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Become A House Officer

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Working As A House Officer

  • Getting Information
  • Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events
  • Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates
  • Resolving Conflicts and Negotiating with Others
  • Documenting/Recording Information
  • Deal with People

  • Unpleasant/Angry People

  • Unpleasant/Hazardous Environment

  • Repetitive

  • $233,402

    Average Salary

What Does A House Officer Do

Correctional officers are responsible for overseeing individuals who have been arrested and are awaiting trial or who have been sentenced to serve time in jail or prison. Bailiffs, also known as marshals or court officers, are law enforcement officers who maintain safety and order in courtrooms. Their duties, which vary by location, include enforcing courtroom rules, assisting judges, guarding juries, delivering court documents, and providing general security for courthouses.

Duties

Correctional officers typically do the following:

  • Enforce rules and keep order within jails or prisons
  • Supervise activities of inmates
  • Aid in rehabilitation and counseling of prisoners
  • Inspect facilities to ensure that they meet security and safety standards
  • Search inmates for contraband items
  • Report on inmate conduct¬†

Inside the prison or jail, correctional officers enforce rules and regulations. They maintain security by preventing disturbances, assaults, and escapes. They must also ensure the whereabouts of all inmates at all times.

On any given day, officers search inmates for contraband, such as weapons and drugs, settle disputes between inmates, and enforce discipline. Officers enforce regulations through effective communication and the use of progressive sanctions, which involve punishments such as loss of privileges. Sanctions are progressive in that they start out small for a lesser offense but become more severe for more serious offenses. In addition, officers may aid inmates in their rehabilitation by scheduling work assignments, counseling, and educational opportunities.

Correctional officers inspect facilities periodically. They check cells and other areas for unsanitary conditions, contraband, signs of a security breach (such as tampering with window bars and doors), and any other evidence of violations of the rules. Officers also inspect mail and visitors for prohibited items. They write reports and fill out daily logs detailing inmate behavior and anything else of note that occurred during their shift.

Correctional officers may have to restrain inmates in handcuffs and leg irons to escort them safely to and from cells and to see authorized visitors. Officers also escort prisoners between the institution where they are held and courtrooms, medical facilities, and other destinations.

Correctional officers must report any inmate who violates the rules. If a crime is committed within their institution or an inmate escapes, they help law enforcement authorities investigate and search for the escapee.

Because prisoners typically stay longer in state and federal prisons than in county jails, correctional officers in prisons get to know the people in their charge.

Correctional officers have no law enforcement responsibilities outside their place of work.

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How To Become A House Officer

Correctional officers go through a training academy and then are assigned to a facility for on-the-job training. Although qualifications vary by state and agency, all agencies require a high school diploma. Bailiff positions also require a high school diploma. Federal agencies may also require some college education or previous work experience.

Correctional officers must be U.S. citizens or permanent residents, and must have no felony convictions. Many agencies establish a minimum age for correctional officers, which is typically between 18 and 21 years of age. New applicants for federal corrections positions must be appointed before they are 37 years old.

Education

Correctional officers must have at least a high school diploma or equivalent. Some state and local corrections agencies require some college credits. Law enforcement or military experience may be substituted for this requirement.

For employment in federal prisons, the Federal Bureau of Prisons requires entry-level correctional officers to have at least a bachelor's degree; 3 years of full-time experience in a field providing counseling, assistance, or supervision to individuals; or a combination of the two.

Training

Federal, state, and some local departments of corrections, as well as some private corrections companies, provide training for correctional officers based on guidelines established by the American Correctional Association (ACA). Some states have regional training academies that are available to local agencies. Academy trainees receive instruction in a number of subjects, including self-defense, institutional policies, regulations, operations, and custody and security procedures. Although most correctional officers do not carry firearms when on duty, they may receive training in the use of firearms.

After formal academy instruction, state and local correctional agencies provide on-the-job training, including training on legal restrictions and interpersonal relations. Trainees typically receive several weeks or months of training under the supervision of an experienced officer. However, on-the-job training varies widely from agency to agency.

New federal correctional officers must undergo 200 hours of formal training within the first year of employment, including 120 hours of specialized training at the Federal Bureau of Prisons residential training center. Experienced officers receive annual inservice training to keep up to date on new developments and procedures.

Correctional officers who are members of prison tactical response teams are trained to respond to disturbances, riots, hostage situations, and other dangerous circumstances. Team members practice disarming prisoners, wielding weapons, and using other tactics to maintain the safety of inmates and officers alike.

Bailiffs must undergo training in court procedures and the proper way to place someone under arrest, and they may also learn how to use a firearm.

Other Experience

Military experience is viewed as excellent preparation for becoming a correctional officer.

Advancement

Qualified officers may advance to the position of correctional sergeant. Sergeants are responsible for maintaining security and directing the activities of other officers. Qualified officers may also be promoted to supervisory or administrative positions, including warden. Officers sometimes transfer to related jobs, such as probation officers and correctional treatment specialists.

Important Qualities

Good judgment. Correctional officers and bailiffs must use both their training and common sense to quickly determine the best course of action and to take the necessary steps to achieve a desired outcome.

Interpersonal skills. Correctional officers and bailiffs must be able to interact and communicate effectively with inmates and others to maintain order in correctional facilities and courtrooms.

Negotiating skills. Correctional officers must be able to assist others in resolving differences in order to avoid conflict.

Physical strength. Correctional officers and bailiffs must have the strength to physically subdue inmates or others.

Self-discipline. Correctional officers must control their emotions when confronted with hostile situations.

