Research Summary. Using a database of 30 million profiles, Zippia estimates demographics and statistics for head chefs in the United States. Our estimates are verified against BLS, Census, and current job openings data for accuracy. After extensive research and analysis, Zippia's data science team found that:

  • There are over 113,811 head chefs currently employed in the United States.
  • 20.2% of all head chefs are women, while 79.8% are men.
  • The average age of an employed head chef is 42 years old.
  • The most common ethnicity of head chefs is White (56.1%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (16.8%), Asian (11.2%) and Black or African American (9.8%).
  • Head chefs are most in-demand in Washington, DC.
  • The health care industry is the highest-paying for head chefs.
  • 9% of all head chefs are LGBT.

Head Chef Statistics By Gender

20.2% of head chefs are women and 79.8% of head chefs are men.

  • Male, 79.8%
  • Female, 20.2%

Head Chefs By Gender

GenderPercentages
Male79.8%
Female20.2%

Gender Pay Gap For Head Chef

Women Earn 90¢ For Every $1 Earned By Men

male-income
Male Income
$46,904
female-income
Female Income
$42,183

Head Chef Gender Over Time

This data shows how men and women predominate in the head chef position over time.

Male
Female
100%
80%
60%
40%
20%
0%
2010
2011
2012
2013
2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
2019
2020
2021

Head Chef Gender By Year

YearMaleFemale
201082.40%17.60%
201182.90%17.10%
201283.02%16.98%
201383.16%16.84%
201481.42%18.58%
201583.00%17.00%
201681.61%18.39%
201781.99%18.01%
201880.92%19.08%
201981.97%18.03%
202080.32%19.68%
202179.83%20.17%

Head Chef Male to Female Ratio

We compared this job title with other job titles to see how gender percentages varied. As you can see, corporate executive chef and chef de cuisine have the biggest difference in gender.

Job TitleMaleFemale
Lunchroom Monitor5%95%
Waiter/Waitress, Captain13%87%
Lunchroom Supervisor13%87%
Head Chef80%20%
Executive Chef88%12%
Chef De Cuisine90%10%
Corporate Executive Chef91%9%

Head Chef Statistics By Race

The most common ethnicity among head chefs is White, which makes up 56.1% of all head chefs. Comparatively, there are 16.8% of the Hispanic or Latino ethnicity and 11.2% of the Asian ethnicity.

  • White, 56.1%
  • Hispanic or Latino, 16.8%
  • Asian, 11.2%
  • Black or African American, 9.8%
  • Unknown, 5.4%
  • American Indian and Alaska Native, 0.7%

Head Chef Race

Head Chef RacePercentages
White56.1%
Hispanic or Latino16.8%
Asian11.2%
Black or African American9.8%
Unknown5.4%
American Indian and Alaska Native0.7%

Head Chef Race And Ethnicity Over Time

Using the Census Bureau data, we found out how the percentage of each ethnic category trended between 2010-2019 among head chefs.

  • White
  • Asian
  • Hispanic or Latino
  • Black or African American

Head Chef Race By Year

YearWhiteBlack or African AmericanAsianHispanic or Latino
201062.27%11.31%8.40%14.88%
201162.43%11.88%7.78%14.58%
201262.44%10.72%7.84%15.28%
201363.57%10.94%7.17%14.66%
201462.22%10.54%8.26%15.33%
201560.68%10.18%8.32%17.09%
201662.18%10.19%7.93%15.66%
201759.12%9.75%9.84%17.51%
201860.73%10.05%7.64%18.12%
201960.51%9.88%8.85%17.37%
202057.35%9.15%9.20%18.10%
202156.06%9.78%11.16%16.76%

Head Chef Wage Gap By Race

White head chefs have the highest average salary compared to other ethnicities. Asian head chefs have the lowest average salary at $45,152.
$50,000
$49,000
$48,000
$47,000
$46,000
$45,000
Unknown
White
Black or African American
Asian
Hispanic or Latino
EthnicitySalary
Unknown$46,510
White$48,638
Black or African American$47,488
Asian$45,152
Hispanic or Latino$46,801

Head Chef JOBS

Average Age of a Head Chef

We determined the average age of head chefs based on ethnicity and gender.

