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Hospital for Special Surgery Company History Timeline

1863
On April 13, 1863, the Society for the Relief of the Ruptured and Crippled was incorporated in the State of New York.
On May 1, 1863, the new hospital admitted its first patient, a 4-year-old boy of destitute parents who had paralysis of his left leg occurring since 18 months of age.
1864
In reference to that meeting, in 1864 Doctor Knight reported the following in the First Annual Report of the Society for the Ruptured and Crippled.
1868
He eventually retired in 1868 from a mercantile house with a large fortune.
1870
However, in April 1870, in order to pay remaining bills and furnish the hospital, the building committee felt that the Board would not be safe unless an additional 50,0007 were raised.
A group of prominent New Yorkers led by John C. Green, a successful trader, set about raising more than 200,000 for a new facility, which opened in May of 1870 on the northwest corner of 42nd Street and Lexington Avenue, the site presently occupied by the Hyatt Hotel.
1873
It was named Bellevue Hospital. It was the first in the city to deal with the medical needs of the poor and the destitute . It would establish in 1873 the first school of nursing in this country.
1887
1887 Doctor Virgil P. Gibney, Surgeon-in-Chief Establishes the first Operating Room, Hernia Department, and Resident Training Program.
Assuming the position of Surgeon-in-Chief in 1887, he led the effort to expand the Hospital from a local, crippled children's hospital to an internationally renowned center for the treatment of musculoskeletal diseases.
1889
Committed to the importance of surgery, he opened the hospital s first operating room in 1889 and recruited some of New York's foremost surgeons, including Doctor Royal Whitman and Doctor William T. Bull, to the Hospital's staff.
1901
Appointment of the first anesthetist, Doctor Preston B. Satterwhite, would not occur until 1901.
1912
Because of pressure from the New York Central Railroad, in 1912 the hospital moved to a new building on 42nd Street and Second Avenue, now the site of the Ford Foundation.
1924
By 1924, the final year of his leadership, more than 3,000 surgical procedures had been performed at the Hospital, addressing the complete spectrum of orthopedic pathology.
1924 Doctor R. Garfield Snyder, Physician-in-Chief First Chief of Arthritis appointed.
1944
Doctor Richard Freyberg, who assumed the position of Physician-in-Chief in 1944, developed a world-renowned rheumatic disease service at the Hospital.
1948
One of the first bone banks in the United States was established at the Hospital in 1948.
1955
The Hospital moved to its present site on the East River between 70th and 71st Streets in 1955, just one year before Doctor Wilson retired as Surgeon-in-Chief to assume the position of first Director of Research.
1955 Doctor T. Campbell Thompson, Surgeon-in-Chief Expands orthopedic surgical treatment, introduces the Fracture Service at New York Hospital and the opening of the Margaret Caspary Research Building.
1956
The construction of the Alfred H. Caspary Research Building in 1956 marked the beginning of a new era in orthopedics, in which the specialty would benefit from ever-deeper grounding in basic research.
1960
The new research building was opened in 1960 and bed capacity of the hospital increased to 196.
1963
Doctor Robert Lee Patterson, Jr., who was appointed Surgeon-in-Chief in 1963, foresaw the coming impact of technology and bioengineering on orthopedics.
1970
Prosthetic replacement of the hip had already arrived, and a prototype of a knee replacement was developed in 1970, leading to the evolution of the HSS Total Condylar Knee Replacement used worldwide.
1970 Doctor Charles L. Christian, Physician-in-Chief Director of Rheumatology.
1971
1971 Doctor John Marshall organized the first Sports Medicine Clinic at HSS, believed to be the first such clinic in New York.
1972
1972 Doctor Philip D. Wilson, Jr., Surgeon-in-Chief Expands the Hospital's research department and oversees the introduction of many new services and centers.
1980
In 1980, major expansion was completed with an increase from four operating rooms to eight with specially designed areas for performing total joint procedures.
1988
In 1988, the year of its 125th anniversary, HSS was designated a Multipurpose Arthritis and Musculoskeletal Diseases Center by the National Institutes of Health NIH , one of 13 nationwide.
1990
1990 Doctor Andrew J. Weiland, Surgeon-in-Chief Introduces the ambulatory hand surgery operating rooms.
2002
Soon after the organization was establish, Doctor Knight offered to lease his private residence at 97 Second Avenue, furnished for 28 beds and a conservatory to make braces, for 1,2002 per year Fig.
2003
2003 Doctor Thomas P. Sculco, Surgeon-in-Chief Introduces new leadership in academic training, clinical services, and musculoskeletal research.
2012
5 in geriatrics by United States News World Report 2012-13 , and is the first hospital in New York State to receive Magnet Recognition for Excellence in Nursing Service from the American Nurses Credentialing Center three consecutive times.
2013
NEW YORK, June 14, 2013 PRNewswire -- With 537 pages and 150 photographs, Anatomy of a Hospital chronicles the history of the nation's oldest hospital for orthopedics, from its beginnings in a doctor's home to help destitute children with disabilities to the premier hospital it has become today.
Founded
1863
Company Founded
Headquarters
New York, NY
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