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House Officer Demographics

Gender

Male

61.0%

Female

36.0%

Unknown

3.0%
Ethnicity

White

42.9%

Unknown

19.1%

Asian

15.9%

Black or African American

12.1%

Hispanic or Latino

10.1%
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Foreign Languages Spoken

Spanish

17.5%

Arabic

17.5%

Urdu

11.1%

Hindi

9.5%

Igbo

4.8%

Yoruba

4.8%

French

4.8%

Sanskrit

3.2%

Cantonese

3.2%

Tamil

3.2%

Carrier

3.2%

Malayalam

3.2%

Hausa

3.2%

Romanian

1.6%

Italian

1.6%

Sindhi

1.6%

Mandarin

1.6%

Russian

1.6%

Portuguese

1.6%

Chinese

1.6%
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House Officer Education

Schools

University of Phoenix

9.0%

Emory University

7.7%

University of Missouri - Columbia

6.4%

George Washington University

6.4%

University of the Sciences

5.1%

University of Kentucky

5.1%

Wayne State University

5.1%

Georgetown University

5.1%

University of Alabama at Birmingham

5.1%

Johns Hopkins University

5.1%

New York University

5.1%

Southern Connecticut State University

3.8%

Excelsior College

3.8%

Harvard University

3.8%

Tulane University

3.8%

American University

3.8%

Texas A&M University

3.8%

Michigan State University

3.8%

Saint Petersburg College

3.8%

Grand Canyon University

3.8%
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Majors

Medicine

22.6%

Criminal Justice

12.5%

Public Health

11.6%

Veterinary Science

10.7%

Business

7.1%

Nursing

5.3%

Advanced Dentistry And Oral Sciences

3.9%

Education

3.9%

Ecology, Population Biology, And Epidemiology

3.0%

Law

2.7%

Psychology

2.1%

Health Care Administration

2.1%

Management

1.8%

Biology

1.8%

Law Enforcement

1.8%

School Counseling

1.5%

Physiology And Anatomy

1.5%

Public Administration

1.5%

Dentistry

1.5%

Hospitality Management

1.5%
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Degrees

Masters

28.5%

Other

26.9%

Bachelors

22.5%

Doctorate

9.7%

Associate

5.2%

Certificate

3.9%

Diploma

3.1%

License

0.2%
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Temporary

Real House Officer Salaries

Job Title Company Location Start Date Salary
MD General Medicine, House Officer Fairview Hospital Cleveland, OH Jul 01, 2014 $170,000
Surgical House Officer Northwest Hospital Randallstown, MD Jul 19, 2013 $156,525
Radiology House Officer William Beaumont Hospital Royal Oak, MI Jan 17, 2013 $104,350 -
$156,525
House Officer Wyckoff Heights Medical Center New York, NY Jan 08, 2016 $75,000
House Officer VIII University of Michigan Ann Arbor, MI Jul 01, 2014 $74,241
House Officer VII University of Michigan Ann Arbor, MI Jul 01, 2014 $70,913
House Officer VII University of Nebraska Medical Center Omaha, NE Jan 07, 2016 $69,721
House Officer VII University of Nebraska Medical Center Omaha, NE Jun 30, 2016 $69,721
House Officer VIII University of Nebraska Medical Center Omaha, NE Jul 01, 2013 $69,683
House Officer VII University of Nebraska Medical Center Omaha, NE Jul 01, 2015 $68,354
House Officer VI University of Michigan Ann Arbor, MI Jul 01, 2013 $66,455
House Officer VI University of Nebraska Medical Center Omaha, NE Jan 07, 2016 $66,368
House Officer IV University of Michigan Ann Arbor, MI Jul 01, 2015 $62,357
House Officer (Fellow) Trustees of The University of Pennsylvania Philadelphia, PA Jul 01, 2015 $62,337
House Officer (Fellow) Trustees of The University of Pennsylvania New Castle, DE Jul 01, 2015 $62,337
House Officer IV University of Nebraska Medical Center Omaha, NE Jul 01, 2015 $62,119
House Officer IV University of Nebraska Medical Center Omaha, NE Jan 07, 2016 $62,119
House Officer IV University of Nebraska Medical Center Omaha, NE Jul 01, 2013 $57,405
House Officer II University of Michigan Ann Arbor, MI Jun 17, 2016 $57,191
House Officer 1 University of Michigan Ann Arbor, MI Jan 07, 2016 $57,191
House Officer III University of Nebraska Medical Center Omaha, NE Jul 01, 2014 $57,092
House Officer (Pgy5) University of Mississippi Medical Center Jackson, MS Jul 01, 2015 $56,690
House Officer (PGY University of Mississippi Medical Center Jackson, MS Oct 01, 2015 $56,690

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Top Skills for A House Officer

  1. Emergency
  2. Surgical Procedures
  3. Medicine
You can check out examples of real life uses of top skills on resumes here:
  • Involved in management of children with neurological, renal and nutritional disorders, including childhood emergency illnesses and neonatal monitoring.
  • Performed medical and surgical procedures and aided in spinal and general anesthesia.
  • 55-bed hospital, responsibilities included initial assessment, admission and inpatient management of patients in internal and emergency medicine departments.
  • Collect, record, and maintain patient information, such as medical history, reports, and examination results.
  • Provided supervised care for medical, pediatric, surgical and obstetrics cases

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Top 10 Best States for House Officers

  1. Rhode Island
  2. Illinois
  3. New Jersey
  4. District of Columbia
  5. Iowa
  6. California
  7. Nevada
  8. Alaska
  9. Washington
  10. New York
  • (6 jobs)
  • (104 jobs)
  • (45 jobs)
  • (20 jobs)
  • (38 jobs)
  • (130 jobs)
  • (14 jobs)
  • (3 jobs)
  • (67 jobs)
  • (78 jobs)

Top House Officer Employers

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