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Medical laboratory technologists typically need a bachelor’s degree. Technicians usually need an associate’s degree or a postsecondary certificate. Some states require technologists and technicians to be licensed.Education
An entry-level job for technologists usually requires a bachelor's degree in medical technology or life sciences.
A bachelor’s degree program in medical laboratory technology, also known as a medical laboratory scientist degree, includes courses in chemistry, biology, microbiology, math, and statistics. Coursework emphasizes laboratory skills, including safety procedures and lab management.
The courses may be offered through a university or hospital-based program that students attend during their senior year of college. College graduates who major in other sciences and meet a program’s prerequisites, such as having completed required courses in biology and chemistry or maintaining a certain GPA, also may apply to a medical laboratory science program.
Medical laboratory technicians often complete an associate’s degree program in clinical laboratory science. A limited number of 1-year certificate programs are available from hospitals, and admission requirements vary. The Armed Forces and vocational or technical schools also may offer certificate programs for medical laboratory technicians. Technician coursework addresses the theoretical and practical aspects of each of the major laboratory disciplines.
High school students who are interested in pursuing a career in the medical laboratory sciences should take classes in chemistry, biology, and math.Licenses, Certifications, and Registrations
Some states require laboratory personnel to be licensed. Requirements vary by state and specialty. For specific requirements, contact state departments of health, state boards of occupational licensing, or visit The American Society for Clinical Laboratory Science.
Certification of medical laboratory technologists and technicians is required for licensure in some states. Although certification is not required to enter the occupation in all cases, employers typically prefer to hire certified technologists and technicians.
Medical laboratory technologists and technicians can obtain a general certification as a medical laboratory technologist or technician, respectively, or a certification in a specialty, such as cytotechnology or medical biology. Most credentialing institutions require that technologists complete an accredited education program in order to qualify to sit for an exam. For more credentialing information, visit the National Accrediting Agency for Clinical Laboratory Sciences.Important Qualities
Ability to use technology. Medical laboratory technologists and technicians must understand how to operate complex machinery.
Detail oriented. Medical laboratory technologists and technicians must follow exact instructions in order to perform tests or procedures correctly.
Dexterity. Medical laboratory technologists and technicians need to be skilled with their hands. They work closely with needles and precise laboratory instruments and must handle these tools effectively.
Physical stamina. Medical laboratory technologists and technicians may work on their feet for long periods while collecting samples. They may need to lift or turn disabled patients to collect samples for testing.Advancement
After additional education, work experience, or certification, technologists and technicians may specialize in one of many areas of laboratory science, such as immunology, histotechnology, or clinical chemistry. Some medical laboratory technicians advance to technologist positions after gaining experience and additional education.
Average Length of Employment
Top Careers Before Histologic Technician
Top Careers After Histologic Technician
Hispanic or Latino11.8%
Black or African American0.8%
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Harford Community College12.3%
University of Phoenix8.6%
Indiana University - Purdue University Indianapolis5.6%
Florida State College at Jacksonville4.9%
Clover Park Technical College4.9%
Michigan State University4.3%
Virginia Commonwealth University4.3%
Miami Dade College3.7%
Houston Community College3.7%
Darton State College3.7%
Tarleton State University3.7%
University of Cincinnati3.1%
Pima Community College3.1%
State University of New York College of Agriculture and Technology at Cobleskill3.1%
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|Job Title||Company||Location||Start Date||Salary|
|Histotechnologist||Childrens Hospital Los Angeles||Los Angeles, CA||Aug 02, 2013||$68,454|
|Histotechnologist||Childrens Hospital Los Angeles||Los Angeles, CA||Aug 02, 2010||$63,065|
|Histotechnologist||Lakewood Pathology Associates, Inc.||Irvine, CA||Feb 13, 2013||$61,316|
|Histology Technician||Peninsula Histopathology Laboratory, Inc.||Los Gatos, CA||Sep 14, 2010||$57,762|
|Histotechnologist||Medstar-Georgetown Medical Center, Inc.||Washington, DC||Sep 18, 2014||$57,559|
|Histotechnologist E-Pathology||Cleveland Clinic||Cleveland, OH||May 05, 2014||$57,164|
|Histotechnologist II||Trustees of The University of Pennsylvania||Radnor, PA||Aug 06, 2012||$53,435|
|Histotechnologist||Mohs TEK Inc.||Tustin, CA||Apr 15, 2014||$53,385|
|E-Pathology Histotechnologist||Cleveland Clinic||Cleveland, OH||May 05, 2011||$52,998|
|Histotechnologist||Cleveland Clinic||Cleveland, OH||May 05, 2014||$52,175|
|Histotechnologist||Plus Diagnostics||Laguna Hills, CA||Oct 01, 2009||$50,839 -
|Histotechnologist||Plus Diagnostics||Laguna Hills, CA||Oct 15, 2009||$50,631 -
|Histotechnologist||Plus Diagnostics||Laguna Hills, CA||Feb 15, 2010||$50,631|
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