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Become A Graphic Designer

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Working As A Graphic Designer

  • Thinking Creatively
  • Interacting With Computers
  • Getting Information
  • Making Decisions and Solving Problems
  • Communicating with Persons Outside Organization
  • Mostly Sitting

  • Repetitive

  • Stressful

  • $45,000

    Average Salary

What Does A Graphic Designer Do

Graphic designers create visual concepts, using computer software or by hand, to communicate ideas that inspire, inform, and captivate consumers. They develop the overall layout and production design for various applications such as for advertisements, brochures, magazines, and corporate reports.

Duties

Graphic designers typically do the following: 

  • Meet with clients or the art director to determine the scope of a project
  • Use digital illustration, photo-editing software, and layout software to create designs
  • Create visual elements such as logos, original images, and illustrations that help deliver a desired message
  • Design layouts and select colors, images, and typefaces to use
  • Present design concepts to clients or art directors
  • Incorporate changes recommended by clients or art directors into final designs
  • Review designs for errors before printing or publishing them

Graphic designers combine art and technology to communicate ideas through images and the layout of websites and printed pages. They may use a variety of design elements to achieve artistic or decorative effects.

Graphic designers work with both text and images. They often select the type, font, size, color, and line length of headlines, headings, and text. Graphic designers also decide how images and text will go together on a print or webpage, including how much space each will have. When using text in layouts, graphic designers collaborate closely with writers who choose the words and decide whether the words will be put into paragraphs, lists, or tables. Through the use of images, text, and color, graphic designers can transform statistical data into visual graphics and diagrams, which can make complex ideas more accessible.

Graphic design is important to marketing and selling products, and is a critical component of brochures and logos. Therefore, graphic designers, also referred to as graphic artists or communication designers, often work closely with people in advertising and promotions, public relations, and marketing.

Frequently, designers specialize in a particular category or type of client. For example, some create the graphics used on retail products packaging, still others may work on the visual designs used on book jackets.

Graphic designers need to keep up to date with the latest software and computer technologies to remain competitive.

Some individuals with a background in graphic design teach in design schools, colleges, and universities. For more information, see the profile on postsecondary teachers.

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How To Become A Graphic Designer

Graphic designers usually need a bachelor’s degree in graphic design or a related field. Candidates for graphic design positions should demonstrate their creativity and originality through a professional portfolio that features their best designs.

Education

A bachelor’s degree in graphic design or a related field is usually required. However, those with a bachelor’s degree in another field may pursue technical training in graphic design to meet most hiring qualifications.

The National Association of Schools of Art and Design accredits about 320 postsecondary colleges, universities, and independent institutes with programs in art and design. Most schools include studio art, principles of design, computerized design, commercial graphics production, printing techniques, and website design. In addition, students should consider courses in writing, marketing, and business, all of which are useful in helping designers work effectively on project teams.

High school students interested in graphic design should take basic art and design courses in high school, if the courses are available. Many bachelor's degree programs require students to complete a year of basic art and design courses before being admitted to a formal degree program. Some schools require applicants to submit sketches and other examples of their artistic ability.

Many programs provide students with the opportunity to build a professional portfolio of their designs. For many artists, including graphic designers, developing a portfolio—a collection of design ideas that demonstrates their styles and abilities—is essential because employers rely heavily on a designer’s portfolio in deciding whether to hire the individual.

Graphic designers must keep up with new and updated computer graphics and design software, either on their own or through formal software training programs. Professional associations that specialize in graphic design, such as AIGA, offer courses intended to keep the skills of their members up to date.

Other Experience

Graphic designers often gain their initial experience through internships. It provides aspiring graphic designers an opportunity to work with designers and experience the design process from concept to completion while completing a design program.

Licenses, Certifications, and Registrations

Certification programs are generally available through software product vendors. Certification in graphic design software can demonstrate a level of competence and may provide a jobseeker with a competitive advantage.

Advancement

Experienced graphic designers may advance to chief designer, art director, or other supervisory positions.

Important Qualities

Analytical skills. Graphic designers must be able to look at their work from the point of view of their consumers and examine how the designs they develop will be perceived by consumers to ensure they convey the client’s desired message.

Artistic ability. Graphic designers must be able to create designs that are artistically interesting and appealing to clients and consumers. They produce rough illustrations of design ideas, either by hand sketching or by using computer programs.

Communication skills. Graphic designers must communicate with clients, customers, and other designers to ensure that their designs accurately reflect the desired message and effectively express information.

Computer skills. Most graphic designers use specialized graphic design software to prepare their designs.

Creativity. Graphic designers must be able to think of new approaches to communicating ideas to consumers. They develop unique designs that convey a recognizable meaning on behalf of their clients.

