of new approaches to communicating ideas to consumers. They develop unique designs that convey a recognizable meaning on behalf of their clients.
Time-management skills. Graphic designers often work on multiple projects at the same time, each with a different deadline.
Average Length of Employment
Top Careers Before Graphic Design Specialist
Top Careers After Graphic Design Specialist
Hispanic or Latino10.7%
Black or African American0.5%
Graphic Design Specialist
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Art Institute of Pittsburgh10.5%
Savannah College of Art and Design9.6%
Full Sail University7.9%
University of Phoenix7.0%
Art Institute of Philadelphia5.3%
Art Institute of Houston5.3%
George Washington University4.4%
Virginia Commonwealth University4.4%
University of Central Florida4.4%
Rochester Institute of Technology4.4%
International Academy of Design and Technology4.4%
Southern New Hampshire University4.4%
Pennsylvania College of Technology3.5%
Ferris State University3.5%
University of Cincinnati3.5%
Bowling Green State University3.5%
Southern Illinois University Carbondale3.5%
Florida State University3.5%
Truman State University3.5%
Graphic Design Specialist
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|Job Title||Company||Location||Start Date||Salary|
|Presentation and Graphic Design Specialist||Samsung Semiconductor, Inc.||San Jose, CA||Mar 21, 2016||$133,000|
|Computer Graphics Design Specialist||42 Entertainment, LLC||Burbank, CA||Nov 06, 2012||$70,000|
|Graphic Design Specialist||PGIM, Inc.||Newark, NJ||Aug 26, 2016||$65,000 -
|Graphic Designer Specialist||Comprehab, Inc.||Gastonia, NC||Oct 08, 2016||$60,000|
|Graphic Designer/UI Specialist||Laahk Enterprise, Inc.||Somerville, NJ||Dec 08, 2016||$60,000|
|Graphic & Interactive Design Specialist||Insurance Services Office, Inc.||Jersey City, NJ||Feb 09, 2016||$60,000 -
|Graphic & Interactive Design Specialist||Insurance Services Office, Inc.||Jersey City, NJ||Sep 08, 2015||$60,000 -
|Graphic Designer Specialist||Comprehab, Inc.||Gastonia, NC||Sep 01, 2015||$60,000|
|Graphic Designer, Data Visualization Specialist||Netpop Research, LLC||San Francisco, CA||Apr 15, 2015||$58,198|
|Graphic Design Specialist||University of Notre Dame Du Lac||Notre Dame, IN||Mar 10, 2016||$55,899|
|Graphic Design Specialist||University of Notre Dame Du Lac||Notre Dame, IN||Dec 24, 2014||$54,803|
|Marketing/Graphic Design Specialist||Vital One Health Plans Direct LLC||Miami Lakes, FL||May 04, 2016||$52,000 -
|Graphic Design Specialist||Transparent House Inc.||San Francisco, CA||Sep 04, 2014||$52,000|
|Graphic Design Specialist||Catchpoint Systems, Inc.||New York, NY||Sep 06, 2013||$50,398|
|Graphic Design Specialist Lead||Grace Church of Arvada||Arvada, CO||Apr 01, 2015||$47,792|
|Computer Graphics Design Specialist||Shadedbox, Inc.||South Pasadena, CA||Sep 25, 2010||$47,208|
|Graphic Design Specialist||The Chamber of Commerce of St. Joseph County||South Bend, IN||Aug 26, 2013||$41,740 -
|Graphic Design Specialist||The Chamber of Commerce of St. Joseph County||South Bend, IN||Dec 04, 2012||$41,740|
|Ux/Graphic Design Specialist||Adadapted Inc.||Ann Arbor, MI||Jan 09, 2016||$40,000|
|Graphic Design Specialist||Mashon, Inc.||Los Angeles, CA||Oct 01, 2012||$40,000|
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