Male
Female

Head Chef Age By Race

RaceMale AgeFemale Age
Black or African American4346.5
Unknown3836.5
Asian4449
Hispanic or Latino4043
White4041
American Indian and Alaska Native40

Head Chef Age Breakdown

This chart breaks down the ages of head chef employees. Interestingly enough, the average age of head chefs is 40+ years old, which represents 56% of the population.

40+ years

30-40 years

20-30 years


Head Chef Age

Head Chef YearsPercentages
40+ years56%
30-40 years28%
20-30 years15%

Types of Head Chef Degree Levels

The most common degree for head chefs is associate degree 43% of head chefs earn that degree. A close second is bachelor's degree with 24% and rounding it off is high school diploma with 20%.

  • Associate, 43%
  • Bachelors, 24%
  • High School Diploma, 20%
  • Diploma, 8%
  • Other Degrees, 5%

Head Chefs By Education

Head Chef DegreePercentages
Associate43%
Bachelors24%
High School Diploma20%
Diploma8%
Other Degrees5%

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Head Chef Wage Gap By Education

Head chefs with a Associate degree earn more than those without, at $50,832 annually. With a Bachelors degree, head chefs earn a median annual income of $49,989 compared to $45,008 for head chefs with an High School Diploma degree.
$52,000
$50,000
$48,000
$46,000
$44,000
High School Diploma or Less
Bachelor's Degree
Some College/ Associate Degree
EducationSalary
High School Diploma or Less$45,008
Bachelor's Degree$49,989
Some College/ Associate Degree$50,832

Head Chef Employment Statistics

This section highlights information about where head chefs work. We found most head chefs work for a private company. In addition, the industry that employs the most head chefs is the hospitality industry.

Company Size

We created this chart to show you the average size of companies that typically hire head chefs.

< 50 employees

50 - 100 employees

100 - 500 employees

500 - 1,000 employees

1,000 - 10,000 employees

> 10,000

Head Chef Jobs By Employer Size

Company SizePercentages
< 50 employees8%
50 - 100 employees18%
100 - 500 employees20%
500 - 1,000 employees8%
1,000 - 10,000 employees22%
> 10,000 employees24%

The Types Of Companies Head Chef Work In

Employees with the head chef job title have their preferences when it comes to working for a company. For instance, most head chefs prefer to work at private companies over public companies.

Education

Public

Private

Government

Head Chef Jobs By Sector

Company TypePercentages
Education6%
Public17%
Private75%
Government2%

Top Industries Hiring Head Chefs

Just based on the number of employees within each industry, we were able to determine the most common industries that employ head chefs. Those industries include hospitality, health care and retail.

Hospitality

Health Care

Retail

Manufacturing

Non Profits

Head Chef Turnover And Employment Statistics

Head Chef Unemployment Rate Over Time

The Bureau of Labor Statistics came in clutch when it came down to figuring out how the unemployment rate has changed over time. Between 2008 and 2018, this is how the number of head chefs changed.

  • Unemployment rate

Head Chef Unemployment Rate By Year

YearHead Chef Unemployment Rate
20109.68%
201110.91%
20126.88%
20137.77%
20145.16%
20155.14%
20164.13%
20173.91%
20183.66%
20193.42%
202010.00%
202111.33%

The Average Number of Years That Head Chef Stay in a Job

By looking over 9,265 head chefs resumes, we figured out that the average head chef enjoys staying at their job for 1-2 years for a percentage of 37%.

Less than one year

1-2 years

3-4 years

5-7 years

8-10 years

11+ years

Head Chef Tenure

Number or YearsPercentages
Less than 1 year23%
1-2 years37%
3-4 years16%
5-7 years13%
8-10 years4%
11+ years7%

Comparing The LGBT Ratio of Head Chefs with Other Job Titles

After finding the gender ratio, we wondered if the percentages of LGBT persons were different as well. Using the data below, you can see how other job titles compare to head chefs.