Time-management skills. Graphic designers often work on multiple projects at the same time, each with a different deadline.

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60 Graphic Designer jobs

The Creative Group
Ashburn, VA
Graphic Designer

$45,000 Estimated

Global Channel Management
Ashburn, VA
Web Designer

$68,864 Estimated

Avacend's Consulting & Staffing
Ashburn, VA
Web Designer / Developer - IV

$67,208 Estimated

Avacend's Consulting & Staffing
Ashburn, VA
Web Designer / Developer - IV

$67,208 Estimated

The Boss Group
Washington, DC
Graphic Designer

$45,000 Estimated

Aerotek
Vienna, VA
Graphic Designer - Animation

$42,433 Estimated

Ricoh Americas Corporation
Washington, DC
Print Shop Graphic Designer

$45,000 Estimated

Abacus Technology
Washington, DC
Graphic Designer (Intelligence Community)

$45,000 Estimated

Spectra Tech, LLC
Adelphi, MD
Graphic Designer Jr.

$45,000 Estimated

Ukpeagvik Iupiat Corporation/Bowhead Family of Companies
Fort Belvoir, VA
Graphic Designer

$45,000 Estimated

Anavation, LLC
Reston, VA
Graphic Designer

$44,325 Estimated

The Association for Talent Development
Alexandria, VA
Graphic Designer

$51,240 Estimated

Bytecubed
Arlington, VA
Graphic Designer

$45,000 Estimated

Ripple Effect Communications, Inc.
Rockville, MD
Graphic Designer

$40,000 Estimated

Tatitlek Corporation
Arlington, VA
Graphic Designer II

$45,000 Estimated

Caci International
Fort Belvoir, VA
Graphic Designer

$45,000 Estimated

Jacobs
Washington, DC
Graphic Designer

$45,000 Estimated

Latitude Inc.
Reston, VA
Adobe Graphic Designer

$44,325 Estimated

Sinclair Broadcast Group, Inc.
Arlington, VA
Graphic Designer / Animator

$45,000 Estimated

FTC
Vienna, VA
Visual Graphics Designer

$42,433 Estimated

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Real Graphic Designer Salaries

Job Title Company Location Start Date Salary
Graphic Designer – User Interface Weebly, Inc. San Francisco, CA Oct 14, 2016 $152,600
Director of Graphic Design F5 Create Inc. Houston, TX Jul 29, 2016 $150,000
Graphic Designer Bazmark INQ LLC New York, NY Apr 07, 2016 $142,500
Graphic Designer Zaah Holdings, Inc. New York, NY Oct 13, 2016 $142,126
Graphic Design Lead Airbnb, Inc. San Francisco, CA Feb 05, 2015 $141,790
Graphics Designer Apple Inc. Cupertino, CA Dec 29, 2016 $141,000 -
$151,300
Graphic Designer Apple Inc. Cupertino, CA Jan 02, 2016 $140,000 -
$160,000
Graphic Designer Moxtra, Inc. Cupertino, CA Jan 09, 2016 $140,000 -
$160,000
Graphic Designer Paypal, Inc. San Jose, CA Dec 27, 2016 $130,000
Graphic Designer McKinsey & Company, Inc. United States New York, NY Aug 15, 2015 $126,138
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Top Skills for A Graphic Designer

CompanyWebsiteCompanyLogosAdobePhotoshopBrochuresSampleLayoutsAdobeIllustratorGraphicDesignProjectsPostersArtDirectionBusinessCardsAdobeIndesignProductPhotographyCorporateIdentityDesignConceptsAdobeCreativeSuiteWebsiteDesignPromotionalMaterialsT-ShirtsVideoCustomerService

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Top Graphic Designer Skills

  1. Company Website
  2. Company Logos
  3. Adobe Photoshop
You can check out examples of real life uses of top skills on resumes here:
  • Created custom graphics for advertisements and the company website Photographed all merchandise
  • Develop graphics and layouts for product illustrations, company logos, and Internet websites.
  • Utilize programs such as Adobe Photoshop to design, create, and composite graphic design elements for website development.
  • Design brochures, newsletters, packaging, collateral, and signage.
  • Recruited to create designs, concepts, and sample layouts based on knowledge of layout principles and aesthetic design concepts.

Top Graphic Designer Employers

What Kind Of Companies Hire a Graphic Designer

  1. Fastsigns
  2. Design
  3. Various
  4. Minuteman Press
  5. Graphic Design
  6. Freelancer
  7. N/A
  8. The Ups Store
  9. Various Companies
  10. Various Clients
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Graphic Designer Videos

Day in the Life: Graphic Designer