Job TitleLGBTJob Openings
Food Service Associate6.78%64,167
Bartender, Cook, And Waitress7.02%162,319
Event Host7.29%15,092
Deli Associate7.36%117,130
Bartender Manager7.68%96,408
Snack Bar Manager8.43%55,985
Head Chef8.58%-

Head Chef LGBT Demographics

ProfessionPercentages of LGBT Job Openings
Food Service Associate6.78%64,167
Bartender, Cook, And Waitress7.02%162,319
Event Host7.29%15,092
Deli Associate7.36%117,130
Bartender Manager7.68%96,408
Snack Bar Manager8.43%55,985

Foreign Languages Spoken By Head Chefs

The most common foreign language among head chefs is Spanish at 39.4%. The second-most popular foreign language spoken is French at 15.4% and Italian is the third-most popular at 13.8%.

  • Spanish, 39.4%
  • French, 15.4%
  • Italian, 13.8%
  • Thai, 4.5%
  • Japanese, 4.5%
  • Other, 22.4%

Head Chef Languages Spoken

Foreign LanguagePercentages
Spanish39.4%
French15.4%
Italian13.8%
Thai4.5%
Japanese4.5%
Other22.4%

Head Chef Jobs

Recently Added Head Chef Jobs

Head Chef Heatmaps

The amount you can make as a head chef can depend on where you live. For example, the highest salary of head chefs is $53,110. Use our chart to find out where that salary is located.

Where Do Head Chefs Earn The Most?

Head chefs earn the most in Hawaii, where the average head chef salary is $69,678. The map here shows where head chefs earn the highest salaries in the U.S. The darker areas across the 50 states highlight the highest salaries.

Average Salary

Which State Has The Most Head Chefs?

By looking through more than 9,265 resumes, we found that the most popular places for head chefs are New York, NY and Chicago, IL.

Number of Head Chefs

Number Of Head Chef Jobs By State

RankStateNumber of JobsAverage Salary
1California796$53,633
2Texas658$49,525
3New York587$52,343
4Florida506$44,178
5Massachusetts325$56,283
6Pennsylvania300$46,760
7Georgia295$39,524
8North Carolina279$42,447
9Virginia262$44,945
10Illinois258$51,230
11Ohio226$42,126
12Tennessee225$32,291
13Arizona218$38,253
14Colorado207$40,891
15Washington184$52,995
16Michigan183$47,146
17New Jersey181$68,904
18Indiana152$44,480
19Minnesota149$43,850
20Maryland140$47,538
21Missouri137$39,371
22South Carolina136$32,267
23Utah121$31,743
24Connecticut115$42,728
25Oregon97$45,122
26Wisconsin94$36,608
27Nevada76$54,225
28New Hampshire73$47,060
29Kentucky73$39,727
30Iowa71$36,593
31District of Columbia70$53,280
32Alabama63$41,651
33Mississippi61$39,202
34Montana58$35,154
35Alaska56$50,198
36Louisiana56$37,594
37Oklahoma55$38,718
38Rhode Island50$55,352
39Kansas41$32,304
40Maine37$45,538
41Delaware34$44,833
42New Mexico31$39,922
43Idaho31$27,807
44Arkansas27$34,736
45Nebraska26$37,122
46Wyoming20$43,049
47Hawaii16$69,678
48North Dakota15$39,323
49South Dakota15$38,630
50West Virginia15$37,950
51Vermont14$36,628

Where Are Head Chefs In High Demand?

Head chefs are in high demand in Washington, DC. There are currently 6 job openings for head chefs here. We looked over job openings to determine where in the country head chefs are in the most demand.

Jobs Openings

Head Chef Demographics FAQs

How Many Head Chef Are There In The Us?

There are over 113,811 Head Chefs in the United States.

What Percentage Of Head Chefs Are Black?

9.8% of Head Chefs are Black or African American

What Race Are Most Head Chefs?

Most a are White, with 56.1% of Head Chefs belonging to this ethnicity. 16.8% of Head Chefs are Hispanic or Latino, 11.2% of Head Chefs are Asian, 9.8% of Head Chefs are Black or African American, 5.4% of Head Chefs are Unknown, and 0.7% of Head Chefs are American Indian and Alaska Native

Are Head Chef Jobs Male - Dominated?

Yes, Head Chef jobs are male - dominated. 79% of Head Chefs are male, and 20% are female, so there are more male Head Chefs than female Head Chefs in the United States.

How Old Is The Average Head Chef?

The average Head Chef is 42 years old. 56% of Head Chefs are 40+ years old or older, 28% are between the ages of 30-40 years, and 15% are between 20-30 years old

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